'architecture: terms used in architecture'
abutment or abuttala construction that takes the thrust of an arch or vault or supports the end of a bridgearchitectonicdenoting, relating to, or having architectural qualitiesarchitectonicsthe science of architecture astylarwithout columns or pilastersbolstera short horizontal length of timber fixed to the top of a post to increase the bearing area and reduce the span of the supported beambracketa support projecting from the side of a wall or other structurecastellated or castled having turrets and battlements, like a castlecinquecentothe 16th century, esp in reference to Italian art, architecture, or literature cloistered(of a building, courtyard, etc) having or provided with a cloistercolossal or giantof or relating to the order of columns and pilasters that extend more than one storey in a façade compositedenoting or relating to one of the five classical orders of architecture: characterized by a combination of the Ionic and Corinthian stylescradlinga framework of iron or wood, esp as used in the construction of a ceilingcrenellate or (U.S.) crenelateto form square indentations in (a moulding, etc)denticulatehaving dentilsdiastyle having columns about three diameters apartdiminishto cause (a column, etc) to taperdipteralhaving a double row of columnsdrumone of a number of cylindrical blocks of stone used to construct the shaft of a column elevationa drawing to scale of the external face of a building or structureengagedbuilt against or attached to a wall or similar structureeurhythmyharmonious structurefenestratedhaving windows or window-like openingsfillera small joist inserted between and supported by two beamsflamboyantof, denoting, or relating to the French Gothic style of architecture characterized by flamelike tracery and elaborate carving floor plana drawing to scale of the arrangement of rooms on one floor of a buildingfloriated or floreatedhaving ornamentation based on flowers and leavesfloridexcessively ornatefluted(esp of the shaft of a column) having flutesfoliatedornamented with or made up of foliage or foilsfoliationornamentation consisting of foliage; ornamentation consisting of cusps and foils galileea porch or chapel at the entrance to some medieval churches and cathedrals in Englandgalleriaa central court through several storeys of a shopping centre or department store onto which shops or departments open at each level ground plana drawing of the ground floor of a building, esp one to scalehexastylea portico or façade with six columnshigh-pitched(of a roof) having steeply sloping sideshipthe angle formed where two sloping sides of a roof meet or where a sloping side meets a sloping endhippedhaving a hip or hipshypostylehaving a roof supported by columnsimbricate or imbricatedrelating to or having tiles, shingles, or slates that overlapintercolumniationthe horizontal distance between two adjacent columns; the system of spacing for a set of columnsinvertan arch that is concave upwards, esp one used in foundationsjoggle post or king posta post or beam consisting of two timbers joined to each other by joggleslancetedhaving one or more lancet arches or windowsliernea short secondary rib that connects the intersections of the primary ribs, esp as used in Gothic vaultinglintel or summera stone on the top of a column, pier, or wall that supports an arch or lintel listed building(in Britain) a building officially recognized as having special historical or architectural interest and therefore protected from demolition or alterationloggiaa covered area on the side of a building, esp one that serves as a porchmembera component part of a building or constructionmodulea standard unit of measure, esp one used to coordinate the dimensions of buildings and components; in classical architecture, half the diameter of a column at the base of the shaft Moresque(esp of decoration and architecture) of Moorish stylenaosan ancient classical templeorderany of the five major classical styles of architecture classified by the style of columns and entablatures used orientationthe siting of a church on an east-west axis, usually with the altar at the E endpolychromydecoration in many colours, esp in architecture or sculpture postiche(of architectural ornament) inappropriately applied; shamprofilea view or representation of an object, esp a building, in contour or outlineprostyle(of a building) having a row of columns in front, esp as in the portico of a Greek templepulvinate or pulvinated(of a frieze) curved convexly; having a swellingqueen postone of a pair of vertical posts that connect the tie beam of a truss to the principal raftersrampant(of an arch) having one abutment higher than the otherrenderinga perspective drawing showing an architect's idea of a finished building, interior, etcresponda pilaster or an engaged column that supports an arch or a lintel returnany part of an architectural feature that forms an angle with the main part rhythm(in painting, sculpture, architecture, etc) a harmonious sequence or pattern of masses alternating with voids, of light alternating with shade, of alternating colours, etc ribbon developmentthe building of houses in a continuous row along a main road: common in England between the two World Warsrisethe height of an arch above the impost level rusticateto finish (an exterior wall) with large blocks of masonry that are separated by deep joints and decorated with a bold, usually textured, design sexpartite(esp of vaults, arches, etc) divided into or composed of six partsshafta column that supports a vaulting rib, sometimes one of a setshaftinga set of shafts shellthe external structure of a building, esp one that is unfinished or one that has been gutted by firesoffitthe underside of a part of a building or a structural component, such as an arch, beam, stair, etcspringing, spring, springing line, or springing pointthe level where an arch or vault rises from a support stilted(of an arch) having vertical piers between the impost and the springingstoreya floor or level of a buildingstriaa narrow channel, such as a flute on the shaft of a column stringer, string, or string coursea long horizontal beam that is used for structural purposesstylobatea continuous horizontal course of masonry that supports a colonnadesubbasethe lowest part of a pedestal, base, or skirtingsummer or summer treea stone on the top of a column, pier, or wall that supports an arch or lintel supercolumnarhaving one colonnade above another; placed above a colonnade or a columnsurbasethe uppermost part, such as a moulding, of a pedestal, base, or skirtingtailpiece or tail beama short beam or rafter that has one end embedded in a walltrabeated or trabeateconstructed with horizontal beams as opposed to archestympanicof, relating to, or having a tympanumunderpitch vaultof or relating to a type of groin-vaulted ceiling construction ▷ See architecture
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