accentorany small sparrow-like songbird of the genus Prunella, family Prunellidae, which inhabit mainly mountainous regions of Europe and Asia amazonany of various tropical American parrots of the genus Amazona, such as A. farinosa (green amazon), having a short tail and mainly green plumage amokura (New Zealand)a white pelagian bird, Paethon rubricauda, of tropical latitudes in the Indian and Pacific oceans, with a red beak and long red tail feathers aniany of several gregarious tropical American birds of the genus Crotophaga: family Cuculidae (cuckoos). They have a black plumage, long square-tipped tail, and heavily hooked bill apostle bird or happy family bird (Australian)a gregarious grey-and-brown Australian nest-building bird, Struthidea cinerea avadavat or amadavateither of two Asian weaverbirds of the genus Estrilda, esp E. amandava, having a red plumage: often kept as cagebirds avocetany of several long-legged shore birds of the genus Recurvirostra, such as the European R. avosetta, having black-and-white plumage and a long upward-curving bill: family Recurvirostridae, order Charadriiformes axebird (Australian)a nightjar of northern Queensland and New Guinea with a cry that sounds like a chopping axebabblerany of various insect-eating birds of the Old World tropics and subtropics that have a loud incessant song: family Muscicapidae (warblers, thrushes, etc) Baltimore oriolea North American oriole, Icterus galbula, the male of which has orange and black plumage banded dotterel (New Zealand)banded rail (New Zealand)barbetany small tropical brightly coloured bird of the family Capitonidae, having short weak wings and a sharp stout bill with tuftlike feathers at its base: order Piciformes (woodpeckers, etc) beccaficoany of various European songbirds, esp warblers of the genus Sylvia, eaten as a delicacy in Italy and other countries bee eaterany insectivorous bird of the family Meropidae of tropical and subtropical regions of the Old World, having a long downward-curving bill and long pointed wings and tail: order Coraciiformes (kingfishers, etc) bellbird or (N.Z.) korimako or mako-makoany of several tropical American passerine birds of the genus Procnias having a bell-like call: family Cotingidae (cotingas) bird of paradisebishopbirdany African weaverbird of the genus Euplectes (or Pyromelana), the males of which have black plumage marked with red or yellow bitternany wading bird of the genera Ixobrychus and Botaurus, related and similar to the herons but with shorter legs and neck, a stouter body, and a booming call: family Ardeidae, order Ciconiiformes blackbirda common European thrush, Turdus merula, in which the male has a black plumage and yellow bill and the female is brown blackcapa brownish-grey Old World warbler, Sylvia atricapilla, the male of which has a black crownblackcockthe male of the black grouse black-fronted tern or tara (New Zealand)black grousea large N European grouse, Lyrurus tetrix, the male of which has a bluish-black plumage and lyre-shaped tail blackpolla North American warbler, Dendroica striata, the male of which has a black-and-white head black robin (New Zealand)bluebirdany North American songbird of the genus Sialia, having a blue or partly blue plumage: subfamily Turdinae (thrushes) blue duck orwhioblue grousea grouse, Dendragapus obscurus, of W North America, having a bluish-grey plumage with a black tail blue jaya common, crested North American jay (Cyanocitta cristata) with a blue upper body and head bluethroata small brownish European songbird, Cyanosylvia svecica, related to the thrushes, the male of which has a blue throat: family Muscicapidae bluetita common European tit, Parus caeruleus, having a blue crown, wings, and tail, yellow underparts, and a black and grey head boatbill or boat-billed herona nocturnal tropical American wading bird, Cochlearius cochlearius, similar to the night herons but with a broad flattened bill: family Ardeidae, order Ciconiiformes bobolinkan American songbird, Dolichonyx oryzivorus, the male of which has a white back and black underparts in the breeding season: family Icteridae (American orioles) bobwhitea brown North American quail, Colinus virginianus, the male of which has white markings on the head: a popular game bird bokmakieriea large yellow shrike, Telephorus zeylonus, of southern Africa, known for its melodious song boobook (Australian)bowerbirdbrain-fever birdan Indian cuckoo, Cuculus varius, that utters a repetitive call bramblinga Eurasian finch, Fringilla montifringilla, with a speckled head and back and, in the male, a reddish brown breast and darker wings and tail broadbillany passerine bird of the family Eurylaimidae, of tropical Africa and Asia, having bright plumage and a short wide bill brolga, Australian crane, or (Austral.) native companiona large grey Australian crane, Grus rubicunda, having a red-and-green head and a trumpeting call brown creeper or bush canarya small bush bird, Finschia novaeseelandiae, of South Island, New Zealand brown duck (New Zealand)brown kiwi (New Zealand)budgerigara small green Australian parrot, Melopsittacus undulatus: a popular cagebird that is bred in many different coloured varieties bulbula songbird, taken to be the nightingale, often mentioned in Persian poetry bullfincha common European finch, Pyrrhula pyrrhula: the male has a bright red throat and breast, black crown, wings, and tail, and a grey-and-white back buntingany of numerous seed-eating songbirds of the families Fringillidae (finches, etc) or Emberizidae, esp those of the genera Emberiza of the Old World and Passerina of North America. They all have short stout bills bush shrikeany shrike of the African subfamily Malaconotinae, such as Chlorophoneus nigrifrons (black-fronted bush shrike) bushtitbush wren (New Zealand)a wren, Xenicus longipes, occurring in New Zealand: family Xenicidae bustard any terrestrial bird of the family Otididae, inhabiting open regions of the Old World: order Gruiformes (cranes, rails, etc). They have long strong legs, a heavy body, a long neck, and speckled plumage button quailany small quail-like terrestrial bird of the genus Turnix, such as T. sylvatica (striped button quail), occurring in tropical and subtropical regions of the Old World: family Turnicidae, order Gruiformes (cranes, rails, etc) caciqueany of various tropical American songbirds of the genus Cacicus and related genera: family Icteridae (American orioles) Californian quail (New Zealand)canarya small finch, Serinus canaria, of the Canary Islands and Azores: a popular cagebird noted for its singing. Wild canaries are streaked yellow and brown, but most domestic breeds are pure yellow Cape Barren gooseCape pigeoncapercaillie or capercailziea large European woodland grouse, Tetrao urogallus, having a black plumage and fan-shaped tail in the male Cape sparrowa sparrow, Passer melanurus, very common in southern Africa: family Ploceidae capuchina rare variety of domestic fancy pigeon cardinal or cardinal grosbeaka crested North American bunting, Richmondena (or Pyrrhuloxia) cardinalis, the male of which has a bright red plumage and the female a brown one carrion crowa common predatory and scavenging European crow, Corvus corone, similar to the rook but having a pure black bill cassowaryany large flightless bird of the genus Casuarius, inhabiting forests in NE Australia, New Guinea, and adjacent islands, having a horny head crest, black plumage, and