Sinónimos de drug: General drug terms
absorptionthe passage of a gas, fluid, drug, etc, through the mucous membranes or skin addictionthe condition of being abnormally dependent on some habit, esp compulsive dependency on narcotic drugs addictiveadiaphorousanaantimoniala drug or agent containing antimony aromaticsomething, such as a plant or drug, giving off a fragrant smell arsenicala drug or insecticide containing arsenic autacoidany natural internal secretion, esp one that exerts an effect similar to a drug bacterinbioassaybioavailabilitythe extent to which a drug or other substance is taken up by a specific tissue or organ after administration; the proportion of the dose of a drug that reaches the systemic circulation intact after administration by a route other than intravenous biologicala drug, such as a vaccine, that is derived from a living organism blockadethe inhibition of the effect of a hormone or a drug, a transport system, or the action of a nerve by a drug botanicalany drug or pesticide that is made from parts of a plant chalybeateany drug containing or tasting of iron chemoprophylaxisthe prevention of disease using chemical drugs cohobateconfectiona medicinal drug sweetened with sugar, honey, etc contraindicatecontrol groupany group used as a control in a statistical experiment, esp a group of patients who receive either a placebo or a standard drug during an investigation of the effects of another drug on other patients decoctionthe extraction of the water-soluble substances of a drug or medicinal plants by boiling dependencyoverreliance by a person on another person or on a drug, etc designer druga drug designed to act on a specific molecular target dosagethe administration of a drug or agent in prescribed amounts and at prescribed intervals dosea specific quantity of a therapeutic drug or agent taken at any one time or at specified intervals electuarya paste taken orally, containing a drug mixed with syrup or honey elixira liquid containing a medicinal drug with syrup, glycerine, or alcohol added to mask its unpleasant taste embrocationa drug or agent for rubbing into the skin; liniment emulsiona type of paint in which the pigment is suspended in a vehicle, usually a synthetic resin, that is dispersed in water as an emulsion. It usually gives a mat finish endermicethicalexcipienta substance, such as sugar or gum, used to prepare a drug or drugs in a form suitable for administration exhaustexternalextractfluidextractan alcoholic solution of a vegetable drug, one millilitre of which has an activity equivalent to one gram of the powdered drug galenicalany drug prepared from plant or animal tissue, esp vegetables, rather than being chemically synthesized glycosideany of a group of substances, such as digitoxin, derived from monosaccharides by replacing the hydroxyl group by another group. Many are important medicinal drugs hardhypersensitivehypodermica hypodermic syringe or needle hypodermic needlehypodermic syringea type of syringe consisting of a hollow cylinder, usually of glass or plastic, a tightly fitting piston, and a hollow needle (hypodermic needle), used for withdrawing blood samples, injecting medicine, etc idiosyncrasyan abnormal reaction of an individual to specific foods, drugs, or other agents incompatibleinhalantintermediate-actingintoxicatinglethal dose or LDthe amount of a drug or other agent that if administered to an animal or human will prove fatal linctusliquorany alcoholic drink, esp spirits, or such drinks collectively locallong-actingmagistralmassa pastelike composition of drugs from which pills are made median lethal dose or mean lethal dosethe amount of a drug or other substance that, when administered to a group of experimental animals, will kill 50 per cent of the group in a specified time medicationtreatment with drugs or remedies menstruuma solvent, esp one used in the preparation of a drug mercurialmind-expandingminimum lethal dose or MLDmixturenormalofficinal (obsolete)oleoresina semisolid mixture of a resin and essential oil, obtained from certain plants oraloverdose(esp of drugs) an excessive dose over-the-counterparenteralpessarya device for inserting into the vagina, either as a support for the uterus or (diaphragm pessary) to deliver a drug, such as a contraceptive placeboan inactive substance or other sham form of therapy administered to a patient usually to compare its effects with those of a real drug or treatment, but sometimes for the psychological benefit to the patient through his believing he is receiving treatment positivepotentiateprescriptionwritten instructions from a physician, dentist, etc, to a pharmacist stating the form, dosage strength, etc, of a drug to be issued to a specific patient proprietarya proprietary drug or agent reactionany effect produced by the action of a drug, esp an adverse effect reactora person sensitive to a particular drug or agent remedyany drug or agent that cures a disease or controls its symptoms routethe means by which a drug or agent is administered or enters the body, such as by mouth or by injection sensitivitythe state, condition, or quality of reacting or being sensitive to an external stimulus, drug, allergen, etc sensitize or sensitiseshort-actingside effectany unwanted nontherapeutic effect caused by a drug signature (US)the part of a medical prescription that instructs a patient how frequently and in what amounts he should take a drug or agent softspansulea modified-release capsule of a drug specificany drug used to treat a particular disease spiritany distilled alcoholic liquor such as brandy, rum, whisky, or gin suppositoryan encapsulated or solid medication for insertion into the vagina, rectum, or urethra, where it melts and releases the active substance tincturea medicinal extract in a solution of alcohol succedaneumsomething that is used as a substitute, esp any medical drug or agent that may be taken or prescribed in place of another synergism or synergythe working together of two or more drugs, muscles, etc, to produce an effect greater than the sum of their individual effects tachyphylaxisvery rapid development of tolerance or immunity to the effects of a drug toleranttopicaltriturationa mixture of one or more finely ground powdered drugs unitthe amount of a drug, vaccine, etc, needed to produce a particular effect unofficialvehiclevenipuncture or venepuncturethe puncturing of a vein, esp to take a sample of venous blood or inject a drug waferwineanything resembling wine in its intoxicating or invigorating effect withdrawalthe period a drug addict goes through following abrupt termination in the use of narcotics, usually characterized by physical and mental symptoms (withdrawal symptoms) ▷ See drug
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