Synonyme von sugar: Biochemical sugars
aldosea sugar that contains the aldehyde group or is a hemiacetal arabinosea pentose sugar in plant gums, esp of cedars and pines. It is used as a culture medium in bacteriology. Formula: C5H10O5 deoxyribosea pentose sugar obtained by the hydrolysis of DNA. Formula: C5H10O4 dextrose or grape sugara white soluble sweet-tasting crystalline solid that is the dextrorotatory isomer of glucose, occurring widely in fruit, honey, and in the blood and tissue of animals. Formula: C6H12O6 fructose or laevulosea white crystalline water-soluble sugar occurring in honey and many fruits. Formula: C6H12O6 galactosea white water-soluble monosaccharide found in lactose. Formula: C6H12O6 glucosea white crystalline monosaccharide sugar that has several optically active forms, the most abundant being dextrose: a major energy source in metabolism. Formula: C6H12O6 invert sugara mixture of fructose and glucose obtained by the inversion of sucrose lactose or milk sugarmaltosea disaccharide of glucose formed by the enzymic hydrolysis of starch: used in bacteriological culture media and as a nutrient in infant feeding. Formula: C12H22O11 mannosea hexose sugar found in mannitol and many polysaccharides. Formula: C6H12O6 raffinosea trisaccharide of fructose, glucose, and galactose that occurs in sugar beet, cotton seed, certain cereals, etc. Formula: C18H32O16 rhamnosea methyl-pentose chemical found in poison ivy and which also occurs in many plant sugars ribosea pentose sugar that is an isomeric form of arabinose and that occurs in RNA and riboflavin. Formula: CH2OH(CHOH)3CHO sorbosea sweet-tasting hexose sugar derived from the berries of the mountain ash by bacterial action: used in the synthesis of ascorbic acid. Formula: CH2OH(CHOH)3COCH2OH trehalosetriosexylose or wood sugara white crystalline dextrorotatory sugar found in the form of xylan in wood and straw. It is extracted by hydrolysis with acids and used in dyeing, tanning, and in foods for diabetics. Formula: C5H10O5 ▷ See sugar
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