Sinonimi di port: Major ports of the world
Abidjana port in Côte d'Ivoire, on the Gulf of Guinea: the legislative capital (Yamoussoukro became the administrative capital in 1983). Pop: 3 516 000 (2005 est) Accrathe capital of Ghana, a port on the Gulf of Guinea: built on the site of three 17th-century trading fortresses founded by the English, Dutch, and Danish. Pop: 1 970 000 (2005 est) Adenthe main port and commercial capital of Yemen, on the N coast of the Gulf of Aden, an arm of the Indian Ocean at the entrance to the Red Sea: capital of South Yemen until 1990: formerly an important port of call on shipping routes to the East. Pop: 584 000 (2005 est) Alexandriathe chief port of Egypt, on the Nile Delta: cultural centre of ancient times, founded by Alexander the Great (332 bc). Pop: 3 760 000 (2005 est) Algiersthe capital of Algeria, an ancient port on the Mediterranean; until 1830 a centre of piracy. Pop: 3 260 000 (2005 est) Alicantea port in SE Spain: commercial centre. Pop: 305 911 (2003 est) Amsterdamthe commercial capital of the Netherlands, a major industrial centre and port on the IJsselmeer, connected with the North Sea by canal: built on about 100 islands within a network of canals. Pop: 737 000 (2003 est) Anchoragethe largest city in Alaska, a port in the south, at the head of Cook Inlet. Pop: 270 951 (2003 est) Antwerpa port in N Belgium, capital of Antwerp province, on the River Scheldt: a major European port. Pop: 455 148 (2004 est) Apiathe capital of (Western) Samoa: a port on the N coast of Upolu. Pop: 41 000 (2005 est) Aqabathe only port in Jordan, in the southwest, on the Gulf of Aqaba. Pop: 80 790 (2004) Archangela port in NW Russia, on the Dvina River: major centre for the timber trade and White Sea fisheries. Pop: 345 000 (2005 est) Ashdoda town in central Israel, on the Mediterranean coast: an important city in the Philistine Empire, with its artificial harbour (1961) it is now a major port. Pop: 192 000 (2003 est) Aucklandthe chief port of New Zealand, in the northern part of North Island: former capital of New Zealand (1840–65). Pop: 450 300 (2010 est) Bakuthe capital of Azerbaijan, a port on the Caspian Sea: important for its extensive oilfields. Pop: 1 830 000 (2005 est) Baltimorea port in N Maryland, on Chesapeake Bay. Pop: 628 670 (2003 est) Bangkokthe capital and chief port of Thailand, on the Chao Phraya River: became a royal city and the capital in 1782. Pop: 6 604 000 (2005 est) Barcelonathe chief port of Spain, on the NE Mediterranean coast: seat of the Republican government during the Civil War (1936–39); the commercial capital of Spain. Pop: 1 582 738 (2003 est) Basraa port in SE Iraq, on the Shatt-al-Arab. Pop: 1 187 000 (2005 est) Bathursta port in E Canada, in NE New Brunswick: rich mineral resources. Pop: 16 427 (2001) Batuma city in Georgia: capital of the Adzhar Autonomous Republic; a major Black Sea port. Pop: 118 000 (2005 est) Beiraa port in E Mozambique: terminus of a transcontinental railway from Lobito, Angola, through the Democratic Republic of Congo, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Pop: 566 000 (2005 est) Beirutthe capital of Lebanon, a port on the Mediterranean: part of the Ottoman Empire from the 16th century until 1918; many universities (including Lebanese, American, French, and Arab). Pop: 1 875 000 (2005 est) BelizeBenghazia port in N Libya, on the Gulf of Sidra: centre of Italian colonization (1911–42); scene of much fighting in World War II. Pop: 1 080 500 (2002 est) Bergena port in SW Norway: chief city in medieval times. Pop: 237 430 (2004 est) Bilbaoa port in N Spain, on the Bay of Biscay: the largest city in the Basque Provinces: famous since medieval times for the production of iron and steel goods: modern buildings include the Guggenheim Art Museum (1997). Pop: 353 567 (2003 est) Bissaua port on the Atlantic, the capital of Guinea-Bissau (until 1974 Portuguese Guinea). Pop: 369 000 (2005 est) BombayBordeauxa port in SW France, on the River Garonne: a major centre of the wine trade. Pop: 235 878 (2006) Bostona port in E Massachusetts, the state capital. Pop: 581 616 (2003 est) Boulognea port in N France, on the English Channel. Pop: 45 036 (2006) Bridgetownthe capital of Barbados, a port on the SW coast. Pop: 144 000 (2005 est) Brindisia port in SE Italy, in SE Apulia: important naval base in Roman times and a centre of the Crusades in the Middle Ages. Pop: 89 081 (2001) Brisbanea port in E Australia, the capital of Queensland: founded in 1824 as