Synonyme von Famous battles
Aboukir Bay or Abukir Bay1798a bay on the N coast of Egypt, where the Nile enters the Mediterranean: site of the Battle of the Nile (1798), in which Nelson defeated the French fleet Actium31 B.C.a town of ancient Greece that overlooked the naval battle in 31 bc at which Octavian's fleet under Agrippa defeated that of Mark Antony and Cleopatra Agincourt1415a battle fought in 1415 near the village of Azincourt, N France: a decisive victory for English longbowmen under Henry V over French forces vastly superior in number Alamo1836Franciscan mission at San Antonio, Tex.: scene of a siege and massacre of Texans by Mexican troops (1836) Algiers1957the capital of Algeria, an ancient port on the Mediterranean; until 1830 a centre of piracy. Pop: 3 260 000 (2005 est) Arnhem1944a city in the E Netherlands, capital of Gelderland province, on the Rhine: site of a World War II battle. Pop: 142 000 (2003 est) Atlantic1939-45Austerlitz1805a town in the Czech Republic, in Moravia: site of Napoleon's victory over the Russian and Austrian armies in 1805. Pop: 1795 (2007 est) Balaklava or Balaclava1854a small port in S Crimea: scene of an inconclusive battle (1854), which included the charge of the Light Brigade, during the Crimean War Bannockburn1314a village in central Scotland, south of Stirling: nearby is the site of a victory (1314) of the Scots, led by Robert the Bruce, over the English. Pop: 7396 (2001) Barnet1471a borough of N Greater London: scene of a Yorkist victory (1471) in the Wars of the Roses. Pop: 324 400 (2003 est). Area: 89 sq km (34 sq miles) Bautzen1813a town in E Germany, in Saxony: site of an indecisive battle in 1813 between Napoleon's army and an allied army of Russians and Prussians. Pop: 42 160 (2003 est) Belleau Wood1918a forest in N France: site of a battle (1918) in which the US Marines halted a German advance on Paris Blenheim1704a village in SW Germany, site of a victory of Anglo-Austrian forces under the Duke of Marlborough and Prince Eugène of Savoy that saved Vienna from the French and Bavarians (1704) during the War of the Spanish Succession Borodino1812a village in E central Russia, about 110 km (70 miles) west of Moscow: scene of a battle (1812) in which Napoleon defeated the Russians but irreparably weakened his army Bosworth Field1485the site, two miles south of Market Bosworth in Leicestershire, of the battle that ended the Wars of the Roses (August 1485). Richard III was killed and Henry Tudor was crowned king as Henry VII Boyne1690a river in the E Republic of Ireland, rising in the Bog of Allen and flowing northeast to the Irish Sea: William III of England defeated the deposed James II in a battle (Battle of the Boyne) on its banks in 1690, completing the overthrow of the Stuart cause in Ireland. Length: about 112 km (70 miles) Britain1940Battle of the Bulge1944-45Bull Run1861;1862small stream in NE Va.: site of two Civil War battles (1861 & 1862) in which Union forces were defeated Bunker Hill1775the first battle of the American Revolution, actually fought on Breed's Hill, next to Bunker Hill, near Boston, on June 17, 1775. Though defeated, the colonists proved that they could stand against British regular soldiers Cannae216 B.C.Crécy1346a village in N France: scene of the first decisive battle of the Hundred Years' War when the English defeated the French (1346) Culloden1746a moor near Inverness in N Scotland: site of a battle in 1746 in which government troops under the Duke of Cumberland defeated the Jacobites under Prince Charles Edward Stuart Dien Bien Phu1954a village in NW Vietnam: French military post during the Indochina War; scene of a major defeat of French forces by the Vietminh (1954) Edgehill1642a ridge in S Warwickshire: site of the indecisive first battle between Charles I and the Parliamentarians (1642) in the Civil War El Alamein1942a village on the N coast of Egypt, about 112 km (70 miles) west of Alexandria: scene of a decisive Allied victory over the Axis forces (1942) Falkirk1298; 1746a town in Scotland, the administrative centre of Falkirk council area: scene of Edward I's defeat of Wallace (1298) and Prince Charles Edward's defeat of General Hawley (1746); formerly a major iron and steel centre; the Falkirk Wheel, an innovative rotating canal boat lift, is nearby. Pop: 32 379 (2001) Flodden1513a hill in Northumberland where invading Scots were defeated by the English in 1513 and James IV of Scotland was killed Gettysburg1863a small town in S Pennsylvania, southwest of Harrisburg: scene of a crucial battle (1863) during the American Civil War, in which Meade's Union forces defeated Lee's Confederate army; site of the national cemetery dedicated by President Lincoln. Pop: 7825 (2003 est) Goose Green1982a settlement in East Falkland in the Falkland Islands; site of an engagement between British and Argentine forces during the Falklands War Guadalcanal1942-3a mountainous island in the SW Pacific, the largest of the Solomon Islands: under British protection until 1978; occupied by the