'archaeology: terms used in archaeology'
acropolisthe citadel of an ancient Greek city alignmentan arrangement of one or more ancient rows of standing stones, of uncertain significancearcadea set of arches and their supporting columns archaeomagnetism or archeomagnetisman archaeological technique for dating certain clay objects by measuring the extent to which they have been magnetized by the earth's magnetic fieldbarrowa heap of earth placed over one or more prehistoric tombs, often surrounded by ditches. Long barrows are elongated Neolithic mounds usually covering stone burial chambers; round barrows are Bronze Age, covering burials or cremations baulka strip of earth left between excavation trenches for the study of the complete stratigraphy of a site bifacial(of flints) flaked by percussion from two sides along the chopping edgebladea long thin flake of flint, possibly used as a tool bogmanthe body of a person found preserved in a peat bogbracteatea fine decorated dish or plate of precious metal burina prehistoric flint tool with a very small transverse edge cairna mound of stones erected as a memorial or marker callaisa green stone found as beads and ornaments in the late Neolithic and early Bronze Age of W Europecartouch or cartouchean oblong figure enclosing characters expressing royal or divine names in Egyptian hieroglyphicscavemana man of the Palaeolithic age; cave dwellercelta stone or metal axelike instrument with a bevelled edgecist or kista box-shaped burial chamber made from stone slabs or a hollowed tree trunkclovis pointa concave-based flint projectile dating from the 10th millennium bc, found throughout most of Central and North America corea lump of stone or flint from which flakes or blades have been removed cromlech(no longer in technical usage) a megalithic chamber tomb or dolmen cross-dating a method of dating objects, remains, etc, by comparison and correlation with other sites and levelsdolmen(in British archaeology) a Neolithic stone formation, consisting of a horizontal stone supported by several vertical stones, and thought to be a tomb eolitha stone, usually crudely broken, used as a primitive tool in Eolithic timesflakea fragment removed by chipping or hammering from a larger stone used as a tool or weaponflintany piece of flint, esp one used as a primitive tool or for striking firegraffitiinscriptions or drawings scratched or carved onto a surface, esp rock or potteryhenge a circular area, often containing a circle of stones or sometimes wooden posts, dating from the Neolithic and Bronze Ageshillforta hilltop fortified with ramparts and ditches, dating from the second millennium bchogbacka Saxon or Scandinavian tomb with sloping sideshut circlea circle of earth or stones representing the site of a prehistoric hutlarnaxa coffin made of terracotta ley linea line joining two prominent points in the landscape, thought to be the line of a prehistoric trackmicrolitha small Mesolithic flint tool which was made from a blade and formed part of hafted tools megalitha stone of great size, esp one forming part of a prehistoric monument.moundanother word for barrowneolitha Neolithic stone implementobeliska stone pillar having a square or rectangular cross section and sides that taper towards a pyramidal top, often used as a monument in ancient Egypt palmettean ornament or design resembling the palm leafpalstavea kind of celt, usually of bronze, made to fit into a split wooden handle rather than having a socket for the handle patellaa small panpylona monumental gateway, such as one at the entrance to an ancient Egyptian temple radiocarbon datinga technique for determining the age of organic materials, such as wood, based on their content of the radioisotope 14C acquired from the atmosphere when they formed part of a living plant. The 14C decays to the nitrogen isotope 14N with a half-life of 5730 years. Measurement of the amount of radioactive carbon remaining in the material thus gives an estimate of its age.retouchfine percussion to shape flakes of stone into usable tools robber trencha trench that originally contained the foundations of a wall, the stones of which have been taken awaysondagea deep trial trench for inspecting stratigraphy souterrainan underground chamber or passagestele or stelaan upright stone slab or column decorated with figures or inscriptions, common in prehistoric timesstone circlea circle of standing stones erected in prehistoric timesstratigraphya vertical section through the earth showing the relative positions of the human artefacts and therefore the chronology of successive levels of occupationtribracha three-armed object, esp a flint implement tumulusan artificial mound; esp., an ancient burial mound; barrow valluma Roman rampart or earthwork ▷ See archaeology
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Word List of archaeology: terms used in archaeology from the Collins English Word Lists