Bible: Characters in the Bible
Aaronthe first high priest of the Israelites, brother of Moses (Exodus 4:14) Abednegoone of Daniel's three companions who, together with Shadrach and Meshach, was miraculously saved from destruction in Nebuchadnezzar's fiery furnace (Daniel 3:12–30) Abelthe second son of Adam and Eve, a shepherd, murdered by his brother Cain (Genesis 4:1–8) Abigailthe woman who brought provisions to David and his followers and subsequently became his wife (I Samuel 25:1–42) Abrahamthe first of the patriarchs, the father of Isaac and the founder of the Hebrew people (Genesis 11–25) Absalomthe third son of David, who rebelled against his father and was eventually killed by Joab (II Samuel 15–18) Achitophel or Ahithophela member of David's council, who became one of Absalom's advisers in his rebellion and hanged himself when his advice was overruled (II Samuel 15:12–17:23) AdamAhabthe king of Israel from approximately 869 to 850 bc and husband of Jezebel: rebuked by Elijah (I Kings 16:29–22:40) Ahasuerusa king of ancient Persia and husband of Esther, generally identified with Xerxes AmmonAmosAnaniasAndrewone of the twelve apostles; brother of Simon Peter: his day is Nov. 30 Asherthe son of Jacob and ancestor of one of the 12 tribes of Israel BalaamBalthazar(in Christian tradition) one of the Magi, the others being Caspar and Melchior Barabbasa condemned robber who was released at the Passover instead of Jesus (Matthew 27:16) Bartholomewone of the twelve apostles (Matthew 10:3). Feast day: Aug 24 or June 11 Barucha disciple of Jeremiah (Jeremiah 32–36) Bathshebathe wife of Uriah, who committed adultery with David and later married him and became the mother of his son Solomon (II Samuel 11–12) BeelzebubBelialBelshazzar6th century bc, the son of Nabonidus, coregent of Babylon with his father for eight years: referred to as king and son of Nebuchadnezzar in the Old Testament (Daniel 5:1, 17; 8:1); described as having received a divine message of doom written on a wall at a banquet (Belshazzar's Feast) Benjaminthe youngest and best-loved son of Jacob and Rachel (Genesis 35:16–18; 42:4) Boanergesa nickname applied by Jesus to James and John in Mark 3:17 Boaza kinsman of Naomi, who married her daughter-in-law Ruth (Ruth 2–4); one of David's ancestors Caiaphasthe high priest at the beginning of John the Baptist's preaching and during the trial of Jesus (Luke 3:2; Matthew 26) CainCaspar(in Christian tradition) one of the Magi, the other two being Melchior and Balthazar Cush or Kushthe son of Ham and brother of Canaan (Genesis 10:6) Danthe fourth son of Jacob (Genesis 30:1–6) Daniela youth who was taken into the household of Nebuchadnezzar, received guidance and apocalyptic visions from God, and was given divine protection when thrown into the lions' den Davidthe second king of Israel and Judah, succeeding Saul: reputed to be the writer of many Psalms DeborahRebecca's nurse (Genesis 35:8) DelilahSamson's Philistine mistress, who deprived him of his strength by cutting off his hair (Judges 16:4–22) Dinahthe daughter of Jacob and Leah (Genesis 30:21; 34) Divesa rich man in the parable in Luke 16:19–31 DorcasEliasElijaha Hebrew prophet of the 9th century bc, who was persecuted for denouncing Ahab and Jezebel. (I Kings 17–21: 21; II Kings 1–2:18) Elishaa Hebrew prophet of the 9th century bc: successor of Elijah (II Kings 3–9) Enochthe eldest son of Cain after whom the first city was named (Genesis 4:17) Enosa son of Seth (Genesis 4:26; 5:6) Ephraimthe younger son of Joseph, who received the principal blessing of his grandfather Jacob (Genesis 48:8–22) Esauson of Isaac and Rebecca and twin brother of Jacob, to whom he sold his birthright (Genesis 25) EstherEvethe first woman; mother of the human race, fashioned by God from the rib of Adam (Genesis 2:18-25) Ezekielthe book containing his oracles, which describe the downfall of Judah and Jerusalem and their subsequent restoration EzraGabrielone of the archangels, the messenger of good news (Daniel 8:16–26; Luke 1:11–20, 26–38) GadJacob's sixth son, whose mother was Zilpah, Leah's maid GideonGileada grandson of Manasseh; ancestor of the