drug: Types of drug
abirritantany drug or agent that relieves irritation abortifacienta drug or agent that causes abortion ACE inhibitorany one of a class of drugs, including captopril, enalapril, and ramipril, that cause the arteries to widen by preventing the synthesis of angiotensin: used to treat high blood pressure and heart failure adjuvanta drug or other substance that enhances the activity of another agrypnotica drug or agent that induces insomnia alexipharmican antidote alkylating agentany cytotoxic drug containing alkyl groups, such as chlorambucil, that acts by damaging DNA; widely used in chemotherapy alterativea drug that restores normal health anaesthetic or (U.S.) anesthetica drug, gas, etc. used to produce anesthesia, as before surgery analepticany drug, such as doxapram, that stimulates the central nervous system analgesicanaphrodisiacan anaphrodisiac drug anodynea drug that relieves pain; analgesic antagonista drug that counteracts the effects of another drug antibioticanticholinergica drug or agent that blocks these nerve impulses, used to control intestinal spasm, increase the heart rate, dilate the pupils for examination of the eyes, dry secretions in anaesthesia, and in some forms to treat Alzheimer's disease anticonvulsantany of a class of drugs used to prevent or abolish convulsions antidepressantany of a class of drugs used to alleviate depression antidotea drug or agent that counteracts or neutralizes the effects of a poison antiemeticany antiemetic drug, such as promethazine or metoclopramide antifebrilean antifebrile agent or drug antihistamineany drug that neutralizes the effects of histamine, used esp in the treatment of allergies anti-inflammatoryany anti-inflammatory drug, such as cortisone, aspirin, or ibuprofen antimalarialan antimalarial drug or agent antimetaboliteany drug that acts by disrupting the normal growth of a cell. Sulfonamide drugs are antimetabolites and some antimetabolites are used in cancer treatment antimycoticantiperiodican antiperiodic drug or agent antiphlogistican antiphlogistic agent or drug antipyretican antipyretic remedy or drug antispasmodican antispasmodic drug antitussivean antitussive drug anxiolyticany of a class of drugs that reduce anxiety aphrodisiaca drug, food, etc, that excites sexual desire astringentan astringent drug or lotion ataractic or ataraxican ataractic drug attenuantan attenuant drug or agent beta-blockerany of a class of drugs, such as propranolol, that inhibit the activity of the nerves that are stimulated by adrenaline; they therefore decrease the contraction and speed of the heart: used in the treatment of high blood pressure and angina pectoris bronchodilatorany drug or other agent that causes dilation of the bronchial tubes by relaxing bronchial muscle: used, esp in the form of aerosol sprays, for the relief of asthma calcium antagonist or blockercalmativea sedative remedy or drug cardiaca drug that stimulates the heart muscle carminativea carminative drug cathartica purgative drug or agent cholagoguea drug or other substance that promotes the flow of bile from the gall bladder into the duodenum cimetedinecisplatina cytotoxic drug that acts by preventing DNA replication and hence cell division, used in the treatment of tumours, esp of the ovary and testis clomiphenea drug that stimulates the production of egg cells in the ovary: used to treat infertility in women colestipola drug that reduces the concentration of cholesterol in the blood: used, together with dietary restriction of cholesterol, to treat selected patients with hypercholesterolaemia and so prevent atherosclerosis contraceptiveconvulsanta drug that produces convulsions cytotoxindecongestanta decongestant drug demulcenta drug or agent that soothes the irritation of inflamed or injured skin surfaces depressanta depressant drug depressomotora depressomotor drug diaphoretica diaphoretic drug or agent diuretica drug or agent that increases the flow of urine ecbolica drug or agent that hastens labour or abortion emetican emetic agent or drug emmenagoguea drug or agent that increases menstrual flow errhinean errhine drug or agent euphorianta euphoriant drug or agent excitantsomething, such as a drug or other agent, able to excite; stimulant expectorantan expectorant drug or agent expellant or expellentfebrifugeany drug or agent for reducing fever general anaesthetic or (U.S.) general anesthetica drug producing anaesthesia of the entire body, with loss of consciousness haemagogue or (U.S.) hemagogue or hemagoga drug or agent that promotes the flow of blood, esp the menstrual flow haemostatic or (U.S.) hemostatica drug or agent that retards or stops bleeding hallucinogenany drug, such as LSD or mescaline, that induces hallucinations hepaticany of various drugs for use in treating diseases of the liver hypnotica drug or agent that induces sleep immunosuppressiveany drug used for immunosuppression inotropiclaxativelenitivea lenitive drug local anaesthetic or (U.S.) local anesthetica drug that produces local anaesthesia masticatorymiticideany drug or agent that destroys mites narcoticany of a group of drugs, such as heroin, morphine, and pethidine, that produce numbness and stupor. They are used medicinally to relieve pain but are sometimes also taken for their pleasant effects; prolonged use may cause addiction nervinea nervine drug or agent neuroleptica neuroleptic drug; major tranquillizer, used in the treatment of psychoses NSAID or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugnonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, used as a pain reliever, as aspirin or ibuprofen opiateany of various narcotic drugs, such as morphine and heroin, that act on opioid receptors oxytocican oxytocic drug or agent painkilleran analgesic drug or agent palliativesomething that palliates, such as a sedative drug or agent pectoralpreventiveany drug or agent that tends to prevent or protect against disease prophylactica prophylactic drug or device, esp a condom psychedelic or psychodelica psychedelic drug psychoactivepsychotomimetica psychotomimetic drug pulmonic (rare)a drug or remedy for lung disease purgativea drug or agent for purging the bowels radio mimeticrecreationalrelaxanta drug or agent that relaxes, esp one that relaxes tense muscles resolventa drug or agent able to reduce swelling or inflammation restorativeanything that restores or revives, esp a drug or agent that promotes health or strength revulsiveroboranta drug or agent that increases strength sedativea sedative drug or agent sialagogue or sialogogueany drug or agent that can stimulate the flow of saliva soporifica drug or other agent that induces sleep sorbefacienta sorbefacient drug spermicide or (less commonly) spermatocideany drug or other agent that kills spermatozoa steroidstimulanta drug or similar substance that increases physiological activity, esp of a particular organ stupefacienta drug that causes stupor styptica styptic drug suppurativeany suppurative drug sympatholytica sympatholytic drug sympathomimetica sympathomimetic drug synergista drug, muscle, etc, that increases the action of another taeniacide or (U.S.) teniacidea substance, esp a drug, that kills tapeworms taeniafuge or (U.S.) teniafugea substance, esp a drug, that expels tapeworms from the body of their host tetanica tetanic drug or agent tonictranquillizer, tranquilliser, or (U.S.) tranquilizera drug that calms a person without affecting clarity of consciousness tumefacientvasoconstrictora drug, agent, or nerve that causes narrowing (vasoconstriction) of the walls of blood vessels vasodilatora drug, agent, or nerve that can cause dilatation (vasodilatation) of the walls of blood vessels vasoinhibitorany of a group of drugs that reduce or inhibit the action of the vasomotor nerves vermifuge, anthelminthic, anthelmintic, or helminthicany drug or agent able to destroy or expel intestinal worms; an anthelmintic vesicant or vesicatoryvomita drug or agent that induces vomiting; emetic vulnerarya vulnerary drug or agent ▷ See drug
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Word List of drug: Types of drug from the Collins English Word Lists