# Definition of 'calculate'

1. verb

If you calculate a number or amount, you discover it from information that you already have, by using arithmetic, mathematics, or a special machine.

From this you can calculate the total mass in the Galaxy.

We calculate that the average size farm in Lancaster County is 65 acres.

A computer calculates by switching currents on or off.

2. verb

If you calculate the effects of something, especially a possible course of action, you think about them in order to form an opinion or decide what to do.

I believe I am capable of calculating the political consequences accurately.

The President is calculating that this will somehow relieve the international pressure
on him.

COBUILD Advanced English Dictionary. Copyright © HarperCollins Publishers

verb

1.

Collins English Dictionary. Copyright © HarperCollins Publishers

## Word origin of 'calculate'

C16: from Late Latin calculāre, from calculus pebble used as a counter; see calculusWord Frequency

## calculate in American English (ˈkælkjuˌleɪt ; kalˈkyo̅olātˌ; ˈkælkjəˌleɪt ; kalˈkyəlātˌ)

verb transitiveWord forms: ˈcalcuˌlated or ˈcalcuˌlating

SYNONYMY NOTE: calculate refers to the mathematical determination of a quantity, amount, etc. and implies
the use of higher mathematics [to calculate distances in astronomy]; compute suggests simpler mathematics and implies a determinable, hence precise, result [to compute the volume of a cylinder]; estimate implies the judging, usually in advance, of a quantity, cost, etc. and connotes an
approximate result [to estimate the cost of building a house]; reckon, an informal substitute for , compute, suggests the use of simple arithmetic such as can be performed mentally [to reckon the days before elections]1.

to determine by using mathematics; compute

2.

Webster’s New World College Dictionary, 4th Edition. Copyright © 2010 by
Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. All rights reserved.

## Word origin of 'calculate'

< L calculatus, pp. of calculare, to reckon < calculus, pebble, stone used in doing arithmetic, dim. of calx, limestone: see calcium## Example sentences containing 'calculate'

YELLOW BIRD (2001) ABSOLUTE TRUTHS (2001) THE TOUCH OF INNOCENTS (2001)

## Trends of 'calculate'

View usage over:

## Translations for 'calculate'

British English: calculate /ˈkælkjʊˌleɪt/
VERB

If you

If you

*calculate*a number or amount, you work it out by doing some arithmetic.Have you calculated the cost of your trip?- Arabic: يَعُدُّ
- Brazilian Portuguese: calcular
- Chinese: 计算
- Croatian: računati
- Czech: vypočítat
*počítat* - Danish: beregne
- Dutch: berekenen
- European Spanish: calcular computar
- Finnish: laskea laskutoimitus
- French: calculer
- German: berechnen ausrechnen
- Greek: υπολογίζω
- Italian: calcolare
- Japanese: 計算する
- Korean: 계산하다
- Norwegian: beregne
- Polish: obliczyć
*obliczać* - Portuguese: calcular
- Romanian: a calcula
- Russian: вычислять
- Spanish: calcular
- Swedish: beräkna
- Thai: คำนวณ
- Turkish: hesaplamak
- Ukrainian: розраховувати
*розрахувати* - Vietnamese: tính toán

## Source

Definition of

**calculate**from the Collins English DictionaryProtect yourself from online fraud

What to look out for to stay one step ahead of scammers

Read more

We take a look at the etymology behind the word 'election' in the run-up to the UK General Election in June

Language expert Ian Brookes looks at the word 'election' and its origins.

Read more

Join the Collins community

All the latest wordy news, linguistic insights, offers and competitions every month.

Read more

## Comments