[often I-] a theory and school of painting exemplified chiefly by Monet, Pissarro, and Sisley, but also by Manet, Renoir, etc., whose chief aim is to capture a momentary glimpse of a subject, esp. to reproduce the changing effects of light by applying paint to canvas in short strokes of pure color, the term has been extended to literature, as the fiction of Stephen Crane and Virginia
Woolf and imagist poetry, and to music, as by Debussy and Ravel, which seeks to render
impressions and moods by various characteristic devices
Webster’s New World College Dictionary, Fourth Edition, compiled by the
editors of Webster’s New World Dictionaries. Copyright © 2010 by Houghton
Mifflin Harcourt. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. All rights reserved.
Wortherkunft von 'impressionism'< Fr impressionisme, coined (1874) by Louis Leroy, Fr art critic, in adverse reaction to a Monet painting
entitled “Impression, sunrise”