Sinónimos de drug: Drugs
acetanilide or acetanilida white crystalline powder used in the manufacture of dyes and rubber, as an analgesic in medicine, and as a precursor in penicillin manufacture. Formula: C6H5NHCOCH3 acriflavineallopurinola synthetic drug that reduces blood concentrations of uric acid and is administered orally in the treatment of gout. Formula: C5H4N4O aloinalum or potash alumamitriptylinea tricyclic antidepressant drug. Formula: C20H23N amphetamine, Benzedrine (trademark), or (slang) speeda synthetic colourless volatile liquid used medicinally as the white crystalline sulphate, mainly for its stimulant action on the central nervous system, although it also stimulates the sympathetic nervous system. It can have unpleasant or dangerous side effects and drug dependence can occur; 1-phenyl-2-aminopropane. Formula: C6H5CH2CH(NH2)CH3 ampicillina semisynthetic penicillin used to treat various infections amyl nitrite or (slang) popperan amyl nitrite capsule, which is crushed and its contents inhaled by drug users as a stimulant Amytal(trademark)a barbiturate, a brand of amobarbital, used as a sedative and hypnotic Antabuse(trademark)a drug, a brand of disulfiram, used in the treatment of alcoholism, that acts by inducing nausea and other unpleasant symptoms following ingestion of alcohol; tetraethylthiuram disulphide antipyrinea drug formerly used to reduce pain and fever. Formula: C11H12N2O apomorphinea white crystalline alkaloid, derived from morphine, that is used medicinally as an emetic, as an expectorant, and in Parkinson's disease. Formula: C17H17NO2 araroba or Goa powderArgyrol(trademark)arsphenaminea drug containing arsenic, formerly used in the treatment of syphilis and related infections aspirin or acetylsalicylic acidatropine or atropinazathioprinea synthetic drug that suppresses the normal immune responses of the body and is administered orally during and after organ transplantation and also in certain types of autoimmune disease. Formula: C9H7N7O2S azedarachbacitracinbarbitone or (U.S.) barbitala long-acting barbiturate used medicinally, usually in the form of the sodium salt, as a sedative or hypnotic barbituratebelladonnaeither of two alkaloid drugs, atropine or hyoscyamine, obtained from the leaves and roots of the deadly nightshade Benadryl(trademark)an antihistamine drug used in sleeping tablets; diphenhydramine. Formula: C17H21NO benzocainebenzodiazepineany of a group of chemical compounds that are used as minor tranquillizers, such as diazepam (Valium) and chlordiazepoxide (Librium) berberinebhang or banga preparation of the leaves and flower tops of Indian hemp, which has psychoactive properties: much used in India bitter aloesa bitter purgative drug made from the leaves of several species of aloe bromalbupivacainecaffeinecalomelcannabisthe drug obtained from the dried leaves and flowers of the hemp plant, which is smoked or chewed for its psychoactive properties. It produces euphoria and relaxation; repeated use may lead to psychological dependence cantharidescarbamazepinean anticonvulsant drug used in the management of epilepsy carbimazolea drug that inhibits the synthesis of the hormone thyroxine, used in the management of hyperthyroidism cascara sagradachlorambucilan alkylating drug derived from nitrogen mustard, administered orally in the treatment of leukaemia and other malignant diseases. Formula: C14H19Cl2NO2 chloramphenicolchlordiazepoxidechloroquinea synthetic drug administered orally to treat malaria. Formula: C18H26ClN3 chlorothiazidea diuretic drug administered orally in the treatment of chronic heart and kidney disease and hypertension. Formula: C7H6ClN3O4S2 chlorpromazinea drug derived from phenothiazine, used as a tranquillizer and sedative, esp in psychotic disorders. Formula: C17H19ClN2S chlorpropamidea sulfonylurea drug that reduces blood glucose and is administered orally in the treatment of diabetes mellitus. Formula: C10H13ClN2O3S chlortetracyclinechlorthalidonechrysarobina tasteless odourless powder containing anthraquinone derivatives of araroba, formerly used medicinally to treat chronic skin conditions cinchonaany of the drugs derived from cinchona bark cinchoninean insoluble crystalline alkaloid isolated from cinchona bark, used to treat malaria. Formula: C19H22N2O cocaine, cocain, or (slang) coke or Charliean addictive narcotic drug derived from coca leaves or synthesized, used medicinally as a topical anaesthetic. Formula: C17H21NO4 codeinea white crystalline alkaloid prepared mainly from morphine and having a similar but milder action. It is used as an analgesic, an antidiarrhoeal, and to relieve coughing. Formula: C18H21NO3 contrayervacortisoneco-trimoxazolean antibiotic consisting of a mixture of trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole (a sulfa drug): used esp to treat infections of the urinary tract and lungs (as in AIDS) crystal methamphetamine or (informal) crystal methcrystal methamphetamine, a concentrated and highly potent form of methamphetamine with