a penal settlement; vast agricultural hinterland. Pop: 2 189 878 (2013) BristolBuenaventuraa major port in W Colombia, on the Pacific coast. Pop: 250 000 (2005 est) Buenos Airesthe capital of Argentina, a major port and industrial city on the Río de la Plata estuary: became capital in 1880; university (1821). Pop: 13 349 000 (2005 est) Cádiza port in SW Spain, on a narrow peninsula that forms the Bay of Cádiz at the E end of the Gulf of Cádiz, founded about 1100 bc as a Phoenician trading colony; centre of trade with America from the 16th to 18th centuries. Pop: 134 989 (2003 est) Cagliaria port in Italy, the capital of Sardinia, on the S coast. Pop: 164 249 (2001) Calaisa port in N France, on the Strait of Dover: the nearest French port to England; belonged to England 1347–1558. Pop: 75 790 (2006) CalcuttaCallaoa port in W Peru, near Lima, on Callao Bay: chief import centre of Peru. Pop: 813 264 (2005 est) Cannesa port and resort in SE France: developed in the 19th century from a fishing village; annual film festival. Pop: 72 939 (2008) Cantona port in SE China, capital of Guangdong province, on the Zhu Jiang (Pearl River): the first Chinese port open to European trade. Pop: 3 881 000 (2005 est) Cape Townthe legislative capital of South Africa and capital of Western Cape province, situated in the southwest on Table Bay: founded in 1652, the first White settlement in southern Africa; important port. Pop: 3 740 026 (2011) Cap-Haitiena port in N Haiti: capital during the French colonial period. Pop: 134 000 (2005 est) Casablancaa port in NW Morocco, on the Atlantic: largest city in the country; industrial centre. Pop: 3 523 000 (2003) Cataniaa port in E Sicily, near Mount Etna. Pop: 313 110 (2001) Cebua port in the Philippines, on E Cebu island. Pop: 796 000 (2005 est) Charlestona port in SE South Carolina, on the Atlantic: scene of the first action in the Civil War. Pop: 101 024 (2003 est) Cherbourga port in NW France, on the English Channel. Pop: 25 370 (1999) Chicagoa port in NE Illinois, on Lake Michigan: the third largest city in the US; it is a major railway and air traffic centre. Pop: 2 869 121 (2003 est) Chittagonga port in E Bangladesh, on the Bay of Bengal: industrial centre. Pop: 4 171 000 (2005 est) Colombothe administrative capital and chief port of Sri Lanka, on the W coast, with one of the largest artificial harbours in the world. Pop: 653 000 (2005 est) Colóna port in Panama, at the Caribbean entrance to the Panama Canal. Chief Caribbean port. Pop: 157 000 (2005 est) Conakrythe capital of Guinea, a port on the island of Tombo. Pop: 1 465 000 (2005 est) Copenhagenthe capital of Denmark, a port on Zealand and the Amager Islands on a site inhabited for some 6000 years: exports chiefly agricultural products; iron and steel works; university (1479). Pop: 501 664 (2004 est) Corintha port in S Greece, in the NE Peloponnese: the modern town is near the site of the ancient city, the largest and richest of the city-states after Athens. Pop (municipality): 36 991 (2001) Dakarthe capital and chief port of Senegal, on the SE side of Cape Verde peninsula. Pop: 2 313 000 (2005 est) Dar es Salaamthe chief port of Tanzania, on the Indian Ocean: capital of German East Africa (1891–1916); capital of Tanzania until 1983 when it was officially replaced by Dodoma, though still retaining some functions; university (1963). Pop: 2 683 000 (2005 est) Darwina port in N Australia, capital of the Northern Territory: destroyed by a cyclone in 1974 but rebuilt on the same site. Pop: 129 062 (2011) Dieppea port and resort in N France, on the English Channel. Pop: 34 670 (2006) Djiboutithe capital of Djibouti, a port on the Gulf of Aden: an outlet for Ethiopian goods. Pop: 523 000 (2005 est) Dubrovnika port in W Croatia, on the Dalmatian coast: an important commercial centre in the Middle Ages; damaged in 1991 when it was shelled by Serbian artillery. Pop: 43 770 (2001) Dulutha port in E Minnesota, at the W end of Lake Superior. Pop: 85 734 (2003 est) Dunedina port in New Zealand, on SE South Island: founded (1848) by Scottish settlers. Pop: 119 100 (2013 est) Dunkerquea port in N France, on the Strait of Dover: scene of the evacuation of British and other Allied troops after the fall of France in 1940; industrial centre with an oil refinery and naval shipbuilding yards. Pop: 70 654 (2006) Durbana port in E South Africa, in E KwaZulu/Natal province on the Indian Ocean: University of Natal (1909); resort and industrial centre, with oil