Synonyme von archaeology: Archaeological periods
Acheulean or Acheulian(in Europe) the period in the Lower Palaeolithic following the Abbevillian, represented by the use of soft hammerstones in hand axe production made of chipped stone, bone, antler, or wood. The Acheulian dates from the Riss glaciation AsturianAurignacianof, relating to, or produced during a flint culture of the Upper Palaeolithic type characterized by the use of bone and antler tools, pins, awls, etc, and also by cave art and evidence of the beginnings of religionAziliana Palaeolithic culture of Spain and SW France that can be dated to the 10th millennium bc, characterized by flat bone harpoons and schematically painted pebbles Bronze Agea technological stage between the Stone and Iron Ages, beginning in the Middle East about 4500 bc and lasting in Britain from about 2000 to 500 bc, during which weapons and tools were made of bronze and there was intensive trading chalcolithicof or relating to a period characterized by the use of both stone and bronze implementsChâtelperronianEneolithicGravettianof, referring to, or characteristic of an Upper Palaeolithic culture, characterized esp by small pointed blades with blunt backsHelladicof, characteristic of, or related to the Bronze Age civilization that flourished about 2900 to 1100 bc on the Greek mainland and islandsice ageany period of time during which a large part of the earth's surface was covered with ice, due to the advance of glaciers, as in the late Carboniferous period, and during most of the PleistoceneIron Agethe period following the Bronze Age characterized by the extremely rapid spread of iron tools and weapons, which began in the Middle East about 1100 bc La Tènedesignating or of a Celtic Iron Age culture (c. 400-c. 15 b.c.) of central Europe, characterized by decorations in bronze, gold, and enamel on weapons, utensils, ornaments, etc. Levalloisian or Levalloisof or relating to a Lower Palaeolithic culture in W Europe, characterized by a method of flaking flint tools so that one side of the core is flat and the other domedMagdalenianof or relating to the latest Palaeolithic culture in Europe, which ended about 10 000 years agoMesolithicthe period between the Palaeolithic and the Neolithic, in Europe from about 12 000 to 3000 bc, characterized by the appearance of microliths Minoandenoting the Bronze Age culture of Crete from about 3000 bc to about 1100 bcMousteriana culture characterized by flint flake tools and associated with Neanderthal man, found throughout Europe, North Africa, and the Near East, dating from before 70 000–32 000 bc Mycenaeanof or relating to the Aegean civilization of Mycenae (1400 to 1100 bc)Neo-BabylonianNeolithic or New Stone Agethe cultural period that lasted in SW Asia from about 9000 to 6000 bc and in Europe from about 4000 to 2400 bc and was characterized by primitive crop growing and stock rearing and the use of polished stone and flint tools and weapons Old BabylonianPalaeolithic or Old Stone Agethe period of the emergence of primitive man and the manufacture of unpolished chipped stone tools, about 2.5 million to 3 million years ago until about 12 000 bc Solutreanof or relating to an Upper Palaeolithic culture of Europe that was characterized by leaf-shaped flint blades ▷ See archaeology
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