Synonyme von cattle: Cattle and other artiodactyls
addaxa large light-coloured antelope, Addax nasomaculatus, having ribbed loosely spiralled horns and inhabiting desert regions in N Africa: family Bovidae, order Artiodactyla alpaca or alpaccaa domesticated cud-chewing artiodactyl mammal, Lama pacos, closely related to the llama and native to South America: family Camelidae. Its dark shaggy hair is a source of wool antelopeany bovid mammal of the subfamily Antilopinae, of Africa and Asia. They are typically graceful, having long legs and horns, and include the gazelles, springbok, impala, gerenuk, blackbuck, and dik-diks aoudadargali or argalarielan Arabian gazelle, Gazella arabica (or dama) axis (plural axises) or chitalbabirusaa wild pig, Babyrousa babyrussa, inhabiting marshy forests in Indonesia. It has an almost hairless wrinkled skin and enormous curved canine teeth Bactrian camelbharalbisona member of the cattle tribe, Bison bison, formerly widely distributed over the prairies of W North America but now confined to reserves and parks, with a massive head, shaggy forequarters, and a humped back blacktaila variety of mule deer having a black tail blauboka large blue-haired antelope, Hippotragus leucophaeus, of southern Africa: extinct since 1800 blesbokan antelope, Damaliscus dorcas (or albifrons), of southern Africa. The coat is a deep reddish-brown with a white blaze between the eyes; the horns are lyre-shaped bongoa rare spiral-horned antelope, Boocercus (or Taurotragus) eurycerus, inhabiting forests of central Africa. The coat is bright red-brown with narrow cream stripes bontebokan antelope, Damaliscus pygargus (or dorcas), of southern Africa, having a deep reddish-brown coat with a white blaze, tail, and rump patch brocketany small deer of the genus Mazama, of tropical America, having small unbranched antlers bubal or bubalisany of various antelopes, esp an extinct N African variety of hartebeest buffaloa member of the cattle tribe, Syncerus caffer, mostly found in game reserves in southern and eastern Africa and having upward-curving horns bushbuck or boschboka small nocturnal spiral-horned antelope, Tragelaphus scriptus, of the bush and tropical forest of Africa. Its coat is reddish-brown with a few white markings bushpiga wild pig, Potamochoerus porcus, inhabiting forests in tropical Africa and Madagascar. It is brown or black, with pale markings on the face camel or (Anglo-Indian) oonteither of two cud-chewing artiodactyl mammals of the genus Camelus: family Camelidae. They are adapted for surviving long periods without food or water in desert regions, esp by using humps on the back for storing fat Cape buffaloa large, black, nearly hairless, very fierce buffalo (Syncerus caffer) of South Africa, with horns joined at the bases to form a helmetlike structure cariboua large deer, Rangifer tarandus, of Arctic regions of North America, having large branched antlers in the male and female: also occurs in Europe and Asia, where it is called a reindeer chamois or izarda sure-footed goat antelope, Rupicapra rupicapra, inhabiting mountains of Europe and SW Asia, having vertical horns with backward-pointing tips chevrotain or mouse deerany small timid ruminant artiodactyl mammal of the genera Tragulus and Hyemoschus, of S and SE Asia: family Tragulidae. They resemble rodents, and the males have long tusklike upper canines Chinese water deera small Chinese or Korean deer, Hydropotes inermis, having tusks and no antlers: introduced into England and France deerany ruminant artiodactyl mammal of the family Cervidae, including reindeer, elk, muntjacs, and roe deer, typically having antlers in the male dik-dikany small antelope of the genus Madoqua, inhabiting semiarid regions of Africa, having an elongated muzzle and, in the male, small stout horns dromedaryduiker or duykerany small antelope of the genera Cephalophus and Sylvicapra, occurring throughout Africa south of the Sahara, having short straight backward-pointing horns, pointed hooves, and an arched back elanda large spiral-horned antelope, Taurotragus oryx, inhabiting bushland in eastern and southern Africa. It has a dewlap and a hump on the shoulders and is light brown with vertical white stripes elka large deer, Alces alces, of N Europe and Asia, having large flattened palmate antlers: also occurs in North America, where it is called a moose gaura large wild member of the cattle tribe, Bos gaurus, inhabiting mountainous regions of S Asia gayalan ox of India and Myanmar, Bibos frontalis, possibly a semidomesticated