Japanese (1942–43). Pop: 109 382 (1999). Area: 6475 sq km (2500 sq miles) Hastings1066a port in SE England, in East Sussex on the English Channel: near the site of the Battle of Hastings (1066), in which William the Conqueror defeated King Harold; chief of the Cinque Ports. Pop: 85 828 (2001) Hohenlinden1800a village in S Germany, in Bavaria east of Munich: scene of the defeat of the Austrians by the French during the Napoleonic Wars (1800) Imphal1944a city in NE India, capital of Manipur Territory, on the Manipur River: formerly the seat of the Manipur kings: site of a major Anglo-Indian victory over the Japanese (1944), which was a turning point in the British recovery of Burma (now officially called Myanmar). Pop: 217 275 (2001) Inchon1950a port in W South Korea, on the Yellow Sea: the chief port for Seoul: site of a major strategic amphibious assault by UN troops, liberating Seoul (Sept 15, 1950). Pop: 2 642 000 (2005 est) Inkerman1854a village in S Crimea, east of Sevastopol: scene of a battle during the Crimean War in which British and French forces defeated the Russians (1854) Issus333 B.C.an ancient town in S Asia Minor, in Cilicia north of present-day Iskenderun: scene of a battle (333 bc) in which Alexander the Great defeated the Persians Jemappes1792a town in SW Belgium, in Hainaut province west of Mons: scene of a battle (1792) during the French Revolutionary Wars, in which the French defeated the Austrians Jena1806a city in E central Germany, in Thuringia: university (1558), at which Hegel and Schiller taught; site of the battle (1806) in which Napoleon Bonaparte defeated the Prussians; optical and precision instrument industry. Pop: 102 634 (2003 est) Killiecrankie1689a pass in central Scotland, in the Grampians: scene of a battle (1689) in which the Jacobites defeated William III's forces but lost their leader, Viscount Dundee Kursk1943a city in W Russia: industrial centre of an agricultural region: scene of a major Soviet victory (1943). Pop: 410 000 (2005 est) Ladysmith1899-1900Le Cateau1914a town in NE France: site (August 26, 1914) of the largest British battle since Waterloo, which led to the disruption of the German attack on the Allies. Pop: 6998 (2009) Leipzig1813a city in E central Germany, in Saxony: famous fairs, begun about 1170; publishing and music centre; university (1409); scene of a decisive defeat for Napoleon Bonaparte in 1813. Pop: 497 531 (2003 est) Lepanto1571a port in W Greece, between the Gulfs of Corinth and Patras: scene of a naval battle (1571) in which the Turkish fleet was defeated by the fleets of the Holy League. Pop (municipality): 18 259 (2001) Leyte Gulf1944an inlet of the Pacific in the E Philippines, east of Leyte and south of Samar: scene of a battle (Oct 23–26, 1944) during World War II, in which the Americans defeated almost the entire Japanese navy, thereby ensuring ultimate Allied victory Little Bighorn1876a river in the W central US, rising in N Wyoming and flowing north to the Bighorn River. Its banks were the scene of the defeat (1876) and killing of General Custer and his command by Indians Lützen1632a town near Leipzig in E Germany, in Saxony; site of a battle (1632) in the Thirty Years' War in which the army of the Holy Roman Empire under Wallenstein was defeated by the Swedes under Gustavus Adolphus, who died in the battle Manassas1861; 1862a town in NE Virginia, west of Alexandria: site of the victory of Confederate forces in the Battles of Bull Run, or First and Second Manassas (1861; 1862), during the American Civil War. Pop: 37 166 (2003 est) Mantinea or Mantineia418 B.C.; 362 B.C.(in ancient Greece) a city in E Arcadia; site of several battles Marathon490 B.C.Marengo1800a village in NW Italy: site of a major battle in which Napoleon decisively defeated the Austrians (1800) Marston Moor1644a flat low-lying area in NE England, west of York: scene of a battle (1644) in which the Parliamentarians defeated the Royalists Missionary Ridge1863a ridge in NW Georgia and SE Tennessee: site of a battle (1863) during the Civil War: Northern victory leading to the campaign in Georgia Naseby1645a village in Northamptonshire: site of a major Parliamentarian victory (1645) in the Civil War, when Cromwell routed Prince Rupert's force Navarino425 B.C.a sea battle (Oct 20, 1827) in which the defeat of the Turkish-Egyptian fleet by a combined British, French, and Russian fleet decided Greek independence Omdurman1898a city in the central Sudan, on the White Nile, opposite Khartoum, with which it forms the country's largest city; scene of the Battle of Omdurman (1898), in which the Mahdi's successor was defeated by Lord Kitchener's forces. Pop: recent estimates vary between 1 000 000 and 3 000 000 Passchendaele1917a village in NW Belgium, in West Flanders province: the scene of heavy fighting during the third battle of Ypres in World War I during which 245 000 British troops were lost Philippi42 B.C.Plains of Abraham1759a field in E Canada between Quebec City and the St Lawrence River: site of an important British