Synonyme von music: Types of composition
airalbumblatta short occasional instrumental composition, usually light in character allemandethe first movement of the classical suite, composed in a moderate tempo in a time signature of four-four anthema musical composition for a choir, usually set to words from the Bible, sung as part of a church service ariaan elaborate accompanied song for solo voice from a cantata, opera, or oratorio bagatellea short light piece of music, esp for piano balladean instrumental composition, esp for piano, based on or intended to evoke a narrative barcarolean instrumental composition resembling this barceuseboleroa piece of music composed for or in the rhythm of this dance bourréea piece of music composed in the rhythm of this dance canona piece of music in which an extended melody in one part is imitated successively in one or more other parts cantataa musical setting of a text, esp a religious text, consisting of arias, duets, and choruses interspersed with recitatives canticlea song, poem, or hymn, esp one that is religious in character canzonaa type of 16th- or 17th-century contrapuntal music, usually for keyboard, lute, or instrumental ensemble canzone(in 16th-century choral music) a polyphonic song from which the madrigal developed canzonettaa short cheerful or lively song, typically of the 16th to 18th centuries capricciocavatinaan instrumental composition reminiscent of this chaconnechoralea slow stately hymn tune, esp of the Lutheran Church chorusa piece of music composed for a choir concertantea composition characterized by such contrasts concertinoa short concerto concertoa composition for an orchestra and one or more soloists. The classical concerto usually consisted of several movements, and often a cadenza concerto grossoa composition for an orchestra and a group of soloists, chiefly of the baroque period concertstücka composition in concerto style but shorter than a full concerto contredanse or contradancemusic written for or in the rhythm of this dance czardasa piece of music composed for or in the rhythm of this dance dirgeany mourning song or melody divertimentoa piece of entertaining music in several movements, often scored for a mixed ensemble and having no fixed form divertissementa fantasia on popular melodies; potpourri dueta musical composition for two performers or voices dumkaa piece of Slavonic music that typically has abrupt changes in mood from sadness to joy duoecossaiseelegya mournful or plaintive poem or song, esp a lament for the dead étudea short musical composition for a solo instrument, esp one designed as an exercise or exploiting technical virtuosity fantasy or fantasiaa prose or dramatic composition of this type farandolea piece of music composed for or in the rhythm of this dance fuguegalliarda piece of music composed for this dance galopa piece of music composed for this dance gavottea piece of music composed for or in the rhythm of this dance giguea piece of music, usually in six-eight time and often fugal, incorporated into the classical suite grand operaan opera that has a serious plot and is entirely in musical form, with no spoken dialogue hornpipea piece of music for such a dance humoresquea short lively piece of music impromptua short piece of instrumental music, sometimes improvisatory in character interludea brief piece of music, dance, etc, given between the sections of another performance lamenta poem or song in which a death is lamented ländlera piece of music composed for or in the rhythm of this dance, in three-four time liedmadrigala type of 16th- or 17th-century part song for unaccompanied voices with an amatory or pastoral text marcha piece of music, usually in four beats to the bar, having a strongly accented rhythm Massa piece of music which uses the prayers from the Christian ceremony of Mass as the words that are sung mazurkaa piece of music composed for this dance medleya musical composition consisting of various tunes arranged as a continuous whole minueta piece of music composed for or in the rhythm of this dance, sometimes as a movement in a suite, sonata, or symphony moteta polyphonic choral composition used as an anthem in the Roman Catholic service nocturnea short, lyrical piece of music, esp one for the piano noneta piece of music composed for a group of nine instruments notturnoocteta piece of music composed for such a group operaan extended dramatic work in which music constitutes a dominating feature, either consisting of separate recitatives, arias, and choruses, or having a continuous musical structure opera buffacomic opera, esp that originating in Italy during the 18th century opera seriaa type of opera current in 18th-century Italy based on a serious plot, esp a mythological tale operettaa type of comic or light-hearted opera oratorioa dramatic but unstaged musical composition for soloists, chorus, and orchestra, based on a religious theme overturea piece of orchestral music containing contrasting sections that is played at the beginning of an opera or oratorio, often containing the main musical themes of the work partitaa type of suite part songa piece of homophonic choral music in which the topmost part carries the melody passacagliapassepieda piece of music composed for or in the rhythm of this dance Passionpastichepastoralea composition evocative of rural life, characterized by moderate compound duple or quadruple time and sometimes a droning accompaniment pavanea piece of music composed for or in the rhythm of this dance, usually characterized by a slow stately triple time phantasypibrocha form of music for Scottish bagpipes, consisting of a theme and variations polkaa piece of music composed for or in the rhythm of this dance polonaisea piece of music composed for or in the rhythm of this dance preludea piece of music that precedes a fugue, or forms the first movement of a suite, or an introduction to an act in an opera, etc psalmany of the 150 sacred songs, lyric poems, and prayers that together constitute a book (Psalms) of the Old Testament quadrillea piece of music for such a dance, alternating between simple duple and compound duple time quarteta group of four singers or instrumentalists or a piece of music composed for such a group quinteta group of five singers or instrumentalists or a piece of music composed for such a group ragaa composition based on one of these patterns reela piece of music having eight quavers to the bar composed for or in the rhythm of this dance Requiemany piece of music composed or performed as a memorial to a dead person or persons rhapsodya composition free in structure and highly emotional in character ricercar or ricercarean elaborate polyphonic composition making extensive use of contrapuntal imitation and usually very slow in tempo rigadoon or rigadouna piece of music for or in the rhythm of this dance romancea lyrical song or short instrumental composition having a simple melody scherzoa brisk lively movement, developed from the minuet, with a contrastive middle section (a trio) schottischea piece of music composed for or in the manner of this dance septeta group of seven singers or instrumentalists or a piece of music composed for such a group serenadea piece of music appropriate to the evening, characteristically played outside the house of a woman sexteta group of six singers or instrumentalists or a piece of music composed for such a group sinfonia concertantea type of concerto for two or more solo instruments accompanied by an orchestra sinfoniettaa short or light symphony Singspiela type of comic opera in German with spoken dialogue, popular during the late 18th and early 19th centuries sonataan instrumental composition, usually in three or more movements, for piano alone (piano sonata) or for any other instrument with or without piano accompaniment (violin sonata, cello sonata, etc) sonatinaa short sonata songa piece of music, usually employing a verbal text, composed for the voice, esp one intended for performance by a soloist song cycleany of several groups of songs written by composers during and after the Romantic period, each series employing texts, usually by one poet, relating a story or grouped around a central motif strathspeya piece of music in four-four time composed for this dance suitea piece of music containing movements based on or extracted from music already used in an opera, ballet, play, etc symphonic poeman extended orchestral composition, originated by Liszt, based on nonmusical material, such as a work of literature or folk tale symphonyan extended large-scale orchestral composition, usually with several movements, at least one of which is in sonata form. The classical form of the symphony was fixed by Haydn and Mozart, but the innovations of subsequent composers have freed it entirely from classical constraints. It continues to be a vehicle for serious, large-scale orchestral music toccataa rapid keyboard composition for organ, harpsichord, etc, dating from the baroque period, usually in a rhythmically free style tone poemtrioa group of three singers or instrumentalists or a piece of music composed for such a group trio sonataa type of baroque composition in several movements scored for two upper parts and a bass part waltza piece of music composed for or in the rhythm of this dance ▷ See music
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