fish: Types of fish
ahiahuru (New Zealand)a small pink cod, Auchenoceros punctatus, of SW Pacific waters albacorea tunny, Thunnus alalunga, occurring mainly in warm regions of the Atlantic and Pacific. It has very long pectoral fins and is a valued food fish alewifea North American fish, Pomolobus pseudoharengus, similar to the herring Clupea harengus: family Clupeidae (herrings) alfonsinoamberjackany of several large carangid fishes of the genus Seriola, esp S. dumerili, with golden markings when young, occurring in tropical and subtropical Atlantic waters anabantidany of various spiny-finned fishes constituting the family Anabantidae and including the fighting fish, climbing perch, and gourami anabasany of several labyrinth fishes of the genus Anabas, esp the climbing fish anablepsany of various cyprinodont fishes constituting the genus Anableps, which includes the four-eyed fishes anchovetaa small anchovy, Cetengraulis mysticetus, of the American Pacific, used as bait by tuna fishermen anchovyany of various small marine food fishes of the genus Engraulis and related genera, esp E. encrasicolus of S Europe: family Clupeidae (herrings). They have a salty taste and are often tinned or made into a paste or essence angelfishany of various small tropical marine percoid fishes of the genus Pomacanthus and related genera, which have a deep flattened brightly coloured body and brushlike teeth: family Chaetodontidae arapaimaa very large primitive freshwater teleost fish, Arapaima gigas, that occurs in tropical South America and can attain a length of 4.5 m (15 ft) and a weight of 200 kg (440 lbs): family Osteoglossidae archerfishany freshwater percoid fish of the family Toxotidae of S and SE Asia and Australia, esp Toxotes jaculatrix, that catch insects by spitting water at them argentineany of various small marine salmonoid fishes, such as Argentina sphyraena, that constitute the family Argentinidae and are characterized by a long silvery body aua (New Zealand)Australian salmon, native salmon, salmon trout, bay trout, or kahawai (New Zealand, Australian)any of various large trout, esp the sea trout barbelany of several slender tactile spines or bristles that hang from the jaws of certain fishes, such as the catfish and carp barracouta or (Austral.) hakea large predatory Pacific fish, Thyrsites atun, with a protruding lower jaw and strong teeth: family Gempylidae barracudaany predatory marine teleost fish of the mostly tropical family Sphyraenidae, esp Sphyraena barracuda. They have an elongated body, strong teeth, and a protruding lower jaw barramundathe edible Australian lungfish, Neoceratodus forsteri, having paddle-like fins and a long body covered with large scales barramundi or (Austral.) barra or giant perchany of several large edible Australian fishes esp the percoid species Lates calcarifer (family Centropomidae) of NE coastal waters or the freshwater species Scleropages leichardti (family Osteoglossidae) of Queensland bassany of various sea perches, esp Morone labrax, a popular game fish with one large spiny dorsal fin separate from a second smaller one batfishbelugaa large white sturgeon, Acipenser (or Huso) huso, of the Black and Caspian Seas: a source of caviar and isinglass bib, pout, or whiting pouta light-brown European marine gadoid food fish, Gadus (or Trisopterus) luscus, with a barbel on its lower jaw bigeyeany tropical or subtropical red marine percoid fish of the family Priacanthidae, having very large eyes and rough scales billfishany of various fishes having elongated jaws, esp any fish of the family Istiophoridae, such as the spearfish and marlin bitterlinga small brightly coloured European freshwater cyprinid fish, Rhodeus sericeus: a popular aquarium fish black bassany of several predatory North American percoid freshwater game fishes of the genus Micropterus: family Centrarchidae (sunfishes, etc) black breama dark-coloured food and game fish, Acanthopagrus australis, of E Australian seas black cod or Māori chief (New Zealand)blackfish or (Austral.) niggera minnow-like Alaskan freshwater fish, Dallia pectoralis, related to the pikes and thought to be able to survive prolonged freezing bleakany slender silvery European cyprinid fish of the genus Alburnus, esp A. lucidus, occurring in slow-flowing rivers blennyany blennioid fish of the family Blenniidae of coastal waters, esp of the genus Blennius, having a tapering scaleless body, a long dorsal fin, and long raylike pelvic fins blindfishany of various small fishes, esp the cavefish, that have rudimentary or functionless eyes and occur in subterranean streams bloodfina silvery red-finned South American freshwater fish, Aphyocharax rubripinnis: a popular aquarium fish: family Characidae (characins) blowfish or (Austral.) toadoblue cod, rock cod, or (N.Z.) rawaru, pakirikiri, or patutukia common marine spiny-finned food fish, Parapercis colias, of the sub-Antarctic waters of New Zealand, esp at the Chatham Islands, which is greenish blue with brown marbling and inhabits rocky bottoms. Its smoked flesh is considered a delicacy bluefin tunathe largest tuna (Thunnus thynnus): it has bright red flesh and is important as a game and food fish bluefish or snappera predatory bluish marine percoid food and game fish, Pomatomus saltatrix, related to the horse mackerel: family Pomatomidae bluegilla common North American freshwater sunfish, Lepomis macrochirus: an important food and game fish blue nose (New Zealand)boarfishany of various spiny-finned marine teleost fishes of the genera Capros, Antigonia, etc, related to the dories, having a deep compressed body, a long snout, and large eyes bonefisha silvery marine clupeoid game fish, Albula vulpes, occurring in warm shallow waters: family Albulidae bonito or (Austral.) horse mackerelany of various small tunny-like marine food fishes of the genus Sarda, of warm Atlantic and Pacific waters: family Scombridae (tunnies and mackerels) bony bream (Australian)an Australian freshwater clupeid fish, Fluvialosa richardsonii bowfin or dogfisha primitive North American freshwater bony fish, Amia calva, with an elongated body and a very long dorsal fin: family Amiidae bream or (Austral.) brimany of several Eurasian freshwater cyprinid fishes of the genus Abramis, esp A. brama, having a deep compressed body covered with silvery scales brilla European food fish, Scophthalmus rhombus, a flatfish similar to the turbot but lacking tubercles on the body: family Bothidae brook trout or speckled trouta North American freshwater trout, Salvelinus