brightly coloured neck and wattles: order Casuariiformes catbirdany of several North American songbirds of the family Mimidae (mockingbirds), esp Dumetella carolinensis, whose call resembles the mewing of a cat chaffincha common European finch, Fringilla coelebs, with black and white wings and, in the male, a reddish body and blue-grey head chatany Old World songbird of the subfamily Turdinae (thrushes, etc) having a harsh chattering cry chickadeechickena domestic fowl bred for its flesh or eggs, esp a young one chiffchaffa common European warbler, Phylloscopus collybita, with a yellowish-brown plumage chimney swift or chimney swallowa North American swift, Chaetura pelagica, that nests in chimneys and similar hollows chipping sparrowa common North American sparrow, Spizella passerina, having brown-and-grey plumage and a white eye stripe chougha large black passerine bird, Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax, of parts of Europe, Asia, and Africa, with a long downward-curving red bill: family Corvidae (crows) chuck-will's-widowa large North American nightjar, Caprimulgus carolinensis, similar to the whippoorwill chukara common Indian partridge, Alectoris chukar (or graeca), having red legs and bill and a black-barred sandy plumage cliff swallowan American swallow, Petrochelidon pyrrhonota, that has a square-tipped tail and builds nests of mud on cliffs, walls, etc coal tit or coletita small European songbird, Parus ater, having a black head with a white patch on the nape: family Paridae (tits) cockatiel or cockateela crested Australian parrot, Leptolophus hollandicus, having a greyish-brown and yellow plumage cockatooany of various parrots of the genus Kakatoe and related genera, such as K. galerita (sulphur-crested cockatoo), of Australia and New Guinea. They have an erectile crest and most of them are light-coloured cock-of-the-rockeither of two tropical South American birds, Rupicola rupicola or R. peruviana, having an erectile crest and (in the male) a brilliant red or orange plumage: family Cotingidae (cotingas) collared dovea European dove, Streptopelia decaocto, having a brownish-grey plumage with a black band on the back of the neck coly or mousebirdany of the arboreal birds of the genus Colius, family Coliidae, and order Coliiformes, of southern Africa. They have a soft hairlike plumage, crested head, and very long tail conureany of various small American parrots of the genus Aratinga and related genera coppersmithan Asian barbet (a bird), Megalaima haemacephala, the call of which has a ringing metallic note coquetteany hummingbird of the genus Lophornis, esp the crested Brazilian species L. magnifica corellaany of certain white Australian cockatoos of the genus Kakatoe corn buntinga heavily built European songbird, Emberiza calandra, with a streaked brown plumage: family Emberizidae (buntings) corncrakea common Eurasian rail, Crex crex, of fields and meadows, with a buff speckled plumage and reddish wings cotinga or chattererany tropical American passerine bird of the family Cotingidae, such as the umbrella bird and the cock-of-the-rock, having a broad slightly hooked bill coucal any ground-living bird of the genus Centropus, of Africa, S Asia, and Australia, having long strong legs: family Cuculidae (cuckoos) cowbirdany of various American orioles of the genera Molothrus, Tangavius, etc, esp M. ater (common or brown-headed cowbird). They have a dark plumage and short bill crakeany of several rails that occur in the Old World, such as the corncrake and the spotted crake craneany large long-necked long-legged wading bird of the family Gruidae, inhabiting marshes and plains in most parts of the world except South America, New Zealand, and Indonesia: order Gruiformes crested tita small European songbird, Parus cristatus, that has a greyish-brown plumage with a prominent speckled black-and-white crest: family Paridae (tits) crocodile birdcrombecany African Old World warbler of the genus Sylvietta, having colourful plumage crossbillany of various widely distributed finches of the genus Loxia, such as L. curvirostra, that occur in coniferous woods and have a bill with crossed mandible tips for feeding on conifer seeds crowany large gregarious songbird of the genus Corvus, esp C. corone (the carrion crow) of Europe and Asia: family Corvidae. Other species are the raven, rook, and jackdaw and all have a heavy bill, glossy black plumage, and rounded wings cuckooany bird of the family Cuculidae, having pointed wings, a long tail, and zygodactyl feet: order Cuculiformes. Many species, including the European cuckoo (Cuculus canorus), lay their eggs in the nests of other birds and have a two-note call cuckoo shrikecumuleta variety of domestic fancy pigeon, pure white or white with light red markings curassowany gallinaceous ground-nesting bird of the family Cracidae, of S North, Central, and South America. Curassows have long legs and tails and, typically, a distinctive crest of curled feathers curlewany large shore bird of the genus Numenius, such as N. arquata of Europe and Asia: family Scolopacidae (sandpipers, etc), order Charadriiformes. They have a long downward-curving bill and occur in northern and arctic regions currawong or bell magpiedabchickany of several small grebes of the genera Podiceps and Podilymbus, such as Podiceps ruficollis of the Old World darter, anhinga, or snakebirdany aquatic bird of the genus Anhinga and family Anhingidae, of tropical and subtropical inland waters, having a long slender neck and bill: order Pelecaniformes (pelicans, cormorants, etc) demoiselle or demoiselle crane or Numidian cranea small crane, Anthropoides virgo, of central Asia, N Africa, and SE Europe, having grey plumage with long black breast feathers and white ear tufts diamond bird or pardaloteany of various small Australian songbirds of the genus Pardalotus, esp the diamond bird dipper or water ouzelany aquatic songbird of the genus Cinclus and family Cinclidae, esp C. cinclus. They inhabit fast-flowing streams and resemble large wrens diverany aquatic bird of the genus Gavia, family Gaviidae, and order Gaviiformes of northern oceans, having a straight pointed bill, small wings, and a long body: noted for swiftness and skill in swimming and diving dollarbirda bird, Eurystomus orientalis, of S and SE Asia and Australia, with a round white spot on each wing: family Coraciidae (rollers), order Coraciiformes dotterel or dottrela rare Eurasian plover, Eudromias morinellus, with reddish-brown underparts and white bands around the head and neck dove any of various birds of the family Columbidae, having a heavy body, small head, short legs, and long pointed wings: order Columbiformes. They are typically smaller than pigeons dowitchereither of two snipelike shore birds, Limnodromus griseus or L. scolopaceus, of arctic and subarctic North America: family Scolopacidae (sandpipers, etc), order Charadriiformes drongodunlin or red-backed sandpipera small sandpiper, Calidris (or Erolia) alpina, of northern and arctic regions, having a brown back and black breast in summer egretany of various wading birds of the genera Egretta, Hydranassa, etc, that are similar to herons but usually have a white plumage and, in the breeding season, long feathery plumes: family Ardeidae, order Ciconiiformes emperor penguinan Antarctic penguin, Aptenodytes forsteri, with orange-yellow patches on the neck: the largest penguin, reaching a height of 