英语词库
(形容词) 
Definition
not doing anything
Employees have been idle for almost a month now.
同义词
unoccupied
Portraits of unoccupied youths predominate.
,
unemployed
Have you been unemployed for over six months?
,
redundant
a redundant miner
,
jobless
One in four people are now jobless in inner areas like Tottenham.
,
out of work
a town where half the residents are out of work
,
out of action
,
inactive
He has been inactive since last year.
,
at leisure
,
between jobs
,
unwaged
,
at a loose end
They're most likely to get into trouble when they're at a loose end.
反义词
(形容词) 
Definition
not operating or being used
Now the machine is lying idle.
同义词
, ,
inactive
The satellite has been inactive since its launch two years ago.
,
out of order
,
ticking over
,
gathering dust
,
mothballed
,
out of service
The photocopier is out of service today.
,
out of action or operation
(形容词) 
Definition
not wanting to work
I've never met such an idle bunch of workers!
同义词
lazy
I was too lazy to learn how to read music.
,
slow
He moved in a slow, unhurried way.
,
slack
busy times and slack periods
,
sluggish
feeling sluggish and lethargic after a big meal
,
lax
One of the problems is lax security for airport personnel.
, ,
inactive
They certainly were not politically inactive.
,
inert
He covered the inert body with a blanket
,
lethargic
He felt too miserable and lethargic to get dressed.
,
indolent
indolent teenagers who won't lift a finger to help
,
lackadaisical
Dr. Jonsen seemed a little lackadaisical at times.
, ,
remiss (formal)
I would be remiss if I did not do something about it.
,
workshy
,
slothful (formal)
He was not slothful: he had been busy all night.
,
shiftless
a shiftless husband
反义词
(形容词) 
Definition
ineffective or useless
It would be idle to pretend the system is worthless.
同义词
useless
He realised that their money was useless in this country.
, ,
pointless
Violence is always pointless.
,
hopeless
I don't believe your situation is as hopeless as you think.
,
unsuccessful
a second unsuccessful operation on his knee
,
ineffective
Reform will continue to be painful and ineffective.
,
worthless
Training is worthless unless there is proof that it works.
,
futile
a futile attempt to ward off the blow
,
fruitless
It was a fruitless search.
,
unproductive
They are aware much of their time and effort is unproductive.
,
abortive
an abortive attempt to prevent him from taking office
,
ineffectual
the well-meaning but ineffectual jobs programs of the past
, ,
of no use
, , ,
unavailing
a brave but unavailing fight against a terminal illness
,
otiose
,
of no avail
,
profitless
a singularly profitless line of thought
,
反义词
(形容词) 
Definition
frivolous or trivial
He kept up the idle chatter for another five minutes.
同义词
,
superficial
a superficial yuppie with no intellect whatsoever
,
insignificant
In 1949 it was still a small, insignificant city.
,
frivolous
I was a bit too frivolous to be a doctor.
,
silly
That's a silly thing to say.
, , ,
foolish
It would be foolish to raise hopes unnecessarily.
,
unhelpful
,
flippant
She dismissed it as a flippant comment.
,
puerile
puerile schoolboy humour
, , ,
empty-headed
They had misjudged me as empty-headed and dim.
,
nugatory
They wrote for the magazine for fees that were either non-existent or nugatory.
反义词
(形容词) 
Definition
without basis
It was more of an idle threat than anything.
同义词
empty
Without my friends my life would be lonely and empty.
, ,
hollow
Any threat to bring in the police is a hollow one.
,
vain
They worked all night in a vain attempt to finish on schedule.
,
trivial
I don't like to visit the doctor just for something trivial.
, ,
worthless
This piece of old junk is totally worthless.
,
trifling
The guests had each paid £250, no trifling sum.
, , ,
inconsequential
a reminder of how inconsequential their lives were
,
aimless
After several hours of aimless driving they were getting low on fuel.
, ,
valueless
I felt my existence was totally valueless.
,
purposeless
Time may be wasted in purposeless meetings.
(动词) 
Definition
to waste or pass (time) in idleness
He idled the time away in dreamy thought.
同义词
, , , ,
lounge
They ate and drank and lounged in the shade.
,
potter
She was pottering around in the garden.
,
loaf
She studied, and I just loafed around.
,
dally
He did not dally long over his meal.
,
loiter
unemployed young men loitering at the entrance to the factory.
,
dawdle
They dawdled arm in arm past the shopfronts.
,
laze
Fred lazed in an easy chair.
(动词) 
We spent many hours idling in cafés.
同义词
do nothing
,
slack
He had never let a foreman see him slacking.
,
hang out (informal)
, ,
take it easy
,
shirk
He was sacked for shirking.
,
stagnate
His career had stagnated.
,
mark time
,
kill time
,
skive (British, slang)
The company treated me as though I were skiving.
,
vegetate
He spends all his time vegetating in front of the TV.
,
sit back and do nothing
,
veg out (slang)
,
kick your heels
,
bludge (Australian, New Zealand, informal)
He was sacked for bludging on the job.
,
slow down
,
bob off (British, slang)
(动词) 
They idled along looking at things.
同义词
drift
I let my attention drift.
,
wander
He wandered aimlessly around the garden.
,
meander
We meandered along the Irish country roads.
,
coast
I slipped into neutral gear and coasted down the slope.
,
float
barges floating quietly by the grassy river banks
,
stray
She could not keep her eyes from straying towards him.
,
go aimlessly
(动词) 
Definition
(of an engine) to run at low speed without transmitting any power
Her limo waited with its engine idling.
同义词
tick over
He sat in the car with the engine ticking over.
,
be in neutral

引文

As idle as a painted ship
Upon a painted ocean
[Samuel Taylor ColeridgeThe Ancient Mariner]
It is impossible to enjoy idling thoroughly unless one has plenty of work to do [Jerome K. JeromeIdle Thoughts of an Idle Fellow]Satan finds some mischief still
For idle hands to do
[Isaac WattsDivine Songs for Children]
We would all be idle if we could [Samuel Johnson]It is better to have loafed and lost than never to have loafed at all [James ThurberFables For Our Time]

其他同义词

in the sense of abortive
Definition
failing to achieve its purpose
an abortive attempt to prevent him from taking office
in the sense of aimless
Definition
having no purpose or direction
After several hours of aimless driving they were getting low on fuel.
同义词
goalless,
directionless,
unguided,
undirected
in the sense of at a loose end
Definition
bored because one has nothing to do
They're most likely to get into trouble when they're at a loose end.
同义词
with nothing to do

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Video: pronunciation of 'idle'

学习资源

idle 的词库—— 柯林斯 英语词库
Life on the edge
The desire to push the boundaries has been a motivator in many a daring expedition, testing the human spirit and physical abilities to the utmost. Indulge your adventurous spirit by exploring some associated ‘extreme’ vocabulary. Will you have the survival skills to master our quiz?
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