refineries, shipbuilding yards, etc. Pop: 595 061 (2011) East Londona port in S South Africa, in S Eastern Cape province. Pop: 135 560 (2001) Eilat or Elata port in S Israel, on the Gulf of Aqaba: Israel's only outlet to the Red Sea. Pop: 43 500 (2003 est) Esbjerga port in SW Denmark, in Jutland on the North Sea: Denmark's chief fishing port. Pop: 72 550 (2004 est) Europoorta port in the Netherlands near Rotterdam: developed in the 1960s; handles chiefly oil Fray Bentosa port in W Uruguay, on the River Uruguay: noted for meat-packing. Pop: 23 122 (2004 est) Freetownthe capital and chief port of Sierra Leone: founded in 1787 for slaves freed and destitute in England. Pop: 1 007 000 (2005 est) Fremantlea port in SW Western Australia, on the Indian Ocean. Pop: 25 197 (2001) GdańskGenoaa port in NW Italy, capital of Liguria, on the Gulf of Genoa: Italy's main port; an independent commercial city with many colonies in the Middle Ages; university (1243); heavy industries. Pop: 610 307 (2001) Georgetownthe capital and chief port of Guyana, at the mouth of the Demerara River: became capital of the Dutch colonies of Essequibo and Demerara in 1784; seat of the University of Guyana. Pop: 237 000 (2005 est) Gijóna port in NW Spain, on the Bay of Biscay: capital of the kingdom of Asturias until 791. Pop: 270 875 (2003 est) Göteborg or Gothenburga port in SW Sweden, at the mouth of the Göta River: the largest port and second largest city in the country; developed through the Swedish East India Company and grew through Napoleon's continental blockade and with the opening of the Göta Canal (1832); university (1891). Pop: 481 523 (2004 est) Guayaquila port in W Ecuador: the largest city in the country and its chief port; university (1867). Pop: 2 387 000 (2005 est) Haifaa port in NW Israel, near Mount Carmel, on the Bay of Acre: Israel's chief port, with an oil refinery and other heavy industry. Pop: 269 400 (2003 est) Halifaxa port in SE Canada, capital of Nova Scotia, on the Atlantic: founded in 1749 as a British stronghold. Pop: 390 096 (2011) Hamburga city-state and port in NW Germany, on the River Elbe: the largest port in Germany; a founder member of the Hanseatic League; became a free imperial city in 1510 and a state of the German empire in 1871; university (1919); extensive shipyards. Pop: 1 734 083 (2003 est) Hamiltona port in central Canada, in S Ontario on Lake Ontario: iron and steel industry. Pop: 618 820 (2001) Havanathe capital of Cuba, a port in the northwest on the Gulf of Mexico: the largest city in the Caribbean; founded in 1514 as San Cristóbal de la Habana by Diego Velásquez. Pop: 2 192 000 (2005 est) Helsinkithe capital of Finland, a port in the south on the Gulf of Finland: founded by Gustavus I of Sweden in 1550; replaced Turku as capital in 1812, while under Russian rule; university. Pop: 559 330 (2003 est) Hobarta port in Australia, capital of the island state of Tasmania on the estuary of the Derwent: excellent natural harbour; University of Tasmania (1890). Pop: 216 656 (2011) Ho Chi Minh Citya port in S Vietnam, 97 km (60 miles) from the South China Sea, on the Saigon River: captured by the French in 1859; merged with adjoining Cholon in 1932; capital of the former Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) from 1954 to 1976; university (1917); US headquarters during the Vietnam War. Pop: 5 030 000 (2005 est) Honolulua port in Hawaii, on S Oahu island: the state capital. Pop: 380 149 (2003 est) Hook of Hollanda port on this cape Inchona port in W South Korea, on the Yellow Sea: the chief port for Seoul: site of a major strategic amphibious assault by UN troops, liberating Seoul (Sept 15, 1950). Pop: 2 642 000 (2005 est) Istanbula port in NW Turkey, on the western (European) shore of the Bosporus: the largest city in Turkey; founded in about 660 bc by Greeks; refounded by Constantine the Great in 330 ad as the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire; taken by the Turks in 1453 and remained capital of the Ottoman Empire until 1922; industrial centre for shipbuilding, textiles, etc. Pop: 9 760 000 (2005 est) Izmira port in W Turkey, on the Gulf of Izmir: the third largest city in the country; university (1955). Pop: 2 500 000 (2005 est) Jacksonvillea port in NE Florida: the leading commercial centre of the southeast. Pop: 773 781 (2003 est) Jaffaa port in W Israel, on the Mediterranean: incorporated into Tel Aviv in 1950; an old Canaanite city Jidda or Jeddaa port in W Saudi Arabia, on the Red Sea: the