Types of wood
African mahoganyany of several African trees of the meliaceous genus Khaya, esp K. ivorensis, that have wood similar to that of true mahogany afrormosiaa hard teaklike wood obtained from tropical African trees of the leguminous genus Pericopsis alercethe wood of the sandarac tree amboyna or amboinathe mottled curly-grained wood of an Indonesian leguminous tree, Pterocarpus indicus, used in making furniture applethe wood of this tree ashthe close-grained durable wood of any of these trees, used for tool handles, etc assegai or assagaia southern African cornaceous tree, Curtisia faginea, the wood of which is used for making spears balsathe very light wood of this tree, used for making rafts, etc basswoodthe soft light-coloured wood of any of these trees, used for furniture baywoodthe light soft wood of a tropical American mahogany tree, Swietenia macrophylla, of the bay region of SE Mexico beechthe hard wood of any of these trees, used in making furniture, etc beefwoodany of various trees that produce very hard wood, esp the Australian tree Casuarina equisetifolia, widely planted in warm regions birchthe hard close-grained wood of any of these trees black walnuta North American walnut tree, Juglans nigra, with hard dark wood and edible oily nuts bog oakboxwoodthe hard close-grained yellow wood of the box tree, used to make tool handles, small turned or carved articles, etc brazil, brasil, or brazil woodthe red wood obtained from various tropical leguminous trees of the genus Caesalpinia, such as C. echinata of America: used for cabinetwork bulletwoodthe wood of a tropical American sapotaceous tree, Manilkara bidentata, widely used for construction due to its durability and toughness butternutthe hard brownish-grey wood of this tree cadea juniper tree, Juniperus oxycedrus of the Mediterranean region, the wood of which yields an oily brown liquid (oil of cade) used to treat skin ailments calamanderthe hard black-and-brown striped wood of several trees of the genus Diospyros, esp D. quaesita of India and Sri Lanka, used in making furniture: family Ebenaceae camwooda W African leguminous tree, Baphia nitida, whose hard wood was formerly used in making a red dye candlewoodthe resinous wood of any of several trees, used for torches and candle substitutes cedarthe wood of any of these trees cherrythe fruit or wood of any of these trees chestnutthe hard wood of any of these trees, used in making furniture, etc citron woodthe wood of the citron tree coachwoodan Australian tree, Ceratopetalum apetalum, yielding light aromatic wood used for furniture, turnery, etc corkwooda small tree, Leitneria floridana, of the southeastern US, having very lightweight porous wood: family Leitneriaceae crabwoodthe wood of this tree, used for construction cypressthe wood of any of these trees durmast or durmast oakthe heavy elastic wood of this tree, used in building and cabinetwork eaglewoodan Asian thymelaeaceous tree, Aquilaria agallocha, having fragrant wood that yields a resin used as a perfume ebonyany of various tropical and subtropical trees of the genus Diospyros, esp D. ebenum of S India, that have hard dark wood: family Ebenaceae elmthe hard heavy wood of this tree fiddlewoodthe hard durable wood of any of these trees firthe wood of any of these trees gaboonthe dark mahogany-like wood from a western and central African burseraceous tree, Aucoumea klaineana, used in plywood, for furniture, and as a veneer gopher woodthe wood used in the construction of Noah's ark, thought to be a type of cypress (Genesis 6:14) greenhearta tropical American lauraceous tree, Ocotea (or Nectandra) rodiaei, that has dark green durable wood and bark that yields the alkaloid bebeerine guaiacum or guaiocumthe hard heavy wood of any of these trees gumtree or gumwoodthe wood of the eucalyptus tree hackberrythe fruit or soft yellowish wood of such a tree hardwoodthe wood of any of numerous broad-leaved dicotyledonous trees, such as oak, beech, ash, etc, as distinguished from the wood of a conifer hazelthe wood of any of these trees hemlockthe wood of any of these trees, used for lumber and as a source of wood pulp hickorythe hard tough wood of any of these trees hornbeamany tree of the betulaceous genus Carpinus, such as C. betulus of Europe and Asia, having smooth grey bark and hard white wood irokothe hard reddish-brown wood of this tree ironwoodany of various betulaceous trees, such as hornbeam, that have very hard wood jacarandathe fragrant ornamental wood of any of these trees jelutongthe wood of this tree kaurithe wood or resin of this tree kiaatthe wood of this tree, used for furniture, floors, etc kingwoodthe hard fine-grained violet-tinted wood of a Brazilian leguminous tree, Dalbergia cearensis, used in cabinetwork koaa Hawaiian leguminous tree, Acacia koa, yielding a hard wood lancewoodany of various tropical trees, esp Oxandra lanceolata, yielding a tough elastic wood: family Annonaceae larchthe wood of any of these trees locustthe yellowish durable wood of this tree mahoganyany of various tropical American trees of the meliaceous genus Swietenia, esp S. mahagoni and S. macrophylla, valued for their hard reddish-brown wood maplethe hard close-grained wood of any of these trees, used for furniture and flooring marblewoodthe distinctively marked wood of this tree, having black bands on a lighter background nutwoodthe wood of any of these trees oakthe wood of any of these trees, used esp as building timber and for making furniture olivethe wood of the olive tree, used for ornamental