fontinalis, introduced in Europe and valued as a food and game fish brown trouta common brownish variety of the trout Salmo trutta that occurs in the rivers of N Europe and has been successfully introduced in North America buffalo fishany of a genus (Ictiobus) of large, humpbacked, freshwater sucker fishes found in North America bullheadany of various small northern mainly marine scorpaenoid fishes of the family Cottidae that have a large head covered with bony plates and spines bull troutany large trout, esp the salmon trout bully or (N.Z.) pakoko, titarakura, or toitoiany of various small freshwater fishes of the genera Gobiomorphus and Philypnodon of New Zealand burbot, eelpout, or linga freshwater gadoid food fish, Lota lota, that has barbels around its mouth and occurs in Europe, Asia, and North America butterfishan eel-like blennioid food fish, Pholis gunnellus, occurring in North Atlantic coastal regions: family Pholidae (gunnels). It has a slippery scaleless golden brown skin with a row of black spots along the base of the long dorsal fin butterfly fishany small tropical marine percoid fish of the genera Chaetodon, Chelmon, etc, that has a deep flattened brightly coloured or strikingly marked body and brushlike teeth: family Chaetodontidae cabezon or cabezonea large food fish, Scorpaenichthys marmoratus, of North American Pacific coastal waters, having greenish flesh: family Cottidae (bullheads and sea scorpions) cabrillaany of various serranid food fishes, esp Epinephelus analogus, occurring in warm seas around Florida and the Caribbean callopan edible freshwater fish, Plectroplites ambiguus, of Australia, often golden or pale yellow in colour candlefish or eulachona salmonoid food fish, Thaleichthys pacificus, that occurs in the N Pacific and has oily flesh capelin or caplina small marine food fish, Mallotus villosus, occurring in northern and Arctic seas: family Osmeridae (smelts) carpa freshwater teleost food fish, Cyprinus carpio, having a body covered with cycloid scales, a naked head, one long dorsal fin, and two barbels on each side of the mouth: family Cyprinidae catfishany of numerous mainly freshwater teleost fishes having whisker-like barbels around the mouth, esp the silurids of Europe and Asia and the horned pouts of North America cavalla or cavallyany of various tropical carangid fishes, such as Gnathanodon speciosus (golden cavalla) cavefishany of various small freshwater cyprinodont fishes of the genera Amblyopsis, Chologaster, etc, living in subterranean and other waters in S North America ceroa large spiny-finned food fish, Scomberomorus regalis, of warm American coastal regions of the Atlantic: family Scombridae (mackerels, tunnies, etc) characin or characidany small carnivorous freshwater cyprinoid fish of the family Characidae, of Central and South America and Africa. They are similar to the carps but more brightly coloured chimaeraany tapering smooth-skinned cartilaginous deep-sea fish of the subclass Holocephali (or Bradyodonti), esp any of the genus Chimaera. They have a skull in which the upper jaw is fused to the cranium Chinook salmon, quinnat salmon, or king salmona Pacific salmon, Oncorhynchus tschawytscha, valued as a food fish chuba common European freshwater cyprinid game fish, Leuciscus (or Squalius) cephalus, having a cylindrical dark greenish body cichlidany tropical freshwater percoid fish of the family Cichlidae, which includes the mouthbrooders. Cichlids are popular aquarium fishes cisco or lake herringany of various whitefish, esp Coregonus artedi, of cold deep lakes of North America climbing fish or climbing perchan Asian labyrinth fish, Anabas testudineus, that resembles a perch and can travel over land on its spiny gill covers and pectoral fins clingfishany small marine teleost fish of the family Gobiesocidae, having a flattened elongated body with a sucking disc beneath the head for clinging to rocks, etc clownfishany of several brightly coloured striped fish of the subfamily Amphiprioninae of the Pacific and Indian Oceans coalfish or (Brit.) saithe or coleya dark-coloured gadoid food fish, Pollachius virens, occurring in northern seas cobia, black kingfish, or sergeant fisha large dark-striped percoid game fish, Rachycentron canadum, of tropical and subtropical seas: family Rachycentridae cockabullyany of several small freshwater fish of New Zealand cod or codfishany of the gadoid food fishes of the genus Gadus, esp G. morhua (or G. callarias), which occurs in the North Atlantic and has a long body with three rounded dorsal fins: family Gadidae. They are also a source of cod-liver oil coelacantha primitive marine bony fish of the genus Latimeria (subclass Crossopterygii), having fleshy limblike pectoral fins and occurring off the coast of E Africa: thought to be extinct until a living specimen was discovered in 1938 coho or silver salmona Pacific salmon, Oncorhynchus kisutch coleyany of various edible fishes, esp the coalfish congerany large marine eel of the family Congridae, esp Conger conger, occurring in temperate and tropical coastal waters coral troutan Australian fish, Plectropomus maculatus, of the Great Barrier Reef which is an important food fish crappieeither of two North American freshwater percoid food and game fishes, Pomoxis nigromaculatus (black crappie) or P. annularis (white crappie): family Centrarchidae (sunfishes, etc) croakerany of various mainly tropical marine sciaenid fishes, such as Umbrina roncador (yellowfin croaker), that utter croaking noises cruciana European cyprinid fish, Carassius carassius, with a dark-green back, a golden-yellow undersurface, and reddish dorsal and tail fins: an aquarium fish daba small common European brown flatfish, Limanda limanda, covered with rough toothed scales: family Pleuronectidae: a food fish dacea European freshwater cyprinid fish, Leuciscus leuciscus, with a slender bluish-green body damselfishany small tropical percoid fish of the family Pomacentridae, having a brightly coloured deep compressed body danioany brightly coloured tropical freshwater cyprinid fish of the genus Danio and related genera: popular aquarium fishes dart (Australian)any of various tropical and semitropical marine fish darterany small brightly coloured North American freshwater fish of the genus Etheostoma and related genera: family Percidae (perches) dealfishany deep-sea teleost fish of the genus Trachipterus, esp T. arcticus, related to the ribbonfishes and having a very long tapelike body and a fan-shaped tail fin dentexa large