- a constituent republic of E central Russia, in the S Urals: established as the first
Soviet autonomous republic in 1919; rich mineral resources. Capital: Ufa. Pop: 4 012 900
(2002). Area: 143 600 sq km (55 430 sq miles) Also called: Bashkiria, (bæʃˈkɪərɪə
) , (Russian) Bashkortostan, (bæʃˈkɔːtɔˌstɑːn; baʃkɔrtɔˈstɑːn)
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