Synonyme von language: Ancient Languages
Akkadianthe extinct language of this people, belonging to the E Semitic subfamily of the Afro-Asiatic family Ancient Greekthe Greek language from the earliest records to about 300 bc, the chief dialect areas of which were Aeolic, Arcadic, Doric, and Ionic (including Attic) Anglo-Saxonthe language of these tribes Assyrianthe language of the ancient Assyrians, belonging to the E Semitic subfamily of the Afro-Asiatic family and regarded as a dialect of Akkadian Avarthe language of this people, belonging to the North-East Caucasian family Avestan or Avesticthe oldest recorded language of the Iranian branch of the Indo-European family; the language of the Avesta Aztecthe language of the Aztecs Babylonianthe extinct language of Babylonia, belonging to the E Semitic subfamily of the Afro-Asiatic family: a dialect of Akkadian Canaanitethe extinct language of this people, belonging to the Canaanitic branch of the Semitic subfamily of the Afro-Asiatic family Celtiberianthe extinct language of this people, possibly belonging to the Celtic branch of the Indo-European family, recorded in a number of inscriptions Chaldeea nontechnical term for Biblical Aramaic, which was once believed to be the language of the ancient Chaldeans Edomitethe ancient Semitic language of this people, closely related to Hebrew Egyptianthe extinct language of the ancient Egyptians, belonging to the Afro-Asiatic family of languages. It is recorded in hieroglyphic inscriptions, the earliest of which date from before 3000 bc. It was extinct by the fourth century ad Elamitethe extinct language of this people, of no known relationship, recorded in cuneiform inscriptions dating from the 25th to the 4th centuries bc Ethiopicthe ancient language of Ethiopia, belonging to the Semitic subfamily of the Afro-Asiatic family: a Christian liturgical language Etruscanthe non-Indo-European language of the ancient Etruscans, whose few surviving records have not been fully interpreted Faliscanan ancient language of Italy, spoken in the area north of the Tiber. It was closely related to Latin, which displaced it before 200 bc Frankishthe ancient West Germanic language of the Franks, esp the dialect that contributed to the vocabulary of modern French Gallo-Romance or Gallo-Romanthe vernacular language or group of dialects, of which few records survive, spoken in France between about 600 ad and 900 ad; the intermediate stage between Vulgar Latin and Old French Ge'ezthe classical form of the ancient Ethiopic language, having an extensive Christian literature and still used in Ethiopia as a liturgical language Gothicthe extinct language of the ancient Goths, known mainly from fragments of a translation of the Bible made in the 4th century by Bishop Wulfila Hebrewthe ancient language of the Hebrews, revived as the official language of Israel. It belongs to the Canaanitic branch of the Semitic subfamily of the Afro-Asiatic family of languages Himyariticthe extinct language of the Himyarites, belonging to the SE Semitic subfamily of the Afro-Asiatic family Hittitethe extinct language of this people, deciphered from cuneiform inscriptions found at Boǧazköy and elsewhere. It is clearly related to the Indo-European family of languages, although the precise relationship is disputed Illyrianthe extinct and almost unrecorded language of these peoples: of uncertain relationship within the Indo-European family, but thought by some to be the ancestor of modern Albanian Incathe language of the Incas Ionicone of four chief dialects of Ancient Greek; the dialect spoken in Ionia KoineLangobardicthe language of the ancient Lombards: a dialect of Old High German langue d'oclangue d'oïlLatinthe language of ancient Rome and the Roman Empire and of the educated in medieval Europe, which achieved its classical form during the 1st century bc. Having originally been the language of Latium, belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European family, it later formed the basis of the Romance group Libyanthe extinct Hamitic language of ancient Libya Lycianthe extinct language of the Lycians, belonging to the Anatolian group or family Lydianthe extinct language of the Lydians, thought to belong to the Anatolian group or family Maya or Mayanthe language of this people Messapian or Messapïca scantily recorded language of an ancient people of Calabria (the Messapii), thought by some to be related to ancient Illyrian Nornthe medieval Norse language of the Orkneys, Shetlands, and parts of N Scotland. It was extinct by 1750 Old Church Slavonicthe oldest recorded Slavonic language: the form of Old Slavonic into which the Bible was translated in the ninth century, preserved as a liturgical language of various Orthodox Churches: belonging to the South Slavonic subbranch of languages Old High Germana group of West Germanic dialects that eventually developed into modern German; High German up to about 1200: spoken in the Middle Ages on the upper Rhine, in Bavaria, Alsace, and elsewhere, including Alemannic, Bavarian, Langobardic, and Upper Franconian Old Norsethe language or group of dialects of medieval Scandinavia and Iceland from about 700 to about 1350, forming the North Germanic branch of the Indo-European family of languages Old Prussianthe former language of the non-German Prussians, belonging to the Baltic branch of the Indo-European family: extinct by 1700 Oscanan extinct language of ancient S Italy belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European family Osco-Umbriana group of extinct languages of ancient Italy, including Oscan, Umbrian, and Sabellian, which were displaced by Latin Pahlavi or Pehlevithe Middle Persian language, esp as used in classical Zoroastrian and Manichean literature Palian ancient language of India derived from Sanskrit; the language of the Buddhist scriptures Phoenicianthe extinct language of this people, belonging to the Canaanitic branch of the Semitic subfamily of the Afro-Asiatic family Phrygianan ancient language of Phrygia, belonging to the Thraco-Phrygian branch of the Indo-European family: recorded in a few inscriptions Pictishthe language of the Picts, of which few records survive. Its origins are much disputed and it was extinct by about 900 ad Punicthe language of the ancient Carthaginians; a late form of Phoenician Sabaean or Sabeanthe ancient Semitic language of Saba Sabellianan extinct language or group of languages of ancient Italy, surviving only in a few inscriptions belonging to the Osco-Umbrian group Sanskritan ancient language of India, the language of the Vedas, of Hinduism, and of an extensive philosophical and scientific literature dating from the beginning of the first millennium bc. It is the oldest recorded member of the Indic branch of the Indo-European family of languages; recognition of the existence of the Indo-European family arose in the 18th century from a comparison of Sanskrit with Greek and Latin. Although it is used only for religious purposes, it is one of the official languages of India Scythianthe extinct language of this people, belonging to the East Iranian branch of the Indo-European family Sumerianthe extinct language of this people, of no known relationship to any other language Syriaca dialect of Aramaic spoken in Syria until about the 13th century ad and still in use as a liturgical language of certain Eastern churches Thracianthe ancient language spoken by this people, belonging to the Thraco-Phrygian branch of the Indo-European family: extinct by the early Middle Ages Thraco-Phrygiana branch of the Indo-European family of languages, all members of which are extinct except for Armenian Tocharian or Tokharianthe language of this people, known from records in a N Indian script of the 7th and 8th centuries ad. It belongs to the Indo-European family, is regarded as forming an independent branch, and shows closer affinities with the W or European group than with the E or Indo-Iranian group. The language is recorded in two dialects, known as Tocharian A and Tocharian B Ugaritican extinct Semitic language of N Syria Umbrianan extinct language of ancient S Italy, belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European family Vedicthe classical form of Sanskrit; the language of the Vedas Venetican ancient language of NE Italy, usually regarded as belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European family. It is recorded in about 200 inscriptions and was extinct by the 2nd century ad Volscianthe extinct language of the Volsci, closely related to Umbrian Wendishthe West Slavonic language of the Wends ▷ See language
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