work orangewoodthe hard fine-grained yellowish wood of the orange tree padauk or padoukany of various tropical African or Asian leguminous trees of the genus Pterocarpus that have reddish wood Paraná pinethe wood of this tree partridge-woodthe dark striped wood of the tropical American leguminous tree, Andira inermis, used for cabinetwork pearthe wood of this tree, used for making furniture persimmonany of several tropical trees of the genus Diospyros, typically having hard wood and large orange-red fruit: family Ebenaceae pinethe wood of any of these trees pitch pinethe wood of any of these trees poonany of several trees of the SE Asian genus Calophyllum having lightweight hard wood and shiny leathery leaves: family Clusiaceae poplarany tree of the salicaceous genus Populus, of N temperate regions, having triangular leaves, flowers borne in catkins, and light soft wood pulpwoodpine, spruce, or any other soft wood used to make paper quassiaany tree of the tropical American simaroubaceous genus Quassia, having bitter bark and wood quebrachoeither of two anacardiaceous South American trees, Schinopsis lorentzii or S. balansae, having a tannin-rich hard wood used in tanning and dyeing red cedarany of several North American coniferous trees, esp Juniperus virginiana, a juniper that has fragrant reddish wood used for making pencils, and Thuja plicata, an arbor vitae red fira North American coniferous tree, Abies magnifica, having reddish wood valued as timber: family Pinaceae red gumany of several Australian myrtaceous trees of the genus Eucalyptus, esp E. camaldulensis, which has reddish wood red oakthe hard cross-grained reddish wood of this tree ribbonwooda small evergreen malvaceous tree, Hoheria populnea, of New Zealand. Its wood is used in furniture making and the tough bark for making cord rosewoodthe hard dark wood of any of various tropical and subtropical leguminous trees, esp of the genus Dalbergia. It has a roselike scent and is used in cabinetwork sandalwoodthe wood of any of these trees, which is used for carving, is burned as incense, and yields an aromatic oil used in perfumery sandaraceither of two coniferous trees, Tetraclinis articulata of N Africa or Callistris endlicheri of Australia, having hard fragrant dark wood: family Cupressaceae sappanwooda small leguminous tree, Caesalpinia sappan, of S Asia producing wood that yields a red dye sassy, sasswood, or sassy wooda W African leguminous tree, Erythrophleum guineense, with poisonous bark (sassy bark) and hard strong wood satinwooda rutaceous tree, Chloroxylon swietenia, that occurs in the East Indies and has hard wood with a satiny texture Scots pinethe wood of this tree shagbark or shellbarkthe wood of this tree, used for tool handles, fuel, etc sneezewoodthe tough wood of this tree, which has a peppery smell and is used for bridges, piers, fencing posts, etc softwoodthe open-grained wood of any of numerous coniferous trees, such as pine and cedar, as distinguished from that of a dicotyledonous tree spotted gumthe wood of this tree, used for shipbuilding, sleepers, etc spruceany coniferous tree of the N temperate genus Picea, cultivated for timber and for ornament: family Pinaceae. They grow in a pyramidal shape and have needle-like leaves and light-coloured wood stinkwoodany of various trees having offensive-smelling wood, esp Ocotea bullata, a southern African lauraceous tree yielding a hard wood used for furniture sumach or sumac (US)the wood of any of these plants sycamorea Eurasian maple tree, Acer pseudoplatanus, naturalized in Britain and North America, having five-lobed leaves, yellow flowers, and two-winged fruits tamarackthe wood of any of these trees tamarindthe wood of this tree teaka large verbenaceous tree, Tectona grandis, of the East Indies, having white flowers and yielding a valuable dense wood thornthe wood of any of these plants toonthe close-grained red wood of this tree, used for furniture, carvings, etc torchwoodany of various rutaceous trees or shrubs of the genus Amyris, esp A. balsamifera, of Florida and the Caribbean, having hard resinous wood used for torches tulipwoodthe light soft wood of the tulip tree, used in making furniture and veneer tupelothe light strong wood of any of these trees walnutany juglandaceous deciduous tree of the genus Juglans, of America, SE Europe, and Asia, esp J. regia, which is native to W Asia but introduced elsewhere. They have aromatic leaves and flowers in catkins and are grown for their edible nuts and for their wood western red cedarthe wood of this tree, used by North American Indians for building and for carving totem poles white cedarthe wood of this tree, which is used for building boats, etc white pinethe light-coloured wood of this tree, much used commercially whitewoodany of various trees with light-coloured wood, such as the tulip tree, basswood, and cottonwood willowthe whitish wood of certain of these trees yellowwoodany of several leguminous trees of the genus Cladrastis, esp C. lutea, of the southeastern US, having clusters of white flowers and yellow wood yielding a yellow dye yewany coniferous tree of the genus Taxus, of the Old World and North America, esp T. baccata, having flattened needle-like leaves, fine-grained elastic wood, and solitary seeds with a red waxy aril resembling berries: family Taxaceae zebrawoodany of various other trees or shrubs having striped wood ▷ See wood
Copyright © 2016 by HarperCollins Publishers. All rights reserved.
Word List of Types of wood from the Collins English Word Lists