variety of gaur, black or brown with white stockings gazelleany small graceful usually fawn-coloured antelope of the genera Gazella and Procapra, of Africa and Asia, such as G. thomsoni (Thomson's gazelle) gemsboka large antelope (Oryx gazella) of S Africa, with long, straight horns and a tufted tail gerenuka slender E African antelope, Litocranius walleri, with a long thin neck and backward-curving horns giraffe or (obsolete) camelopardgnueither of two sturdy antelopes, Connochaetes taurinus (brindled gnu) or the much rarer C. gnou (white-tailed gnu), inhabiting the savannas of Africa, having an oxlike head and a long tufted tail goaa gazelle, Procapra picticaudata, inhabiting the plains of the Tibetan plateau, having a brownish-grey coat and backward-curving horns goatany sure-footed agile bovid mammal of the genus Capra, naturally inhabiting rough stony ground in Europe, Asia, and N Africa, typically having a brown-grey colouring and a beard. Domesticated varieties (C. hircus) are reared for milk, meat, and woolgorala small goat antelope, Naemorhedus goral, inhabiting mountainous regions of S Asia. It has a yellowish-grey and black coat and small conical horns grysbokeither of two small antelopes, Raphicerus melanotis or R. sharpei, of central and southern Africa, having small straight horns guanacoa cud-chewing South American artiodactyl mammal, Lama guanicoe, closely related to the domesticated llama: family Camelidae harnessed antelopeany of various antelopes with vertical white stripes on the back, esp the bushbuck hartebeest or hartbeesteither of two large African antelopes, Alcelaphus buselaphus or A. lichtensteini, having an elongated muzzle, lyre-shaped horns, and a fawn-coloured coat hippopotamusa very large massive gregarious artiodactyl mammal, Hippopotamus amphibius, living in or around the rivers of tropical Africa: family Hippopotamidae. It has short legs and a thick skin sparsely covered with hair ibexany of three wild goats, Capra ibex, C. caucasica, or C. pyrenaica, of mountainous regions of Europe, Asia, and North Africa, having large backward-curving horns impalaan antelope, Aepyceros melampus, of southern and eastern Africa, having lyre-shaped horns and able to move with enormous leaps when disturbed Jacob or Jacob sheepkarakul or caracula breed of sheep of central Asia having coarse black, grey, or brown hair: the lambs have soft curled usually black hair Kashmir goata Himalayan breed of goat having an undercoat of silky wool from which cashmere wool is obtained klipspringera small agile antelope, Oreotragus oreotragus, inhabiting rocky regions of Africa south of the Sahara kobany of several species of African antelope, esp Kobus kob: similar to waterbucks kongonian E African hartebeest, Alcelaphus buselaphus koupreya large wild member of the cattle tribe, Box sauveli, of SE Asia, having a blackish-brown body and white legs: an endangered species kudu or koodooeither of two spiral-horned antelopes, Tragelaphus strepsiceros (greater kudu) or T. imberbis (lesser kudu), which inhabit the bush of Africa llamaa domesticated South American cud-chewing mammal, Lama glama (or L. peruana), that is used as a beast of burden and is valued for its hair, flesh, and hide: family Camelidae (camels) markhor or markhoora large wild Himalayan goat, Capra falconeri, with a reddish-brown coat and large spiralled horns marshbuckan antelope of the central African swamplands, Strepsiceros spekei, with spreading hoofs adapted to boggy ground; an important vector of the tsetse fly moosea large North American deer, Alces alces, having large flattened palmate antlers: also occurs in Europe and Asia where it is called an elk mouflon or moufflonmountain goatany wild goat inhabiting mountainous regions mule deera W North American deer, Odocoileus hemionus, with long ears and a black-tipped tail muntjac, muntjak, or barking deerany small Asian deer of the genus Muntiacus, typically having a chestnut-brown coat, small antlers, and a barklike cry musk deera small central Asian mountain deer, Moschus moschiferus. The male has long tusklike canine teeth and secretes musk nilgai, nilghau, or nylghaua large Indian antelope, Boselaphus tragocamelus. The male is blue-grey with white markings and has small horns; the female is brownish and has no horns nyalaa spiral-horned southern African antelope, Tragelaphus angasi, with a fringe of white hairs along the length of the back and neck okapioribia small African antelope, Ourebia ourebi, of grasslands and bush south of the Sahara, with