Spanish - English

English translation of 'en'

Word Frequency

en

preposition
1.  (indicando lugar)
a. (dentro de) in
está en el cajón/en el armario it’s in the drawer/in the wardrobe
curvas peligrosas en 2 kilómetros dangerous bends 2 kilometres ahead
b. (encima de) on
las llaves están en la mesa the keys are on the table
lo encontré tirado en el suelo I found it lying on the floor
la oficina está en el quinto piso the office is on the fifth floor
c. (con países, ciudades, calles)
está en Argentina it’s in Argentina
viven en Granada they live in Granada
está en algún lugar de Murcia it’s somewhere in Murcia
la librería está en la calle Pelayo the bookshop is on Pelayo street
vivía en el número 17 she lived at number 17
trabaja en una tienda she works in a shop
d. (con edificios)
en casa at home
en el colegio at school
en la oficina at the office
te esperé en la estación I waited for you at the station
te veo en el cine see you at the cinema
2.  (indicando movimiento) into
entré en el banco I went into the bank
me metí en la cama a las diez I got into bed at ten o’clock
meterse algo en el bolsillo to put sth in(to) one’s pocket
entra en el coche get in(to) the car
no entra en el agujero it won’t go in(to) the hole
ir de puerta en puerta to go from door to door
3.  (indicando modo) in
en inglés in English
en pantalón corto in shorts
fotografías en color colour photographs
hablar en voz alta to speak loudly
una escultura en madera a wooden sculpture
una serie en diez capítulos a ten-part series
4.  (indicando proporción) by
reducir algo en una tercera parte to reduce sth by a third
ha aumentado en un 20 por ciento it has increased by 20 per cent
5.  (indicando tiempo)
en 1605 in 1605
en el siglo X in the 10th century
en invierno in (the) winter
en enero in January
lo hice en dos días I did it in two days
no he salido en todo el día I haven’t gone out all day
en aquella ocasión on that occasion
mi cumpleaños cae en viernes my birthday falls on a Friday
en aquella época at that time
en ese momento at that moment
en Navidades at Christmas
ayer en la mañana (Latin America) yesterday morning
en la mañana del accidente (Latin America) on the morning of the accident
6.  (indicando tema, ocupación)
un experto en la materia an expert on the subject
es bueno en dibujo he’s good at drawing
trabaja en la construcción he works in the building industry
Hugo en Segismundo (Cinema, Theatre) Hugo as SegismundoHugo in the role of Segismundo
7.  (con medios de transporte) by
en avión by plane
en coche by car
en autobús by bus
8.  (con cantidades) atfor
lo vendió en cinco dólares he sold it at or for five dollars
estimaron las ganancias en unos trescientos mil euros they estimated the profits to be around three hundred thousand euros
9.  (con infinitivo)
fue el último en hacerlo he was the last to do it
lo reconocí en el andar I recognized him by his walk
10.  (old-fashioned) (con gerundio)
en viéndolo se lo dije the moment I saw him I told him
ENComo preposición de lugar, en se traduce normalmente por on, in o at. La elección de una de estas tres preposiciones depende a menudo de cómo percibe el hablante la relación espacial. He aquí unas líneas generales:Se traduce por on cuando en equivale a encima de o nos referimos a algo que se percibe como una superficie o una línea, por ejemplo una mesa, una carretera etc:
“¿Has visto mi vestido?” — “Está en la tabla de planchar” "Have you seen my dress?" — "It's on the ironing-board"
Estaban tumbados en la playa They were lying on the beach
Está construyendo una casa en la colina He's building a house on the hill
... un pueblo en la costa oeste ... ... a village on the west coast ...
La gasolinera está en la carretera que va a Motril The petrol station is on the road to Motril
Dibujó un león en la hoja de papel He drew a lion on the piece of paper
Tiene un grano en la nariz He has a spot on his nose
Lo vi en la tele I saw him on TV
Se usa in cuando equivale a dentro de o cuando nos referimos a un espacio que se percibe como limitado (calle, montañas, etc):
Tus gafas están en mi bolso Your glasses are in my bag
Tienes una pestaña en el ojo You've got an eyelash in your eye
Lo leí en un libro I read it in a book
Se han comprado un chalet en la sierra They've bought a chalet in the mountains
Viven en la calle de Serrano They live in the Calle de Serrano
Lo traducimos por at para referirnos a un edificio cuando hablamos de la actividad que normalmente se realiza en él o cuando en indica un lugar concreto. También se traduce por at cuando en la dirección incluimos el número o el nombre de la casa:
¿Por qué no comemos en el restaurante de tu hermano? Why don't we have lunch at your brother's restaurant?
Voy a pasar el día en el museo I'm going to spend the day at the museum
Te espero en la parada del autobús I'll meet you at the bus-stop
Vivimos en la calle Dale nº 12 We live at 12 Dale Street