dangerous side effects curare or curaricyclopropanecyclosporin-Adapsonean antimicrobial drug used to treat leprosy and certain types of dermatitis. Formula: C12H12N2O2S DET or diethyltryptaminedextroamphetaminedigitalisa drug prepared from the dried leaves or seeds of the foxglove: a mixture of glycosides used medicinally to treat heart failure and some abnormal heart rhythms dimenhydrinate or Dramamine (trademark)disulfirama drug used in the treatment of alcoholism that acts by inducing nausea and other unpleasant effects following ingestion of alcohol ecstasy3,4-methylenedioxy-methamphetamine; MDMA: a powerful drug that acts as a stimulant and can produce hallucinations DMT or dimethyltryptaminea natural, or synthetic, hallucinogenic drug, C12H16N2, similar to LSD in its effects, which are, however, more rapid in onset and shorter in duration ephedrin or ephedrinefentanyla narcotic drug used in medicine to relieve pain ganjaa highly potent form of cannabis, usually used for smoking gemfibrozila drug that lowers the concentration of low-density lipoproteins in the blood and is therefore used to treat patients with hyperlipoproteinaemia hashish or charasa purified resinous extract of the dried flower tops of the female hemp plant, used as a hallucinogenic hemlocka poisonous drug derived from this plant hempany of several narcotic drugs obtained from some varieties of this plant, esp from Indian hemp heroin or diamorphinea white odourless bitter-tasting crystalline powder related to morphine: a highly addictive narcotic. Formula: C21H23NO5 hydrocortisone or cortisolhyoscyaminea poisonous alkaloid occurring in henbane and related plants: an optically active isomer of atropine, used in medicine in a similar way. Formula: C17H23NO3 ibuprofena drug, isobutylphenylpropionic acid, that relieves pain and reduces inflammation: used to treat arthritis and muscular strains. Formula: C13H18O2 imipraminea tricyclic antidepressant drug. Formula: C19H24N2 indomethacina drug administered orally to relieve pain, fever, and inflammation, esp in rheumatoid arthritis. Formula: C19H16ClNO4 ipecac or ipecacuanhathe dried root of a tropical South American plant (Cephaëlis ipecacuanha) of the madder family, that yields emetine and other alkaloids ivermectina drug that kills parasitic nematode worms, mites, and insects. It is used to treat a variety of parasitic infections in domestic animals and onchocerciasis in humans kaolin or kaolineketaminea drug, chemically related to PCP, that is used in medicine as a general anaesthetic, being administered by injection; cyclohexylamine laudanuma tincture of opium Librium(trademark)a brand of the drug chlordiazepoxide LSD, lysergic acid diethylamide, or (slang) acidlysergic acid diethylamide; a crystalline compound prepared from lysergic acid, used in experimental medicine and taken illegally as a hallucinogenic drug marijuana or marihuanathe dried leaves and flowers of the hemp plant, used for its euphoric effects, esp in the form of cigarettes MDMAmecamylaminea ganglion-blocking drug administered orally to lower high blood pressure. Formula: C11H21N mepacrine, quinacrine (U.S.), Atebrin (trademark), or Atabrine U.S. trademarka drug, mepacrine dihydrochloride, one of the first synthetic substitutes for quinine, formerly widely used to treat malaria but now largely replaced by chloroquine. Formula: C23H30ClN3O.2HCl.2H2O meperidine or meperidene hydrochloridemerbrominmercaptopurinea drug used in the treatment of leukaemia. Formula: C5H4N4S mescaline or mescalina hallucinogenic drug derived from mescal buttons. Formula: C11H17NO3 methadone or methadona narcotic analgesic drug similar to morphine, used to treat opiate addiction. Formula: C21H27NO methamphetaminemethicillina semisynthetic penicillin used to treat various infections methotrexatean antimetabolite drug used in the treatment of certain cancers. Formula: C20H22N8O5 methyldopaa drug used to treat hypertension. Formula: C10H13NO4 Mogadon(trademark)a drug of the benzodiazepine group, a brand of nitrazepam, used to treat insomnia morphine or morphiaan alkaloid extracted from opium: used in medicine as an analgesic and sedative, although repeated use causes addiction. Formula: C17H19NO3 neomycinnepenthea drug, or the plant providing it, that ancient writers referred to as a means of forgetting grief or trouble nicotinenitrazepama synthetic chemical compound belonging to the benzodiazepine group of drugs; a minor tranquillizer used mainly in sleeping tablets, such as Mogadon. Formula: C15H11N3O3 nitrous oxide, dinitrogen oxide, or laughing gasNovocaine (trademark) or procaine hydrochloridenux vomicaopiumthe dried juice extracted from the unripe seed capsules of the opium poppy that contains alkaloids such as morphine and codeine: used in medicine as an analgesic Paludrine(trademark)proguanil hydrochloride, a synthetic antimalarial drug first produced in 1944 paracetamola mild analgesic and antipyretic drug used as an alternative to aspirin paraldehydea colourless liquid