Italian - English

English translation of 'essere'


(ˈɛssere) (auxiliary verb: essere)

intransitive verb

  1. (copulativo) to be
    chi è quel tipo? — è Giovanni who is that (guy)? — it's Giovanni
    è giovane/malato he is young/ill
    siamo in dieci a volerci andare there are ten of us wanting to go o who want to go
    è (un) professore he is a teacher
    non è vero that's not true
    1. (trovarsi) to be
    2. (vivere) to live
    essere in piedi to be standing
    sono qui da tre ore I've been here for three hours
    è a Roma dal 1990 he's been (living) in Rome since 1990
    è a tavola he is eating
  2. (diventare) to be
    quando sarai calmo when you calm down
    quando sarai grande when you grow up o are grown up
    quando sarai medico when you are a doctor
  3. (esistere) to be
    essere o non essere to be or not to be
    sia la luce - e la luce fu let there be light - and there was light
    è il miglior meccanico che ci sia he is the best mechanic there is
  4. (provenire)
    è di Genova he is o comes from Genoa
  5. (appartenenza)
    di chi è questo libro? — è mio whose book is this? — it's mine
    non potrò essere dei vostri quest'estate I won't be able to join you this summer
  6. (data)
    è il 12 giugno it is June 12th
    era il 1962 it was 1962
    erano gli anni Sessanta it was the Sixties
  7. (ora)
    che ora è? o che ore sono? — sono le due what's the time? o what time is it? — it's two o'clock
    saranno state le cinque it must have been five o'clock
  8. (+ da + infinito)
    è da fare subito it should be done o needs to be done o is to be done immediately
    è da spedire stasera it has (got) to be sent tonight

auxiliary verb

  1. (tempi composti: attivo)
    è arrivato? has he arrived?
    è arrivato ieri? did he arrive yesterday?
    è andato in Inghilterra he has gone to England
    è stato in Inghilterra he has been to England
    sono cresciuto in Italia I grew up in Italy
  2. (tempi composti: passivo)
    è stato fabbricato in India it was made in India
    è stato investito da un'auto he was run over by a car
  3. (tempi composti: riflessivo)
    si sono vestiti they dressed, they got dressed
    1. (reciproco)
      si sono baciati they kissed
    non si sono visti they didn't see each other

impersonal verb

  1. è che non mi piace the fact is I don't like it
    che ne sarà della macchina? what will happen to the car?
    sarà come dici tu you may be right
    come sarebbe a dire? what do you mean?
    come se niente fosse as if nothing had happened
    è da tre ore che ti aspetto I've been waiting for you for three hours
    non è da te it's not like you
    sia detto fra noi between you and me
    è Pasqua it's Easter
    è possibile che venga he may come
    può essere perhaps
    sarà quel che sarà what will be will be
    sia quel che sia, io me ne vado whatever happens I'm off
    è tardi it's late
  2. (costare)
    sono 200 euro that's 200 euros, that comes to 200 euros
    quant'è? how much is it?
    quant'è in tutto? how much does that come to?
  3. esserci: c'è there is
    ci sono there are
    non c'è altro da dire there's nothing else to be said o there's nothing more one can say
    che (cosa) c'è? what's wrong o the matter?
    che c'è di nuovo? what's new?
    ci sono 60 chilometri it's 60 kilometres
    cosa c'è what's wrong o the matter?
    c'è da strapparsi i capelli it's enough to drive you up the wall
    ce n'è per tutti there's enough for everybody
    quanti invitati ci saranno? how many guests will there be?
    quanto c'è da qui a Edimburgo? how far is it from here to Edinburgh?
    c'era una volta... once upon a time there was ...
see also ci

masculine noun

  1. being
    essere umano human being
    gli esseri viventi the living pl

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'essere' in Other Languages

British English: be /biː; bɪ/ VERB
person, thing You use be to say what a person or thing is like.
She is very young.
  • American English: be
  • Arabic: يَكْون
  • Brazilian Portuguese: ser
  • Chinese:
  • Croatian: biti
  • Czech: být
  • Danish: være
  • Dutch: zijn
  • European Spanish: ser
  • Finnish: olla
  • French: être
  • German: sein
  • Greek: είμαι
  • Italian: essere
  • Japanese: いる
  • Korean: (…) 이다
  • Norwegian: være
  • Polish: być
  • European Portuguese: ser
  • Romanian: a fi
  • Russian: быть
  • Latin American Spanish: ser
  • Swedish: vara
  • Thai: เป็น อยู่ คือ
  • Turkish: olmak
  • Ukrainian: бути
  • Vietnamese: ai, gì
British English: be /biː; bɪ/ VERB
there You use be to say that something is there.
There is a tree in the garden.
  • American English: be
  • Arabic: يَكُونُ
  • Brazilian Portuguese: haver
  • Chinese:
  • Croatian: biti
  • Czech: být
  • Danish: være
  • Dutch: zijn
  • European Spanish: ser
  • Finnish: olla
  • French: être
  • German: sein
  • Greek: είμαι
  • Italian: essere
  • Japanese: ・・・がある
  • Korean: 있다
  • Norwegian: være
  • Polish: być
  • European Portuguese: estar
  • Romanian: a se afla
  • Russian: быть
  • Latin American Spanish: estar
  • Swedish: vara
  • Thai: เป็น อยู่ คือ
  • Turkish: var olmak
  • Ukrainian: бути
  • Vietnamese:
British English: being NOUN
You can refer to any real or imaginary creature as a being.
People expect a horse to perform like a car, with no thought for its feelings as a living being.
  • American English: being
  • Brazilian Portuguese: ser
  • Chinese: 生物
  • European Spanish: ser
  • French: être
  • German: Lebewesen
  • Italian: essere
  • Japanese: 生命体
  • Korean: 존재
  • European Portuguese: ser
  • Latin American Spanish: ser


Translation of essere from the Collins Italian to English
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