French - English

English translation of 'être'

Word Frequency

être

[ɛtʀ ]
masculine noun
being
être humain human being
Verb Table verb (avec attribut)
1.  (état, description) to be
Il est instituteur. He’s a teacher.
Vous êtes grand. You’re tall.
Vous êtes fatigué. You’re tired.
Je suis heureux. I’m happy.
C’est moi ! It’s me!
2.  (appartenance)
être à qn to be sb’sto belong to sb
Ce livre est à Paul. This book is Paul’s.This book belongs to Paul.
C’est à moi. It’s mine.
C’est à eux. It’s theirs.
C’est à lui de le faire. It’s up to him to do it.
3.  (origine)
être de to be from
Il est de Paris. He is from Paris.
Il est des nôtres. He is one of us.
4.  (obligation, but)
être à (+ infinitif)
C’est à réparer. It needs repairing.
C’est à essayer. You should try it.
Il est à espérer que ... It is to be hoped that ...
Verb Table intransitive verb
1.  (se trouver) to be
Je ne serai pas ici demain. I won’t be here tomorrow.
2.  (date)
Nous sommes le 10 janvier. It’s the 10th of January.Today is the 10th of January.
3.  (faire partie) to be
être de ceux qui ... to be one of those who ...
Il voulait en être. He wanted to be part of it.
4.  (exister) to be
être ou ne pas être ... to be or not to be ...
5.  (autres locutions)
en être à qch (avoir atteint) to have got to sthto have got as far as sth; (être réduit à) to be reduced to sth
Nous en étions au dessert. We had got to the dessert.We had got as far as dessert.
Il en est à vendre ses disques pour rembourser ses dettes. He’s been reduced to selling his records to pay off his debts.
en être pour ses frais to get nothing for one’s trouble
Verb Table auxiliary verb
1.  (dans verbes composés) to have
être arrivé to have arrived
être allé to have gone
Il est parti. He has left.He has gone.
Il n’est pas encore arrivé. He hasn’t arrived yet.
2.  (forme passive) to be
être fait par to be made by
Il a été promu. He has been promoted.
Verb Table impersonal verb
1.  (avec attribut)
il est ... it is ...
Il est impossible de le faire. It’s impossible to do it.
2.  (pour dire l’heure)
Il est 10 heures. It’s 10 o’clock.
see also est-ce que, n’est-ce pas, c’est-à-dire, ce

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Example Sentences Including 'être'

These examples have been automatically selected and may contain sensitive content. Read more…
A cet égard le retour en grâce des relations franco-britanniques peut être un utile levier pour renouer les relations avec Washington.
Le Nouvel Observateur (2003)
Car à trop jouer sur les mots, le gouvernement risque d'être pris au pied de la lettre.
Le Nouvel Observateur (2003)
Deux : nous sommes en république et je n'accepte pas d'être insultée par quelqu'un de plus haut placé que moi.
Sarraute, Claude Mademoiselle s'il vous plaît
Deux d'entre eux avaient été incarcérés plusieurs semaines avant d'être remis en liberté.
Le Nouvel Observateur (2003)
Je pensais qu'elle devait forcément être une personne formidable.
Marie Claire
Normal, il pouvait pas me parler, il devait être en famille, mais bon, il s'est quand même manifesté.
Sarraute, Claude Mademoiselle s'il vous plaît

Trends of 'être'

Extremely Common. être is one of the 1000 most commonly used words in the Collins dictionary

View usage for:

'être' in Other Languages

British English: be /biː; bɪ/ VERB
person, thing You use be to say what a person or thing is like.
She is very young.
  • American English: be
  • Arabic: يَكْون
  • Brazilian Portuguese: ser
  • Chinese:
  • Croatian: biti
  • Czech: být
  • Danish: være
  • Dutch: zijn
  • European Spanish: ser
  • Finnish: olla
  • French: être
  • German: sein
  • Greek: είμαι
  • Italian: essere
  • Japanese: いる
  • Korean: (…) 이다
  • Norwegian: være
  • Polish: być
  • European Portuguese: ser
  • Romanian: a fi
  • Russian: быть
  • Latin American Spanish: ser
  • Swedish: vara
  • Thai: เป็น อยู่ คือ
  • Turkish: olmak
  • Ukrainian: бути
  • Vietnamese: ai, gì
British English: be /biː; bɪ/ VERB
there You use be to say that something is there.
There is a tree in the garden.
  • American English: be
  • Arabic: يَكُونُ
  • Brazilian Portuguese: haver
  • Chinese:
  • Croatian: biti
  • Czech: být
  • Danish: være
  • Dutch: zijn
  • European Spanish: ser
  • Finnish: olla
  • French: être
  • German: sein
  • Greek: είμαι
  • Italian: essere
  • Japanese: ・・・がある
  • Korean: 있다
  • Norwegian: være
  • Polish: być
  • European Portuguese: estar
  • Romanian: a se afla
  • Russian: быть
  • Latin American Spanish: estar
  • Swedish: vara
  • Thai: เป็น อยู่ คือ
  • Turkish: var olmak
  • Ukrainian: бути
  • Vietnamese:
British English: being NOUN
You can refer to any real or imaginary creature as a being.
People expect a horse to perform like a car, with no thought for its feelings as a living being.
  • American English: being
  • Brazilian Portuguese: ser
  • Chinese: 生物
  • European Spanish: ser
  • French: être
  • German: Lebewesen
  • Italian: essere
  • Japanese: 生命体
  • Korean: 존재
  • European Portuguese: ser
  • Latin American Spanish: ser
British English: deal VERB
goods If a person, company, or shop deals in a particular type of goods, their business involves buying or selling those goods.
They deal in antiques.
  • American English: deal
  • Brazilian Portuguese: atuar em
  • Chinese: 经营
  • European Spanish: comerciar
  • French: être
  • German: handeln mit
  • Italian: commerciare
  • Japanese: 売買をする
  • Korean: 거래하다
  • European Portuguese: atuar em
  • Latin American Spanish: comerciar

Source

Translation of être from the Collins French to English
Ça va ? Asking after others
If you’re catching up with a French-speaking friend, old or new, you’ll probably want to ask them how they are, and vice versa. Here are a few suggestions to try!
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Understanding French verb tenses
In this short article, we explain and provide some examples of the most common French verb tenses you'll come across.
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Life on the edge
The desire to push the boundaries has been a motivator in many a daring expedition, testing the human spirit and physical abilities to the utmost. Indulge your adventurous spirit by exploring some associated ‘extreme’ vocabulary. Will you have the survival skills to master our quiz?
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Unlock French with the Paul Noble method
The Paul Noble Method: no books, no rote memorization, no chance of failure. Start with the Complete French Beginner's course, then follow up with French Next Steps.
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