diplomatic capital of the country; the port of entry for Mecca, 80 km (50 miles) east. Pop: 3 807 000 (2005 est) Juneaua port in SE Alaska: state capital. Pop: 31 187 (2003 est) Kaohsiung or Kao-hsiunga port in SW Taiwan, on the South China Sea: the chief port of the island. Pop: 1 506 000 (2005 est) Karachia port in S Pakistan, on the Arabian Sea: capital of Pakistan (1947–60); university (1950); chief port: commercial and industrial centre. Pop: 11 819 000 (2005 est) Kawasakian industrial port in central Japan, on SE Honshu, between Tokyo and Yokohama. Pop: 1 245 780 (2002 est) KeflavikKiela port in N Germany, capital of Schleswig-Holstein state, on the Kiel Canal (connecting the North Sea with the Baltic): joined the Hanseatic League in 1284; became part of Denmark in 1773 and passed to Prussia in 1866; an important naval base in World Wars I and II; shipbuilding and engineering industries. Pop: 233 039 (2003 est) Kingstonthe capital and chief port of Jamaica, on the SE coast: University of the West Indies. Pop: 574 000 (2005 est) Kobea port in S Japan, on S Honshu on Osaka Bay: formed in 1889 by the amalgamation of Hyogo and Kobe; a major industrial complex, producing ships, steel, and rubber goods. Pop: 1 478 380 (2002 est) Kowloona port in Hong Kong, on Kowloon Peninsula. Pop: 2 019 533 (2006 est) Kuwaitthe capital of Kuwait: a port on the Persian Gulf. Pop: 1 225 000 (2005 est) La Coruñaa port in NW Spain, on the Atlantic: point of departure for the Spanish Armada (1588); site of the defeat of the French by the British under Sir John Moore in the Peninsular War (1809). Pop: 243 902 (2003 est) Lagosthe former capital and chief port of Nigeria, on the Bight of Benin: first settled in the sixteenth century; a slave market until the nineteenth century; ceded to Britain (1861); university (1962). Pop: 11 135 000 (2005 est) La GuairaLas Palmasa port and resort in the central Canary Islands, on NE Grand Canary: a major fuelling port on the main shipping route between Europe and South America. Capital of the Canary Islands. Pop: 377 600 (2003 est) Launcestona city in Australia, the chief port of the island state of Tasmania on the Tamar River, 64 km (40 miles) from Bass Strait. Pop: 68 443 (2001) Le Havrea port in N France, on the English Channel at the mouth of the River Seine: transatlantic trade; oil refining. Pop: 185 311 (2006) Limassola port in S Cyprus: trading centre. Pop: 163 000 (2005 est) Lisbonthe capital and chief port of Portugal, in the southwest on the Tagus estuary: became capital in 1256; subject to earthquakes and severely damaged in 1755; university (1911). Pop: 1 892 891 (2001) LiverpoolLivornoa port in W central Italy, in Tuscany on the Ligurian Sea: shipyards; oil-refining. Pop: 156 274 (2001) Lométhe capital and chief port of Togo, on the Bight of Benin. Pop: 865 000 (2005 est) Londonthe capital of the United Kingdom, a port in S England on the River Thames near its estuary on the North Sea: consists of the City (the financial quarter), the West End (the entertainment and major shopping centre), the East End (the industrial and former dock area), and extensive suburbs Los Angelesa city in SW California, on the Pacific: the second largest city in the US, having absorbed many adjacent townships; industrial centre and port, with several universities. Pop: 3 819 951 (2003 est) Luandathe capital of Angola, a port in the west, on the Atlantic: founded in 1576, it became a centre of the slave trade to Brazil in the 17th and 18th centuries; oil refining. Pop: 2 839 000 (2005 est) Lübecka port in N Germany, in Schleswig-Holstein on the Baltic: the leading member of the Hanseatic League, and a major European commercial centre until the 15th century. Pop: 212 754 (2003 est) MacaoMadrasMalmoManamathe capital of Bahrain, at the N end of Bahrain Island: transit port. Pop: 142 000 (2005 est) Manausa port in N Brazil, capital of Amazonas state, on the Rio Negro 19 km (12 miles) above its confluence with the Amazon: chief commercial centre of the Amazon basin. Pop: 1 673 000 (2005 est) Manilathe chief port of the Philippines, on S Luzon on Manila Bay: capital of the republic until 1948 and from 1976; seat of the Far Eastern University and the University of Santo Tomas (1611). Pop: 10 677 000 (2005 est) Maputothe capital and chief port of Mozambique, in the south on Delagoa Bay: became capital in 1907; the nearest port to the Rand gold-mining and industrial region of South Africa. Pop: 1 316 000 (2005 est) Mar del Plataa city