active predatory sparid fish, Dentex dentex, of Mediterranean and E Atlantic waters, having long sharp teeth and powerful jaws dollarfishany of various fishes that have a rounded compressed silvery body, esp the moonfishes or the American butterfish doradoa South American river fish of the genus Salminus that resembles a salmon doryany spiny-finned marine teleost food fish of the family Zeidae, esp the John Dory, having a deep compressed body dragonetany small spiny-finned fish of the family Callionymidae, having a flat head and a slender tapering brightly coloured body and living at the bottom of shallow seas eel or (N.Z.) tunaany teleost fish of the order Apodes (or Anguilliformes), such as the European freshwater species Anguilla anguilla, having a long snakelike body, a smooth slimy skin, and reduced fins eelpoutany marine eel-like blennioid fish of the family Zoarcidae, such as Zoarces viviparus (viviparous eelpout or blenny) electric eelan eel-like freshwater cyprinoid fish, Electrophorus electricus, of N South America, having electric organs in the body: family Electrophoridae fallfisha large North American freshwater cyprinid fish, Semotilus corporalis, resembling the chub father lasher or short-spined sea scorpiona large sea scorpion, Myoxocephalus scorpius, occurring in British and European coastal waters fighting fish or bettaany of various labyrinth fishes of the genus Betta, esp the Siamese fighting fish filefishany tropical triggerfish, such as Alutera scripta, having a narrow compressed body and a very long dorsal spine flatfish or (N.Z.) flattieany marine spiny-finned fish of the order Heterosomata, including the halibut, plaice, turbot, and sole, all of which (when adult) swim along the sea floor on one side of the body, which is highly compressed and has both eyes on the uppermost side flatheadany Pacific scorpaenoid food fish of the family Platycephalidae, which resemble gurnards flounder or (N.Z.) patikia European flatfish, Platichthys flesus having a greyish-brown body covered with prickly scales: family Pleuronectidae: an important food fish flying fishany marine teleost fish of the family Exocoetidae, common in warm and tropical seas, having enlarged winglike pectoral fins used for gliding above the surface of the water flying gurnardany marine spiny-finned gurnard-like fish of the mostly tropical family Dactylopteridae, having enlarged fan-shaped pectoral fins used to glide above the surface of the sea four-eyed fisheither of two viviparous tropical American freshwater cyprinodont fishes, Anableps anableps or A. microlepis, that swim at the surface of the water and have half of each eye specialized for seeing in air, the other half for seeing in water frogfishany angler (fish) of the family Antennariidae, in which the body is covered with fleshy processes, including a fleshy lure on top of the head garpike, garfish, gar, or (Austral.) ballahooany primitive freshwater elongated bony fish of the genus Lepisosteus, of North and Central America, having very long toothed jaws and a body covering of thick scales geelbeka yellow-jawed edible marine fish gemfish or (Austral.) hakea food fish, Rexea solandri, of Australia, having a delicate flavour giltheada sparid fish, Sparus aurata, of Mediterranean and European Atlantic waters, having a gold-coloured band between the eyes gobyany small spiny-finned fish of the family Gobiidae, of coastal or brackish waters, having a large head, an elongated tapering body, and the ventral fins modified as a sucker golden perch, freshwater bream, Murray perch, or yellow-belly (Australian)goldeyea North American clupeoid fish, Hiodon alosoides, with yellowish eyes, silvery sides, and a dark blue back: family Hiodontidae (mooneyes) goldfisha freshwater cyprinid fish, Carassius auratus, of E Europe and Asia, esp China, widely introduced as a pond or aquarium fish. It resembles the carp and has a typically golden or orange-red coloration goldsinny or goldfinnyany of various small European wrasses, esp the brightly coloured Ctenolabrus rupestris gouramia large SE Asian labyrinth fish, Osphronemus goramy, used for food and (when young) as an aquarium fish grayling or (Austral.) yarra herringany freshwater salmonoid food fish of the genus Thymallus and family Thymallidae, of the N hemisphere, having a long spiny dorsal fin, a silvery back, and greyish-green sides greenlingany scorpaenoid food fish of the family Hexagrammidae of the North Pacific Ocean grenadier or rat-tailany deep-sea gadoid fish of the family Macrouridae, typically having a large head and trunk and a long tapering tail groper or grouperany large marine serranid fish of the genus Epinephelus and related genera, of warm and tropical seas gruniona Californian marine teleost fish, Leuresthes tenuis, that spawns on beaches: family Atherinidae (silversides) gruntany of various mainly tropical marine sciaenid fishes, such as Haemulon macrostomum (Spanish grunt), that utter a grunting sound when caught gudgeona small slender European freshwater cyprinid fish, Gobio gobio, with a barbel on each side of the mouth: used as bait by anglers guitarfishany marine sharklike ray of the family Rhinobatidae, having a guitar-shaped body with a stout tail and occurring at the bottom of the sea gunnelany eel-like blennioid fish of the family Pholidae, occurring in coastal regions of northern seas guppya small brightly coloured freshwater viviparous cyprinodont fish, Lebistes reticulatus, of N South America and the Caribbean: a popular aquarium fish gurnard or gurnetany European marine scorpaenoid fish of the family Triglidae, such as Trigla lucerna (tub or yellow gurnard), having a heavily armoured head and finger-like pectoral fins gwyniada freshwater white fish, Coregonus pennantii, occurring in Lake Bala in Wales: related to the powan haddocka North Atlantic gadoid food fish, Melanogrammus aeglefinus: similar to but smaller than the cod hagfish, hag, or blind eelany eel-like marine cyclostome vertebrate of the family Myxinidae, having a round sucking mouth and feeding on the tissues of other animals and on dead organic material hairtail or (U.S.) cutlass fishany marine spiny-finned fish of the family Trichiuridae, most common in warm seas, having a long whiplike scaleless body and long sharp teeth hakeany gadoid food fish of the genus Merluccius, such as M. merluccius (European hake), of the N hemisphere, having an elongated body with a large head and two dorsal fins halfbeakany marine and freshwater teleost fish of the tropical and