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Example Sentences Including 'en'

These examples have been automatically selected and may contain sensitive content. Read more…
A las puertas de la Audiencia, una gran pancarta: " Justicia para los inmigrantes agredidos en Fraga ".
El Mundo del Siglo Veintiuno (1994)
A sus espaldas, madres y padres, palillo en boca, novias y hermanos, que apenas hacían comentario alguno.
El Mundo del Siglo Veintiuno (1994)
En mi calidad de compañero y esposo puedo afirmar que hay algo más, está ella misma en cada capítulo.
Elena Llanos López Cómo vivir bien en pareja

Trends of 'en'

Extremely Common. en is one of the 1000 most commonly used words in the Collins dictionary

View usage over:

'en' in Other Languages

British English: in /ɪn/ PREPOSITION
denoting place In means not outside.
The juice is in the fridge.
  • American English: in
  • Arabic: فِي
  • Brazilian Portuguese: em
  • Chinese: 在...里
  • Croatian: u
  • Czech: v
  • Danish: i
  • Dutch: in
  • European Spanish: en
  • Finnish: NO TRANSLATION
  • French: dans
  • German: in
  • Greek: μέσα
  • Italian: in
  • Japanese: ・・・の中に
  • Korean: ...의 안에
  • Norwegian: i
  • Polish: w
  • European Portuguese: em
  • Romanian: în
  • Russian: в
  • Spanish: en
  • Swedish: i
  • Thai: ใน
  • Turkish: içinde
  • Ukrainian: в
  • Vietnamese: bên trong
British English: into /ˈɪntuː; ˈɪntə/ PREPOSITION
put If you put one thing into another thing, you put the first thing inside the second thing.
Put the apples into a dish.
  • American English: into
  • Arabic: قِي
  • Brazilian Portuguese: em um
  • Chinese: 进入
  • Croatian: u
  • Czech: do
  • Danish: ind i
  • Dutch: in
  • European Spanish: en
  • Finnish: NO TRANSLATION
  • French: dans
  • German: hinein
  • Greek: μέσα σε
  • Italian: in
  • Japanese: ・・・の中へ
  • Korean: ...안으로
  • Norwegian: inn i
  • Polish: do o przestrzeni
  • European Portuguese: no
  • Romanian: în
  • Russian: в
  • Spanish: en
  • Swedish: in i
  • Thai: เข้าไปข้างใน
  • Turkish: içeri
  • Ukrainian: в
  • Vietnamese: vào trong
British English: on /ɒn/ PREPOSITION
If someone or something is on a surface, it is resting there.
There was a large box on the table.
  • American English: on
  • Arabic: عَلَى
  • Brazilian Portuguese: em cima de
  • Chinese: 在...之上
  • Croatian: na
  • Czech: na
  • Danish:
  • Dutch: op
  • European Spanish: en
  • Finnish: NO TRANSLATION
  • French: sur
  • German: auf
  • Greek: επί
  • Italian: su
  • Japanese: ・・・の上に
  • Korean: ...의 위에
  • Norwegian:
  • Polish: na
  • European Portuguese: em cima de
  • Romanian: pe
  • Russian: на
  • Spanish: en
  • Swedish:
  • Thai: บน
  • Turkish: üzerinde
  • Ukrainian: на
  • Vietnamese: ở trên
British English: in /ɪn/ PREPOSITION
denoting time You use in to say when something happens.
He was born in winter.
  • American English: in
  • Arabic: في
  • Brazilian Portuguese: em
  • Chinese:
  • Croatian: u
  • Czech: v
  • Danish: i
  • Dutch: in
  • European Spanish: en
  • Finnish: -ssaMaaliskuu[ssa]