and resort in E Argentina, on the Atlantic: fishing port. Pop: 552 000 (2005 est) Marseillea port in SE France, on the Gulf of Lions: second largest city in the country and a major port; founded in about 600 bc by Greeks from Phocaea; oil refining. Pop: 860 363 (2007) Melbournea port in SE Australia, capital of Victoria, on Port Phillip Bay: the second largest city in the country; settled in 1835 and developed rapidly with the discovery of rich goldfields in 1851; three universities. Pop: 4 246 345 (2012) Mobilea port in SW Alabama, on Mobile Bay (an inlet of the Gulf of Mexico): the state's only port and its first permanent settlement, made by French colonists in 1711. Pop: 193 464 (2003 est) Mogadiscio or Mogadishuthe capital and chief port of Somalia, on the Indian Ocean: founded by Arabs around the 10th century; taken by the Sultan of Zanzibar in 1871 and sold to Italy in 1905. Pop: 1 257 000 (2005 est) Mombasaa port in S Kenya, on a coral island in a bay of the Indian Ocean: the chief port for Kenya, Uganda, and NE Tanzania; became British in 1887, capital of the East African Protectorate until 1907. Pop: 828 000 (2005 est) Monroviathe capital and chief port of Liberia, on the Atlantic: founded in 1822 as a home for freed American slaves; University of Liberia (1862). Pop: 614 000 (2005 est) Montego Baya port and resort in NW Jamaica: the second largest town on the island Pop: 96 488 (2001) Montevideothe capital and chief port of Uruguay, in the south on the Río de la Plata estuary: the largest city in the country: University of the Republic (1849); resort. Pop: 1 378 707 (1996) Montreala city and major port in central Canada, in S Quebec on Montreal Island at the junction of the Ottawa and St Lawrence Rivers. Pop: 1 039 534 (2001) Murmanska port in NW Russia, on the Kola Inlet of the Barents Sea: founded in 1915; the world's largest town north of the Arctic Circle, with a large fishing fleet. Pop: 316 000 (2005 est) Muscatthe capital of the Sultanate of Oman, a port on the Gulf of Oman: a Portuguese port from the early 16th century; controlled by Persia (1650–1741). Pop: 689 000 (2005 est) Nagasakia port in SW Japan, on W Kyushu: almost completely destroyed in 1945 by the second atomic bomb dropped on Japan by the US; shipbuilding industry. Pop: 419 901 (2002 est) Naplesa port in SW Italy, capital of Campania region, on the Bay of Naples: the third largest city in the country; founded by Greeks in the 6th century bc; incorporated into the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies in 1140 and its capital (1282–1503); university (1224). Pop: 1 004 500 (2001) Nassauthe capital and chief port of the Bahamas, on the NE coast of New Providence Island: resort. Pop: 229 000 (2005 est) New Orleansa port in SE Louisiana, on the Mississippi River, about 172 km (107 miles) from the sea: the largest city in the state and the second most important port in the US; founded by the French in 1718; belonged to Spain (1763–1803). It is largely below sea level, built around the Vieux Carré (French quarter); famous for its annual Mardi Gras festival and for its part in the history of jazz; a major commercial, industrial, and transportation centre. Pop: 469 032 (2003 est) New Yorka city in SE New York State, at the mouth of the Hudson River: the largest city and chief port of the US; settled by the Dutch as New Amsterdam in 1624 and captured by the British in 1664, when it was named New York; consists of five boroughs (Manhattan, the Bronx, Queens, Brooklyn, and Staten Island, which was called Richmond until 1975) and many smaller islands, with its commercial and financial centre in Manhattan; the country's leading commercial and industrial city. Pop: 8 085 742 (2003 est) Oaklanda port and industrial centre in W California, on San Francisco Bay; damaged by earthquake in 1989. Pop: 398 844 (2003 est) Odensea port in S Denmark, on Funen Island: cathedral founded by King Canute in the 11th century. Pop: 145 554 (2004 est) Odessaa port in S Ukraine on the Black Sea: the chief Russian grain port in the 19th century; university (1865); industrial centre and important naval base. Pop: 1 010 000 (2005 est) Oportoa port in NW Portugal, near the mouth of the Douro River: the second largest city in Portugal, famous for port wine (begun in 1678). Pop: 263 131 (2001) Osakaa port in S Japan, on S Honshu on Osaka Bay (an inlet of the Pacific): the third largest city in Japan (the chief commercial city during feudal times); university (1931); an