subtropical family Hemiramphidae, having an elongated body with a short upper jaw and a long protruding lower jaw halibutthe largest flatfish: a dark green North Atlantic species, Hippoglossus hippoglossus, that is a very important food fish: family Pleuronectidae hapuku (Australian, New Zealand)herringany marine soft-finned teleost fish of the family Clupeidae, esp Clupea harengus, an important food fish of northern seas, having an elongated body covered, except in the head region, with large fragile silvery scales hogfisha wrasse, Lachnolaimus maximus, that occurs in the Atlantic off the SE coast of North America. The head of the male resembles a pig's snout hoki (New Zealand)an edible saltwater fish, Macruronus novaezeelandiae, of southern New Zealand waters horned pout or brown bullheada North American catfish, Ameiurus (or Ictalurus) nebulosus, with a sharp spine on the dorsal and pectoral fins and eight long barbels around the mouth: family Ameiuridae horse mackerela mackerel-like carangid fish, Trachurus of European Atlantic waters, with a row of bony scales along the lateral line houndfisha name given to various small sharks or dogfish houtinga European whitefish, Coregonus oxyrhynchus, that lives in salt water but spawns in freshwater lakes: a valued food fish ice fishany percoid fish of the family Chaenichthyidae, of Antarctic seas, having a semitransparent scaleless body jacksmelta marine teleost food fish, Atherinopsis californiensis, of American coastal waters of the North Pacific: family Atherinidae (silversides) javelin fish or Queensland trumpetera fish of the genus Pomadasys of semitropical Australian seas with a long spine on its anal fin jewelfishan African cichlid, Hemichromis bimaculatus: a beautifully coloured and popular aquarium fish jewfish or (Austral. informal) jewieany of various large dark serranid fishes, such as Mycteroperca bonaci, of warm or tropical seas John Dorya European dory (the fish), Zeus faber, having a deep compressed body, spiny dorsal fins, and massive mobile jaws jurelany of several carangid food fishes of the genus Caranx, of warm American Atlantic waters kelpfish or (Austral. informal) kelpiekillifishany of various chiefly American minnow-like cyprinodont fishes of the genus Fundulus and related genera, of fresh and brackish waters: used as aquarium fishes, to control mosquitoes, and as anglers' bait kingfishany marine sciaenid food and game fish of the genus Menticirrhus, occurring in warm American Atlantic coastal waters kingklip (South Africa)an edible eel-like marine fish kokaneea landlocked salmon, Oncorhynchus nerka kennerlyi, of lakes in W North America: a variety of sockeye kokopu (New Zealand)labyrinth fishany tropical freshwater spiny-finned fish of the family Anabantidae of SE Asia and Africa, having a lunglike respiratory organ lampern or river lampreya migratory European lamprey, Lampetra fluviatilis, that spawns in rivers lamprey or lamper eelany eel-like cyclostome vertebrate of the family Petromyzonidae, having a round sucking mouth for clinging to and feeding on the blood of other animals lancet fisheither of two deep-sea teleost fishes, Alepisaurus ferox or A. borealis, having a long body with a long sail-like dorsal fin: family Alepisauridae lantern fishany small deep-sea teleost fish of the family Myctophidae, having a series of luminescent spots along the body largemouth bassa common North American freshwater black bass, Micropterus salmoides: a popular game fish latimeriaany coelacanth fish of the genus Latimeria leatherjacketany of various tropical carangid fishes of the genera Oligoplites and Scomberoides, having a leathery skin lemon solea European flatfish, Microstomus kitt, with a variegated brown body: highly valued as a food fish: family Pleuronectidae lepidosirena South American lungfish, Lepidosiren paradoxa, having an eel-shaped body and whiplike paired fins ling or (Austral.) beardieany of several gadoid food fishes of the northern coastal genus Molva, esp M. molva, having an elongated body with long fins lingcodany scorpaenoid food fish of the family Ophiodontidae, esp Ophiodon elongatus, of the N Pacific Ocean lionfishany of various scorpion fishes of the tropical Pacific genus Pterois, having a striped body and elongated spiny fins loachany carplike freshwater cyprinoid fish of the family Cobitidae, of Eurasia and Africa, having a long narrow body with barbels around the mouth louvara large silvery whalelike scombroid fish, Luvarus imperialis, that occurs in most tropical and temperate seas and feeds on plankton: family Luvaridae luderick or (N.Z.) parorean estuarine and rock fish, Girella tricuspidata, of Australia, usually black or dark brown in colour: a kind of blackfish lumpfish or lumpsuckera North Atlantic scorpaenoid fish, Cyclopterus lumpus, having a globular body covered with tubercles, pelvic fins fused into a sucker, and an edible roe: family Cyclopteridae lungfishany freshwater bony fish of the subclass Dipnoi, having an air-breathing lung, fleshy paired fins, and an elongated body. The only living species are those of the genera Lepidosiren of South America, Protopterus of Africa, and Neoceratodus of Australia mackerel or (colloquial) shinera spiny-finned food fish, Scomber scombrus, occurring in northern coastal regions of the Atlantic and in the Mediterranean: family Scombridae. It has a deeply forked tail and a greenish-blue body marked with wavy dark bands on the back mangrove Jack (Australian)a predatory food and game fish, Lutjanus argentimaculatus, of Australian rivers and tidal creeks dominated by mangroves manta, manta ray, devilfish, or devil rayany large ray (fish) of the family Mobulidae, having very wide winglike pectoral fins and feeding on plankton maomao (New Zealand)either of two small New Zealand edible fish, the pink maomao caprodon langimanus and the blue maomao scorpis acquipinnus marlin or spearfishany of several large scombroid food and game fishes of the genera Makaira, Istiompax, and Tetrapturus, of warm and tropical seas, having a very long upper jaw: family Istiophoridae megrima flatfish, Lepidorhombus whiffiagonis, of the turbot family, having a yellowish translucent body up to 50 cm (20 in.) in length, found in European waters, and caught for food menhadena marine North American fish, Brevoortia tyrannus: source of fishmeal, fertilizer, and oil: family Clupeidae (herrings, etc) milkfisha large silvery tropical clupeoid food and game fish, Chanos chanos: family Chanidae miller's thumbany of several