English Dictionary

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  1. having no reference to material objects or specific examples; not concrete
  2. not applied or practical; theoretical
  3. hard to understand; recondite; abstruse
  4. denoting art characterized by geometric, formalized, or otherwise nonrepresentational qualities
  5. defined in terms of its formal properties   ⇒  ■ an abstract machine
  6. (philosophy) (of an idea) functioning for some empiricists as the meaning of a general term   ⇒  ■ the word 'man' does not name all men but the abstract idea of manhood



  1. a condensed version of a piece of writing, speech, etc; summary
  2. an abstract term or idea
  3. an abstract painting, sculpture, etc
  4. See in the abstract



 (æbˈstrækt (transitive)
  1. to think of (a quality or concept) generally without reference to a specific example; regard theoretically
  2. to form (a general idea) by abstraction
  3.  (ˈæbstrækt (also intransitive) to summarize or epitomize
  4. to remove or extract
  5. (euphemistic) to steal

Word Origin

C14: (in the sense: extracted): from Latin abstractus drawn off, removed from (something specific), from abs- ab-1 + trahere to draw

Translations for 'abstract'

  • British English: abstract An abstract idea or way of thinking is based on general ideas rather than on real things and events....abstract principles such as justice.ˈæbstrækt ADJECTIVE
  • Arabic: نَظَرِيّ
  • Brazilian Portuguese: abstrato abstrata
  • Chinese: 抽象的
  • Croatian: apstraktan apstraktna
  • Czech: abstraktní
  • Danish: abstrakt
  • Dutch: abstract
  • European Spanish: abstracto abstracta
  • Finnish: abstrakti
  • French: abstrait
  • German: abstrakt
  • Greek: θεωρητικός θεωρητική
  • Italian: astratto astratta
  • Japanese: 抽象的な
  • Korean: 추상적인
  • Norwegian: abstrakt
  • Polish: abstrakcyjny abstrakcyjna
  • Portuguese: abstracto abstracta
  • Romanian: abstract abstractă, abstracți, abstracte
  • Russian: абстрактный абстрактная
  • Spanish: abstracto abstracta
  • Swedish: abstraktdiffus
  • Thai: ที่เป็นนามธรรม
  • Turkish: soyut
  • Ukrainian: абстрактний
  • Vietnamese: trừu tượng
  • British English: abstract An abstract is an abstract work of art. NOUNHis abstracts are held in numerous collections.
  • Brazilian Portuguese: abstrato
  • Chinese: 抽象作品
  • European Spanish: cuadro abstracto
  • French: résumé
  • German: abstraktes Kunstwerk
  • Italian: opera astratta
  • Japanese: 抽象芸術作品
  • Korean: 추상화
  • Portuguese: abstrato
  • Spanish: cuadro abstracto

Example Sentences Including 'abstract'

Words could help, yes, but only when death was long past, abstract.
Telushkin, Josef The Unorthodox Murder of Rabbi Moss
All in the sacred name of that abstract conception called Justice - which meant something different to each person anyway.
Aird, Catherine A Dead Liberty
In fact, mathematics could be regarded as a highly abstract , formal language which was merely a part of the universal syntax.
Zindell, David The Broken God


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