→ another name for IRS (sense 2 )
a congenital condition characterized by abnormal chromosomes , mental deficiency , a broad face, slanting eyes, a short fifth finger , etc.; Mongolism
Down's syndrome is a disorder that some people are born with. People who have Down's syndrome have physical differences, such as shorter stature, and learning difficulties.
a rare congenital disorder in which cancer destroys the facial skin and causes blindness; skeletal anomalies can also occur
a condition of the autoimmune system caused by antibodies reacting against phospholipids , leading to thrombosis
a disorder of connective tissue that is characterized by abnormal elongation of the bones and often by visual impairment
a rare metabolic disease in children that can be fatal , involving damage to the brain , liver , and kidneys
a genetic disorder occurring in women due to an incomplete or missing X chromosome : symptoms include short stature , a webbed neck, and swollen hands and feet
a form of autism in which the person affected has limited but obsessive interests, and has difficulty relating to other people
a psychosomatic condition in which the spouse or partner of a pregnant woman experiences symptoms of childbirth or pregnancy
a medical condition characterized by obesity, hypertension , excessive hair growth, etc., caused by an overactive adrenal gland or large doses of corticosteroids
a medical condition characterized by bone deformity and learning disability
a delusive condition affecting some visitors to Jerusalem in which the sufferer identifies with a major figure from his or her religious background
a syndrome , usually afflicting children, characterized by high fever , swollen lymph nodes in the neck, rashes , irritated eyes and mucous membranes, etc. with possible damage to the cardiovascular system
a disorder of the inner ear characterized by a ringing or buzzing in the ear, dizziness, and impaired hearing
a condition associated with obesity including symptoms such as glucose intolerance, insulin resistance , and raised blood pressure, which increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes
→ another name for cerebellar syndrome
debilitating condition occurring as a sequel to viral illness
a condition caused by malfunction in cell growth , in which bone and flesh tissue overgrow in localized areas of the body
a psychological condition in which hostages or kidnap victims become sympathetic towards their captors
a brain disorder characterized by involuntary outbursts of swearing , spitting , barking , etc, and sudden involuntary movements
a genetic disorder characterized by various deformities and abnormalities ; esp., the absence of a female's second X chromosome , which prevents her from maturing sexually
an abnormality in the genes involved in calcium metabolism , resulting in learning difficulties
a developmental disorder characterized by social and emotional deficiencies , but accompanied by normal or above-average verbal skills and cognitive ability
a disease of the cerebellum characterized by unsteady movements and mispronunciation of words
cot death syndrome
the unexplained sudden death of an infant during sleep
an inherited condition characterized by learning disability : affected individuals have an X-chromosome that is easily damaged under certain conditions
a congenital disorder in which one side of the face is malformed, often with an enlargement of one side of the mouth. There may also be hearing loss, curvature of the spine , and learning difficulties
Gulf War syndrome
a group of various debilitating symptoms experienced by many soldiers who served in the Gulf War of 1991. It is claimed to be associated with damage to the central nervous system, caused by exposure to pesticides containing organophosphates
a congenital disorder of males, caused by the presence of an extra X chromosome and characterized by small testicles and sterility
a condition in which a person is conscious but unable to move any part of the body except the eyes : results from damage to the brainstem
a psychiatric disorder in which a patient feigns illness to obtain hospital treatment
→ another name for Munchausen's syndrome
→ another name for Parkinson's disease
Premenstrual syndrome is used to refer to the problems , including strain and tiredness, that many women experience before menstruation . The abbreviation → PMS is often used.
Tourette's syndrome is a brain disorder that causes the sufferer to make sudden uncontrolled movements and sometimes swear and spit.
→ another term for heart block
brittle bone syndrome
→ another name for osteogenesis imperfecta
a condition, often involving depression , loneliness, etc, experienced by parents living in a home from which the children have grown up and left
false memory syndrome
an alleged condition in which a person undergoing psychotherapy erroneously believes in traumatic events in his or her childhood
a rare congenital condition characterized by obsessive eating, learning difficulties , and restricted growth
shaken baby syndrome
a combination of physical injuries and conditions such as brain damage and broken bones , sometimes leading to death , caused by the vigorous shaking of an infant or young child
sudden death syndrome
→ another name for sudden adult death syndrome
tall poppy syndrome
a tendency to disparage any person who has achieved great prominence or wealth
toxic shock syndrome
a potentially fatal condition, characterized by fever , stomachache , a painful rash , and a drop in blood pressure, that is caused by staphylococcal blood poisoning . In women it is most commonly caused by a retained tampon during menstruation
→ another name for white-coat hypertension
carpal tunnel syndrome
a condition characterized by pain and tingling in the fingers , caused by pressure on a nerve as it passes under the ligament situated across the front of the wrist
chronic fatigue syndrome
Chronic fatigue syndrome is an illness that is thought to be caused by a virus , and which affects people for a long period of time. Its symptoms include tiredness and aching muscles . The abbreviation → CFS is often used.
Economy-class syndrome is a serious medical condition caused by blood clots in the legs moving up to the lungs ; used especially in connection with long-haul flights .
fetal alcohol syndrome
a condition in newborn babies caused by excessive intake of alcohol by the mother during pregnancy : characterized by poor mental and physical development
A syndrome is a medical condition that is characterized by a particular group of signs and symptoms.
参见 syndrome 的详细定义
The past perfect tense
Typical forms of this tense are as shown in: I had misheard. She had misheard. I had finished . She had found them. She ’d gone. They ’d found her. Had I misheard ? Had it gone ?...
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