1. verb If you say that something, usually something large, extends for a particular distance or extends from one place to another, you are indicating its size or position. [V + for] ⇒ The caves extend for some 18 kilometres. [V + to] ⇒ The main stem will extend to around 12ft, if left to develop naturally. [V amount] ⇒ Our personal space extends about 12 to 18 inches around us. [V from n to n] ⇒ The high-speed train service is planned to extend from Paris to Bordeaux. [V + over] ⇒ The new territory would extend over one-fifth of Canada's land mass. [Also V + to] 2. verb If an object extends from a surface or place, it sticks out from it. protrude from [V + from] ⇒ A shelf of land extended from the escarpment. 3. verb If an event or activity extends over a period of time, it continues for that time. [V from n to n] ⇒ ...a playing career in first-class cricket that extended from 1894 to 1920. [V + over] ⇒ The courses are based on a weekly two-hour class, extending over a period of 25 weeks. [Also V + to] 4. verb If something extends to a group of people, things, or activities, it includes or affects them. [V + to] ⇒ The service also extends to wrapping and delivering gifts. [V to n/-ing] ⇒ The talks will extend to the church, human rights groups and other social organizations. [V + beyond] ⇒ His influence extends beyond the TV viewing audience. 5. verb If you extend something, you make it longer or bigger. [V n] ⇒ This year they have introduced three new products to extend their range. [be V-ed] ⇒ The building was extended in 1500. [V-ed] ⇒ ...an extended exhaust pipe. 6. verb If a piece of equipment or furniture extends, its length can be increased. [V] ⇒ ... a table which extends to accommodate extra guests. [V + to] ⇒ The table extends to 220cm. 7. verb If you extend something, you make it last longer than before or end at a later date. [V n] ⇒ They have extended the deadline by twenty-four hours. [V-ed] ⇒ ...an extended contract. 8. verb
If you extend something to other people or things, you make it include or affect more people or things. [V n + to] ⇒ It might be possible to extend the technique to other crop plants.
9. verb If someone extends their hand, they stretch out their arm and hand to shake hands with someone. [V n] ⇒ The man extended his hand: 'I'm Chuck'.
COBUILD Advanced English Dictionary. Copyright © Harper Collins Publishers