Synonyms of 'mythology: Characters in classical mythology'
AchillesGreek hero, the son of Peleus and the sea goddess Thetis: in the Iliad the foremost of the Greek warriors at the siege of Troy. While he was a baby his mother plunged him into the river Styx making his body invulnerable except for the heel by which she held him. After slaying Hector, he was killed by Paris who wounded him in the heel ActaeonAdonisAeneasAeneas Silvius or SylviusAgamemnona king of Mycenae who led the Greeks at the siege of Troy. On his return home he was murdered by his wife Clytemnestra and her lover Aegisthus Ajaxthe son of Telamon; a Greek hero of the Trojan War who killed himself in vexation when Achilles' armour was given to Odysseus AmazonsAndromachethe wife of Hector Andromedathe daughter of Cassiopeia and wife of Perseus, who saved her from a sea monster Antigonedaughter of Oedipus and Jocasta, who was condemned to death for cremating the body of her brother Polynices in defiance of an edict of her uncle, King Creon of Thebes ArachneArgonautsAriadnedaughter of Minos and Pasiphaë: she gave Theseus the thread with which he found his way out of the Minotaur's labyrinth AtalantaAtlasa Titan compelled to support the sky on his shoulders as punishment for rebelling against Zeus CallistoCalypso(in Homer's Odyssey) a sea nymph who detained Odysseus on the island of Ogygia for seven years Cassandraa daughter of Priam and Hecuba, endowed with the gift of prophecy but fated never to be believed Cassiopeiathe wife of Cepheus and mother of Andromeda Castor and Polluxthe twin sons of Leda: Pollux was fathered by Zeus, Castor by the mortal Tyndareus. After Castor's death, Pollux spent half his days with his half-brother in Hades and half with the gods in Olympus CharonChloeCircean enchantress who detained Odysseus on her island and turned his men into swine Clytemnestrathe wife of Agamemnon, whom she killed on his return from the Trojan War Cressida(in medieval adaptations of the story of Troy) a woman who deserts her Trojan lover Troilus for the Greek Diomedes Daedalusan Athenian architect and inventor who built the labyrinth for Minos on Crete and fashioned wings for himself and his son Icarus to flee the island Danaethe mother of Perseus by Zeus, who visits her in the form of a shower of gold DaphneDidoa princess of Tyre who founded Carthage and became its queen. Virgil tells of her suicide when abandoned by her lover Aeneas Diomedesa king of Argos, and suitor of Helen, who fought with the Greeks at Troy Echoa nymph who, spurned by Narcissus, pined away until only her voice remained Electrathe daughter of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra. She persuaded her brother Orestes to avenge their father by killing his murderess Clytemnestra and her lover Aegisthus EndymionErisEuropaa Phoenician princess who had three children by Zeus in Crete, where he had taken her after assuming the guise of a white bull. Their offspring were Rhadamanthus, Minos, and Sarpedon Eurydicea dryad married to Orpheus, who sought her in Hades after she died. She could have left Hades with him had he not broken his pact and looked back at her Galateaa statue of a maiden brought to life by Aphrodite in response to the prayers of the sculptor Pygmalion, who had fallen in love with his creation GanymedeHectora son of King Priam of Troy, who was killed by Achilles Hecubathe wife of King Priam of Troy, and mother of Hector and Paris Helenthe beautiful daughter of Zeus and Leda, whose abduction by Paris from her husband Menelaus caused the Trojan War HeraclesHerculesHermaphroditusHeroa priestess of Aphrodite, who killed herself when her lover Leander drowned while swimming the Hellespont to visit her Hippolytusa son of Theseus, killed after his stepmother Phaedra falsely accused him of raping her HyacinthusIcarusthe son of Daedalus, with whom he escaped from Crete, flying with wings made of wax and feathers. Heedless of his father's warning he flew too near the sun, causing the wax to melt, and fell into the Aegean and drowned IoIxionJasonthe hero who led the Argonauts in quest of the Golden Fleece. He became the husband of Medea, whom he later abandoned for Glauce Jocastaa queen of Thebes, the wife of Laius, who married Oedipus without either of them knowing he was her son Leander(in Greek legend) a youth of Abydos, who drowned in the Hellespont in a storm on one of his nightly visits to Hero, his beloved Ledaa queen of Sparta who was the mother of Helen