Synonyme von Hormones
adrenaline or epinephrinea hormone that is secreted by the adrenal medulla in response to stress and increases heart rate, pulse rate, and blood pressure, and raises the blood levels of glucose and lipids. It is extracted from animals or synthesized for such medical uses as the treatment of asthma. Chemical name: aminohydroxyphenylpropionic acid; formula: C9H13NO3 adrenocorticotrophic hormoneandrosteronean androgenic steroid hormone produced in the testes. Formula: C19H30O2 antidiuretic hormonebursicona hormone, produced by the insect brain, that regulates processes associated with ecdysis, such as darkening of the cuticle calcitonina hormone secreted by the thyroid that inhibits the release of calcium from the skeleton and prevents a build-up of calcium in the blood cholecystokinin or pancreozymina hormone secreted by duodenal cells that stimulates the contraction of the gall bladder and secretion of pancreatic enzymes chorionic gonadotrophina hormone secreted by the chorionic villi of the placenta in mammals, esp human chorionic gonadotrophin. It promotes the secretion of progesterone by the corpus luteum and its presence in the urine is an indication of pregnancy corpus luteum hormone or progesteronea steroid hormone, secreted mainly by the corpus luteum in the ovary, that prepares and maintains the uterus for pregnancy. Formula: C21H30O2 corticosteroidany steroid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex that affects carbohydrate, protein, and electrolyte metabolism, gonad function, and immune response corticosterone or adrenocorticotrophic hormonea glucocorticoid hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex. Formula: C21H30O4 cortisonea glucocorticoid hormone, the synthetic form of which has been used in treating rheumatoid arthritis, allergic and skin diseases, leukaemia, etc; 17-hydroxy-11-dehydrocorticosterone. Formula: C21H28O5 deoxycorticosteronea corticosteroid hormone important in maintaining sodium and water balance in the body ecdysonea hormone secreted by the prothoracic gland of insects that controls ecdysis and stimulates metamorphosis enterogastronea hormone liberated by the upper intestinal mucosa when stimulated by fat: reduces peristalsis and secretion in the stomach erythropoietina hormone, secreted by the kidney in response to low levels of oxygen in the tissues, that increases the rate of erythropoiesis. It has been used as a performance-enhancing drug for athletes and racehorses florigenthe hypothetical plant hormone that induces flowering, thought to be synthesized in the leaves as a photoperiodic response and transmitted to the flower buds follicle-stimulating hormonea gonadotrophic hormone secreted by the pituitary gland that stimulates maturation of ovarian follicles in female mammals and growth of seminiferous tubules in males glucagona polypeptide hormone, produced in the pancreas by the islets of Langerhans, that stimulates the release of glucose into the blood gibberellic acida slightly soluble crystalline plant hormone first isolated from the fungus Gibberella fujikuroi: a gibberellin. Formula: C19H22O6 gastrina polypeptide hormone secreted by the stomach: stimulates secretion of gastric juice gonadotrophinany of several glycoprotein hormones secreted by the pituitary gland and placenta that stimulate the gonads and control reproductive activity growth hormone or somatotrophina hormone synthesized in and secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland that promotes growth of the long bones in the limbs and increases the synthesis of protein essential for growth insulina protein hormone, secreted in the pancreas by the islets of Langerhans, that controls the concentration of glucose in the blood. Insulin deficiency results in diabetes mellitus interstitial-cell-stimulating hormone or luteinizing hormonea gonadotrophic hormone secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland. In female vertebrates it stimulates ovulation, and in mammals it also induces the conversion of the ruptured follicle into the corpus luteum. In male vertebrates it promotes maturation of the interstitial cells of the testes and stimulates androgen secretion juvenile hormonea hormone, secreted by insects from a pair of glands behind the brain, that promotes the growth of larval characteristics and inhibits metamorphosis lactogenic hormoneluteinizing hormone-releasing hormonea hypothalamic peptide that stimulates the pituitary gland to release luteinizing hormone luteotrophin or prolactina gonadotrophic hormone secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland. In mammals it stimulates the secretion of progesterone by the corpus luteum and initiates and maintains lactation noradrenalinea hormone secreted by the adrenal medulla, increasing blood pressure and heart rate, and by the endings of sympathetic nerves, when it acts as a neurotransmitter both centrally and peripherally. Formula: C8H11NO3 oestradiolthe most potent oestrogenic hormone secreted by the mammalian ovary: synthesized and used to treat oestrogen deficiency and cancer of the breast. Formula: C18H24O2 oestriola weak oestrogenic hormone secreted by the mammalian ovary: a synthetic form is used to treat oestrogen deficiency. Formula: C18H24O3 oestronea weak oestrogenic hormone secreted by the mammalian ovary and having the same medical uses as oestradiol. Formula: C18H22O2 oxytocina polypeptide hormone, secreted by the pituitary gland, that stimulates contractions of the uterus or oviduct and ejection of milk in mammals; alphahypophame: used therapeutically for aiding childbirth. Formula: C43H68N12O12S2 progesteronea steroid hormone, secreted mainly by the corpus luteum in the ovary, that prepares and maintains the uterus for pregnancy. Formula: C21H30O2 parathyroid hormonethe hormone secreted by the parathyroid glands that controls the level of calcium in the blood: a deficiency of the hormone often results in tetany relaxina mammalian polypeptide hormone secreted by the corpus luteum during pregnancy, which relaxes the pelvic ligaments secretina peptic hormone secreted by the mucosae of the duodenum and jejunum when food passes from the stomach sex hormonean animal hormone affecting development and growth of reproductive organs and related parts somatomedina protein hormone that promotes tissue growth under the influence of growth hormone somatostatina peptide hormone that prevents the release of growth hormone from the pituitary gland stilboestroltestosteronea potent steroid hormone secreted mainly by the testes. It can be extracted from the testes of animals or synthesized and used to treat androgen deficiency or promote anabolism. Formula: C19H28O2 thyroid-stimulating hormone or thyrotropina glycoprotein hormone secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland: it stimulates the activity of the thyroid gland thyroxinethe principal hormone produced by the thyroid gland: it increases the metabolic rate of tissues and also controls growth, as in amphibian metamorphosis. It can be synthesized or extracted from the thyroid glands of animals and used to treat hypothyroidism. Chemical name: tetra-iodothyronine; formula: C15H11I4NO4 trichlorophenoxyacetic acidan insoluble crystalline solid; 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid. It is a plant hormone and is used as a weedkiller. Formula: C8H5Cl3O3 triiodothyroninean amino acid hormone that contains iodine and is secreted by the thyroid gland with thyroxine, to which it has a similar action. Formula: C15H12I3NO4 vasopressina polypeptide hormone secreted by the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland. It increases the reabsorption of water by the kidney tubules and increases blood pressure by constricting the arteries ▷ See hormone
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