English Dictionary

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poison (ˈpɔɪzən Pronunciation for poison



  1. any substance that can impair function, cause structural damage, or otherwise injure the body related adjective toxic
  2. something that destroys, corrupts, etc   ⇒ the poison of fascism
  3. a substance that retards a chemical reaction or destroys or inhibits the activity of a catalyst
  4. a substance that absorbs neutrons in a nuclear reactor and thus slows down the reaction. It may be added deliberately or formed during fission
  5. See what's your poison?

verb (transitive)

  1. to give poison to (a person or animal) esp with intent to kill
  2. to add poison to
  3. to taint or infect with or as if with poison
  4. (followed by against) to turn (a person's mind) against   ⇒ he poisoned her mind against me
  5. to retard or stop (a chemical or nuclear reaction) by the action of a poison
  6. to inhibit or destroy (the activity of a catalyst) by the action of a poison

Derived Forms

ˈpoisoner noun

Word Origin

C13: from Old French puison potion, from Latin pōtiō a drink, esp a poisonous one, from pōtāre to drink


View thesaurus entry
= give someone poison, murder, kill, administer poison to
= contaminate, lace, spike, tamper with, doctor, adulterate, put poison in

Translations for 'poison'

  • British English: poisonPronunciation for poison Poison is a substance that harms or kills people or animals if they swallow or absorb it.Mercury is a known poison.ˈpɔɪzn NOUN
  • Arabic: سُمّPronunciation for سُمّ
  • Brazilian Portuguese: venenoPronunciation for veneno
  • Chinese: 毒药Pronunciation for 毒药
  • Croatian: otrovPronunciation for otrov
  • Czech: jedPronunciation for jed
  • Danish: giftPronunciation for gift
  • Dutch: vergifPronunciation for vergif
  • European Spanish: venenoPronunciation for veneno
  • Finnish: myrkkyPronunciation for myrkky
  • French: poisonPronunciation for poison
  • German: GiftPronunciation for Gift
  • Greek: δηλητήριοPronunciation for δηλητήριο
  • Italian: velenoPronunciation for veleno
  • Japanese: Pronunciation for 毒
  • Korean: Pronunciation for 독독소
  • Norwegian: giftPronunciation for gift
  • Polish: truciznaPronunciation for trucizna
  • Portuguese: venenoPronunciation for veneno
  • Romanian: otravă otrăvuri
  • Russian: ядPronunciation for яд
  • Spanish: venenoPronunciation for veneno
  • Swedish: giftPronunciation for gifttoxin
  • Thai: ยาพิษPronunciation for ยาพิษ
  • Turkish: zehirPronunciation for zehir
  • Ukrainian: отрута
  • Vietnamese: thuốc độcPronunciation for thuốc độc
  • British English: poisonPronunciation for poison To poison someone or something means to give poison to them or to add poison to them, causing them harm.There were rumours that she had poisoned him.ˈpɔɪzn VERB
  • Arabic: يُسَمِّمُPronunciation for يُسَمِّمُ
  • Brazilian Portuguese: envenenarPronunciation for envenenar
  • Chinese: 放毒Pronunciation for 放毒
  • Croatian: otrovatiPronunciation for otrovati
  • Czech: otrávitPronunciation for otrávit
  • Danish: forgiftePronunciation for forgifte
  • Dutch: vergiftigenPronunciation for vergiftigen
  • European Spanish: envenenarPronunciation for envenenar
  • Finnish: myrkyttääPronunciation for myrkyttää
  • French: empoisonnerPronunciation for empoisonner
  • German: vergiftenPronunciation for vergiften
  • Greek: δηλητηριάζωPronunciation for δηλητηριάζω
  • Italian: avvelenarePronunciation for avvelenare
  • Japanese: 毒を盛るPronunciation for 毒を盛る
  • Korean: 독을 넣다Pronunciation for 독을 넣다
  • Norwegian: forgiftePronunciation for forgifte
  • Polish: otrućPronunciation for otruć truć
  • Portuguese: envenenarPronunciation for envenenar
  • Romanian: a otrăvi
  • Russian: отравлятьPronunciation for отравлять
  • Spanish: envenenarPronunciation for envenenar
  • Swedish: förgiftaPronunciation for förgifta
  • Thai: วางยาพิษPronunciation for วางยาพิษ
  • Turkish: zehirlemekPronunciation for zehirlemek
  • Ukrainian: труїти отруїти
  • Vietnamese: đầu độcPronunciation for đầu độc

Example Sentences Including 'poison'

The poison will be leaked into the Royal ear within an hour, is my guess.
Kippax, Frank The Scar
He was clever and articulate, politically aware, and capable of impressing even magistrates who hated queers like poison.
Kippax, Frank The Scar
Not just to get the cyanide in and into Tony's coffee, but to get hold of the poison in the first place.
Adam, Paul A Nasty Dose of Death


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