small freshwater European fishes of the genus Cottus, esp C. gobio, having a flattened body: family Cottidae (bullheads, etc) minnow or (Scot.) baggie minnowa small slender European freshwater cyprinid fish, Phoxinus phoxinus mirror carpa variety of the common carp, Cyprinus carpio, with reduced scales, giving a smooth shiny body surface moki or blue moki (New Zealand)either of two edible sea fish of New Zealand, the blue cod (Percis colias) or the bastard trumpeter (Latridopsis ciliaris) mollyany brightly coloured tropical or subtropical American freshwater cyprinodont fish of the genus Mollienisia monkfish or (U.S.) goosefishmooneyeany of several North American large-eyed freshwater clupeoid fishes of the family Hiodontidae, esp Hiodon tergisus moonfishany of several deep-bodied silvery carangid fishes, occurring in warm and tropical American coastal waters Moorish idola tropical marine spiny-finned fish, Zanclus canescens, that is common around coral reefs: family Zanclidae. It has a deeply compressed body with yellow and black stripes, a beaklike snout, and an elongated dorsal fin morayany voracious marine coastal eel of the family Muraenidae, esp Muraena helena, marked with brilliant patterns and colours morwong, black perch, or (N.Z.) poraea food fish of Australasian coastal waters belonging to the Cheilodactylidae family mudcatany of several large North American catfish living in muddy rivers, esp in the Mississippi valley mudfishany of various fishes, such as the bowfin and cichlids, that live at or frequent the muddy bottoms of rivers, lakes, etc mudskipperopah, moonfish, or kingfisha large soft-finned deep-sea teleost fish, Lampris regius (or luna), of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans and the Mediterranean Sea, having a deep, brilliantly coloured body: family Lampridae orange chromidean Asian cichlid fish, Etropus maculatus, with a brownish-orange spotted body orange roughy (Australian)a marine food fish, Hoplosthenus atlanticus, of S Pacific waters orfea small slender European cyprinoid fish, Idus idus, occurring in two colour varieties, namely the silver orfe and the golden orfe, popular aquarium fishes ouananichea landlocked variety of the Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar, found in lakes in SE Canada ox-eye herring (Australian)a herring-like sea fish, Megalops cyprinoides, of northern Australian waters, related to the tarpon paddlefisha primitive bony fish, Polyodon spathula, of the Mississippi River, having a long paddle-like projection to the snout: family Polyodontidae panchaxany of several brightly coloured tropical Asian cyprinodont fishes of the genus Aplocheilus, such as A. panchax (blue panchax) pandoraa handsome red sea bream, Pagellus erythrinus, of European coastal waters, caught for food in the Mediterranean paradise fishany of several beautifully coloured labyrinth fishes of the genus Macropodus, esp M. opercularis, of S and SE Asia parore, blackfish, black rockfish, or mangrove fish (New Zealand)a dark brownish-green fish, Girella tricuspidata of coastal and estuarine waters in New Zealand's North Island and Australia parrotfishany brightly coloured tropical marine percoid fish of the family Scaridae, having parrot-like jaws pearl perch (Australian)perch or (Austral.) redfinany freshwater spiny-finned teleost fish of the family Percidae, esp those of the genus Perca, such as P. fluviatilis of Europe and P. flavescens (yellow perch) of North America: valued as food and game fishes pickerelany of several North American freshwater game fishes, such as Esox americanus and E. niger: family Esocidae (pikes, walleye, etc) pigfish or hogfishany of several grunts, esp Orthopristis chrysopterus, of the North American Atlantic coast pike, luce, or jackfishany of several large predatory freshwater teleost fishes of the genus Esox, esp E. lucius (northern pike), having a broad flat snout, strong teeth, and an elongated body covered with small scales: family Esocidae pikeperchany of various pikelike freshwater teleost fishes of the genera Stizostedion (or Lucioperca), such as S. lucioperca of Europe: family Percidae (perches) pilchard or (Austral. informal) pilliea European food fish, Sardina (or Clupea) pilchardus, with a rounded body covered with large scales: family Clupeidae (herrings) pilot fisha small carangid fish, Naucrates ductor, of tropical and subtropical seas, marked with dark vertical bands: often accompanies sharks and other large fishes pinfish or sailor's choicea small porgy, Lagodon rhomboides, occurring off the SE North American coast of the Atlantic pipefish or needlefishany of various teleost fishes of the genera Nerophis, Syngnathus, etc, having a long tubelike snout and an elongated body covered with bony plates: family Syngnathidae piranha or pirañaany of various small freshwater voracious fishes of the genus Serrasalmus and related genera, of tropical America, having strong jaws and sharp teeth: family Characidae (characins) plaicea European flatfish, Pleuronectes platessa, having an oval brown body marked with red or orange spots and valued as a food fish: family Pleuronectidae platyany of various small brightly coloured freshwater cyprinodont fishes of the Central American genus Xiphophorus, esp X. maculatus pogge or armed bullheada European marine scorpaenoid fish, Agonus cataphractus, of northern European waters, with a large head, long thin tail, and body completely covered with bony plates: family Agonidae pollack or pollocka gadoid food fish, Pollachius pollachius, that has a dark green back and a projecting lower jaw and occurs in northern seas, esp the North Atlantic Ocean pollanany of several varieties of the whitefish Coregonus pollan that occur in lakes in Northern Ireland pomfretany of various fishes of the genus Stromateidae of the Indian and Pacific oceans: valued as food fishes pompanoany of several deep-bodied carangid food fishes of the genus Trachinotus, esp T. carolinus, of American coastal regions of the Atlantic porae (New Zealand)a large edible sea fish, Nemadactylus douglasi, of New Zealand waters porcupine fish or globefishany of various plectognath fishes of the genus Diodon and related genera, of temperate and tropical seas, having a body that is covered with sharp spines and can be inflated into a globe: family Diodontidae porgy or pogyany of various sparid fishes, many of which occur in American Atlantic waters poutany of various gadoid food fishes, esp the bib (also called whiting pout) powan or lake herringany of