'Parts of the brain'
amygdalaan almond-shaped part, such as a tonsil or a lobe of the cerebellum brainstemthe stalklike part of the brain consisting of the medulla oblongata, the midbrain, and the pons Varolii Broca's areathe region of the cerebral cortex of the brain concerned with speech; the speech centre central sulcusa deep cleft in each hemisphere of the brain separating the frontal lobe from the parietal lobe cerebellumone of the major divisions of the vertebrate brain, situated in man above the medulla oblongata and beneath the cerebrum, whose function is coordination of voluntary movements and maintenance of bodily equilibrium cerebral aqueductcerebral cortex or (nontechnical) grey matterthe outermost layer of the cerebrum that is the locus of higher brain processes cerebrospinal fluidthe clear colourless fluid in the spaces inside and around the spinal cord and brain cerebrumthe anterior portion of the brain of vertebrates, consisting of two lateral hemispheres joined by a thick band of fibres: the dominant part of the brain in man, associated with intellectual function, emotion, and personality choroid plexusa multilobed vascular membrane, projecting into the cerebral ventricles, that secretes cerebrospinal fluid corpus callosumdiencephalonthe part of the brain that includes the basal ganglia, thalamus, hypothalamus, and associated areas fourth ventriclefrontal lobethe anterior portion of each cerebral hemisphere, situated in front of the central sulcus hippocampusan area of cerebral cortex that forms a ridge in the floor of the lateral ventricle of the brain, which in cross section has the shape of a sea horse. It functions as part of the limbic system hypothalamusa neural control centre at the base of the brain, concerned with hunger, thirst, satiety, and other autonomic functions infundibulumany funnel-shaped part, esp the stalk connecting the pituitary gland to the base of the brain limbic systemthe part of the brain bordering on the corpus callosum: concerned with basic emotion, hunger, and sex mamillary bodymedulla oblongatathe lower stalklike section of the brain, continuous with the spinal cord, containing control centres for the heart and lungs meningesthe three membranes that envelop the brain and spinal cord midbrainthe middle part of the three primary divisions of the brain of a vertebrate embryo myelencephalon or (nontechnical) afterbrainthe part of the embryonic hindbrain that develops into the medulla oblongata occipital lobeoptic chiasmaparietal lobepineal bodya small, grayish, cone-shaped, glandular outgrowth from the brain of all vertebrates that produces the hormone melatonin: in lower vertebrates, often visible as an external median eye pituitary glandthe master endocrine gland, attached by a stalk to the base of the brain. Its two lobes (the adenohypophysis and neurohypophysis) secrete hormones affecting skeletal growth, development of the sex glands, and the functioning of the other endocrine glands pons Varoliisubstantia alba or (nontechnical) white matterthe whitish tissue of the brain and spinal cord, consisting mainly of myelinated nerve fibres temporal lobethe laterally protruding portion of each cerebral hemisphere, situated below the parietal lobe and associated with sound perception and interpretation: it is thought to be the centre for memory recall thalamuseither of the two contiguous egg-shaped masses of grey matter at the base of the brain third ventricleone of the four cavities of the brain, lying on the midline between the cerebral hemispheres vermisthe middle lobe connecting the two halves of the cerebellum Wernicke's area ▷ See brain
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