1.3 m (4 ft) emua large Australian flightless bird, Dromaius novaehollandiae, similar to the ostrich but with three-toed feet and grey or brown plumage: order Casuariiformes emu-wrenany Australian wren of the genus Stipiturus, having long plumy tail feathers fantaila breed of domestic pigeon having a large tail that can be opened like a fan fernbird (New Zealand)a small brown and white New Zealand swamp bird, Bowdleria punctata, with a fernlike tail fieldfarea large Old World thrush, Turdus pilaris, having a pale grey head and rump, brown wings and back, and a blackish tail fig-birdany Australian oriole of the genus Sphecotheres, feeding on figs and other fruit finch any songbird of the family Fringillidae, having a short stout bill for feeding on seeds and, in most species, a bright plumage in the male. Common examples are the goldfinch, bullfinch, chaffinch, siskin, and canary finfootany aquatic bird of the tropical and subtropical family Heliornithidae, having broadly lobed toes, a long slender head and neck, and pale brown plumage: order Gruiformes (cranes, rails etc) firebirdany of various songbirds having a bright red plumage, esp the Baltimore oriole firecresta small European warbler, Regulus ignicapillus, having a crown striped with yellow, black, and white flamingoany large wading bird of the family Phoenicopteridae, having a pink-and-red plumage and downward-bent bill and inhabiting brackish lakes: order Ciconiiformes flower-peckerflycatcherany American passerine bird of the family Tyrannidae francolinany African or Asian partridge of the genus Francolinus friarbirdany of various Australian honeyeaters of the genus Philemon, having a naked head frogmouthany nocturnal insectivorous bird of the genera Podargus and Batrachostomus, of SE Asia and Australia, similar to the nightjars: family Podargidae, order Caprimulgiformes galah or (Austral.) galar or gillaran Australian cockatoo, Kakatoe roseicapilla, having grey wings, back, and crest and a pink body gang-ganga small black cockatoo, Callocephalon fimbriatum, of SE Australia, the male of which has a scarlet head gnatcatcherany of various small American songbirds of the genus Polioptila and related genera, typically having a long tail and a pale bluish-grey plumage: family Muscicapidae (Old World flycatchers, etc) go-away birda common name for a grey-plumaged lourie of the genus Corythaixoides godwitany large shore bird of the genus Limosa, of northern and arctic regions, having long legs and a long upturned bill: family Scolopacidae (sandpipers, etc), order Charadriiformes goldcresta small Old World warbler, Regulus regulus, having a greenish plumage and a bright yellow-and-black crown golden oriolea European oriole, Oriolus oriolus, the male of which has a bright yellow head and body with black wings and tail goldfincha common European finch, Carduelis carduelis, the adult of which has a red-and-white face and yellow-and-black wings Gouldian finch a multicoloured finch, Chloebia gouldiae, of tropical N Australia grackle or crow blackbirdany American songbird of the genera Quiscalus and Cassidix, having a dark iridescent plumage: family Icteridae (American orioles) grassfinchany Australian weaverbird of the genus Poephila and related genera, many of which are brightly coloured and kept as cagebirds grassquitany tropical American finch of the genus Tiaris and related genera, such as T. olivacea (yellow-faced grassquit) great crested grebe a European grebe, Podiceps cristatus, having blackish ear tufts and, in the breeding season, a dark brown frill around the head great northern divera large northern bird, Gavia immer, with a black-and-white chequered back and a black head and neck in summer: family Gaviidae (divers) great tita large common Eurasian tit, Parus major, with yellow-and-black underparts and a black-and-white head grebeany aquatic bird, such as Podiceps cristatus (great crested grebe), of the order Podicipediformes, similar to the divers but with lobate rather than webbed toes and a vestigial tail greenfincha common European finch, Carduelis chloris, the male of which has a dull green plumage with yellow patches on the wings and tail green leekany of several Australian parrots with a green or mostly green plumage greenletgreenshanka large European sandpiper, Tringa nebularia, with greenish legs and a slightly upturned bill green woodpeckera European woodpecker, Picus viridis, with a dull green back and wings and a red crown grey-crowned babbleran insect-eating Australian bird, Pomatostomus temporalis of the family Timaliidae grey warbler or riroriro (New Zealand)a small bush bird that hatches the eggs of the shining cuckoo grosbeakany of various finches, such as Pinicola enucleator (pine grosbeak), that have a massive powerful bill grouseany gallinaceous bird of the family Tetraonidae, occurring mainly in the N hemisphere, having a stocky body and feathered legs and feet. They are popular game birds guanany gallinaceous bird of the genera Penelope, Pipile, etc, of Central and South America: family Cracidae (curassows) guinea fowlany gallinaceous bird, esp Numida meleagris, of the family Numididae of Africa and SW Asia, having a dark plumage mottled with white, a naked head and neck, and a heavy rounded body hadedaha large greyish-green ibis, Hagedeshia hagedash, having a greenish metallic sheen on the wing coverts and shoulders hawfinchan uncommon European finch, Coccothraustes coccothraustes, having a very stout bill and brown plumage with black-and-white wings hazelhena European woodland gallinaceous bird, Tetrastes bonasia, with a speckled brown plumage and slightly crested crown: family Tetraonidae (grouse) hedge sparrow or dunnocka small brownish European songbird, Prunella modularis: family Prunellidae (accentors) helldiver, pie-billed grebe, or dabchicka small greyish-brown North American grebe, Podilymbus podiceps, with a small bill hen harrier or (U.S. & Canad.) marsh harrierheronany of various wading birds of the genera Butorides, Ardea, etc, having a long neck, slim body, and a plumage that is commonly grey or white: family Ardeidae, order Ciconiiformes hill mynaan Asiatic myna bird (Gracula religiosa) with the ability to mimic human speech: often kept as a pet hoatzin or hoactzina unique South American gallinaceous bird, Opisthocomus hoazin, with a brownish plumage, a very small crested head, and clawed wing digits in the young: family Opisthocomidae homing pigeonany breed of pigeon developed for its homing instinct, used for carrying messages or for racing honey creeperany bird of the family Drepanididae of Hawaii honeyeaterany of a large family (Meliphagidae) of Australasian passerine birds with a long, brushlike tongue that can be protruded to catch insects or draw nectar from flowers honey guideany small bird of the family Indicatoridae, inhabiting tropical forests of Africa and Asia and feeding on beeswax, honey, and insects: order Piciformes (woodpeckers, etc) honeysuckerany bird, esp a honey-eater, that feeds on nectar hooded crowa subspecies of the carrion crow, Corvus corone cornix, that has a grey body and black head, wings, and tail hoopoean Old World bird, Upupa epops, having a pinkish-brown plumage with black-and-white wings and an erectile crest: family Upupidae, order Coraciiformes (kingfishers, etc) hornbillany bird of the family Bucerotidae of tropical Africa and Asia, having a very large bill with a basal bony protuberance: order