substance that is a cyclic trimer of acetaldehyde: used in making dyestuffs and as a hypnotic and anticonvulsant drug. Formula: (C2H4O)3 paregorica medicine containing opium, benzoic acid, camphor (English paregoric) or ammonia (Scottish paregoric), and anise oil, formerly widely used to relieve diarrhoea and coughing in children PCP (trademark), phencyclidine, or (informal) angel dusta powerful psychedelic drug (phencyclidine hydrochloride), C17H25N·HCl penicillinpentamidinea drug used to treat protozoal infections, esp pneumonia caused by Pneumocystis carinii in patients with AIDS pentaquinea synthetic antimalarial drug, C18H27N3O, used chiefly in the form of its phosphate pentazocinea powerful synthetic drug used in medical practice as a narcotic analgesic pentobarbitone sodium, sodium pentabarbital (U.S.), or Nembutal (trademark)pentylenetetrazolphenacainephenacetin or acetophenetidina white crystalline solid formerly used in medicine to relieve pain and fever. Because of its kidney toxicity it has been superseded by paracetamol. Formula: CH3CONHC6H4OC2H5 phenforminphenobarbitonephenolphthaleinphenothiazineany of several drugs derived from phenothiazine and used as strong tranquillizers and in the treatment of schizophrenia phenylbutazonean anti-inflammatory drug used in the treatment of rheumatic diseases; it has been largely superseded by other NSAIDs phenytoinan anticonvulsant drug used in the management of epilepsy and in the treatment of abnormal heart rhythms. Formula: C15H11N2O2Na poppyany of the drugs, such as opium, that are obtained from these plants prednisoleneprednisonea steroid drug derived from cortisone and having the same uses primaquinea synthetic drug used in the treatment of malaria. Formula: C15H21N3O promethazinean antihistamine drug used to treat allergies and to prevent vomiting, esp in motion sickness propranolola drug used in the treatment of angina pectoris, arrhythmia, hypertension, and some forms of tremor. Formula: C16H21NO2 Prozac(trademark)fluoxetine; a drug that prolongs the action of serotonin in the brain; used as an antidepressant psilocybinquercetin or quercitinquinidinea crystalline alkaloid drug that is an optically active diastereoisomer of quinine: used to treat heart arrhythmias. Formula: C20H24N2O2 quininea bitter crystalline alkaloid extracted from cinchona bark, the salts of which are used as a tonic, antipyretic, analgesic, etc, and in malaria therapy. Formula: C20H24N2O2 reserpinerhatany or krameriarifampicin or (U.S.) rifampina drug used in the treatment of tuberculosis, meningitis, and leprosy safflower or false saffrona red dye used for cotton and for colouring foods and cosmetics, or a drug obtained from the florets of this plant salicin or salicinesaloopsaltssanguinariasantoninscammonyscopolamine or hyoscinescopolinea soluble crystalline alkaloid obtained from the decomposition of scopolamine and used as a sedative. Formula: C8H13NO2 Seidlitz powder, Seidlitz powders, or Rochelle powdera laxative consisting of two powders, tartaric acid and a mixture of sodium bicarbonate and Rochelle salt (sodium potassium tartrate) senna leafsenna podssquillSTPa synthetic hallucinogenic drug related to mescaline stramoniuma preparation of the dried leaves and flowers of the thorn apple, containing hyoscyamine and formerly used as a drug to treat asthma streptomycinsulphadiazinesulphadimidine or (U.S.) sulfamethazinesulpha drugsulphanilamidesulphathiozolesulphisoxazoletemazepama benzodiazepine sedative; the gel-like capsule formulation is properly taken orally but has also been melted and injected by drug users terebeneTerramycin(trademark)tetracyclinethalidomidea synthetic drug formerly used as a sedative and hypnotic but withdrawn from the market when found to cause abnormalities in developing fetuses. Formula: C13H10N2O4 thiopentone sodium, thiopental sodium, or Sodium Pentothal (trademark)a barbiturate drug used in medicine as an intravenous general anaesthetic. Formula: C11H17NaN2O2S thiouraciltricyclican antidepressant drug having a tricyclic molecular structure turpeththe root of this plant or the drug obtained from it valeriana sedative drug made from the dried roots of V. officinalis Valium (trademark) or diazepamverapamilViagra(trademark)a drug, sildenafil, that allows increased blood flow into the penis; used to treat erectile dysfunction in men vinblastinea cytotoxic drug used in the treatment of lymphomas, derived as an alkaloid from the tropical shrub Madagascar periwinkle (Vinca rosea) vinca alkaloidany of a group of alkaloids obtained from the periwinkle Vinca rosea, such as vinblastine and vincristine, that interfere with cell division and are used in the treatment of cancer vincristinea cytotoxic drug used in the treatment of leukaemia, derived as an alkaloid from the tropical shrub Madagascar periwinkle (Vinca rosea) witch hazel or wych hazelwormseedyohimbinezidovudine or Retrovir (trademark)a drug that is used to treat AIDS ▷ See drug
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