# Definition of 'arithmetic'

1. uncountable noun

Arithmetic is the part of mathematics that is concerned with the addition, subtraction, multiplication,
and division of numbers.

...teaching the basics of reading, writing and arithmetic.

...an arithmetic test.

2. uncountable noun [oft poss NOUN]

4,000 women put in ten rupees each, which if my arithmetic is right adds up to 40,000
rupees.

3. uncountable noun

If you refer to the arithmetic of a situation, you are concerned with those aspects of it that can be expressed in numbers, and how they affect the situation.

The budgetary arithmetic suggests that government borrowing is set to surge.

The arithmetic is finely balanced: the socialists and their allies do not have an
overall majority.

4. adjective [ADJECTIVE noun]

Arithmetic means relating to or consisting of calculations involving numbers.

...a processor which performs simple arithmetic operations such as adding or multiplying
numbers.

COBUILD Advanced English Dictionary. Copyright © HarperCollins Publishers

## Video: pronunciation of 'arithmetic'

noun

1.

the branch of mathematics concerned with numerical calculations, such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division

2.

one or more calculations involving numerical operations

Collins English Dictionary. Copyright © HarperCollins Publishers

Derived forms

adverb

arithmetician (aˌrithmeˈtician)

noun

Word origin of 'arithmetic'

Word Frequency

## arithmetic in American

(əˈrɪθmətɪk ; ərit hˈmətik; for adj., ˌ ærɪθˈmɛtɪk ; arˌit hmetˈik; ˌ ɛrɪθˈmɛtɪk ; erˌit hmetˈik) noun

1.

the science or art of computing by positive real numbers, specif. by adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing

2.

knowledge of or skill in this science

her arithmetic is poor

adjective

Webster’s New World College Dictionary, 4th Edition. Copyright © 2010 by
Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. All rights reserved.

Derived forms

adverb

Word origin of 'arithmetic'

## Example sentences containing 'arithmetic'

These examples have been automatically selected and may contain sensitive content.
Read more…

When people practise a task such as mental arithmetic it becomes automatic and unconscious, freeing up space in the working memory for more complex calculations. Times, Sunday Times (2016)Still, you can't help doing some mental arithmetic. Times, Sunday Times (2016)Half are doing as well at reading, writing and arithmetic as white British pupils at primary school. The Sun (2016)To this day his mental arithmetic cannot be faulted. Times, Sunday Times (2010)This can be explained by simple arithmetic. Times, Sunday Times (2016)They also may have problems with the formal code of school arithmetic. Educational Psychology in a Changing World (1988)How are you at writing and arithmetic? Middlemarch (1872)The builders may have carried the design in their heads like mental arithmetic. Times, Sunday Times (2008) Simple economic arithmetic demands that this be offset by fund flows from other countries. Times, Sunday Times (2011)Everyone tried to answer this question with mental arithmetic before giving up. Times, Sunday Times (2016)It is a simple matter of arithmetic. Times, Sunday Times (2016)He claims this is a matter of simple arithmetic. Times, Sunday Times (2012)It is hoped the move will ensure that they are ready for algebra and more complex arithmetic at secondary school. Times, Sunday Times (2013)Reading, writing and arithmetic as they used to be called. The Sun (2015)Not being very good at arithmetic, she gets to work hatching the eggs. Christianity Today (2000)It's more graphically polished and has memory and visual tests alongside mental arithmetic. Times, Sunday Times (2012)We had reading, writing and arithmetic. Lost Voices of the Edwardians: 19011910 in the words of the Men & Women Who Were
There (2006)Only the most rudimentary instruction in reading, writing and arithmetic had as yet taken its place. The Search for Justice - a history of Britain and the British people Volume III (1990)We choose a calculator over mental arithmetic; vitamin pills over a balanced diet. Times, Sunday Times (2012)This may involve arithmetic operations being carried out on data being held or the moving of data from one part of the computer to another. Computers Basic Facts (1983)So the emphasis behind arithmetic in school has moved away from learning a set of procedures blindly to understanding how numbers work and how to solve problems. Times, Sunday Times (2010)After that, the arithmetic becomes increasingly complex and would require a cold compress over the forehead if one tried to explain its many intricacies. Times, Sunday Times (2012)They were each asked to make a presentation explaining why they were best for the job, before being given a five-minute test of mental arithmetic. Times, Sunday Times (2013)

## Word Lists

## Trends of 'arithmetic'

In Common Usage. arithmetic is one of the 10000 most commonly used words in the Collins dictionary

View usage for:

## Translations for 'arithmetic'

British English: arithmetic NOUN

*Arithmetic*is the part of mathematics that is concerned with the addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of numbers.

...teaching the basics of reading, writing, and arithmetic.

- American English: arithmetic
- Brazilian Portuguese: aritmética
- Chinese: 算术
- European Spanish: aritmética
- French: arithmétique
- German: Rechnen
- Italian: aritmetica
- Japanese: 算数
- Korean: 산수
- European Portuguese: aritmética
- Spanish: aritmética

## Nearby words of 'arithmetic'

## Related Terms of 'arithmetic'

## Source

Definition of

**arithmetic**from the Collins English DictionaryThe language of love: 5 ways to express your love on Valentine’s Day

In the market for some new terms of endearment? Here’s the etymology behind some of the most popular.

Read more

Part One: Unlocking Mandarin with Paul Noble

We sent one of the Collins team for a one-to-one learning experience with the man himself, and here’s how they found part one of the course.

Read more

Join the Collins community

All the latest wordy news, linguistic insights, offers and competitions every month.

Read more