Spanish - English

English translation of 'SER'

SER

abbreviated feminine noun (Spain)
(= Sociedad Española de Radiodifusión) radio network

ser

Verb Table intransitive verb
1.  (con función copulativa)
a. (+ adjective) to be
es difícil it’s difficult
es muy alto he’s very tall
soy casado/soltero/divorciado I’m married/single/divorced
compra uno que no sea caro buy one that isn’t too expensive
es pesimista he’s a pessimist
somos seis there are six of us
me es imposible asistir I’m unable to attendit’s impossible for me to attend
¡que seas feliz! I wish you every happiness!
—eres estúpida —no, no lo soy “you’re stupid” — “no I’m not”
¡será posible! I don’t believe it!
¡serás inɡenuo! you can be so naive!
b. (+ noun or pronoun)
el gran pintor que fue Goya the great painter Goya
hable con algún abogado que no sea Pérez speak to some lawyer other than Pérez
soy ingeniero I’m an engineer
con el tiempo fue ministro he eventually became a minister
yo era la reina, ¿vale? suppose I were queen, right?
presidente que fue de Francia (formal) former president of France
—¿dígame? —¡hola, soy Pedro! “hello?” — “hello, it’s Peter”
—¿quién es? — soy yo “who is it?” —”it’s me”
—¿quién será a estas horas? —será tu hermano “who can it be at this hour?” — “it must be your brother”
—¿qué ha sido eso? —nada, la puerta ha dado un portazo “what was that?” — “nothing, the door slammed shut”
es él quien debiera hacerlo he’s the one who should do it
c.
ser de (indicando origen) to be from
ella es de Calatayud she’s from Calatayud
estas naranjas son de España these oranges are Spanish or from Spain
¿de dónde es usted? where are you from?
d.
ser de (indicando composición) to be made of
es de lana it’s made of woolit’s woollen
es de piedra it’s made of stone
e.
ser de (indicando pertenencia) to belong to
el parque es del municipio the park belongs to the town
esta tapa es de otra caja this lid belongs to another box
¿de quién es este lápiz? whose pencil is this?who does this pencil belong to?
este es suyo this one is his
es de Joaquín it’s Joaquín’s
f. (+ infinitive)
es de creer que:
continuó hablando, es de creer que sin interrupción he went on talking, presumably without being interrupted
si, como es de creer, ustedes también lo apoyan... if, as may be supposed, you also support him...
no es de creer que lo encarcelen, pero sí lo multarán they probably won’t put him in prison, but they are sure to fine him
es de desear que ... it is to be wished that ...
es de esperar que ... it is to be hoped that ...
era de ver it was worth seeing
2. 
ser para (indicando dirección, finalidad)
las flores son para ti the flowers are for you
el trofeo fue para Álvarez the trophy went to Álvarez
el sexto hoyo fue para García García took the sixth hole
este cuchillo es para cortar pan this knife is for cutting bread
ese coche no es para correr mucho that car isn’t made for going very fast
esas finuras no son para mí such niceties are not for me
3.  (existir) to be
ser o no ser to be or not to be
Dios es God exists
érase que se era, érase una vez once upon a time
4.  (tener lugar)
la fiesta va a ser en su casa the party will be at her house
el crimen fue en Agosto the crime took place in August
▪ idiom: otra vez será
—no he podido ir a visitarla —bueno, otra vez será “I wasn’t able to visit her” — “never mind, you can do it some other time”
—no he aprobado —¡otra vez será! “I didn’t pass” — “better luck next time!”
5.  (en preguntas retóricas)
¿qué será de mí? what will become of me?
¿qué habrá sido de él? what can have become of him?what can have happened to him?
6.  [con horas del día, fecha, tiempo] to be
es la una it’s one o’clock
son las siete it’s seven o’clock
serán las ocho it must be about eight (o’clock)
serían las nueve cuando llegó it must have been about nine (o’clock) when he arrived
hoy es cuatro de septiembre today is 4 September or the fourth of September
es verano it’s summer
era de noche it was night time
see also hora feminine noun
7.  (en cálculos) to be
tres y dos son cinco three plus two is five
—¿cuánto es? —son dos euros “how much is it?” — “two euros, please”
8.  (locuciones en infinitivo)
a no ser:
habríamos fracasado a no ser por su apoyo we would have failed had it not been for their help
llegaremos tarde a no ser que salgamos mañana we’ll be late unless we leave tomorrow
como ha de or tiene que ser:
es un hombre como tiene que ser he’s a real man
se lo comió con cuchillo y tenedor, como ha de or tiene que ser she ate it with a knife and fork, the way it’s supposed to be eaten
con ser (a pesar de ser)
con ser ella su madre no le veo el parecido she may well be his mother, but I can’t see any resemblance
de no ser:
de no ser esto cierto tendríamos que eliminarlo if this weren’t the case we’d have to get rid of him
de no ser por él me habría ahogado if it hadn’t been for him I’d have drowned
no vaya a ser que...:
déjales tu teléfono, no vaya a ser que se pierdan give them your phone number in case they get lost
anda despacio, no vaya a ser que te caigas walk slowly so you don’t fall over
9.  (locuciones en indicativo)
es más:
creo que eso es así, es más, podría asegurártelo I think that is the case, in fact I can assure you it is
es que:
—¿por qué no llamaste? —es que no pude “why didn’t you call?” — “because I couldn’t”
es que no quiero molestarle it’s just that I don’t want to upset him
¿es que no te enteras? don’t you understand, or what?
¿cómo es que no llamaste? how come you didn’t call?
10.  (locuciones en subjuntivo)
¡sea! agreed!all right!
—compartiremos los gastos —¡sea! “we’ll share the cost” — “agreed!” or “all right!”
(ya) sea ... (ya) sea: (ya) sea de izquierdas, (ya) sea de derechas yo no la voto whether she’s right-wing or left-wing, I’m not voting for her
(ya) sea Juan o (ya) sea Antonio, alguien tiene que hacerlo someone has to do it, (be it) either Juan or Antonio
sea lo que sea:
—¡pero si es economista! —sea lo que sea, yo no me fío de sus opiniones “but he’s an economist!” —”be that as it may or he may well be, but still I don’t trust his opinions”
o sea that is
mis compañeros, o sea, Juan y Pedro my colleagues, that is, Juan and Pedro
o sea, que no vienes so you’re not coming
no sea que in case
llévate el móvil no sea que llamen take your mobile phone with you in case they call
pon aquí las llaves, no sea que las pierdas put the keys here so you don’t lose them
Verb Table auxiliary verb
(en formas pasivas) to be
fue construido it was built
será fusilado he will be shot
está siendo estudiado it is being studied
ha sido asaltada una joyería there has been a raid on a jeweller’s
masculine noun
1.  (ente) being
sus seres queridos her loved ones
2.  (esencia, alma) being
todo su ser se conmovió ante tanta miseria her whole being was moved by such poverty
en lo más íntimo de su ser deep within himself
la quiero con todo mi ser I love her with all my heart
volver a su ser to return or go back to normal
3.  (existencia) life
la mujer que le dio su ser the woman who gave him (his) lifethe woman who brought him into the world
SEREn español decimos somos 15, son 28 etc. Esta estructura se traduce al inglés por there are/were etc + NÚMERO + of us/you/them:
Somos 50 There are 50 of us
Eran 38 en total There were 38 of them altogether

