literature: Literary terms
allegoryalliterationthe use of the same consonant (consonantal alliteration) or of a vowel, not necessarily the same vowel (vocalic alliteration), at the beginning of each word or each stressed syllable in a line of verse, as in around the rugged rock the ragged rascal ran allusionamphigory or amphigouria piece of nonsensical writing in verse or, less commonly, prose Angry Young Menanti-heroantinovelanti-romanaphorisma short pithy saying expressing a general truth; maxim archaismAugustana student of or specialist in Augustan literature Bakhtinianbathosinsincere or excessive pathos Beat Generation or Beatsbelles-lettresliterary works, esp essays and poetry, valued for their aesthetic rather than their informative or moral content belletrista writer of belles-lettres bibliographya list of sources used in the preparation of a book, thesis, etc Bildungsromana novel concerned with a person's formative years and development black comedya comedy dealing with an unpleasant situation in a pessimistic or macabre manner Bloomsbury groupbodice-rippera romance set in the past and having a formulaic plot that features scenes of sexual passion and violent action bombastbowdlerizationBrechtianbricolageByroniccarnivalesquecampus novelcauserieCeltic RevivalcentochillerCiceronianclassicismcodaa concluding part of a literary work, esp a summary at the end of a novel of further developments in the lives of the characters colloquialismcomedy(in classical literature) a play in which the main characters and motive triumph over adversity comedy of mannersa comedy dealing with the way of life and foibles of a social group commedia dell'artea form of popular comedy developed in Italy during the 16th to 18th centuries, with stock characters such as Punchinello, Harlequin, and Columbine, in situations improvised from a plot outline conceitcourtly lovea tradition represented in Western European literature between the 12th and the 14th centuries, idealizing love between a knight and a revered (usually married) lady cultural materialismcut-up techniquecyberpunka genre of science fiction that features rebellious computer hackers and is set in a dystopian society integrated by computer networks death of the authordecadencedeconstructiondenouementthe final clarification or resolution of a plot in a play or other work Derridiandialecticdialoguethe lines spoken by characters in drama or fiction Dickensiandiscoursedouble entendredramathe genre of literature represented by works intended for the stage epicany work of literature, film, etc, having heroic deeds for its subject matter or having other qualities associated with the epic epiloguea speech, usually in verse, addressed to the audience by an actor at the end of a play epistlea literary work in letter form, esp a dedicatory verse letter of a type originated by Horace epistolary novelepitapherasureessayexegesisexpressionismfablea short moral story, esp one with animals as characters fabulista person who invents or recounts fables factionfantastiquefantasyliterature having a large fantasy content feminist theoryfestschrifta collection of essays or learned papers contributed by a number of people to honour an eminent scholar, esp a colleague figure of speechan expression of language, such as simile, metaphor, or personification, by which the usual or literal meaning of a word is not employed fin de siècleforewordFoucauldianFuturismglossGongorismGothichagiographyHellenismhermeneutics the science of interpretation, esp of Scripture historical novela fictional novel which is set in real events in history historicismHomericHoratianhudibrastic verseimageryinterior monologueintertextualityinvectiveJacobeanJaneiteJohnsonianjournaleseJoyceanJuvenalianKafkaesquekailyardkenningkiddy litlampoona satire in prose or verse ridiculing a person, literary work, etc Laurentian or Lawrentianlegenda popular story handed down from earlier times whose truth has not been ascertained literary criticismthe evaluation, study and discussion of literature littérateurlocus classicusLost Generationmagic realism or magical realisma style of painting or writing that depicts images or scenes of surreal fantasy in a representational or realistic way marxist theorymaximmelodrama(formerly) a romantic drama characterized by sensational incident, music, and song metafictionmetalanguagemetanarrative(in postmodernist literary theory) a narrative about a narrative or narratives metaphora figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action that it does not literally denote in order to imply a resemblance, for example he is a lion in battle mock-heroicmodernismmotifa distinctive idea, esp a theme elaborated on in a piece of music, literature, etc myth(in modern literature) a theme or character type embodying an idea mythopoeiathe composition or making of myths narrativean account, report, or story, as of events, experiences, etc narratologythe study of narrative and narrative structure narratora person who tells a story or gives an account of something naturalisma movement, esp in art and literature, advocating detailed realistic and factual description, esp that in 19th-century France in the writings of Zola, Flaubert, etc new criticisman approach to literary criticism through close analysis of the text new historicismnom de plumenouveau romannovelan extended work in prose, either fictitious or partly so, dealing with character, action, thought, etc, esp in the form of a story novelettean extended prose narrative story or short novel novella(formerly) a short narrative tale, esp a popular story having a moral or satirical point, such as those in Boccaccio's Decameron onomatopoeiaoxymoronan epigrammatic effect, by which contradictory terms are used in conjunction palindromeparaphraseparodypastichepastoralpathosthe quality or power, esp in literature or speech, of arousing feelings of pity, sorrow, etc picaresqueplagiarismplotthe story or plan of a play, novel, etc polemicpornographypost-colonialismpostmodernismpost-structuralismpost-theorypot-boilerqueer theoryrealismany similar school or style in other arts, esp literature Restoration comedythe type of comedy written and performed in the Restoration period romana metrical narrative in medieval French literature derived from the chansons de geste roman à clefa novel in which real people are depicted under fictitious names Romanticismsagaany of several medieval prose narratives written in Iceland and recounting the exploits of a hero or a family samizdata system of clandestine printing and distribution of banned or dissident literature satirea novel, play, entertainment, etc, in which topical issues, folly, or evil are held up to scorn by means of ridicule and irony science fiction or SFsentimental novelshopping-and-fucking or S & F novelshort storya prose narrative of shorter length than the novel, esp one that concentrates on a single theme signifier and signifiedsimilea figure of speech that expresses the resemblance of one thing to another of a different category, usually introduced by as or like sketcha brief usually descriptive and informal essay or other literary composition socialist realism(in Communist countries, esp formerly) the doctrine that art, literature, etc should present an idealized portrayal of reality, which glorifies the achievements of the Communist Party Southern Gothica literary genre depicting life in the southern US and featuring grotesque themes and imagery splatterpunkSpoonerismstorya narration of a chain of events told or written in prose or verse stream of consciousnessthe continuous flow of ideas, thoughts, and feelings forming the content of an individual's consciousness. The term was originated by William James structuralisman approach to anthropology and other social sciences and to literature that interprets and analyses its material in terms of oppositions, contrasts, and hierarchical structures, esp as they might reflect universal mental characteristics or organizing principles Sturm und Drangsubplota subordinate or auxiliary plot in a novel, play, film, etc subtextan underlying theme in a piece of writing SurrealismSwiftiantheme(in literature, music, art, etc) a unifying idea, image, or motif, repeated or developed throughout a work theorya set of hypotheses related by logical or mathematical arguments to explain and predict a wide variety of connected phenomena in general terms thesisa subject for a discussion or essay tragedy(in medieval literature) a literary work in which a great person falls from prosperity to disaster, often through no fault of his own tragicomedya drama in which aspects of both tragedy and comedy are found tropeversevignettea short graceful literary essay or sketch ▷ See literature
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Word List of literature: Literary terms from the Collins English Word Lists