- an unofficial name for (the Republic of) China
Republic of China or Nationalist China or Taiwan or Formosa
- . a republic (recognized as independent by only 24 nations) in E Asia occupying the
island of Taiwan, 13 nearby islands, and 64 islands of the Penghu (Pescadores) group:
established in 1949 by the Nationalist government of China under Chiang Kai-shek after
its expulsion by the Communists from the mainland; its territory claimed by the People's
Republic of China since the political separation from the mainland; under US protection
1954–79; lost its seat at the UN to the People's Republic of China in 1971; state
of war with the People's Republic of China formally ended in 1991, though tensions
continue owing to the unresolved territorial claim. Language: Mandarin Chinese. Religion:
nonreligious majority, Buddhist and Taoist minorities. Currency: New Taiwan dollar.
Capital: Taipei. Pop: 22 610 000 (2003 est). Area: 35 981 sq km (13 892 sq miles) Former name
Example Sentences Including 'Nationalist China'
In 1939 the Japanese blockaded the British concession in Tientsin, demanding that Britain in effect abandon Nationalist China.
The Collins History of the World in the 20th Century
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