# Definition of 'arithmetic'

Word Frequency

## arithmetic

pronunciation note: The noun is pronounced (ərɪθmɪtɪk
). The adjective is pronounced (ærɪθmetɪk
).

1. uncountable noun

Arithmetic is the part of mathematics that is concerned with the addition, subtraction, multiplication,
and division of numbers.

...teaching the basics of reading, writing and arithmetic.

...an arithmetic test.

2. uncountable noun

3. uncountable noun

If you refer to the arithmetic of a situation, you are concerned with those aspects of it that can be expressed in numbers, and how they affect the situation.

The budgetary arithmetic suggests that government borrowing is set to surge.

The arithmetic is finely balanced: the socialists and their allies do not have an
overall majority.

4. adjective

Arithmetic means relating to or consisting of calculations involving numbers.

...a processor which performs simple arithmetic operations such as adding or multiplying
numbers.

COBUILD Advanced English Dictionary. Copyright © HarperCollins Publishers

noun

1.

the branch of mathematics concerned with numerical calculations, such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division

2.

one or more calculations involving numerical operations

Collins English Dictionary. Copyright © HarperCollins Publishers

## Derived forms

arithmetically (ˌarithˈmetically) adverb

arithmetician (aˌrithmeˈtician)

noun

## Word origin of 'arithmetic'

C13: from Latin arithmētica, from Greek arithmētikē, from arithmein to count, from arithmos numberWord Frequency

## arithmetic in American English (əˈrɪθmətɪk ; ərit hˈmətik; for adj., ˌ ærɪθˈmɛtɪk ; arˌit hmetˈik; ˌ ɛrɪθˈmɛtɪk ; erˌit hmetˈik)

noun

1.

the science or art of computing by positive real numbers, specif. by adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing

2.

knowledge of or skill in this science

her arithmetic is poor

adjective

Webster’s New World College Dictionary, 4th Edition. Copyright © 2010 by
Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. All rights reserved.

## Derived forms

arithmetically (ˌarithˈmetically) adverb

## Word origin of 'arithmetic'

ME arsmetrike < OFr arismetrique (infl. in form by L ars metrica, the art of measurement) < L arithmetica < Gr (hē) arithmētikē (technē), (the) counting (art) < arithmētikos, arithmetical < arithmein, to count < arithmos, number## Example sentences containing 'arithmetic'

Times, Sunday Times (2010) Times, Sunday Times (2016) Educational Psychology in a Changing World (1988)

How are you at writing and arithmetic?

Middlemarch (1872) Times, Sunday Times (2008) Times, Sunday Times (2011) Times, Sunday Times (2016)It is a simple matter of arithmetic.

Times, Sunday Times (2016)He claims this is a matter of simple arithmetic.

Times, Sunday Times (2012)It is hoped the move will ensure that they are ready for algebra and more complex arithmetic at secondary school.

Times, Sunday Times (2013) The Sun (2015) Christianity Today (2000) Times, Sunday Times (2012)We had reading, writing and arithmetic.

Lost Voices of the Edwardians: 19011910 in the words of the Men & Women Who Were
There (2006)Only the most rudimentary instruction in reading, writing and arithmetic had as yet taken its place.

The Search for Justice - a history of Britain and the British people Volume III (1990) Times, Sunday Times (2012)This may involve arithmetic operations being carried out on data being held or the moving of data from one part of the computer to another.

Computers Basic Facts (1983)So the emphasis behind arithmetic in school has moved away from learning a set of procedures blindly to understanding how numbers work and how to solve problems.

Times, Sunday Times (2010)After that, the arithmetic becomes increasingly complex and would require a cold compress over the forehead if one tried to explain its many intricacies.

Times, Sunday Times (2012)Yet the great majority of children left school able to read and write to a reasonable standard - and their handwriting and arithmetic were pretty good too.

Times, Sunday Times (2008)In maths, the emphasis will be on the quick recall of times tables to enable children to move on to more complex mental arithmetic with confidence.

Times, Sunday Times (2006)For example, arithmetic skills are strongly controlled by home environment up to age 12 and verbal skills are affected right into the teens.

Times, Sunday Times (2016)Not only do they have to juggle reading and arithmetic, they have to weigh the dangers of car bombs, kidnappings and ethnic cleansing.

Times, Sunday Times (2006)They were each asked to make a presentation explaining why they were best for the job, before being given a five-minute test of mental arithmetic.

Times, Sunday Times (2013)## Word Lists

Branches of mathematics## Trends of 'arithmetic'

View usage over:

## Translations for 'arithmetic'

British English: arithmetic NOUN

*Arithmetic*is the part of mathematics that is concerned with the addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of numbers....teaching the basics of reading, writing, and arithmetic.- Brazilian Portuguese: aritmética
- Chinese: 算术
- European Spanish: aritmética
- French: arithmétique
- German: Rechnen
- Italian: aritmetica
- Japanese: 算数
- Korean: 산수
- Portuguese: aritmética
- Spanish: aritmética

## Source

Definition of

**arithmetic**from the Collins English DictionaryWe take a look at the etymology behind the word 'election' on the run up to the UK General Election in June

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