DefinitionsIn addition to the uses shown below, over is used after some verbs, nouns, and adjectives in order to introduce extra information. Over is also used in phrasal verbs such as 'hand over' and 'glaze over'.Please look at category [sense 17] to see if the expression you are looking for is shown under another headword.
1. preposition If one thing is over another thing or is moving over it, the first thing is directly above the second, either resting on it, or with a space between them. ⇒ He looked at himself in the mirror over the table. ⇒ ...a bridge over the river Danube. ⇒ ...helicopters flying low over the crowd. Over is also an adverb. ⇒ ...planes flying over every 10 or 15 minutes. 2. preposition If one thing is over another thing, it is supported by it and its ends are hanging down on each side of it. ⇒ A grey mackintosh was folded over her arm. ⇒ Joe's clothing was flung over the back of a chair. 3. preposition
If one thing is over another thing, it covers part or all of it. ⇒ His hair fell over his brow instead of being brushed straight back. ⇒ Mix the ingredients and pour over the mushrooms. ⇒ He was wearing a light-grey suit over a shirt. ⇒ He pulled the cap halfway over his ears.
Over is also an adverb. ⇒ Heat this syrup and pour it over.
4. preposition If you lean over an object, you bend your body so that the top part of it is above the object. ⇒ They stopped to lean over a gate. ⇒ Everyone in the room was bent over her desk.
Over is also an adverb. ⇒ Sam leant over to open the door of the car.
5. preposition If you look over or talk over an object, you look or talk across the top of it. ⇒ I went and stood beside him, looking over his shoulder. ⇒ ...conversing over the fence with your friend. ⇒ I heard various scraps of conversation over the dinner table. 6. preposition If a window has a view over an area of land or water, you can see the land or water through the window. ⇒ ...a light and airy bar with a wonderful view over the River Amstel. ⇒ His rooms looked out over a narrow lane behind the college. 7. preposition If someone or something goes over a barrier, obstacle, or boundary, they get to the other side of it by going across it, or across the top of it. ⇒ Policemen jumped over the wall of the Spanish Embassy in pursuit. ⇒ I stepped over a broken piece of wood. ⇒ Nearly one million people crossed over the river into Moldavia. ⇒ He'd just come over the border.
Over is also an adverb. ⇒ I climbed over into the back seat.
If someone or something moves over an area or surface, they move across it, from one side to the other. ⇒ She ran swiftly over the lawn to the gate. ⇒ Joe passed his hand over his face and looked puzzled.
9. preposition If something is on the opposite side of a road or river, you can say that it is over the road or river. ⇒ ...Richard Garrick, who lived in the house over the road. ⇒ ...a fashionable neighbourhood, just over the river from Manhattan. 10. adverb [ADV after v] If you go over to a place, you go to that place. [+ to] ⇒ I got out the car and drove over to Dervaig. ⇒ I thought you might have invited her over. 11. adverb [ADV after v] You can use over to indicate a particular position or place a short distance away from someone or something. ⇒ He noticed Rolfe standing silently over by the window. ⇒ John reached over and took Joanna's hand. ⇒ He tossed over a cigarette. 12. adverb [ADV after v] You use over to say that someone or something falls towards or onto the ground, often suddenly or violently. ⇒ If he drinks more than two glasses of wine he falls over. ⇒ He was knocked over by a bus and broke his leg. ⇒ The truck had gone off the road and toppled over. 13. adverb [ADV after v] If something rolls over or is turned over, its position changes so that the part that was facing upwards is now facing downwards. ⇒ His car rolled over after a tyre was punctured. ⇒ The alarm did go off but all I did was yawn, turn over and go back to sleep.
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