DefinitionenIn most cases the past participle of go is gone, but occasionally you use 'been': see been.
1. verb When you go somewhere, you move or travel there. [V prep/adv] ⇒ We went to Rome. [V prep/adv] ⇒ Gladys had just gone into the kitchen. [V prep/adv] ⇒ I went home at the weekend. [V prep/adv] ⇒ Four of them had gone off to find help. [V amount] ⇒ It took us an hour to go three miles. 2. verb
When you go, you leave the place where you are. [V] ⇒ Let's go. [V] ⇒ She's going tomorrow.
3. verb You use go to say that someone leaves the place where they are and does an activity, often a leisure activity. [V v-ing] ⇒ We went swimming very early. [V v-ing] ⇒ Maybe they've just gone shopping. [V + for] ⇒ He went for a walk. 4. verb When you go to do something, you move to a place in order to do it and you do it. You can also go and do something, and in American English, you can go do something. However, you always say that someone went and did something. [V to-inf] ⇒ His second son, Paddy, had gone to live in Canada. ⇒ I must go and see this film. [V inf] ⇒ Go ask whoever you want. 5. verb If you go to school, work, or church, you attend it regularly as part of your normal life. [V + to] ⇒ She will have to go to school. [V + to] ⇒ His son went to a top university in America. 6. verb When you say where a road or path goes, you are saying where it begins or ends, or what places it is in. [V prep/adv] ⇒ There's a mountain road that goes from Blairstown to Millbrook Village. 7. verb You can use go in expressions such as 'don't go telling everybody', in order to express disapproval of the kind of behaviour you mention, or to tell someone not to behave in that way. [V v-ing] ⇒ You don't have to go running upstairs every time she rings. [V v-ing] ⇒ Don't you go thinking it was your fault. 8. verb You can use go with words like 'further' and 'beyond' to show the degree or extent of something. [V adv/prep] ⇒ He went even further in his speech to the conference. [V adv/prep] ⇒ Some physicists have gone so far as to suggest that the entire Universe is a sort of gigantic computer. 9. verb If you say that a period of time goes quickly or slowly, you mean that it seems to pass quickly or slowly. [V adv] ⇒ The weeks go so quickly! 10. verb
If you say where money goes, you are saying what it is spent on. [V prep/adv] ⇒ Most of my money goes on bills. [V prep/adv] ⇒ The money goes to projects chosen by the wider community.
If you say that something goes to someone, you mean that it is given to them. [V + to] ⇒ A lot of credit must go to the chairman and his father. [V + to] ⇒ The job went to Yuri Skokov, a capable administrator.
12. verb If someone goes on television or radio, they take part in a television or radio programme. [V + on] ⇒ The Turkish president has gone on television to defend stringent new security measures. [V + on] ⇒ We went on the air, live, at 7.30. 13. verb If something goes, someone gets rid of it. [V] ⇒ The Institute of Export now fears that 100,000 jobs will go. [V] ⇒ If people stand firm against the tax, it is only a matter of time before it has to go. 14. verb If someone goes, they leave their job, usually because they are forced to. [V] ⇒ He had made a humiliating tactical error and he had to go. 15. verb
If something goes into something else, it is put in it as one of the parts or elements that form it. [V + into/in] ⇒ ...the really interesting ingredients that go into the dishes that we all love to eat.
If something goes in a particular place, it fits in that place or should be put there because it is the right size or shape. [V] ⇒ He was trying to push it through the hole and it wouldn't go. [V prep/adv] ⇒ ...This knob goes here.
17. verb If something goes in a particular place, it belongs there or should be put there, because that is where you normally keep it. [V prep/adv] ⇒ The shoes go on the shoe shelf. [V prep/adv] ⇒ 'Where does everything go?' 18. verb
If you say that one number goes into another number a particular number of times, you are dividing the second number by the first. [V + into] ⇒ Six goes into thirty five times. [Also V num]
19. verb If one of a person's senses, such as their sight or hearing, is going, it is getting weak and they may soon lose it completely. [informal] [V] ⇒ His eyes are going; he says he has glaucoma. [V] ⇒ Lately he'd been making mistakes; his nerve was beginning to go. 20. verb If something such as a light bulb or a part of an engine is going, it is no longer working properly and will soon need to be replaced. [V] ⇒ I thought it looked as though the battery was going. 21. verb If you say that someone is going or has gone, you are saying in an indirect way that they are dying or are dead. [V] ⇒ 'Any hope?'—'No, he's gone.'
COBUILD Advanced English Dictionary. Copyright © Harper Collins Publishers