Coraciiformes (kingfishers, etc) house martina Eurasian swallow, Delichon urbica, with a slightly forked tail and a white and bluish-black plumage house sparrowa small Eurasian weaverbird, Passer domesticus, now established in North America and Australia. It has a brown streaked plumage with grey underparts hummingbird or trochilusany very small American bird of the family Trochilidae, having a brilliant iridescent plumage, long slender bill, and wings specialized for very powerful vibrating flight: order Apodiformes ibisany of various wading birds of the family Threskiornithidae, such as Threskiornis aethiopica (sacred ibis), that occur in warm regions and have a long thin down-curved bill: order Ciconiiformes (herons, storks, etc) jabiru a large white tropical American stork, Jabiru mycteria, with a dark naked head and a dark bill jacamarany bird of the tropical American family Galbulidae, having an iridescent plumage and feeding on insects: order Piciformes (woodpeckers, etc) jaçana or lily-trotterany bird of the family Jacanidae, of tropical and subtropical marshy regions, having long legs and very long toes that enable walking on floating plants: order Charadriiformes jackdawa large common Eurasian passerine bird, Corvus monedula, in which the plumage is black and dark grey: noted for its thieving habits: family Corvidae (crows) jacksnipea small Eurasian short-billed snipe, Lymnocryptes minima Jacobina variety of fancy pigeon with a hood of feathers swept up over and around the head jaeger (US, Canadian)Java sparrowa small grey-and-pink finchlike Indonesian weaverbird, Padda oryzivora: a popular cage bird jayany of various passerine birds of the family Corvidae (crows), esp the Eurasian Garrulus glandarius, with a pinkish-brown body, blue-and-black wings, and a black-and-white crest juncoany North American bunting of the genus Junco, having a greyish plumage with white outer tail feathers jungle fowlany small gallinaceous bird of the genus Gallus, of S and SE Asia, the males of which have an arched tail and a combed and wattled head: family Phasianidae (pheasants). G. gallus (red jungle fowl) is thought to be the ancestor of the domestic fowl kagua crested nocturnal bird, Rhynochetos jubatus, with a red bill and greyish plumage: occurs only in New Caledonia and is nearly extinct: family Rhynochetidae, order Gruiformes (cranes, rails, etc) kaka (New Zealand)a New Zealand parrot, Nestor meridionalis, with a long compressed bill kakapo (New Zealand)a ground-living nocturnal parrot, Strigops habroptilus, of New Zealand, resembling an owl kakariki (New Zealand)any of various green-feathered New Zealand parrots of the genus Cyanoramphus karoro kea (New Zealand)a large New Zealand parrot, Nestor notabilis, with brownish-green plumage killdeera large brown-and-white North American plover, Charadrius vociferus, with two black breast bands and a noisy cry kingbirdany of several large American flycatchers of the genus Tyrannus, esp T. tyrannus (eastern kingbird or bee martin) kingfisher any coraciiform bird of the family Alcedinidae, esp the Eurasian Alcedo atthis, which has a greenish-blue and orange plumage. Kingfishers have a large head, short tail, and long sharp bill and tend to live near open water and feed on fish king penguina large penguin, Aptenodytes patagonica, found on islands bordering the Antarctic Circle kiwi or apteryxany nocturnal flightless New Zealand bird of the genus Apteryx, having a long beak, stout legs, and weakly barbed feathers: order Apterygiformes knota small northern sandpiper, Calidris canutus, with a short bill and grey plumage koel or (Austral.) black cuckoo any of several parasitic cuckoos of the genus Eudynamys, esp E. scolopacea, of S and SE Asia and Australia kokakoa dark grey long-tailed wattled crow of New Zealand, Callaeas cinerea kookaburra or laughing jackassa large arboreal Australian kingfisher, Dacelo novaeguineae (or gigas), with a cackling crykotarea small greenish-blue kingfisher, Halcyon sanctus, found in New Zealand, Australia, and some Pacific islands to the northkotukuthe white heron, Egretta alba, having brilliant white plumage, black legs and yellow eyes and bill Lahorea variety of large domestic fancy pigeon having a black-and-white plumage lapwing or green ploverany of several plovers of the genus Vanellus, esp V. vanellus, typically having a crested head, wattles, and spurs larkany brown songbird of the predominantly Old World family Alaudidae, esp the skylark: noted for their singing limpkin or courlana rail-like wading bird, Aramus guarauna, of tropical American marshes, having dark brown plumage with white markings and a wailing cry: order Gruiformes (cranes, rails, etc) linneta brownish Old World finch, Acanthis cannabina: the male has a red breast and foreheadlocust birdany of various pratincoles, esp Glareola nordmanni (black-winged pratincole), that feed on locusts loggerhead shrikea North American shrike, Lanius ludovicianus, having a grey head and body, black-and-white wings and tail, and black facial stripe longspurany of various Arctic and North American buntings of the genera Calcarius and Rhyncophanes, all of which have a long claw on the hind toe long-tailed tita small European songbird, Aegithalos caudatus, with a black, white, and pink plumage and a very long tail: family Paridae (tits) lorikeetany of various small lories, such as Glossopsitta versicolor (varied lorikeet) or Trichoglossus moluccanus (rainbow lorikeet) loryany of various small brightly coloured parrots of Australia and Indonesia, having a brush-tipped tongue with which to feed on nectar and pollen lourielovebirdany of several small African parrots of the genus Agapornis, often kept as cage birds lyrebird or (Austral.) buln-bulneither of two pheasant-like Australian birds, Menura superba and M. alberti, constituting the family Menuridae: during courtship displays, the male spreads its tail into the shape of a lyre macawany large tropical American parrot of the genera Ara and Anodorhynchus, having a long tail and brilliant plumage magpie any of various passerine birds of the genus Pica, esp P. pica, having a black-and-white plumage, long tail, and a chattering call: family Corvidae (crows, etc) magpie lark or peeweea common black-and-white bird of Australia, Grallina cyanoleuca, that builds a mud nest Major Mitchell or Leadbeater's cockatooan Australian cockatoo, Kakatoe leadbeateri, with a white-and-pink plumage mako-makoanother name for bellbird (sense 2)maraboua down feather of this bird, used to trim garments marsh tita small European songbird, Parus palustris, with a black head and greyish-brown body: family Paridae (tits) martinany of various swallows of the genera Progne, Delichon, Riparia, etc, having a square or slightly forked tail meadowlarkeither of two North American yellow-breasted songbirds, Sturnella magna (eastern meadowlark) or S. neglecta (western meadowlark): family Icteridae (American orioles) meadow pipita common European songbird, Anthus pratensis, with a pale brown speckled plumage: family Motacillidae (pipits and wagtails) metallic starling or shining starling (Australian)minivetany brightly coloured tropical Asian cuckoo shrike of the genus Pericrocotus miromiro (New Zealand)a small white-breasted New Zealand tit, Petroica Macrocephala mistle thrush or missel thrusha large European thrush, Turdus viscivorus, with a brown back and spotted breast, noted for feeding on