industrial and commercial centre. Pop: 2 484 326 (2002 est) Oslothe capital and chief port of Norway, in the southeast at the head of Oslo Fjord (an inlet of the Skagerrak): founded in about 1050; university (1811); a major commercial and industrial centre, producing about a quarter of Norway's total output. Pop: 521 886 (2004 est) Ostenda port and resort in NW Belgium, in West Flanders on the North Sea. Pop: 68 273 (2004 est) Phnom Penhthe capital of Cambodia, a port in the south at the confluence of the Mekong and Tonle Sap Rivers: capital of the country since 1865; university (1960). Pop: 1 174 000 (2005 est) Piraeusa port in SE Greece, adjoining Athens: the country's chief port; founded in the 5th century bc as the port of Athens. Pop (municipality): 181 933 (2001) Port Adelaidethe chief port of South Australia, near Adelaide on St Vincent Gulf. Pop: 33 145 (2006) Port au PrincePort Elizabetha port in S South Africa, on Algoa Bay: motor-vehicle manufacture, fruit canning; resort. Pop: 312 392 (2011) Portlandan inland port in NW Oregon, on the Willamette River: the largest city in the state; shipbuilding and chemical industries. Pop: 538 544 (2003 est) Port Louisthe capital and chief port of Mauritius, on the NW coast on the Indian Ocean. Pop: 146 876 (2002 est) Port Moresbythe capital and chief port of Papua New Guinea, on the SE coast on the Gulf of Papua: important Allied base in World War II. Pop: 290 000 (2005 est) Port Saida port in NE Egypt, at the N end of the Suez Canal: founded in 1859 when the Suez Canal was begun; became the largest coaling station in the world and later an oil-bunkering port; damaged in the Arab-Israeli wars of 1967 and 1973. Pop: 546 000 (2005 est) Portsmoutha port in S England, in Portsmouth unitary authority, Hampshire, on the English Channel: Britain's chief naval base; university (1992). Pop: 187 056 (2001) Port Sudanthe chief port of Sudan, in the NE on the Red Sea. Pop: 499 000 (2005 est) Punta Arenasa port in S Chile, on the Strait of Magellan: the southernmost city in the world. Pop: 118 000 (2005 est) PusanRecifea port at the easternmost point of Brazil on the Atlantic: capital of Pernambuco state; built partly on an island, with many waterways and bridges. Pop: 3 527 000 (2005 est) Reykjavikthe capital and chief port of Iceland, situated in the southwest: its buildings are heated by natural hot water. Pop: 112 490 (2003 est) Rigathe capital of Latvia, on the Gulf of Riga at the mouth of the Western Dvina on the Baltic Sea: a port and major trading centre since Viking times. Pop: 739 232 (2002 est) Riminia port and resort in NE Italy, in Emilia-Romagna on the N Adriatic coast. Pop: 128 656 (2001) Rio de Janeiroa port in SE Brazil, on Guanabara Bay: the country's chief port and its capital from 1763 to 1960; backed by mountains, notably Sugar Loaf Mountain; founded by the French in 1555 and taken by the Portuguese in 1567. Pop: 11 469 000 (2005 est) Rostocka port in NE Germany, in Mecklenburg-West Pomerania on the Warnow estuary 13 km (8 miles) from the Baltic and its outport, Warnemünde: the chief port of the former East Germany; university (1419). Pop: 198 303 (2003 est) Rotterdama port in the SW Netherlands, in South Holland province: the second largest city of the Netherlands and one of the world's largest ports; oil refineries, shipbuilding yards, etc. Pop: 600 000 (2003 est) Saint Petersburga city and port in Russia, on the Gulf of Finland at the mouth of the Neva River: founded by Peter the Great in 1703 and built on low-lying marshes subject to frequent flooding; capital of Russia from 1712 to 1918; a cultural and educational centre, with a university (1819); a major industrial centre, with engineering, shipbuilding, chemical, textile, and printing industries. Pop: 5 315 000 (2005 est) Salvadora port in E Brazil, capital of Bahia state: founded in 1549 as capital of the Portuguese colony, which it remained until 1763; a major centre of the African slave trade in colonial times. Pop: 3 331 000 (2005 est) San Diegoa port in S California, on the Pacific: naval base; two universities. Pop: 1 266 753 (2003 est) San Franciscoa port in W California, situated around the Golden Gate: developed rapidly during the California gold rush; a major commercial centre and one of the world's finest harbours. Pop: 751 682 (2003 est) San Juanthe capital and chief port of Puerto Rico, on the NE coast; University of Puerto Rico; manufacturing centre. Pop: 433 733 (2003 est) San SebastianSantandera port