certain similar related fishes, such as the vendace puffer or globefishany marine plectognath fish of the family Tetraodontidae, having an elongated spiny body that can be inflated to form a globe pumpkinseeda common North American freshwater sunfish, Lepomis gibbosus, with brightly coloured markings: family Centrarchidae Queensland halibutQueensland lungfisha lungfish, Neoceratodus forsteri, reaching a length of six feet: occurs in Queensland rivers but introduced elsewhere rabbitfishany of the spiny-finned tropical marine fishes of the family Siganidae of Indo-Pacific waters. They have a rabbit-like snout and spines on the pelvic or ventral fins rainbow trouta freshwater trout of North American origin, Salmo gairdneri, having a body marked with many black spots and two longitudinal red stripes rayany of the bony or cartilaginous spines of the fin of a fish that form the support for the soft part of the fin red coda deep-sea fish, Physiculus bachus, of Australia and New Zealand, with a grey-and-pink body that turns red when it is removed from water red emperora brightly-coloured marine food fish, Lutjanus sebae, of the Great Barrier Reef redfinany of various small cyprinid fishes of the genus Notropis, esp N. cornutus. They have reddish fins and are popular aquarium fishes redfishany of several red European scorpaenid fishes of the genus Sebastes, esp S. marinus, valued as a food fish red mullet or (U.S.) goatfishany of the marine percoid fishes constituting the family Mullidae, esp Mullus surmuletus, a food fish of European waters. They have a pair of long barbels beneath the chin and a reddish coloration red salmon any salmon having reddish flesh, esp the sockeye salmon red snapperany of various marine percoid food fishes of the genus Lutjanus, esp L. blackfordi, having a reddish coloration, common in American coastal regions of the Atlantic: family Lutjanidae (snappers) remoraany of the marine spiny-finned fishes constituting the family Echeneidae. They have a flattened elongated body and attach themselves to larger fish, rocks, etc, by a sucking disc on the top of the head ribbonfishany of various soft-finned deep-sea teleost fishes, esp Regalecus glesne (see oarfish), that have an elongated compressed body. They are related to the opah and dealfishes roacha European freshwater cyprinid food fish, Rutilus rutilus, having a deep compressed body and reddish ventral and tail fins robaloany percoid fish of the family Centropomidae, occurring in warm and tropical (mostly marine) waters. Some of the larger species, such as the snooks, are important food fishes and many of the smaller ones are aquarium fishes rock bassa North American freshwater percoid fish, Ambloplites rupestris: an important food fish; family Centrarchidae (sunfishes, etc) rock codany of various marine fishes found in rocky habitats in Australian waters rockfish or (formerly) rock salmonany of various fishes that live among rocks, esp scorpaenid fishes of the genus Sebastodes and related genera, such as S. caurinus (copper rockfish) of North American Pacific coastal waters rocklingany small gadoid fish of the genera Gaidropsarus, Ciliata, etc (formerly all included in Motella), which have an elongated body with barbels around the mouth and occur mainly in the North Atlantic Ocean rosefisha red scorpaenid food fish, Sebastes marinus, of North Atlantic coastal waters rudda European freshwater cyprinid fish, Scardinius erythrophthalmus, having a compressed dark greenish body and reddish ventral and tail fins ruffe, ruff, or popea European freshwater teleost fish, Acerina cernua, having a single spiny dorsal fin: family Percidae (perches) runnerany of various carangid fishes of temperate and tropical seas, such as Caranx crysos (blue runner) of American Atlantic waters salmonany soft-finned fish of the family Salmonidae, esp Salmo salar of the Atlantic and Oncorhynchus species (sockeye, Chinook, etc) of the Pacific, which are important food fishes. They occur in cold and temperate waters and many species migrate to fresh water to spawn salmon troutany of various large trout, esp the sea trout sand dabany of various small flatfishes of the genus Citharichthys that occur in American Pacific coastal waters and are important food fishes sand eel, sand lance, or launceany silvery eel-like marine spiny-finned fish of the family Ammodytidae found burrowing in sand or shingle sardineany of various small marine food fishes of the herring family, esp a young pilchard saugera small North American pikeperch, Stizostedion canadense, with a spotted dorsal fin: valued as a food and game fish saury or skipperany teleost fish, such as the Atlantic Scomberesox saurus of the family Scomberesocidae of tropical and temperate seas, having an elongated body and long toothed jaws sawfishany sharklike ray of the family Pristidae of subtropical coastal waters and estuaries, having a serrated bladelike mouth scabbard fishany of various marine spiny-finned fishes of the family Trichiuridae, esp of the genus Lepidopus, having a long whiplike scaleless body and long sharp teeth: most common in warm waters scadany of various carangid fishes of the genus Trachurus, esp the horse mackerel scaldfisha small European flatfish, Arnoglossus laterna, covered with large fragile scales: family Bothidae scatany marine and freshwater percoid fish of the Asian family Scatophagidae, esp Scatophagus argus, which has a beautiful coloration scorpion fishany of various scorpaenid fishes of the genus Scorpaena and related genera, of temperate and tropical seas, having venomous spines on the dorsal and anal fins sculpin (US, Canadian)any of various fishes of the family Cottidae (bullheads and sea scorpions) scup or northern porgya common sparid fish, Stenotomus chrysops, of American coastal regions of the Atlantic sea bassany of various American coastal percoid fishes of the genus Centropristes and related genera, such as C. striatus (black sea bass), having an elongated body with a long spiny dorsal fin almost divided into two: family Serranidae sea breamany sparid fish, esp Pagellus centrodontus, of European seas, valued as a food fish sea horseany marine teleost fish of the temperate and tropical genus Hippocampus, having a bony-plated body, a prehensile tail, and a horselike head and swimming in an upright position: family Syngnathidae (pipefishes) sea lampreya common anadromous lamprey, Petromyzon marinus, a form of which occurs in the Great Lakes of N America and causes great losses of fish sea perchany of