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'SER' in Other Languages

British English: be /biː; bɪ/ VERB
person, thing You use be to say what a person or thing is like.
She is very young.
  • American English: be
  • Arabic: يَكْون
  • Brazilian Portuguese: ser
  • Chinese:
  • Croatian: biti
  • Czech: být
  • Danish: være
  • Dutch: zijn
  • European Spanish: ser
  • Finnish: olla
  • French: être
  • German: sein
  • Greek: είμαι
  • Italian: essere
  • Japanese: いる
  • Korean: (…) 이다
  • Norwegian: være
  • Polish: być
  • European Portuguese: ser
  • Romanian: a fi
  • Russian: быть
  • Latin American Spanish: ser
  • Swedish: vara
  • Thai: เป็น อยู่ คือ
  • Turkish: olmak
  • Ukrainian: бути
  • Vietnamese: ai, gì
British English: be /biː; bɪ/ VERB
there You use be to say that something is there.
There is a tree in the garden.
  • American English: be
  • Arabic: يَكُونُ
  • Brazilian Portuguese: haver
  • Chinese:
  • Croatian: biti
  • Czech: být
  • Danish: være
  • Dutch: zijn
  • European Spanish: ser
  • Finnish: olla
  • French: être
  • German: sein
  • Greek: είμαι
  • Italian: essere
  • Japanese: ・・・がある
  • Korean: 있다
  • Norwegian: være
  • Polish: być
  • European Portuguese: estar
  • Romanian: a se afla
  • Russian: быть
  • Latin American Spanish: estar
  • Swedish: vara
  • Thai: เป็น อยู่ คือ
  • Turkish: var olmak
  • Ukrainian: бути
  • Vietnamese:
British English: being NOUN
You can refer to any real or imaginary creature as a being.
People expect a horse to perform like a car, with no thought for its feelings as a living being.
  • American English: being
  • Brazilian Portuguese: ser
  • Chinese: 生物
  • European Spanish: ser
  • French: être
  • German: Lebewesen
  • Italian: essere
  • Japanese: 生命体
  • Korean: 존재
  • European Portuguese: ser
  • Latin American Spanish: ser

Source

Translation of SER from the Collins Spanish to English
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