英语词库
(动词) 
Definition
to be unsuccessful in an attempt
He was afraid the revolution they had started would fail.
同义词
be unsuccessful
,
founder
The talks have foundered.
,
fall flat
,
come to nothing
, , ,
go down
,
break down
Their partnership broke down after too many disagreements.
,
flop (informal)
The film flopped badly at the box office.
,
be defeated
,
fall short
,
fall through
The deal fell through.
,
fall short of
,
fizzle out (informal)
,
come unstuck
,
run aground
,
miscarry
My career miscarried when I thought I had everything.
,
be in vain
, ,
fall by the wayside
,
go astray
,
come to grief
So many marriages have come to grief over lack of money.
,
come a cropper (informal)
,
bite the dust
Her first marriage bit the dust because of irreconcilable differences.
,
go up in smoke
,
go belly-up (slang)
,
come to naught
,
lay an egg (slang, mainly US, Canadian)
,
go by the board
,
not make the grade (informal)
,
go down like a lead balloon (informal)
,
turn out badly
,
fall flat on your face
,
meet with disaster
,
be found lacking or wanting
反义词
, , , , , , , , ,
have legs (informal)
(动词) 
Definition
to prove disappointing or useless to someone
We waited twenty-one years; don't fail us now.
同义词
disappoint
He said that he was surprised and disappointed by the decision.
,
abandon
She claimed that her friends had abandoned her.
,
desert
Poor farmers are deserting their fields and looking for jobs.
,
neglect
She neglected to inform me of her change of plans.
,
omit
She had omitted to tell him she was leaving.
,
let down
,
forsake
I still love you and would never forsake you.
,
turn your back on
,
be disloyal to
,
break your word
,
forget
Don't forget that all dogs need a supply of water.
(动词) 
Definition
to stop operating
The lights mysteriously failed.
同义词
stop working
, ,
die
The engine coughed, spluttered, and died.
,
give up
,
break down
Their car broke down.
,
cease
A small number of firms have ceased trading.
, ,
cut out
,
malfunction
Radiation can cause microprocessors to malfunction.
,
conk out (informal)
,
crash (a computer)
,
go on the blink (informal)
,
go phut
(动词) 
In fact many food crops failed because of the drought.
同义词
wither
Farmers have watched their crops wither because of the drought.
,
perish
The rubber lining had perished.
,
sag
He shrugged and sagged into a chair.
,
droop
Support for him is beginning to droop amongst voters.
,
waste away
The plants are just wasting away in this heat.
,
shrivel up
(动词) 
Definition
to go bankrupt
So far this year, 104 banks have failed.
同义词
go bankrupt
,
crash
When the market crashed they assumed the deal would be cancelled.
,
collapse
His business empire collapsed under a massive burden of debt.
,
fold (informal)
The company folded in 1990.
,
close down
,
go under
If one firm goes under it could provoke a cascade of bankruptcies.
,
go bust (informal)
Hundreds of restaurants went bust last year.
,
go out of business
,
be wound up
,
go broke (informal)
,
go to the wall
Even big companies are going to the wall these days.
,
go into receivership
,
go into liquidation
,
become insolvent
,
(动词) 
He was 93 and his health was failing rapidly.
同义词
decline
a declining birth rate
, ,
weaken
The storm was finally beginning to weaken.
Family structures are weakening and breaking up.
,
deteriorate
There are fears that the situation may deteriorate.
,
dwindle
The factory's workforce has dwindled.
, ,
degenerate
The argument degenerated into a fist fight.
,
fall apart at the seams
The university system is falling apart at the seams.
,
be on your last legs (informal)
(动词) 
Definition
to stop operating
Here in the hills, the light failed more quickly.
同义词
give out
, ,
fade
After that all her worries faded away.
,
dim
Their memory of what happened has dimmed.
, ,
wane
His interest in art to wane.
, , ,
peter out
The strike seemed to be petering out.
,
die away
The sound died away.
,
grow dim
,
sink
Our hopes were sinking fast.
(动词) 
Definition
to judge or be judged as being below the officially accepted standard required in a course or examination
I lived in fear of failing my end-of-term exams.
同义词
not pass
,
be unsuccessful
,
flunk (informal)
,
screw up (informal)
,
wash out
,
underperform
,
not make the grade
,
not come up to scratch
,
underachieve
,
not come up to the mark (informal)

短语

See without fail

其他同义词

in the sense of abandon
Definition
to desert or leave
She claimed that her friends had abandoned her.
同义词
ditch (slang),
leave behind,
walk out on,
run out on,
throw over,
turn your back on,
leave high and dry,
leave in the lurch,
let someone stew in their own juice
in the sense of bite the dust
Definition
to stop functioning
Her first marriage bit the dust because of irreconcilable differences.
同义词
flop (informal),
be unsuccessful,
go down,
fall flat,
come to nothing,
fizzle out (informal),
come unstuck,
run aground,
come a cropper (informal),
go up in smoke,
go belly-up (slang),
come to naught,
not make the grade (informal),
meet with disaster
in the sense of break down
Their partnership broke down after too many disagreements.
同义词
be unsuccessful,
come unstuck,
run aground,
come a cropper (informal),
turn out badly

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Video: pronunciation of 'fail'

学习资源

fail 的词库—— 柯林斯 英语词库
Life on the edge
The desire to push the boundaries has been a motivator in many a daring expedition, testing the human spirit and physical abilities to the utmost. Indulge your adventurous spirit by exploring some associated ‘extreme’ vocabulary. Will you have the survival skills to master our quiz?
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