- a state of the US in the central Pacific, consisting of over 20 volcanic islands and
atolls, including Hawaii, Maui, Oahu, Kauai, and Molokai: discovered by Captain Cook
in 1778; annexed by the US in 1898; naval base at Pearl Harbor attacked by the Japanese
in 1941, a major cause of US entry into World War II; became a state in 1959. Capital:
Honolulu. Pop: 1 257 608 (2003 est). Area: 16 640 sq km (6425 sq miles) Former name: Sandwich Islands Abbreviation: Ha, (with zip code) HI
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