Figures of speech
alliterationallusionanacoluthiaanadiplosisrepetition of the words or phrase at the end of one sentence, line, or clause at the beginning of the next analogyanaphorathe repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses anastrophereversal of the usual order of the parts of a sentence; inversion (Ex.: “Came the dawn”) antiphrasisantithesisantonomasiaapophasisaporiaaposiopesisapostrophea digression from a discourse, esp an address to an imaginary or absent person or a personification catachresischiasmuscircumlocutionclimaxemphasisepanaphoraepanorthosisexclamationgeminationthe immediate repetition of a word, phrase, or clause for rhetorical effect hendiadyshypallagea figure of speech in which the natural relations of two words in a statement are interchanged, as in the fire spread the wind hyperbatona figure of speech in which the normal order of words is reversed, as in cheese I love hyperbolehysteron proterona figure of speech in which the normal order of two sentences, clauses, etc, is reversed, as in bred and born (for born and bred) inversionironykenninglitotesmalapropismmeiosismetaphora figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action that it does not literally denote in order to imply a resemblance, for example he is a lion in battle metonymyonomatopoeiaoxymoronparalipsis or paraleipsisparenthesisperiphrasisa roundabout way of expressing something; circumlocution personificationpleonasmpolysyndetonprolepsisprosopopoeia or prosopopeiaa figure of speech that represents an imaginary, absent, or dead person speaking or acting repetitionrhetorical questionsarcasmsimilea figure of speech that expresses the resemblance of one thing to another of a different category, usually introduced by as or like snowclonea verbal formula that is adapted for reuse by changing only a few words so that the allusion to the original phrase remains clear spoonerismsyllepsissynechdochetmesiszeugmaa figure of speech in which a word is used to modify or govern two or more words although appropriate to only one of them or making a different sense with each, as in the sentence Mr. Pickwick took his hat and his leave (Charles Dickens) ▷ See figure of speech
Copyright © 2016 by HarperCollins Publishers. All rights reserved.
Word List of Figures of speech from the Collins English Word Lists