Synonyms of 'Parts of plants'
androeciumthe stamens of a flowering plant collectively antherthe terminal part of a stamen consisting usually of two lobes each containing two sacs in which the pollen matures anthophorean elongation of the receptacle of a flower between the calyx and corolla blossomthe flower or flowers of a plant, esp conspicuous flowers producing edible fruit bracta specialized leaf, usually smaller than the foliage leaves, with a single flower or inflorescence growing in its axil buda swelling on a plant stem consisting of overlapping immature leaves or petals bulbila small bulblike organ of vegetative reproduction growing in leaf axils or on flower stalks of plants such as the onion and tiger lily calyxthe sepals of a flower collectively, forming the outer floral envelope that protects the developing flower bud capituluma racemose inflorescence in the form of a disc of sessile flowers, the youngest at the centre. It occurs in the daisy and related plants carpelthe female reproductive organ of flowering plants, consisting of an ovary, style (sometimes absent), and stigma. The carpels are separate or fused to form a single pistil carpophorethe central column surrounded by carpels in such flowers as the geranium catkinan inflorescence consisting of a spike, usually hanging, of much reduced flowers of either sex: occurs in birch, hazel, etc caulisthe main stem of a plant clinandriuma cavity in the upper part of the column of an orchid flower that contains the anthers commissureany of various joints between parts, as between the carpels, leaf lobes, etc, of a plant corollathe petals of a flower collectively, forming an inner floral envelope corymban inflorescence in the form of a flat-topped flower cluster with the oldest flowers at the periphery. This type of raceme occurs in the candytuft costaa riblike part, such as the midrib of a plant leaf cyathiuma form of inflorescence of the type found on the poinsettia cymean inflorescence in which the first flower is the terminal bud of the main stem and subsequent flowers develop as terminal buds of lateral stems dichasiuma cymose inflorescence in which each branch bearing a flower gives rise to two other flowering branches, as in the stitchwort epidermisthe outer protective layer of cells of a plant, which may be thickened by a cuticle filamentthe stalk of a stamen floral envelopethe part of a flower that surrounds the stamens and pistil: the calyx and corolla (considered together) or the perianth floreta small flower, esp one of many making up the head of a composite flower foliagethe green leaves of a plant fruitthe ripened ovary of a flowering plant, containing one or more seeds. It may be dry, as in the poppy, or fleshy, as in the peach gametophorethe part of a plant that bears the reproductive organs guard cellone of a pair of crescent-shaped cells that surround a pore (stoma) in the epidermis. Changes in the turgidity of the cells cause the opening and closing of the stoma glumethe bract beneath each flower in a sedge or related plant gynoeciumthe carpels of a flowering plant collectively heada dense inflorescence such as that of the daisy and other composite plants hibernaculumthe protective case or covering of a plant bud or animal hypanthiuminflorescencethe part of a plant that consists of the flower-bearing stalks internodethe part of a plant stem between two nodes involucela ring of bracts at the base of the florets of a compound umbel involucrea ring of bracts at the base of an inflorescence in such plants as the composites jointthe part of a plant stem from which a branch or leaf grows leafthe main organ of photosynthesis and transpiration in higher plants, usually consisting of a flat green blade attached to the stem directly or by a stalk lemmathe outer of two bracts surrounding each floret in a grass spikelet lipmicropylea small opening in the integuments of a plant ovule through which the male gametes pass monochasiuma cymose inflorescence in which each branch gives rise to one other branch only, as in the forget-me-not and buttercup nectaryany of various glandular structures secreting nectar that occur in the flowers, leaves, stipules, etc, of a plant nucellusthe central part of a plant ovule containing the embryo sac offshoota shoot or branch growing from the main stem of a plant ovarythe hollow basal region of a carpel containing one or more ovules. In some plants the carpels are united to form a single compound ovary ovulea small body in seed-bearing plants that consists of the integument(s), nucellus, and embryosac (containing the egg cell) and develops into the seed after fertilization paleathe inner of two bracts surrounding each floret in a grass spikelet paniclea compound raceme, occurring esp in grasses pedicelthe stalk bearing a single flower of an inflorescence pedunclethe stalk of a plant bearing an inflorescence or solitary flower perianththe outer part of a flower, consisting of the calyx and corolla petalany of the separate parts of the corolla of a flower: often brightly coloured phloemtissue in higher plants that conducts synthesized food substances to all parts of the plant pistilthe female reproductive part of a flower, consisting of one or more separate or fused carpels; gynoecium placentathe part of the ovary of flowering plants to which the ovules are attached podthe fruit of any leguminous plant, consisting of a long two-valved case that contains seeds and splits along both sides when ripe pollena fine powdery substance produced by the anthers of seed-bearing plants, consisting of numerous fine grains containing the male gametes pollen grainpolliniuma mass of cohering pollen grains, produced by plants such as orchids and transported as a whole during pollination racemean inflorescence in which the flowers are borne along the main stem, with the oldest flowers at the base. It can be simple, as in the foxglove, or compound rachisthe main axis or stem of an inflorescence or compound leaf receptacle, thalamus, or torusthe part of lower plants that bears the reproductive organs or spores rootthe organ of a higher plant that anchors the rest of the plant in the ground, absorbs water and mineral salts from the soil, and does not bear leaves or buds root capthe loose cells at the tip of a growing root, rubbed off by the motion of the root tip through the soil and constantly renewed from within root hairany of the hollow hairlike outgrowths of the outer cells of a root, just behind the tip, that absorb water and salts from the soil secundineone of the two integuments surrounding the ovule of a plant seeda mature fertilized plant ovule, consisting of an embryo and its food store surrounded by a protective seed coat (testa) seed podsepalany of the separate parts of the calyx of a flower sheathan enclosing or protective structure, such as a leaf base encasing the stem of a plant spadixa racemose inflorescence having many small sessile flowers borne on a fleshy stem, the whole usually being surrounded by a spathe: typical of aroid plants spathea large bract, often coloured, that surrounds the inflorescence of aroid plants and palms spikean inflorescence consisting of a raceme of sessile flowers, as in the gladiolus and sedges spikeletthe small inflorescence of plants of other families, esp the sedges spura tubular extension at the base of the corolla in flowers such as larkspur stamenthe male reproductive organ of a flower, consisting of a stalk (filament) bearing an anther in which pollen is produced stemthe main axis of a plant, which bears the leaves, axillary buds, and flowers and contains a hollow cylinder of vascular tissue stigmathe receptive surface of a carpel, where deposited pollen germinates stomaan epidermal pore, present in large numbers in plant leaves, that controls the passage of gases into and out of a plant stylethe stalk of a carpel, bearing the stigma taprootthe large single root of plants such as the dandelion, which grows vertically downwards and bears smaller lateral roots tasselanything resembling this tuft, esp the tuft of stamens at the tip of a maize inflorescence tepalany of the subdivisions of a perianth that is not clearly differentiated into calyx and corolla umbelan inflorescence, characteristic of umbelliferous plants, in which the flowers arise from the same point in the main stem and have stalks of the same length, to give a cluster with the youngest flowers at the centre vascular bundlea longitudinal strand of vascular tissue in the stems and leaves of higher plants xylema plant tissue that conducts water and mineral salts from the roots to all other parts, provides mechanical support, and forms the wood of trees and shrubs. It is of two types (protoxylem and metaxylem), both of which are made up mainly of vessels and tracheids ▷ See plant
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Word List of Parts of plants from the Collins English Word Lists