victory (1759) in the Seven Years' War, which cost the French their possession of Canada Plassey1757a village in NE India, in W Bengal: scene of Clive's victory (1757) over Siraj-ud-daula, which established British supremacy over India Plataea479 B.C.Poltava1709a city in E Ukraine: scene of the victory (1709) of the Russians under Peter the Great over the Swedes under Charles XII; centre of an agricultural region. Pop: 319 000 (2005 est) Prestonpans1745a small town and resort in SE Scotland, in East Lothian on the Firth of Forth: scene of the battle (1745) in which the Jacobite army of Prince Charles Edward defeated government forces under Sir John Cope. Pop: 7153 (2001) Pydna168 B.C.Quatre Bras1815a village in Belgium near Brussels; site of a battle in June 1815 where Wellington defeated the French under Marshal Ney, immediately preceding the battle of Waterloo Ramillies1706a village in central Belgium where the Duke of Marlborough defeated the French in 1706 Roncesvalles778a village in N Spain, in the Pyrenees: a nearby pass was the scene of the defeat of Charlemagne and death of Roland in 778 Sadowa or Sadová1866a village in the Czech Republic, in NE Bohemia: scene of the decisive battle of the Austro-Prussian war (1866) in which the Austrians were defeated by the Prussians Saint-Mihiel1918a village in NE France, on the River Meuse: site of a battle in World War I, in which the American army launched its first offensive in France Salamis480 B.C.an island in the Saronic Gulf, Greece: scene of the naval battle in 480 bc, in which the Greeks defeated the Persians. Pop (municipality): 28 423 (2001). Area: 95 sq km (37 sq miles) San Carlos1982an aerial and naval battle during the British landings on the shores of San Carlos Water during the Falklands War Sedgemoor1685a low-lying plain in SW England, in central Somerset: scene of the defeat (1685) of the Duke of Monmouth Sempach1386a village in central Switzerland, in Lucerne canton on Lake Sempach: scene of the victory (1386) of the Swiss over the Hapsburgs Shiloh1862Shipka Pass1877-78Somme1916; 1918Stalingrad1941-42Stamford Bridge1066a village in N England, east of York: site of a battle (1066) in which King Harold of England defeated his brother Tostig and King Harald Hardrada of Norway, three weeks before the Battle of Hastings Stirling Bridge1297Tannenberg1410; 1914a village in N Poland, formerly in East Prussia: site of a decisive defeat of the Teutonic Knights by the Poles in 1410 and of a decisive German victory over the Russians in 1914 Tet Offensive1968an offensive launched in January and February 1968 by the Vietcong and the North Vietnamese army on South Vietnamese cities, timed to coincide with the first day of the Tet (Vietnamese New Year) Tewkesbury1471a town in W England, in N Gloucestershire at the confluence of the Rivers Severn and Avon: scene of a decisive battle (1471) of the Wars of the Roses in which the Yorkists defeated the Lancastrians; 12th-century abbey. Pop: 9978 (2001) Thermopylae480 B.C.(in ancient Greece) a narrow pass between the mountains and the sea linking Locris and Thessaly: a defensible position on a traditional invasion route from N Greece; scene of a famous battle (480 bc) in which a greatly outnumbered Greek army under Leonidas fought to the death to delay the advance of the Persians during their attempted conquest of Greece Tobruk1941; 1942a small port in NE Libya, in E Cyrenaica on the Mediterranean coast road: scene of severe fighting in World War II: taken from the Italians by the British in Jan 1941, from the British by the Germans in June 1942, and finally taken by the British in Nov 1942 Trafalgar1805Capecape on the SW coast of Spain, between Cadiz & the Strait of Gibraltar: site of a naval battle (1805) in which Nelson's British fleet defeated Napoleon's fleet Trenton1776a city in W New Jersey, capital of the state, on the Delaware River: settled by English Quakers in 1679; scene of the defeat of the British by Washington (1776) during the War of American Independence. Pop: 85 314 (2003 est) Verdun1916a fortified town in NE France, on the Meuse: scene of the longest and most severe battle (1916) of World War I, in which the French repelled a powerful German offensive. Pop: 19 624 (1999) Vitoria1813a city in NE Spain: scene of Wellington's decisive victory (1813) over Napoleon's forces in the Peninsular War. Pop: 223 257 (2003 est) Wagram1809a village in NE Austria: scene of the defeat of the Austrians by Napoleon in 1809 Waterloo1815a small town in central Belgium, in Walloon Brabant province south of Brussels: battle (1815) fought nearby in which British and Prussian forces under the Duke of Wellington and Blücher routed the French under Napoleon. Pop: 29 003 (2004 est) Ypres1914; 1915; 1917; 1918a town in W Belgium, in W Flanders province near the border with France: scene of many sieges and battles, esp in World War I, when it was completely destroyed. Pop: 35 021 (2004 est) Zama202 B.C. ▷ See battle
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