fawn-coloured coat and, in the male, ridged spikelike horns oryxany large African antelope of the genus Oryx, typically having long straight nearly upright horns oxan adult castrated male of any domesticated species of cattle, esp Bos taurus, used for draught work and meat peccaryeither of two piglike artiodactyl mammals, Tayassu tajacu (collared peccary) or T. albirostris (white-lipped peccary) of forests of southern North America, Central, and South America: family Tayassuidae Père David's deera large grey deer, Elaphurus davidianus, surviving only in captivity as descendants of a herd preserved in the Imperial hunting park near Beijing pigany artiodactyl mammal of the African and Eurasian family Suidae, esp Sus scrofa (domestic pig), typically having a long head with a movable snout, a thick bristle-covered skin, and, in wild species, long curved tusks pronghornpudua diminutive Andean antelope, Pudu pudu, some 35 cm (13 to 14 in.) tall at the shoulder, with short straight horns and reddish-brown spotted coat razorbacka semiwild or wild pig of the southeastern US, having a narrow body, long legs, and a ridged back red deera large deer, Cervus elaphus, formerly widely distributed in the woodlands of Europe and Asia. The coat is reddish-brown in summer and the short tail is surrounded by a patch of light-coloured hair reedbuck or nagorany antelope of the genus Redunca, of Africa south of the Sahara, having a buff-coloured coat and inward-curving horns reindeera large deer, Rangifer tarandus, having large branched antlers in the male and female and inhabiting the arctic regions of Greenland, Europe, and Asia. It also occurs in North America, where it is known as a caribou rhebok or reebokan antelope, Pelea capreolus, of southern Africa, having woolly brownish-grey hair Rocky Mountain goata sure-footed goat antelope, Oreamnos americanus, inhabiting the Rocky Mountains. It has thick white hair and black backward-curving horns roe deera small graceful deer, Capreolus capreolus, of woodlands of Europe and Asia. The antlers are small and the summer coat is reddish-brown sable antelopea large black E African antelope, Hippotragus niger, with long backward-curving horns saigaeither of two antelopes, Saiga tatarica or S. mongolica, of the plains of central Asia, having an enlarged slightly elongated nose sambar or sambura S Asian deer, Cervus unicolor, with three-tined antlers sassabyan African antelope, Damaliscus lunatus, of grasslands and semideserts, having angular curved horns and an elongated muzzle: thought to be the swiftest hoofed mammal seroweither of two antelopes, Capricornis sumatraensis and C. crispus, of mountainous regions of S and SE Asia, having a dark coat and conical backward-pointing horns sheepsikaa Japanese forest-dwelling deer, Cervus nippon, having a brown coat, spotted with white in summer, and a large white patch on the rump springbokan antelope, Antidorcas marsupialis, of semidesert regions of southern Africa, which moves in leaps exposing a patch of white erectile hairs on the rump that are usually covered by a fold of skin steenboka small antelope, Raphicerus campestris, of central and southern Africa, having a reddish-brown coat and straight smooth horns tahr or thara rare goatlike antelope (Capricornis thar) of mountainous regions of S Asia takinvicuña or vicunaa tawny-coloured cud-chewing Andean artiodactyl mammal, Vicugna vicugna, similar to the llama: family Camelidae wapitia large deer, Cervus canadensis, with large much-branched antlers, native to North America and now also common in the South Island of New Zealand wart hogwaterbuckany of various antelopes of the genus Kobus, esp K. ellipsiprymnus, of swampy areas of Africa, having long curved ridged horns water buffalo, water ox, or carabaoa member of the cattle tribe, Bubalus bubalis, of swampy regions of S Asia, having widely spreading back-curving horns. Domesticated forms are used as draught animals white-tailed deera deer, Odocoileus virginianus, of North America and N South America: the coat varies in colour, being typically reddish-brown in the summer, and the tail is white wild boara wild pig, Sus scrofa, of parts of Europe and central Asia, having a pale grey to black coat, thin legs, a narrow body, and prominent tusks wildebeestyaka wild and domesticated type of cattle, Bos grunniens, of Tibet, having long horns and long shaggy hair zebuzo or zho, or dzoa Tibetan breed of cattle, developed by crossing the yak with common cattle ▷ See cattle
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