mistletoe berries mistletoe bird (Australian)a small Australian flower-pecker, Dicaeum hirundinaceum, that feeds on mistletoe berries mockingbirdany American songbird of the family Mimidae, having a long tail and grey plumage: noted for their ability to mimic the song of other birds monal or monaulany of several S Asian pheasants of the genus Lophophorus, the males of which have a brilliantly coloured plumage motmot or sawbillany tropical American bird of the family Momotidae, having a long tail and blue and brownish-green plumage: order Coraciiformes (kingfishers, etc) mourning dovea brown North American dove, Zenaidura macroura, with a plaintive song mynah or mynaany of various tropical Asian starlings of the genera Acridotheres, Gracula, etc, esp G. religiosa (see hill mynah), some of which can mimic human speech New Zealand pigeon or kereru (New Zealand)a large fruit-eating native pigeon, Hemiphagia novaeseelandiae, of forest areas nighthawk, bullbat, or mosquito hawkany American nightjar of the genus Chordeiles and related genera, having a dark plumage and, in the male, white patches on the wings and tail night heronany nocturnal heron of the genus Nycticorax and related genera, having short legs and neck, a heavy body, and a short heavy bill nightingalea brownish European songbird, Luscinia megarhynchos, with a broad reddish-brown tail: well known for its musical song, usually heard at nightnightjarany nocturnal bird of the family Caprimulgidae, esp Caprimulgus europaeus (European nightjar): order Caprimulgiformes. They have a cryptic plumage and large eyes and feed on insects noddyany of several tropical terns of the genus Anous, esp A. stolidus (common noddy), typically having a dark plumage noisy friarbird or leatherheadnoisy miner notornisa rare flightless rail of the genus Notornis, of New Zealand nuna variety of domestic fancy pigeon usually having a black-and-white plumage with a ridged peak or cowl of short white feathers nutcrackereither of two birds, Nucifraga caryocatactes of the Old World or N. columbianus (Clark's nutcracker) of North America, having speckled plumage and feeding on nuts, seeds, etc: family Corvidae (crows) nuthatchoilbird or fatbird or guacharoa South American night goatsucker (Steatornis caripensis) of a family (Steatornithidae) with only one species; oilbird: the melted fat of the young birds is used for cooking and lighting orioleany songbird of the mainly tropical Old World family Oriolidae, such as Oriolus oriolus (golden oriole), having a long pointed bill and a mostly yellow-and-black plumage ortolan or ortolan buntinga brownish Old World bunting, Emberiza hortulana, regarded as a delicacy ostricha fast-running flightless African bird, Struthio camelus, that is the largest living bird, with stout two-toed feet and dark feathers, except on the naked head, neck, and legs: order Struthioniformes ouzel or ouselthe ring ouzel or water ouzel ovenbirdany of numerous small brownish South American passerine birds of the family Furnariidae that build oven-shaped clay nests oxpecker or tick-birdeither of two African starlings, Buphagus africanus or B. erythrorhynchus, having flattened bills with which they obtain food from the hides of cattle paradise duck or putangitangi (New Zealand)parakeet or parrakeetany of numerous small usually brightly coloured long-tailed parrots, such as Psittacula krameri (ring-necked parakeet), of Africa pardalote (Australian)any of various small Australian songbirds of the genus Pardalotus, esp the diamond bird parrotany bird of the tropical and subtropical order Psittaciformes, having a short hooked bill, compact body, bright plumage, and an ability to mimic sounds partridgeany of various small Old World gallinaceous game birds of the genera Perdix, Alectoris, etc, esp P. perdix (common or European partridge): family Phasianidae (pheasants) peacocka male peafowl, having a crested head and a very large fanlike tail marked with blue and green eyelike spots peafowleither of two large pheasants, Pavo cristatus (blue peafowl) of India and Sri Lanka and P. muticus (green peafowl) of SE Asia. The males (peacocks) have a characteristic bright plumage peewitpelicanany aquatic bird of the tropical and warm water family Pelecanidae, such as P. onocrotalus (white pelican): order Pelecaniformes. They have a long straight flattened bill, with a distensible pouch for engulfing fish penguinany flightless marine bird, such as Aptenodytes patagonica (king penguin) and Pygoscelis adeliae (Adélie penguin), of the order Sphenisciformes of cool southern, esp Antarctic, regions: they have wings modified as flippers, webbed feet, and feathers lacking barbs phalaropeany aquatic shore bird of the family Phalaropidae, such as Phalaropus fulicarius (grey phalarope), of northern oceans and lakes, having a long slender bill and lobed toes: order Charadriiformes pheasantany of various long-tailed gallinaceous birds of the family Phasianidae, esp Phasianus colchicus (ring-necked pheasant), having a brightly-coloured plumage in the male: native to Asia but introduced elsewhere magpie goosea large black-and-white goose, Anseranas semipalmata, of N Australia and adjacent islandspied wagtaila British songbird, Motacilla alba yarrellii, with a black throat and back, long black tail, and white underparts and face: family Motacillidae (wagtails and pipits) pigeonany of numerous birds of the family Columbidae, having a heavy body, small head, short legs, and long pointed wings: order Columbiformes pipit or titlark pipiwharauroa orshining cuckooa Pacific migratory bird with a metallic green-gold plumage pitta (Australian)any of various small brightly coloured ground-dwelling tropical birds of the genus Pitta ploverany shore bird of the family Charadriidae, typically having a round head, straight bill, and large pointed wings: order Charadriiformes pratincoleany of various swallow-like shore birds of the southern Old World genus Glareola and related genera, esp G. pratincola, having long pointed wings, short legs, and a short bill: family Glareolidae, order Charadriiformes ptarmiganany of several arctic and subarctic grouse of the genus Lagopus, esp L. mutus, which has a white winter plumage puffbirdany of various brownish tropical American birds of the family Bucconidae, having a large head: order Piciformes (woodpeckers, etc) puffinany of various northern diving birds of the family Alcidae (auks, etc), esp Fratercula arctica (common or Atlantic puffin), having a black-and-white plumage and a brightly coloured vertically flattened bill: order Charadriiformes pukekoa wading bird, Porphyrio melanotus, of New Zealand, with a brightly coloured plumage purple gallinulea long-toed purple aquatic bird, Porphyrio porphyrio (or Porphyrula martinica), of the southern US and Europe, with red legs and red bill: family Rallidae (rails, etc) pyrrhuloxiaa grey-and-pink crested bunting, Pyrrhuloxia sinuata, of Central and SW North America, with a short parrot-like bill quailany small Old World gallinaceous game bird of the genus Coturnix and related genera, having a rounded body and small tail: family Phasianidae (pheasants) quarrian or quarrionquetzala crested bird, Pharomachrus mocinno, of Central and N South America, which has a brilliant green, red, and white plumage and, in the male, long tail feathers: family Trogonidae, order Trogoniformes (trogons) racket-tailany of several birds with a racket-shaped tail, such as