and Pollux by Zeus, who visited her in the form of a swan Medeaa princess of Colchis, who assisted Jason in obtaining the Golden Fleece from her father Medusaa mortal woman who was transformed by Athena into one of the three Gorgons. Her appearance was so hideous that those who looked directly at her were turned to stone. Perseus eventually slew her Menelausa king of Sparta and the brother of Agamemnon. He was the husband of Helen, whose abduction led to the Trojan War MidasMinosa king of Crete for whom Daedalus built the Labyrinth to contain the Minotaur MusesNarcissusNiobea daughter of Tantalus, whose children were slain after she boasted of them: although turned into stone, she continued to weep Odysseusone of the foremost of the Greek heroes at the siege of Troy, noted for his courage and ingenuity. His return to his kingdom of Ithaca was fraught with adventures in which he lost all his companions and he was acknowledged by his wife Penelope only after killing her suitors Oedipusthe son of Laius and Jocasta, the king and queen of Thebes, who killed his father, being unaware of his identity, and unwittingly married his mother, by whom he had four children. When the truth was revealed, he put out his eyes and Jocasta killed herself Orestesthe son of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra, who killed his mother and her lover Aegisthus in revenge for their murder of his father OrionOrpheusa poet and lyre-player credited with the authorship of the poems forming the basis of Orphism. He married Eurydice and sought her in Hades after her death. He failed to win her back and was killed by a band of bacchantes Pandorathe first woman, made out of earth as the gods' revenge on man for obtaining fire from Prometheus. Given a box (Pandora's box) that she was forbidden to open, she disobeyed out of curiosity and released from it all the ills that beset man, leaving only hope within Parisa prince of Troy, whose abduction of Helen from her husband Menelaus started the Trojan War Penelopethe wife of Odysseus, who remained true to him during his long absence despite the importunities of many suitors PersephonePerseusa son of Zeus and Danaë, who with Athena's help slew the Gorgon Medusa and rescued Andromeda from a sea monster Phaedrathe wife of Theseus, who falsely accused her stepson Hippolytus of raping her and then hanged herself because he spurned her amorous advances PhoebePleiadesthe seven daughters of Atlas, placed as stars in the sky either to save them from the pursuit of Orion or, in another account, after they had killed themselves for grief over the death of their half-sisters the Hyades Polyphemusa cyclops who imprisoned Odysseus and his companions in his cave. To effect his escape, Odysseus blinded him Priamthe last king of Troy, killed at its fall. He was father by Hecuba of Hector, Paris, and Cassandra Prometheusa Titan, who stole fire from Olympus to give to mankind and in punishment was chained to a rock, where an eagle tore at his liver until Hercules freed him ProserpinaPsychePygmaliona king of Cyprus, who fell in love with the statue of a woman he had sculpted and which his prayers brought to life as Galatea PyramusRemusthe brother of Romulus RheaRomulusthe founder of Rome, suckled with his twin brother Remus by a she-wolf after they were abandoned in infancy. Their parents were Rhea Silvia and Mars. Romulus later killed Remus in an argument over the new city ScyllaSemelesibyl(in ancient Greece and Rome) any of a number of women believed to be oracles or prophetesses, one of the most famous being the sibyl of Cumae, who guided Aeneas through the underworld SilenusSisyphusTantalusTheseusa hero of Attica, noted for his many great deeds, among them the slaying of the Minotaur, the conquest of the Amazons, whose queen he married, and participation in the Calydonian hunt ThisbeTiresiasa blind soothsayer of Thebes, who revealed to Oedipus that the latter had murdered his father and married his mother Titania(in classical antiquity) a poetic epithet used variously to characterize Circe, Diana, Latona, or Pyrrha TitansTritonTroilusthe youngest son of King Priam and Queen Hecuba, slain at Troy. In medieval romance he is portrayed as the lover of Cressida Ulysses ▷ See mythology
Copyright © 2016 by HarperCollins Publishers. All rights reserved.
Nearby words of 'mythology: Characters in classical mythology'
Word List of mythology: Characters in classical mythology from the Collins English Word Lists