Coileadites (Numbers 26: 29–30) Gog and Magoga hostile prince and the land from which he comes to attack Israel (Ezekiel 38) Goliatha Philistine giant from Gath who terrorized the Hebrews until he was killed by David with a stone from his sling (I Samuel 17) Good Samaritana figure in one of Christ's parables (Luke 10:30–37) who is an example of compassion towards those in distress HabakkukHagaran Egyptian maid of Sarah, who bore Ishmael to Abraham, Sarah's husband HaggaiHamNoah's second son: Gen. 6:10 Hannahthe woman who gave birth to Samuel (I Samuel 1–2) HerodHezekiaha king of Judah ?715–?687 bc, noted for his religious reforms (II Kings 18–19) HiramHolofernesthe Assyrian general, who was killed by the biblical heroine Judith HoseaIsaacan Old Testament patriarch, the son of Abraham and Sarah and father of Jacob and Esau (Genesis 17; 21–27) IsaiahIshmaelthe son of Abraham and Hagar, Sarah's handmaid: the ancestor of 12 Arabian tribes (Genesis 21:8–21; 25:12–18) Issacharthe fifth son of Jacob by his wife Leah (Genesis 30:17–18) Jacobthe son of Isaac, twin brother of Esau, and father of the twelve patriarchs of Israel JaelJamesknown as James the Less. one of the twelve apostles, son of Alphaeus (Matthew 10:3). Feast day: May 3 or Oct 9 Japheththe second son of Noah, traditionally regarded as the ancestor of a number of non-Semitic nations (Genesis 10:1–5) Jehoshaphatthe king of Judah (?873–?849 bc) (I Kings 22:41–50) Jehuthe king of Israel (?842–?815 bc); the slayer of Jezebel (II Kings 9:11–30) Jephthah or JephteJeremiaha major prophet of Judah from about 626 to 587 bc JeroboamJessethe father of David (I Samuel 16) Jesus ChristJethroa Midianite priest, the father-in-law of Moses (Exodus 3:1; 4:18) Jezebelthe wife of Ahab, king of Israel: she fostered the worship of Baal and tried to destroy the prophets of Israel (I Kings 18:4–13); she was killed by Jehu (II Kings 9:29–37) Joabthe successful commander of King David's forces and the slayer of Abner and Absalom (II Samuel 2:18–23; 3:24–27; 18:14–15) JobJoelJohnJohn the Baptistthe forerunner and baptizer of Jesus: he was killed by Herod: Matt. 3 Jonah or JonasJonathanthe son of Saul, and David's close friend, who was killed in battle (I Samuel 31; II Samuel 1:19–26) Josephthe eleventh son of Jacob and one of the 12 patriarchs of Israel (Genesis 30:2–24) JoshuaMoses' successor, who led the Israelites in the conquest of Canaan Josiahdied ?609 bc, king of Judah (?640–?609). After the discovery of a book of law (probably Deuteronomy) in the Temple he began a programme of religious reform JubalJudahthe fourth son of Jacob, one of whose descendants was to be the Messiah (Genesis 29:35; 49:8–12) Judas IscariotJudeJudiththe heroine of one of the books of the Apocrypha, who saved her native town by decapitating Holofernes Labanthe father-in-law of Jacob, father of Leah and Rachel (Genesis 29:16) Lazarusthe brother of Mary and Martha, whom Jesus restored to life (John 11–12) Leahthe first wife of Jacob and elder sister of Rachel, his second wife (Genesis 29) Levithe third son of Jacob and Leah and the ancestor of the tribe of Levi (Genesis 29:34) LotAbraham's nephew: he escaped the destruction of Sodom, but his wife was changed into a pillar of salt for looking back as they fled (Genesis 19) Lot's wifeLukeMagusMalachiManassehthe elder son of Joseph (Genesis 41:51) MarkMarthasister of Lazarus and Mary, chided by Jesus for being overly concerned with housework while he talked with Mary: Luke 10:40 Marythe sister of Martha and Lazarus (Luke 10:38–42; John 11:1–2) Mary MagdaleneMatthewMatthiasone of the Apostles, chosen by lot to replace Judas Iscariot: Acts 1:26: his day is May 14 Melchior(in Christian tradition) one of the Magi, the others being Balthazar and Caspar Melchizedek or Melchisedechthe priest-king of Salem who blessed Abraham (Genesis 14:18–19) and was taken as a prototype of Christ's priesthood (Hebrews 7) Meshachone of Daniel's three companions who, together with Shadrach and Abednego, was miraculously saved from destruction in Nebuchadnezzar's fiery furnace (Daniel 3:12-30) MethuselahMicahMidiana son of Abraham (Genesis 25:1–2) Miriamthe