certain hummingbirds and kingfishers railany of various small wading birds of the genus Rallus and related genera: family Rallidae, order Gruiformes (cranes, etc). They have short wings, long legs, and dark plumage rainbow birdan Australian bee-eater, Merops ornatus, with brightly coloured plumage. It feeds in flight and nests in sandy burrows rainbow lorikeeta small Australasian parrot, Trichoglossus haematodus, with brightly-coloured plumage ravena large passerine bird, Corvus corax, having a large straight bill, long wedge-shaped tail, and black plumage: family Corvidae (crows). It has a hoarse croaking cry red-backed shrikea common Eurasian shrike, Lanius collurio, the male of which has a grey crown and rump, brown wings and back, and a black-and-white face redbreastany of various birds having a red breast, esp the Old World robin red grousea reddish-brown grouse, Lagopus scoticus, of upland moors of Great Britain: an important game bird red-legged partridgea partridge, Alectoris rufa, having a reddish tail, red legs and bill, and flanks barred with chestnut, black, and white: common on farmlands and heaths in SW Europe, including Britain redpolleither of two widely distributed finches, Acanthis flammea or A. hornemanni (arctic redpoll or hoary redpoll), having a greyish-brown plumage with a red crown and pink breast redshankeither of two large common European sandpipers, Tringa totanus or T. erythropus (spotted redshank), having red legs redstartany European songbird of the genus Phoenicurus, esp P. phoenicurus, in which the male has a black throat, orange-brown tail and breast, and grey back: family Muscicapidae (thrushes, etc) redwinga small European thrush, Turdus iliacus, having a speckled breast, reddish flanks, and brown back reedbirdany of several birds that frequent reed beds, esp (in the US and Canada) the bobolink reed buntinga common European bunting, Emberiza schoeniclus, that occurs near reed beds and has a brown streaked plumage with, in the male, a black head reedling or bearded tita titlike Eurasian songbird, Panurus biarmicus, common in reed beds: family Muscicapidae (Old World flycatchers, etc). It has a tawny back and tail and, in the male, a grey-and-black head reed warblerany of various common Old World warblers of the genus Acrocephalus, esp A. scirpaceus, that inhabit marshy regions and have a brown plumage regent bowerbird or regent birdan Australian bowerbird, Sericulus chrysocephalus, the male of which has a showy yellow and velvety-black plumage regent honeyeatera large brightly-coloured Australian honeyeater, Zanthomiza phrygia rhea or American ostricheither of two large fast-running flightless birds, Rhea americana or Pterocnemia pennata, inhabiting the open plains of S South America: order Rheiformes. They are similar to but smaller than the ostrich, having three-toed feet and a completely feathered body ricebirdany of various birds frequenting rice fields, esp the Java sparrow riflebirdany of various birds of paradise of the genera Ptiloris and Craspedophora, such as C. magnifica (magnificent riflebird) rifleman or (N.Z.) titipounamua wren, Acanthisitta chloris, of New Zealand: family Xenicidae ringed plovera European shorebird, Charadrius hiaticula, with a greyish-brown back, white underparts with a black throat band, and orange legs: family Charadriidae (plovers) ring-necked pheasanta common pheasant, Phasianus colchicus, originating in Asia. The male has a bright plumage with a band of white around the neck and the female is mottled brown ring ouzela European thrush, Turdus torquatus, common in rocky areas. The male has a blackish plumage with a white band around the neck and the female is brown roadrunner or chaparral cocka terrestrial crested bird, Geococcyx californianus, of Central and S North America, having a streaked plumage and long tail: family Cuculidae (cuckoos) robin or robin redbreasta small Old World songbird, Erithacus rubecula, related to the thrushes: family Muscicapidae. The male has a brown back, orange-red breast and face, and grey underparts rock dove or rock pigeona common dove, Columba livia, from which domestic and feral pigeons are descended. It has a pale grey plumage with black-striped wings rockhoppera small penguin, Eudyptes crestatus, of Antarctica, the Falkland Islands, and New Zealand, with a yellow crest on each side of its head rollerany of various Old World birds of the family Coraciidae, such as Coracias garrulus (European roller), that have a blue, green, and brown plumage, a slightly hooked bill, and an erratic flight: order Coraciiformes (kingfishers, etc) rooka large Eurasian passerine bird, Corvus frugilegus, with a black plumage and a whitish base to its bill: family Corvidae (crows) rosellaany of various Australian parrots of the genus Platycercus, such as P. elegans (crimson rosella), often kept as cage birds rosy finchany of several finches of the genus Leucosticte, occurring in mountainous regions of North America and Asia. They have brown or grey plumage with pink patches on the wings, rump, and tail ruffan Old World shore bird, Philomachus pugnax, the male of which has a large erectile ruff of feathers in the breeding season: family Scolopacidae (sandpipers, etc), order Charadriiformes ruffed grousea large North American grouse, Bonasa umbellus, having brown plumage with darker markings around the neck and a black-tipped fan-shaped tail runta large pigeon, originally bred for eating saddlebacka rare bird of New Zealand, Philesturnus carunculatus, having a chestnut-coloured saddle-shaped marking across its back and wings saddlebill or jabirua large black-and-white stork, Ephippiorhynchus senegalensis, of tropical Africa, having a heavy red bill with a black band around the middle and a yellow patch at the base sage grousea large North American grouse, Centrocercus urophasianus, the males of which perform elaborate courtship displays sanderlinga small sandpiper, Crocethia alba, that frequents sandy shores sandgrouseany bird of the family Pteroclididae, of dry regions of the Old World, having very short feet, a short bill, and long pointed wings and tail: order Columbiformes sand martina small brown European songbird, Riparia riparia, with white underparts: it nests in tunnels bored in sand, river banks, etc: family Hirundinidae (swallows and martins) sandpiperany of numerous N hemisphere shore birds of the genera Tringa, Calidris, etc, typically having a long slender bill and legs and cryptic plumage: family Scolopacidae, order Charadriiformes sapsuckereither of two North American woodpeckers, Sphyrapicus varius or S. thyroideus, that have white wing patches and feed on the sap from trees satin bowerbirdthe largest Australian bowerbird, Ptilonorhynchus violaceus, the male of which has lustrous blue plumage Scandaroona large variety of fancy pigeon having a long thin body and an elongated neck and head scarlet tanageran E North American tanager, Piranga olivacea, the male of which has a bright red head and body with black wings and tail scrub birdeither of two fast-running wren-like passerine birds, Atrichornis clamosus or A. rufescens, that constitute the Australian family Atrichornithidae sedge warblera European songbird, Acrocephalus schoenobaenus, of reed beds and swampy areas, having a streaked brownish plumage with white eye stripes: family Muscicapidae (Old World flycatchers, etc) seriemaeither of two cranelike South American birds, Cariama