American English Dictionary

Pioneers in dictionary publishing since 1819

cross (krɔs Pronunciation for krɑs Pronunciation for )



  1. an upright post with a bar across it near the top, to which the ancient Romans fastened convicted persons to die
  2. a representation or figure of a cross, used as a badge, decoration, etc.; also, such a badge, decoration, etc.   ⇒ the Distinguished Service Cross
  3. a monument in the form of a cross, or with a cross on it, marking a crossroad, boundary, grave, etc.
  4. a staff with a cross at the top, carried before an archbishop as a sign of his authority
    1. a representation of a cross, in any of various recognized forms, as a symbol of the crucifixion of Jesus, hence of the Christian religion
    2. a crucifix
    1. the act of crossing, as from one side of a stage to the other
    2. the act of crossing oneself
  5. any trouble or affliction that one has to bear; also, anything that thwarts or frustrates
  6. any design, mark, or object made by two lines or surfaces that intersect one another
  7. such a mark (X) made as a signature, as by a person who cannot write
    1. a crossing, or mixing, of varieties or breeds; hybridization
    2. the result of such mixing; hybrid
  8. something that combines the qualities of two different things or types
  9. (slang) a dishonest action, fixed contest or match, etc.
  10. (boxing) a blow delivered over and across the opponent's lead
  11. ([C-]) Northern Cross
  12. ([C-]) Southern Cross

transitive verb

  1. to make the sign of the cross over or upon
  2. to place across or crosswise   ⇒ cross your fingers
  3. to lie or cut across; intersect   ⇒ where two streets cross one another
  4. to draw or put a line or lines across   ⇒ cross your t's
  5. to pass over; go from one side to the other of; go across   ⇒ to cross the ocean
  6. to carry or lead across
  7. to extend or reach across   ⇒ the bridge crosses a river
  8. to meet and pass (each other)
  9. to bring into contact, causing electrical interference   ⇒ the wires were crossed
  10. to go counter to; thwart; oppose
  11. to interbreed (animals or plants); breed (an individual of one type) with one of another; hybridize; cross-fertilize

intransitive verb

  1. to lie across; intersect
  2. to go or extend from one side to the other (often with over)
  3. to pass each other while moving in opposite directions
  4. to interbreed; hybridize; cross-fertilize


  1. lying or passing across or through; transverse; crossing or crossed   ⇒ cross street, cross ventilation
  2. going counter; contrary; opposed   ⇒ at cross purposes
  3. irritated or irritable; ill-tempered
  4. involving reciprocal actions, etc.
  5. of mixed variety or breed; hybrid; crossbred
  6. (archaic) causing harm; unfavorable


  1. crosswise

Derived Forms

ˈcrossable adjective
ˈcrossly adverb
ˈcrossness noun

Word Origin

< ME cros & crois; cros < OE cros & ON kross, both < OIr cros < L crux (gen. crucis), a cross < IE * kreuk-, extension of base * (s)ker-, to turn, bend > L curvus; ME crois < OFr < L crux


View thesaurus entry
= go across, bridge, cut across, extend over, move across, pass over, span, traverse
= intersect, crisscross, intertwine
= interbreed, blend, crossbreed, cross-fertilize, cross-pollinate, hybridize, intercross, mix, mongrelize
= crucifix, rood
= crossroads, crossing, intersection, junction
= mixture, amalgam, blend, combination
= angry, annoyed, grumpy, ill-tempered, in a bad mood, irascible, put out, short
= transverse, crosswise, diagonal, intersecting, oblique

cross- (krɔs Pronunciation for krɑs Pronunciation for )


  1. cross (in various senses) or across   ⇒ crossbow, crossbreed, crosswise

Translations for 'cross'

