Synonyms of Latin
language note:Historically, English borrowed its greatest number of words from Latin and French. Often words of the same root would come into English from both Latin and French in slightly different forms. Some of these now exist as synonyms in English with fine distinctions. This process can be seen with gravitas and gravity. Both are derived from an original Latin form meaning 'weight': gravity came into English via French in the 16th century, and gravitas was coined from Latin in the 20th century. There is a significant overlap in meaning in that both mean 'seriousness', but they are used to describe different things. Gravitas is used to describe the importance and clout attached to a person's high status or the dignity of pomp and ceremony, e.g. he lent gravitas to the proceedings. Gravity, on the other hand, has a wider meaning of seriousness, and denotes a situation or behaviour, e.g. the gravity of their crime. Numerous Latin words became legal terminology with specialized meanings in English. Many of these words are still used today by lawyers in precise technical ways, but have also developed a looser meaning in general language. For example, a proviso is a clause in a contract making a limitation, condition, or exception to the rest of the agreement. In general language, it also means a condition or restriction, but not one which is legally binding, in the phrase with the proviso that.
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Thesaurus for Latin from the Collins English Thesaurus
the language of ancient Rome and the Roman Empire and of the educated in medieval Europe, which achieved its classical form during the 1st century bc. Having originally been the language of Latium, belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European ...