cristata or Chunga burmeisteri, having a crest just above the bill, rounded wings, and a long tail: family Cariamidae, order Gruiformes (cranes, rails, etc) serinany of various small yellow-and-brown finches of the genus Serinus, esp S. serinus, of parts of Europe and North Africa sheathbilleither of two pigeon-like shore birds, Chionis alba or C. minor, of antarctic and subantarctic regions, constituting the family Chionididae: order Charadriiformes. They have a white plumage and a horny sheath at the base of the bill shoebilla large wading bird, Balaeniceps rex, of tropical E African swamps, having a dark plumage, a large head, and a large broad bill: family Balaenicipitidae, order Ciconiiformes shore bird or (Brit.) waderany of various birds that live close to water, esp any bird of the families Charadriidae or Scolopacidae (plovers, sandpipers, etc) shrike or butcherbird any songbird of the chiefly Old World family Laniidae, having a heavy hooked bill and feeding on smaller animals which they sometimes impale on thorns, barbed wire, etc sicklebillany of various birds having a markedly curved bill, such as Falculea palliata, a Madagascan bird of the family Vangidae, Hemignathus procerus, a Hawaiian honey creeper, and certain hummingbirds and birds of paradise silver-eye (Australian)siskina yellow-and-black Eurasian finch, Carduelis spinus sitella or tree-runnerany of various small generally black-and-white birds of the genus Neositta, having a straight sharp beak and strong claws used to run up trees in search of insects: family Sittidae (nuthatches) skimmerany of several mainly tropical coastal aquatic birds of the genus Rhynchops, having long narrow wings and a bill with an elongated lower mandible for skimming food from the surface of the water: family Rynchopidae, order Charadriiformes skylarkan Old World lark, Alauda arvensis, noted for singing while hovering at a great height snipeany of various birds of the genus Gallinago (or Capella) and related genera, such as G. gallinago (common or Wilson's snipe), of marshes and river banks, having a long straight bill: family Scolopacidae (sandpipers, etc), order Charadriiformes snow buntinga bunting, Plectrophenax nivalis, of northern and arctic regions, having a white plumage with dark markings on the wings, back, and tail snowy egreta small American egret, Egretta thula, having a white plumage, yellow legs, and a black bill song sparrowa common North American finch, Melospiza melodia, having brown-and-white plumage and a melodious song song thrush a common Old World thrush, Turdus philomelos, that has a brown back and spotted breast and is noted for its song soraa North American rail, Porzana carolina, with a greyish-brown plumage and yellow bill sparrowany weaverbird of the genus Passer and related genera, esp the house sparrow, having a brown or grey plumage and feeding on seeds or insects spoonbillany of several wading birds of warm regions, such as Platalea leucorodia (common spoonbill) and Ajaia ajaja (roseate spoonbill), having a long horizontally flattened bill: family Threskiornithidae, order Ciconiiformes spotted crake or (Austral.) water crakea Eurasian rail, Porzana porzana, of swamps and marshes, having a buff speckled plumage and dark brown wings spotted flycatchera European woodland songbird, Muscicapa striata, with a greyish-brown streaked plumage: family Muscicapidae (Old World flycatchers) spotted sandpipera North American sandpiper, Actitis macularia, having a spotted breast in its breeding plumage squaccoa S European heron, Ardeola ralloides, with a short thick neck and a buff-coloured plumage with white wings starlingstiltany of several shore birds of the genera Himantopus and Cladorhynchus, similar to the avocets but having a straight bill stintany of various small sandpipers of the chiefly northern genus Calidris (or Erolia), such as C. minuta (little stint) stock dovea European dove, Columba oenas, smaller than the wood pigeon and having a uniformly grey plumage stonechatan Old World songbird, Saxicola torquata, having a black plumage with a reddish-brown breast: subfamily Turdinae (thrushes) stone curlew or thick-kneeany of several brownish shore birds of the family Burhinidae, esp Burhinus oedicnemus, having a large head and eyes: order Charadriiformes storkany large wading bird of the family Ciconiidae, chiefly of warm regions of the Old World, having very long legs and a long stout pointed bill, and typically having a white-and-black plumage: order Ciconiiformes sugar birda South African nectar-eating bird, Promerops cafer, with a long curved bill and long tail: family Meliphagidae (honey-eaters) sulphur-crested cockatoo or white cockatooa large Australian white parrot, Kakatoe galerita, with a yellow erectile crest sunbirdsun bitterna cranelike bird, Eurypyga helias, of tropical American forests, having a greyish plumage with orange and brown wings: family Eurypygidae, order Gruiformes (cranes, rails, etc) superb blue wren (Australian)a small Australian bird, Malurus cyaneus, the adult male of which has bright blue plumage superb lyrebird (Australian)surfbirdan American shore bird, Aphriza virgata, having a spotted plumage, with a black and white tail: family Scolopacidae (sandpipers, etc), order Charadriiformes swallowany passerine songbird of the family Hirundinidae, esp Hirundo rustica (common or barn swallow), having long pointed wings, a forked tail, short legs, and a rapid flight swiftany bird of the families Apodidae and Hemiprocnidae, such as Apus apus (common swift) of the Old World: order Apodiformes. They have long narrow wings and spend most of the time on the wing swiftletany of various small swifts of the Asian genus Collocalia that often live in caves and use echolocation: the nests, which are made of hardened saliva, are used in oriental cookery to make birds' nest soup swordbilla South American hummingbird, Ensifera ensifera, having a bill as long as its body tailorbirdany of several tropical Asian warblers of the genus Orthotomus, which build nests by sewing together large leaves using plant fibres takahea very rare flightless New Zealand rail, Notornis mantelli tanagertattlerany of several sandpipers of the genus Heteroscelus, such as H. incanus (Polynesian tattler), of Pacific coastal regions tawny pippitternany aquatic bird of the subfamily Sterninae, having a forked tail, long narrow wings, a pointed bill, and a typically black-and-white plumage: family Laridae (gulls, etc), order Charadriiformes thornbillany of various South American hummingbirds of the genera Chalcostigma, Ramphomicron, etc, having a thornlike bill thrasherany of various brown thrushlike American songbirds of the genus Toxostoma and related genera, having a long downward-curving bill and long tail: family Mimidae (mockingbirds) thrushany songbird of the subfamily Turdinae, esp those having a brown plumage with a spotted breast, such as the mistle thrush and song thrush: family Muscicapidae titany of numerous small active Old World songbirds of the family Paridae (titmice), esp those of the genus Parus (bluetit, great tit, etc). They have a short bill and feed on insects and seeds titmousetodyany small bird of the family Todidae of the Caribbean, having a red-and-green plumage and long straight bill: order Coraciiformes (kingfishers, etc) topknot pigeon (Australian)toucanany tropical American arboreal fruit-eating bird of the family Ramphastidae, having