英语词库
(名词) 
Definition
a gradual decline to a lower degree, condition, or state
His behaviour showed neither decency or dignity. It was an uncommon lapse.
同义词
decline
Rome's decline in the fifth century.
,
fall
There was a sharp fall in the value of the pound.
,
drop
He was prepared to take a drop in wages.
,
descent
his swift descent from respected academic to homeless derelict
,
deterioration
the rapid deterioration in relations between the two countries
,
relapse
a relapse into the nationalism of the nineteenth century
,
backsliding
,
downturn
(名词) 
Definition
a temporary drop in standard as a result of forgetfulness or lack of concentration
The incident was being seen as a serious security lapse.
同义词
mistake
Spelling mistakes are often just the result of haste.
,
failing
He had invented an imaginary son, in order to make up for his real son's failings.
,
fault
It was a genuine fault.
,
failure
They didn't prove his case of a failure of duty.
,
error
NASA discovered a mathematical error in its calculations.
,
slip
There must be no slips.
,
negligence
He was responsible for his patients' deaths through gross negligence.
,
omission
an injury occasioned by any omission of the defendant
,
oversight
By an unfortunate oversight, full instructions do not come with the product.
,
indiscretion
The newspapers tried to reveal the party's indiscretions.
(名词) 
Definition
a period of time sufficient for a change to take place
the time lapse between pulling the seat handle and the parachute deploying
同义词
interval
During the interval, wine was served.
,
break
Nothing has been discussed that might lead to a break in the deadlock.
,
gap
There followed a gap of four years.
, ,
pause
There was a brief pause in the conversation.
,
interruption
interruptions in the supply of food and fuel
,
lull
a lull in the conversation
,
breathing space
We hope that it will give us some breathing space.
,
intermission
Drinks were served during the intermission.
(动词) 
Definition
to decline gradually in status, condition, or degree
The house lapsed into disarray through lack of care.
同义词
slip
There is a general public belief that standards have slipped.
,
fall
Her father fell into the sea after a massive heart attack.
,
decline
Her father's health has declined significantly in recent months.
,
sink
Pay increases have sunk to around seven per cent.
,
drop
The ground dropped away steeply.
,
slide
She had slid into depression.
,
deteriorate
There are fears that the situation may deteriorate.
,
degenerate
The argument degenerated into a fist fight.
(动词) 
Definition
to allow to end or become no longer valid, esp. through negligence
Her membership of the party has lapsed.
同义词
end
Talks have resumed to try to end the fighting.
,
stop
The music stopped and the lights were turned up.
,
run out
the day my visa ran out
,
expire
He continued to live in the States after his visa had expired.
,
terminate
His contract terminates at the end of the season.
,
become obsolete
,
become void

其他同义词

in the sense of break
Definition
any sudden interruption in a continuous action
Nothing has been discussed that might lead to a break in the deadlock.
in the sense of breathing space
Definition
a short period during which a difficult situation temporarily becomes less severe
We hope that it will give us some breathing space.
同义词
time to think
in the sense of degenerate
Definition
to become degenerate
The argument degenerated into a fist fight.

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Video: pronunciation of 'lapse'

学习资源

lapse 的词库—— 柯林斯 英语词库
Life on the edge
The desire to push the boundaries has been a motivator in many a daring expedition, testing the human spirit and physical abilities to the utmost. Indulge your adventurous spirit by exploring some associated ‘extreme’ vocabulary. Will you have the survival skills to master our quiz?
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