'Places and their nicknames'
Aberdeenthe Granite CityAdelaidethe City of ChurchesAmsterdamthe Venice of the NorthBirminghamBrum or the Venice of the NorthBostonBean TownBrugesthe Venice of the NorthCaliforniathe Golden StateChicagothe Windy CityDallasthe Big Da city in NE Texas, on the Trinity River: scene of the assassination of President John F. Kennedy (1963). Pop: 1 208 318 (2003 est) Detroitthe Motor CityDresdenFlorence on the ElbeDublinthe Fair Citythe capital of the Republic of Ireland, on Dublin Bay: under English rule from 1171 until 1922; commercial and cultural centre; contains one of the world's largest breweries and exports whiskey, stout, and agricultural produce. Pop: 1 004 614 (2002) DumfriesQueen of the SouthEdinburghAuld Reekie or the Athens of the NorthFloridathe Sunshine StateFraserburghthe BrochFremantleFreoGlasgowthe Dear Green PlaceHamburgthe Venice of the NorthIndianathe Hoosier StateIowathe Hawkeye StateIrelandthe Emerald IsleJamaicaJ.A. or the YardJerusalemthe Holy CityKentuckythe Bluegrass StateKuala LumpurK.L.Londonthe Big Smoke or the Great WenLos AngelesL.A.a city in SW California, on the Pacific: the second largest city in the US, having absorbed many adjacent townships; industrial centre and port, with several universities. Pop: 3 819 951 (2003 est) New Jerseythe Garden StateNew Orleansthe Crescent City or the Big EasyNew South WalesMa StateNew York (City)the Big AppleNew York (State)the Empire StateNew ZealandPig IslandNorth Carolinathe Tarheel StateNottinghamQueen of the MidlandsOklahomathe Sooner StatePennsylvaniathe Keystone StatePhiladelphiaPhillya city and port in SE Pennsylvania, at the confluence of the Delaware and Schuylkill Rivers: the fourth largest city in the US; founded by Quakers in 1682; cultural and financial centre of the American colonies and the federal capital (1790–1800); scene of the Continental Congresses (1774–83) and the signing of the Declaration of Independence (1776). Pop: 1 479 339 (2003 est) PortsmouthPompeyPrince Edward IslandSpud IslandQueenslandBananaland or the Deep North (both derogatory)Romethe Eternal CitySan FranciscoFriscoa port in W California, situated around the Golden Gate: developed rapidly during the California gold rush; a major commercial centre and one of the world's finest harbours. Pop: 751 682 (2003 est) Southeastern U.S.A.Dixie, Dixieland, or the Deep SouthTasmaniaTassie or the Apple IsleTexasthe Lone Star StateTorontoHogtownUtahthe Beehive StateVeniceLa Serenissimaa port in NE Italy, capital of Veneto region, built on over 100 islands and mud flats in the Lagoon of Venice (an inlet of the Gulf of Venice at the head of the Adriatic): united under the first doge in 697 ad; became an independent republic and a great commercial and maritime power, defeating Genoa, the greatest rival, in 1380; contains the Grand Canal and about 170 smaller canals, providing waterways for city transport. Pop: 271 073 (2001) ▷ See place
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