a large brightly coloured bill with serrated edges and a bright plumage touraco, turaco, or plantain-eaterany brightly coloured crested arboreal African bird of the family Musophagidae: order Cuculiformes (cuckoos, etc) towheeany of various North American brownish-coloured sparrows of the genera Pipilo and Chlorura tragopanany pheasant of the genus Tragopan, of S and SE Asia, having a brilliant plumage and brightly coloured fleshy processes on the head tree creepertree sparrowa small European weaverbird, Passer montanus, similar to the house sparrow but having a brown head trochilusanother name for hummingbird trogonany bird of the order Trogoniformes of tropical and subtropical regions of America, Africa, and Asia. They have a brilliant plumage, short hooked bill, and long tail tropicbirdany aquatic bird of the tropical family Phaethontidae, having long slender tail feathers and a white plumage with black markings: order Pelecaniformes (pelicans, cormorants, etc) troupialany of various American orioles of the genus Icterus, esp I. icterus, a bright orange-and-black South American bird trumpeterany of three birds of the genus Psophia of the forests of South America, having a rounded body, long legs, and a glossy blackish plumage: family Psophiidae, order Gruiformes (cranes, rails, etc) tui or parson bird (New Zealand)a New Zealand honeyeater, Prosthemadera novaeseelandiae, having a glossy bluish-green plumage with white feathers at the throat: it mimics human speech and the songs of other birds turtledoveany of several Old World doves of the genus Streptopelia, having a brown plumage with speckled wings and a long dark tail twitea N European finch, Acanthis flavirostris, with a brown streaked plumage umbrella birda black tropical American passerine bird, Cephalopterus ornatus, having a large overhanging crest and a long feathered wattle: family Cotingidae (cotingas) veerya tawny brown North American thrush, Hylocichla fuscescens, with a slightly spotted grey breast verdina small W North American tit, Auriparus flaviceps, having a grey plumage with a yellow head wader or wading birdany of various long-legged birds, esp those of the order Ciconiiformes (herons, storks, etc), that live near water and feed on fish, etc wagtailany of various passerine songbirds of the genera Motacilla and Dendronanthus, of Eurasia and Africa, having a very long tail that wags when the bird walks: family Motacillidae wall creepera pink-and-grey woodpecker-like songbird, Tichodroma muraria, of Eurasian mountain regions: family Sittidae (nuthatches) warblerany small bird of the American family Parulidae, similar to the Old World forms but often brightly coloured water raila large Eurasian rail, Rallus aquaticus, of swamps, ponds, etc, having a long red bill water thrusheither of two North American warblers, Seiurus motacilla or S. noveboracensis, having a brownish back and striped underparts and tending to occur near water wattlebirdany of various Australian honeyeaters of the genus Anthochaera, such as A. paradoxa (yellow wattlebird), that have red or yellow wattles on both sides of the head waxbillany of various chiefly African finchlike weaverbirds of the genus Estrilda and related genera, having a brightly coloured bill and plumage waxwingweaverbird or weaverany small Old World passerine songbird of the chiefly African family Ploceidae, having a short thick bill and a dull plumage and building covered nests: includes the house sparrow and whydahs weka, Māori hen, or wood hen (New Zealand)any flightless New Zealand rail of the genus Gallirallus, having a mottled brown plumage and rudimentary wings wheatearany small northern songbird of the genus Oenanthe, esp O. oenanthe, a species having a pale grey back, black wings and tail, white rump, and pale brown underparts: subfamily Turdinae (thrushes) whimbrela small European curlew, Numenius phaeopus, with a striped head whinchatan Old World songbird, Saxicola rubetra, having a mottled brown-and-white plumage with pale cream underparts: subfamily Turdinae (thrushes) whipbirdwhippoorwillwhite-eye or (N.Z.) blighty, silvereye, tauhou, or waxeyeany songbird of the family Zosteropidae of Africa, Australia, New Zealand, and Asia, having a greenish plumage with a white ring around each eye white-fronted tern or kahawai bird (New Zealand)a coastal bird of New Zealand and SE Australia, Sterna striata, with a long black bill, a white breast, and a forked tail whitethroateither of two Old World warblers, Sylvia communis or S. curruca (lesser whitethroat), having a greyish-brown plumage with a white throat and underparts whooping cranea rare North American crane, Grus americana, having a white plumage with black wings and a red naked face willeta large American shore bird, Catoptrophorus semipalmatus, having a long stout bill, long legs, and a grey plumage with black-and-white wings: family Scolopacidae (sandpipers, etc), order Charadriiformes willow grousea N European grouse, Lagopus lagopus, with a reddish-brown plumage and white wings: now regarded as the same species as the red grouse (L. lagopus scoticus) of Britain willow tita small tit, Parus montanus, of marshy woods in Europe, having a greyish-brown body and dull black crown willow warbleran Old World warbler, Phylloscopus trochilis, of Eurasian woodlands wonga-wonga or wonga pigeona large Australian pigeon, Leucosarcia melanoleuca woodchat or woodchat shrikea songbird, Lanius senator, of Europe and N Africa, having a black-and-white plumage with a reddish-brown crown and a hooked bill: family Laniidae (shrikes) woodcockan Old World game bird, Scolopax rusticola, resembling the snipe but larger and having shorter legs and neck: family Scolopacidae (sandpipers, etc), order Charadriiformes wood ibisany of several storks having a downward-curved bill, esp Mycteria americana of America and Ibis ibis of Africa woodlarkan Old World lark, Lullula arborea, similar to but slightly smaller than the skylark woodpeckerany climbing bird of the family Picidae, typically having a brightly coloured plumage and strong chisel-like bill with which they bore into trees for insects: order Piciformes wood pigeon, ringdove, cushat, (Scot.) cushie-doo, or (English dialect) quista large Eurasian pigeon, Columba palumbus, having white patches on the wings and neck woodswallowany of several insectivorous birds of the genus Artamus of Australia wood warblera European woodland warbler, Phylloscopus sibilatrix, with a dull yellow plumage wrenany small brown passerine songbird of the chiefly American family Troglodytidae, esp Troglodytes troglodytes (wren in Britain, winter wren in the US and Canada). They have a slender bill and feed on insectswrybilla New Zealand plover, Anarhynchus frontalis, having its bill deflected to one side enabling it to search for food beneath stones wryneckeither of two cryptically coloured Old World woodpeckers, Jynx torquilla or J. ruficollis, which do not drum on trees yellowhead ormohuaa small bush bird, Mohoua ochrocephala, of South Island, New Zealand, having a yellow head and breastyellowhammera European bunting, Emberiza citrinella, having a yellowish head and body and brown streaked wings and tail yellowtail or yellowtail kingfisher (Australian)zebra finchany of various Australasian songbirds with zebra-like markings, such as the grassfinch Poephila castanotis ▷ See bird
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Birds 的词汇表—— 柯林斯 英语词汇表