various marine serranid fishes, such as the bass and stone bass, that have an elongated body with a very spiny dorsal fin and occur in all except polar seas sea ravena large fish, Hemitripterus americanus, of North American Atlantic coastal waters that inflates itself with air when caught: family Cottidae (bullheads and sea scorpions) sea robinany of various American gurnards of the genus Prionotus and related genera, such as P. carolinus (northern sea robin) sea scorpionany of various northern marine scorpaenoid fishes of the family Cottidae, esp Taurulus bubalis (long-spined sea scorpion). They have a tapering body and a large head covered with bony plates and spines sea snail or snailfishany small spiny-finned fish of the family Liparidae, esp Liparis liparis, of cold seas, having a soft scaleless tadpole-shaped body with the pelvic fins fused into a sucker sea troutany of several marine sciaenid fishes of the genus Cynoscion, such as C. nebulosus (spotted sea trout) and the weakfish, of North American coastal waters Sergeant Bakersergeant majora large damselfish, Abudefduf saxatilis, having a bluish-grey body marked with black stripes shadany of various herring-like food fishes of the genus Alosa and related genera, such as A. alosa (allis shad) of Europe, that migrate from the sea to freshwater to spawn: family Clupeidae (herrings) shannya European blenny, Blennius pholis, of rocky coastal waters sheepsheadany of several sparid fishes with strong crushing teeth, esp Archosargus rhomboidalis, of the American Atlantic, which is marked with dark bands shinerany of numerous small North American freshwater cyprinid fishes of the genus Notropis and related genera, such as N. cornutus (common shiner) and Notemigonus crysoleucas (golden shiner) shovelnosean American freshwater sturgeon, Scaphirhynchus platorynchus, having a broad shovel-like snout Siamese fighting fisha brightly coloured labyrinth fish, Betta splendens, of Thailand and Malaysia, having large sail-like fins: the males are very pugnacious sildany of various small young herrings, esp when prepared and canned in Norway silver belly (New Zealand)a freshwater eel silverfishany of various other silvery fishes, such as the moonfish Monodactylus argenteus silverside or silversidesany small marine or freshwater teleost fish of the family Atherinidae, related to the grey mullets: includes the jacksmelt skateany large ray of the family Rajidae, of temperate and tropical seas, having flat pectoral fins continuous with the head, two dorsal fins, a short spineless tail, and a long snout skellya whitefish, Coregonus stigmaticus, of certain lakes in the Lake District skipjack or skipjack tunaan important food fish, Katsuwonus pelamis, that has a striped abdomen and occurs in all tropical seas: family Scombridae (mackerels and tunas) sleeper or sleeper gobyany gobioid fish of the family Eleotridae, of brackish or fresh tropical waters, resembling the gobies but lacking a ventral sucker smallmouth bassa North American freshwater black bass, Micropterus dolomieu, that is a popular game fish smeltany marine or freshwater salmonoid food fish of the family Osmeridae, such as Osmerus eperlanus of Europe, having a long silvery body and occurring in temperate and cold northern waters smooth houndsnapper, red bream, or (Austral.) wollomai or wollamaiany large sharp-toothed percoid food fish of the family Lutjanidae of warm and tropical coastal regions snipefish or bellows fishany teleost fish of the family Macrorhamphosidae, of tropical and temperate seas, having a deep body, long snout, and a single long dorsal fin: order Solenichthyes (sea horses, etc) snoeka South African edible marine fish, Thyrsites atun snookany of several large game fishes of the genus Centropomus, esp C. undecimalis of tropical American marine and fresh waters: family Centropomidae (robalos) sockeye or red salmona Pacific salmon, Oncorhynchus nerka, having red flesh and valued as a food fish soleany tongue-shaped flatfish of the family Soleidae, esp Solea solea (European sole): most common in warm seas and highly valued as food fishes solenettea small European sole, Buglossidium luteum, up to 13 cm (5 in.) in length; not caught commercially spadefishany spiny-finned food fish of the family Ephippidae, esp Chaetodipterus faber of American Atlantic coastal waters, having a deeply compressed body Spanish mackerel or Queensland kingfishany scombroid food fish of the genus Scomberomorus, esp S. maculatus, of American coastal regions of the Atlantic: family Scombridae (mackerels, tunnies, etc) spotted mackerel or school mackerela small mackerel, Scomberomorus queenslandicus, of northern Australian waters sprata small marine food fish, Clupea sprattus, of the NE Atlantic Ocean and North Sea: family Clupeidae (herrings) squeteagueany of various sciaenid food fishes of the genus Cynoscion, esp C. regalis, of the North American coast of the Atlantic Ocean squirrelfishany tropical marine brightly coloured teleost fish of the family Holocentridae steelheada silvery North Pacific variety of the rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri) sterleta small sturgeon, Acipenser ruthenus, of seas and rivers in N Asia and E Europe: used as a food fish and a source of caviar sticklebackany small teleost fish of the family Gasterosteidae, such as Gasterosteus aculeatus (three-spined stickleback) of rivers and coastal regions and G. pungitius (ten-spined stickleback) confined to rivers. They have a series of spines along the back and occur in cold and temperate northern regions stingrayany ray of the family Dasyatidae, having a whiplike tail bearing a serrated venomous spine capable of inflicting painful weals on man stone bass or wreckfisha large sea perch, Polyprion americanus, of the Atlantic and Mediterranean stonefisha venomous tropical marine scorpaenid fish, Synanceja verrucosa, that resembles a piece of rock on the seabed stone rollera small silvery freshwater cyprinid fish, Campostoma anomalum, of the eastern US, having a narrow black stripe on the dorsal and anal fins sturgeonany primitive bony fish of the family Acipenseridae, of temperate waters of the N hemisphere, having an elongated snout and rows of spines along the body: valued as a source of caviar and isinglass suckerany small mainly North American cyprinoid fish of the family Catostomidae, having toothless jaws and a large sucking mouth sunfishany large plectognath fish of the family Molidae, of temperate and tropical seas, esp Mola mola, which has a large