and resort in N Spain, on an inlet of the Bay of Biscay: noted for its prehistoric collection from nearby caves; shipyards and an oil refinery. Pop: 184 778 (2003 est) Santo Domingothe capital and chief port of the Dominican Republic, on the S coast: the oldest continuous European settlement in the Americas, founded in 1496; university (1538). Pop: 1 920 000 (2005 est) Santosa port in S Brazil, in São Paulo state: the world's leading coffee port. Pop: 1 634 000 (2005 est) Savannaha port in the US, in E Georgia, near the mouth of the Savannah River: port of departure of the Savannah for Liverpool (1819), the first steamship to cross the Atlantic. Pop: 127 573 (2003 est) Seattlea port in W Washington, on the isthmus between Lake Washington and Puget Sound: the largest city in the state and chief commercial centre of the Northwest; two universities. Pop: 569 101 (2003 est) Sevastopola port, resort, and naval base in the Crimea, on the Black Sea: captured and destroyed by British, French, and Turkish forces after a siege of 11 months (1854–55) during the Crimean War; taken by the Germans after a siege of 8 months (1942) during World War II. Pop: 338 000 (2005 est) Sevillea port in SW Spain, on the Guadalquivir River: chief town of S Spain under the Vandals and Visigoths (5th–8th centuries); centre of Spanish colonial trade (16th–17th centuries); tourist centre. Pop: 709 975 (2003 est) Shanghaia port in E China, capital of Shanghai municipality (traditionally in SE Jiangsu) near the estuary of the Yangtze: the largest city in China and one of the largest ports in the world; a major cultural and industrial centre, with many universities. Pop: 12 665 000 (2005 est) Singaporethe capital of the republic of Singapore: a major international port; administratively not treated as a city Southamptona port in S England, in Southampton unitary authority, Hampshire on Southampton Water (an inlet of the English Channel): chief English passenger port; university (1952); shipyards and oil refinery. Pop: 234 224 (2001) Splita port and resort in W Croatia on the Adriatic: remains of the palace of Diocletian (295–305). Pop: 188 000 (2005 est) Stavangera port in SW Norway: canning and shipbuilding industries. Pop: 112 405 (2004 est) Stockholmthe capital of Sweden, a port in the E central part at the outflow of Lake Mälaren into the Baltic: situated partly on the mainland and partly on islands; traditionally founded about 1250; university (1877). Pop: 765 582 (2004 est) Sueza port in NE Egypt, at the head of the Gulf of Suez at the S end of the Suez Canal: an ancient trading site and a major naval station under the Ottoman Empire; port of departure for pilgrims to Mecca; oil-refining centre. It suffered severely in the Arab-Israeli conflicts of 1967 and 1973. Pop: 513 000 (2005 est) Suvathe capital and chief port of Fiji, on the SE coast of Viti Levu; popular tourist resort; University of the South Pacific (1968). Pop: 219 000 (2005 est) Sydneya port in SE Australia, capital of New South Wales, on an inlet of the S Pacific: the largest city in Australia and the first British settlement, established as a penal colony in 1788; developed rapidly after 1820 with the discovery of gold in its hinterland; large wool market; three universities. Pop: 4 627 345 (2011) Szczecina port in NW Poland, on the River Oder: the busiest Polish port and leading coal exporter; shipbuilding. Pop: 435 000 (2005 est) Takoradithe chief port of Ghana, in the southwest on the Gulf of Guinea: modern harbour opened in 1928. Pop (with Sekondi): 335 000 (2005 est) Tallinn or Tallinthe capital of Estonia, on the Gulf of Finland: founded by the Danes in 1219; a port and naval base. Pop: 384 000 (2005 est) Tampaa port and resort in W Florida, on Tampa Bay (an arm of the Gulf of Mexico): two universities. Pop: 317 647 (2003 est) TandjungpriokTangiera port in N Morocco, on the Strait of Gibraltar: a Phoenician trading post in the 15th century bc; a neutral international zone (1923–56); made the summer capital of Morocco and a free port in 1962; commercial and financial centre. Pop: 526 000 (2003) Tokyothe capital of Japan, a port on SE Honshu on Tokyo Bay (an inlet of the Pacific): part of the largest conurbation in the world (the Tokyo-Yokohama metropolitan area) of over 35 million people; major industrial centre and the chief cultural centre of Japan. Pop (city proper): 8 025 538 (2002 est) Townsvillea port in E Australia, in NE Queensland on the Coral Sea: centre of a vast agricultural