  • American English: crossPronunciation for cross Someone who is cross is angry or irritated.I'm terribly cross with him. crosser, crossest
  • Arabic: غَضْبَانPronunciation for غَضْبَان
  • Brazilian Portuguese: bravoPronunciation for bravo brava
  • Chinese: 生气的Pronunciation for 生气的
  • Croatian: ljutitPronunciation for ljutit ljutita
  • Czech: naštvanýPronunciation for naštvaný
  • Danish: vredPronunciation for vred
  • Dutch: boosPronunciation for boos
  • European Spanish: enfadadoPronunciation for enfadado enfadada
  • Finnish: kiukkuinenPronunciation for kiukkuinen
  • French: fâchéPronunciation for fâché
  • German: verärgertPronunciation for verärgert
  • Greek: οργισμένοςPronunciation for οργισμένος οργισμένη
  • Italian: imbronciatoPronunciation for imbronciato imbronciata
  • Japanese: 不機嫌なPronunciation for 不機嫌な
  • Korean: 화가 난Pronunciation for 화가 난
  • Norwegian: tverrPronunciation for tverr
  • Polish: rozgniewanyPronunciation for rozgniewany rozgniewana
  • Portuguese: zangadoPronunciation for zangado zangada
  • Romanian: furios furios, furioasă, furioși, furioase
  • Russian: переживатьPronunciation for переживать
  • Spanish: enfadadoPronunciation for enfadado enfadada
  • Swedish: argPronunciation for arg argt
  • Thai: โกรธฉุนเฉียวPronunciation for โกรธฉุนเฉียว
  • Turkish: öfkeliPronunciation for öfkeli
  • Ukrainian: сердитий
  • Vietnamese: cáuPronunciation for cáu
  • American English: crossPronunciation for cross A cross is a shape that consists of a vertical line or piece with a shorter horizontal line or piece across it. It is the most important Christian symbol.Around her neck was a cross on a silver chain. crosses
  • Arabic: صَلِيبPronunciation for صَلِيب
  • Brazilian Portuguese: cruzPronunciation for cruz
  • Chinese: 十字架Pronunciation for 十字架
  • Croatian: križPronunciation for križ
  • Czech: křížPronunciation for kříž
  • Danish: krydsPronunciation for kryds
  • Dutch: kruisPronunciation for kruis
  • European Spanish: cruzPronunciation for cruz
  • Finnish: ristiPronunciation for risti
  • French: croixPronunciation for croix
  • German: KreuzPronunciation for Kreuz
  • Greek: σταυρόςPronunciation for σταυρός
  • Italian: crocePronunciation for croce
  • Japanese: 十字形Pronunciation for 十字形
  • Korean: 십자가Pronunciation for 십자가
  • Norwegian: korsPronunciation for kors
  • Polish: krzyżPronunciation for krzyż
  • Portuguese: cruzPronunciation for cruz
  • Romanian: cruce cruci
  • Russian: плюсPronunciation for плюс
  • Spanish: cruzPronunciation for cruz
  • Swedish: korsPronunciation for kors
  • Thai: ไม้กางเขนPronunciation for ไม้กางเขน
  • Turkish: çaprazPronunciation for çapraz
  • Ukrainian: хрест
  • Vietnamese: chữ thậpPronunciation for chữ thập
  • American English: crossPronunciation for cross If you cross a room, a road, or an area of land, you move to the other side of it. If you cross to a place, you move or travel over a room, road, or area in order to reach that place.She failed to look as she crossed the road.Egan crossed to the drinks cabinet and poured a Scotch. crosses, crossing, crossed
  • Arabic: يَعْبُرُPronunciation for يَعْبُرُ
  • Brazilian Portuguese: cruzarPronunciation for cruzar
  • Chinese: 勾划Pronunciation for 勾划
  • Croatian: prijećiPronunciation for prijeći
  • Czech: přejítPronunciation for přejít přecházetulici apod.
  • Danish: krydsePronunciation for krydse
  • Dutch: overstekenPronunciation for oversteken
  • European Spanish: cruzarPronunciation for cruzar
  • Finnish: ylittääPronunciation for ylittää
  • French: traverserPronunciation for traverser
  • German: überquerenPronunciation for überqueren
  • Greek: διασχίζωPronunciation for διασχίζω
  • Italian: attraversarePronunciation for attraversare
  • Japanese: 横切るPronunciation for 横切る
  • Korean: (...을) 교차시키다Pronunciation for (...을) 교차시키다
  • Norwegian: kryssePronunciation for krysse
  • Polish: przekroczyćPronunciation for przekroczyć przekraczać
  • Portuguese: atravessarPronunciation for atravessar
  • Romanian: a traversa
  • Russian: пересекатьPronunciation for пересекать
  • Spanish: cruzarPronunciation for cruzar
  • Swedish: korsaPronunciation for korsa
  • Thai: ข้ามPronunciation for ข้าม
  • Turkish: karşıdan karşıya geçmekPronunciation for karşıdan karşıya geçmek
  • Ukrainian: перетинати перетнути
  • Vietnamese: đi quaPronunciation for đi qua

Example Sentences Including 'cross'

We will cross the border under cover of darkness, in four-man groups.
Patrick Robinson BARRACUDA 945 (2003)
And because their helicopters are marked with the red cross , the Geneva Convention forbids them from carrying offensive weapons.
Time Magazine (2003)
However, some survivors said they were looking to Karzai to prevent them from getting caught in the cross fire.
Seattle Times (2002)
Something that's not afraid to cross people's boundaries," Rolph said.
Seattle Times (2004)
The minority of true sadists and masochists who cross the lines of legal sexual expression are treated by sex therapists.
Dr. Gabrielle Morrissey URGE (2002)


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