Synonyme von Hydrocarbons
alkaneany saturated aliphatic hydrocarbon with the general formula CnH2n+2 alkeneany unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbon with the general formula CnH2n alkyneany unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbon with a carbon–carbon triple bond arenean aromatic hydrocarbon cetanea colourless insoluble liquid alkane hydrocarbon used in the determination of the cetane number of diesel fuel. Formula: C16H34 cubanea rare octahedral hydrocarbon formed by eight CH groups, each of which is situated at the corner of a cube. Formula: C8H8 cycloalkaneany saturated hydrocarbon similar to an alkane but having a cyclic molecular structure and the general formula CnH2n cyclopentadienea colourless liquid unsaturated cyclic hydrocarbon obtained in the cracking of petroleum hydrocarbons and the distillation of coal tar: used in the manufacture of plastics and insecticides. Formula: C5H6 cyclopropanea colourless flammable gaseous hydrocarbon, used in medicine as an anaesthetic; trimethylene. It is a cycloalkane with molecules containing rings of three carbon atoms. Formula: C3H6; boiling pt: –34°C dienea hydrocarbon that contains two carbon-to-carbon double bonds in its molecules decanea liquid alkane hydrocarbon existing in several isomeric forms. Formula: C10H22 indenea colourless liquid hydrocarbon extracted from petroleum and coal tar and used in making synthetic resins. Formula: C9H8 isooctanea colourless liquid alkane hydrocarbon produced from petroleum and used in standardizing petrol. Formula: (CH3)3CCH2CH(CH3)2 naphthalenea white crystalline volatile solid with a characteristic penetrating odour: an aromatic hydrocarbon used in mothballs and in the manufacture of dyes, explosives, etc. Formula: C10H8 octanea liquid alkane hydrocarbon found in petroleum and existing in 18 isomeric forms, esp the isomer n-octane. Formula: C8H18 pentanean alkane hydrocarbon having three isomers, esp the isomer with a straight chain of carbon atoms (n-pentane) which is a colourless flammable liquid used as a solvent. Formula: C5H12 pyrenea solid polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon extracted from coal tar. Formula: C16H10 retenea yellow crystalline hydrocarbon found in tar oils from pine wood and in certain fossil resins. Formula: C18H18 stilbenea colourless or slightly yellow crystalline water-insoluble unsaturated hydrocarbon used in the manufacture of dyes; trans-1,2-diphenylethene. Formula: C6H5CH:CHC6H5 triptanea colourless highly flammable liquid alkane hydrocarbon, isomeric with heptane, used in aviation fuel; 2,2,3-trimethylbutane. Formula: CH3C(CH3)2CH(CH3)CH3 xylenean aromatic hydrocarbon existing in three isomeric forms, all three being colourless flammable volatile liquids used as solvents and in the manufacture of synthetic resins, dyes, and insecticides; dimethylbenzene. Formula: C6H4(CH3)2 ▷ See hydrocarbon
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