and mining hinterland. Pop: 119 504 (2001) Triestea port in NE Italy, capital of Friuli-Venezia Giulia region, on the Gulf of Trieste at the head of the Adriatic Sea: under Austrian rule (1382–1918); capital of the Free Territory of Trieste (1947–54); important transit port for central Europe. Pop: 211 184 (2001) Tripolithe capital and chief port of Libya, in the northwest on the Mediterranean: founded by Phoenicians in about the 7th century bc; the only city that has survived of the three (Oea, Leptis Magna, and Sabratha) that formed the African Tripolis ("three cities"); fishing and manufacturing centre. Pop: 1 223 300 (2002 est) Trondheima port in central Norway, on Trondheim Fjord (an inlet of the Norwegian Sea): national capital until 1380; seat of the Technical University of Norway. Pop: 154 351 (2004 est) Tunisthe capital and chief port of Tunisia, in the northeast on the Gulf of Tunis (an inlet of the Mediterranean): dates from Carthaginian times, the ruins of ancient Carthage lying to the northeast; university (1960). Pop: 2 063 000 (2005 est) Turkua city and port in SW Finland, on the Gulf of Bothnia: capital of Finland until 1812. Pop: 175 059 (2003 est) Tyrea port in S Lebanon, on the Mediterranean: founded about the 15th century bc; for centuries a major Phoenician seaport, famous for silks and its Tyrian-purple dye; now a small market town. Pop: 141 000 (2005 est) Valenciaa port in E Spain, capital of Valencia province, on the Mediterranean: the third largest city in Spain; capital of the Moorish kingdom of Valencia (1021–1238); university (1501). Pop: 780 653 (2003 est) Valparaísoa port in central Chile, on a wide bay of the Pacific: the third largest city and chief port of Chile; two universities. Pop: 275 000 (2005 est) Vancouvera city in SW Canada, in SW British Columbia: Canada's chief Pacific port, named after Captain George Vancouver: university (1908). Pop: 545 671 (2001) Venicea port in NE Italy, capital of Veneto region, built on over 100 islands and mud flats in the Lagoon of Venice (an inlet of the Gulf of Venice at the head of the Adriatic): united under the first doge in 697 ad; became an independent republic and a great commercial and maritime power, defeating Genoa, the greatest rival, in 1380; contains the Grand Canal and about 170 smaller canals, providing waterways for city transport. Pop: 271 073 (2001) Veracruzthe chief port of Mexico, in Veracruz state on the Gulf of Mexico. Pop: 410 000 (2000 est) Vigoa port in NW Spain, in Galicia on Vigo Bay (an inlet of the Atlantic): site of a British and Dutch naval victory (1702) over the French and Spanish. Pop: 292 566 (2003 est) Vishakhapatnama port in E India, in NE Andhra Pradesh on the Bay of Bengal: shipbuilding and oil-refining industries. Pop: 969 608 (2001) Vladivostoka port in SE Russia, on the Sea of Japan: terminus of the Trans-Siberian Railway; the main Russian Pacific naval base since 1872 and chief commercial and civilian Russian port in the Far East; university (1956). Pop: 584 000 (2005 est) Volgograda port in SW Russia, on the River Volga: scene of a major engagement (1918) during the civil war and again in World War II (1942–43), in which the German forces were defeated; major industrial centre. Pop: 1 016 000 (2005 est) Walvis Baya port in Namibia, on the Atlantic: formed an exclave of South Africa, covering an area of 1124 sq km (434 sq miles) with its hinterland, but has been administered by Namibia since 1992; formally returned to Namibia in 1994; chief port of Namibia and rich fishing centre. Pop: 40 849 (2001) Wellingtonthe capital city of New Zealand. Its port, historically Port Nicholson, on Wellington Harbour has a car and rail ferry link between the North and South Islands; university (1899). Pop: 204 000 (2013 est) Yangonthe largest city and chief port of Myanmar (Burma): officially superseded as capital in 2006 by Nay Pyi Taw (Naypyidaw), though still retaining some of the functions of government; an industrial city and transport centre; dominated by the gold-covered Shwe Dagon pagoda, 112 m (368 ft) high. Pop: 4 082 000 (2005 est) Yokohamaa port in central Japan, on SE Honshu on Tokyo Bay: a major port and the country's second largest city situated in the largest and most populous industrial region of Japan. Pop: 3 433 612 (2002 est) Zeebruggea port in NW Belgium, in W Flanders on the North Sea: linked by canal with Bruges; German submarine base in World War I ▷ See port
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