Sinonimi di acid: Amino acids
alaninea nonessential aliphatic amino acid that occurs in many proteins argininean essential amino acid of plant and animal proteins, necessary for nutrition and for the production of excretory urea citrullinean amino acid that occurs in watermelons and is an intermediate in the formation of urea. Formula: NH2CONH(CH2)3CHNH2COOH cystinea sulphur-containing amino acid present in proteins: yields two molecules of cysteine on reduction. Formula: HOOCCH(NH2)CH2SSCH2CH(NH2)COOH glutaminea nonessential amino acid occurring in proteins: plays an important role in protein metabolism glycinea nonessential amino acid occurring in most proteins that acts as a neurotransmitter; aminoacetic acid histidinea nonessential amino acid that occurs in most proteins: a precursor of histamine isoleucinean essential amino acid that occurs in proteins and is formed by protein hydrolysis leucinean essential amino acid found in many proteins lysinean essential amino acid that occurs in proteins ethioninea type of amino acid that is the biological antagonist of methionine ornithinean amino acid produced from arginine by hydrolysis: involved in the formation of urea in the liver; diaminopentanoic acid. Formula: NH2(CH2)3CHNH2COOH prolinea nonessential amino acid that occurs in protein serinea sweet-tasting amino acid that is synthesized in the body and is involved in the synthesis of cysteine; 2-amino-3-hydroxypropanoic acid. Formula: CH2(OH)CH(NH2)COOH threoninean essential amino acid that occurs in certain proteins triiodothyroninean amino acid hormone that contains iodine and is secreted by the thyroid gland with thyroxine, to which it has a similar action. Formula: C15H12I3NO4 ▷ See acid
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