rounded compressed body, long pointed dorsal and anal fins, and a fringelike tail fin surfperch or sea perchany viviparous marine percoid fish of the family Embiotocidae, of North American Pacific coastal waters surgeonfishany tropical marine spiny-finned fish of the family Acanthuridae, having a compressed brightly coloured body with one or more knifelike spines at the base of the tail swordfisha large scombroid fish, Xiphias gladius, with a very long upper jaw: valued as a food and game fish: family Xiphiidae swordtailany of several small freshwater cyprinodont fishes of the genus Xiphophorus, esp X. helleri, of Central America, having a long swordlike tail tailora voracious and active marine food fish, Pomatomus saltator, of Australia with scissor-like teeth tarakihi or terakihi (New Zealand)a common edible sea fish of New Zealand waters tarpona large silvery clupeoid game fish, Tarpon atlanticus, of warm Atlantic waters, having a compressed body covered with large scales: family Elopidae tarwhinea bream, Rhabdosargus sarba, of E Australia, silver in colour with gold streaks tautog or blackfisha large dark-coloured wrasse, Tautoga onitis, of the North American coast of the Atlantic Ocean: used as a food fish tencha European freshwater cyprinid game fish, Tinca tinca, having a thickset dark greenish body with a barbel at each side of the mouth teraglinan edible marine fish, Zeluco atelodus, of Australia which has fine scales and is blue in colour tetraany of various brightly coloured tropical freshwater fishes of the genus Hemigrammus and related genera: family Characidae (characins) thornbacka similar fish, Platyrhinoidis triseriata, of the Pacific Ocean threadfinany spiny-finned tropical marine fish of the family Polynemidae, having pectoral fins consisting partly of long threadlike rays tilapiaany mouthbrooding cichlid fish of the African freshwater genus Tilapia: used as food fishes tilefisha large brightly coloured deep-sea percoid food fish, Lopholatilus chamaeleonticeps, of warm and tropical seas, esp the North American coast of the Atlantic: family Branchiostegidae toadfishany spiny-finned bottom-dwelling marine fish of the family Batrachoididae, of tropical and temperate seas, having a flattened tapering body and a wide mouth tommy rough or tommy ruff (Australian)topminnowany of various small American freshwater cyprinodont fishes that are either viviparous (genera Heterandria, Gambusia, etc) or egg-laying (genus Fundulus) torsk or (U.S. & Canadian) cuska gadoid food fish, Brosmius brosme, of northern coastal waters, having a single long dorsal fin trevalla (Australian)trevally, araara, or samson fish (Australian, New Zealand)any of various marine food and game fishes of the genus Caranx: family Carangidae triggerfishany plectognath fish of the family Balistidae, of tropical and temperate seas. They have a compressed body with erectile spines in the first dorsal fin tripletailany percoid fish of the family Lobotidae, esp Lobotes surinamensis, of brackish waters of SE Asia, having tail-like dorsal and anal fins troutany of various game fishes, esp Salmo trutta and related species, mostly of fresh water in northern regions: family Salmonidae (salmon). They resemble salmon but are smaller and spotted trunkfish, boxfish, or cowfishany tropical plectognath fish of the family Ostraciidae, having the body encased in bony plates with openings for the fins, eyes, mouth, etc tuna or tunnyany of various large marine spiny-finned fishes of the genus Thunnus, esp T. thynnus, chiefly of warm waters: family Scombridae. They have a spindle-shaped body and widely forked tail, and are important food fishes turbota European flatfish, Scophthalmus maximus, having a pale brown speckled scaleless body covered with tubercles: family Bothidae. It is highly valued as a food fish vendaceeither of two small whitefish, Coregonus vandesius (Lochmaben vendace) or C. gracilior (Cumberland vendace), occurring in lakes in Scotland and NW England respectively wahooa large fast-moving food and game fish, Acanthocybium solandri, of tropical seas: family Scombridae (mackerels and tunnies) walleye, walleyed pike, or dorya North American pikeperch, Stizostedion vitreum, valued as a food and game fish warehou (New Zealand)any of several edible saltwater New Zealand fish of the genus Seriolella weakfishany of several sciaenid sea trouts, esp Cynoscion regalis, a food and game fish of American Atlantic coastal waters weeverany small marine percoid fish of the family Trachinidae, such as Trachinus vipera of European waters, having venomous spines around the gills and the dorsal fin whitebaitany of various small silvery fishes, such as Galaxias attenuatus of Australia and New Zealand and Allosmerus elongatus of North American coastal regions of the Pacific whitefishany herring-like salmonoid food fish of the genus Coregonus and family Coregonidae, typically of deep cold lakes of the N hemisphere, having large silvery scales and a small head whitingan important gadoid food fish, Merlangius (or Gadus) merlangus, of European seas, having a dark back with silvery sides and underparts wirraha saltwater fish, Acanthistius serratus, of Australia, with bright blue spots witcha flatfish, Pleuronectes (or Glyptocephalus) cynoglossus, of N Atlantic coastal waters, having a narrow greyish-brown body marked with tiny black spots: family Pleuronectidae (plaice, flounders, etc) wobbegong, wobbygong, or wobegongwolffish or catfishany large northern deep-sea blennioid fish of the family Anarhichadidae, such as Anarhichas lupus. They have large sharp teeth and no pelvic fins and are used as food fishes wrasseany marine percoid fish of the family Labridae, of tropical and temperate seas, having thick lips, strong teeth, and usually a bright coloration: many are used as food fishes yellowfin (New Zealand)a large type of tuna, Thunnus albacares, having yellow fins yellowfin tunaa large marine food fish, Scomber albacares, of tropical and subtropical waters, having yellow dorsal and anal fins: family Scombridae yellow jackany of certain large yellowish carangid food fishes, esp Caranx bartholomaei, of warm and tropical Atlantic waters yellowtaila carangid game fish, Seriola dorsalis, of coastal waters of S California and Mexico, having a yellow tail fin zandera freshwater teleost pikeperch of Europe, Stizostedion lucioperca, valued as a food fish ▷ See fish
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Word List of fish: Types of fish from the Collins English Word Lists