  • French: enpériode
  • German: in
  • Greek: σε
  • Italian: in
  • Japanese: ・・・に
  • Korean: ~에
  • Norwegian: i
  • Polish: w
  • European Portuguese: em
  • Romanian: în
  • Russian: в
  • Spanish: en
  • Swedish: i
  • Thai: ใน
  • Turkish: de, da
  • Ukrainian: в
  • Vietnamese: vào lúc
British English: upon /əˈpɒn/ PREPOSITION
Upon means the same as on.
He stood upon the bridge.
  • American English: upon
  • Arabic: عَلَى
  • Brazilian Portuguese: em
  • Chinese: 在…之上
  • Croatian: na
  • Czech: na
  • Danish:
  • Dutch: op
  • European Spanish: en
  • Finnish: -llasilla[lla]
  • French: à
  • German: auf
  • Greek: πάνω
  • Italian: sopra
  • Japanese: ・・・の上に
  • Korean: 위에
  • Norwegian:
  • Polish: na
  • European Portuguese: em
  • Romanian: pe
  • Russian: на
  • Spanish: sobre
  • Swedish:
  • Thai: บน
  • Turkish: üzerinde
  • Ukrainian: на
  • Vietnamese: ở trên
British English: into /ˈɪntuː; ˈɪntə/ PREPOSITION
go If you go into a place or a vehicle, you move from being outside it to being inside it.
He got into the car and started the engine.
  • American English: into
  • Arabic: في
  • Brazilian Portuguese: dentro
  • Chinese: 进入…里
  • Croatian: u
  • Czech: do
  • Danish: ind i
  • Dutch: in
  • European Spanish: en
  • Finnish: jhk t. jtak kohti
  • French: dansentrer dans
  • German: in
  • Greek: μέσα
  • Italian: in
  • Japanese: ・・・の中へ
  • Korean: ~안으로
  • Norwegian: inn
  • Polish: do środka
  • European Portuguese: para dentro de
  • Romanian: în
  • Russian: в
  • Spanish: en
  • Swedish: in i
  • Thai: เข้าไปใน
  • Turkish: içine
  • Ukrainian: в
  • Vietnamese: bên trong
British English: of /ɒv; əv/ PREPOSITION
about You use of to mean about.
He was thinking of her.
  • American English: of
  • Arabic: عَنْ
  • Brazilian Portuguese: em
  • Chinese: 关于
  • Croatian: o
  • Czech: o
  • Danish:
  • Dutch: aan
  • European Spanish: en
  • Finnish: NO TRANSLATION
  • French: deà propos de
  • German: an
  • Greek: για
  • Italian: a
  • Japanese: ・・・について
  • Korean: ~에 대해서
  • Norwegian:
  • Polish: o
  • European Portuguese: sobre
  • Romanian: la
  • Russian: о
  • Spanish: sobreacerca de
  • Swedish:
  • Thai: เกี่ยวกับ
  • Turkish: hakkında
  • Ukrainian: про
  • Vietnamese: về
British English: onto /ˈɒntʊ/ PREPOSITION
bus, train, plane When you get onto a bus, train, or plane, you enter it.
He got onto the plane.
  • American English: onto
  • Arabic: في
  • Brazilian Portuguese: entrar
  • Chinese: 到…里面
  • Croatian: u
  • Czech: donastoupit
  • Danish: ombord på
  • Dutch: in
  • European Spanish: en
  • Finnish: jhk suuntaan tai paikkaan
  • French: dansmonter dans
  • German: in
  • Greek: σε
  • Italian: su
  • Japanese: ・・・に
  • Korean: ~에
  • Norwegian:
  • Polish: do
  • European Portuguese: para
  • Romanian: în
  • Russian: на
  • Spanish: en
  • Swedish:
  • Thai: เข้าไปยัง
  • Turkish: ne
  • Ukrainian: у
  • Vietnamese: trên

Source

Translation of en from the Collins Spanish to English
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