sister of Moses and Aaron. (Numbers 12:1–15) Mordecaithe cousin of Esther (in the Book of Esther), who saved the Jews from the destruction planned by Haman MosesNabonidusthe father of Belshazzar, last king of Babylon before it was captured by Cyrus in 539 bc Nabothan inhabitant of Jezreel, murdered by King Ahab at the instigation of his wife Jezebel for refusing to sell his vineyard (I Kings 21) NahumNaomithe mother-in-law of Ruth (Ruth 1:2) NaphtaliJacob's sixth son, whose mother was Rachel's handmaid (Genesis 30:7–8) Nathana prophet at David's court (II Samuel 7:1–17; 12:1–15) Nathanaela Galilean who is perhaps to be identified with the apostle Bartholomew (John 1:45–51; 21:1) Nebuchadnezzar or NebuchadrezzarNehemiahNicodemusa Pharisee and a member of the Sanhedrin, who supported Jesus against the other Pharisees (John 8:50–52) NimrodNoahObadiahPaulPeterPhilipone of the sons of Herod the Great, who was ruler of part of former Judaea (4 bc–34 ad) (Luke 3:1) Pontius PilatePotipharone of Pharaoh's officers, who bought Joseph as a slave (Genesis 37:36) prodigal sonQueen of ShebaRachelthe second and best-loved wife of Jacob; mother of Joseph and Benjamin (Genesis 29–35) Rebeccathe sister of Laban, who became the wife of Isaac and the mother of Esau and Jacob (Genesis 24–27) Reubenthe eldest son of Jacob and Leah: one of the 12 patriarchs of Israel (Genesis 29:30) Rutha Moabite woman, who left her own people to remain with her mother-in-law Naomi, and became the wife of Boaz; an ancestress of David Salomethe daughter of Herodias, at whose instigation she beguiled Herod by her seductive dancing into giving her the head of John the Baptist Samsona judge of Israel, who performed herculean feats of strength against the Philistine oppressors until he was betrayed to them by his mistress Delilah (Judges 13–16) SamuelSapphirathe wife of Ananias, struck dead with her husband for lying: Acts 5:1-10 Sarahthe wife of Abraham and mother of Isaac (Genesis 17:15–22) Saulthe first king of Israel (?1020–1000 bc). He led Israel successfully against the Philistines, but was in continual conflict with the high priest Samuel. He became afflicted with madness and died by his own hand; succeeded by David SethAdam's third son, given by God in place of the murdered Abel (Genesis 4:25) Shadrachone of Daniel's three companions, who, together with Meshach and Abednego, was miraculously saved from destruction in Nebuchadnezzar's fiery furnace (Daniel 3:12–30) Shemthe eldest of Noah's three sons (Genesis 10:21) Simeonthe second son of Jacob and Leah Simon Magusa Samaritan magician whose offer of money to learn how to impart the Holy Ghost to others angered Peter: Acts 8:9-24 Simon Peterthe full name of the apostle Peter, a combination of his original name and the name given him by Christ (Matthew 16:17–18) SolomonSusannaTetragrammatonthe Hebrew name for God revealed to Moses on Mount Sinai (Exodus 3), consisting of the four consonants Y H V H (or Y H W H) and regarded by Jews as too sacred to be pronounced. It is usually transliterated as Jehovah or Yahweh Thaddeus or Thadeusone of the 12 apostles (Matthew 10:3; Mark 3:18), traditionally identified with Jude Thomas(called Didymus, the Twin) one of the twelve Apostles, who doubted at first the resurrection of Jesus: John 20:24-29: his day is Dec. 21 TobitTubal-cainUriaha Hittite officer, who was killed in battle on instructions from David so that he could marry Uriah's wife Bathsheba (II Samuel 11) Virgin MaryMary, the mother of Christ Zacharias, Zachariah, or ZacharyJohn the Baptist's father, who underwent a temporary period of dumbness for his lack of faith (Luke 1) Zebedeethe father of the apostles James and John (Matthew 4:21) Zebulunthe sixth son whom Leah bore to Jacob: one of the 12 patriarchs of Israel (Genesis 30:20) ZechariahZedekiahthe last king of Judah, who died in captivity at Babylon Zephaniahthe book containing his oracles, which are chiefly concerned with the approaching judgment by God upon the sinners of Judah. ZilpahLeah's maidservant, who bore Gad and Asher to Jacob (Genesis 30:10–13) ▷ See Bible
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