Parts of the body 的同义词
abdomen-abdominalthe region of the body of a vertebrate that contains the viscera other than the heart and lungs. In mammals it is separated from the thorax by the diaphragm adenoidspharyngeal tonsiladenoid or adenoidala mass of lymphoid tissue at the back of the throat behind the uvula: when enlarged it often restricts nasal breathing, esp in young children alimentary canal-the tubular passage extending from the mouth to the anus, through which food is passed and digested ankletalus-the joint connecting the leg and the foot anus-analthe excretory opening at the end of the alimentary canal appendixvermiform appendixappendiculara wormlike pouch extending from the lower end of the caecum in some mammals. In man it is vestigial armbrachiumbrachial(in man) either of the upper limbs from the shoulder to the wrist armpitaxillaaxillarythe small depression beneath the arm where it joins the shoulder artery-arterialany of the tubular thick-walled muscular vessels that convey oxygenated blood from the heart to various parts of the body back-dorsalthe posterior part of the human body, extending from the neck to the pelvis bellyventerventralthe lower or front part of the body of a vertebrate, containing the intestines and other abdominal organs; abdomen bladderurinary bladdervesicala distensible membranous sac in which the urine excreted from the kidneys is stored blood-haemal, haemic, or haematica reddish fluid in vertebrates that is pumped by the heart through the arteries and veins, supplies tissues with nutrients, oxygen, etc, and removes waste products. It consists of a fluid (see blood plasma) containing cells (erythrocytes, leucocytes, and platelets) boneososseous, osteal, or osteoidany of the various structures that make up the skeleton in most vertebrates; the porous rigid tissue of which these parts are made, consisting of a matrix of collagen and inorganic salts, esp calcium phosphate, interspersed with canals and small holes brainencephaloncerebralthe soft convoluted mass of nervous tissue within the skull of vertebrates that is the controlling and coordinating centre of the nervous system and the seat of thought, memory, and emotion. It includes the cerebrum, brainstem, and cerebellum breast-mammaryeither of the two soft fleshy milk-secreting glands on the chest in sexually mature human females buttocksnatesnatal or glutealcaecum-caecalany structure or part that ends in a blind sac or pouch, esp the pouch that marks the beginning of the large intestine calf-suralthe thick fleshy part of the back of the leg between the ankle and the knee capillary-capillaryany of the delicate thin-walled blood vessels that form an interconnecting network between the arterioles and the venules cervix-cervicalany necklike part of an organ, esp the lower part of the uterus that extends into the vagina cheekgenagenaleither side of the face, esp that part below the eye chest-pectoralthe front part of the trunk from the neck to the belly chin-genial or mentalthe protruding part of the lower jaw clitoris-clitorala part of the female genitalia consisting of a small elongated highly sensitive erectile organ at the front of the vulva: homologous with the penis colon-colonicthe part of the large intestine between the caecum and the rectum duodenum-duodenalthe first part of the small intestine, between the stomach and the jejunum ear-aural or oticthe organ of hearing and balance in higher vertebrates and of balance only in fishes. In humans and other mammals it consists of three parts elbow--the joint between the upper arm and the forearm, formed by the junction of the radius and ulna with the humerus epiglottis-epiglottala thin cartilaginous flap that covers the entrance to the larynx during swallowing, preventing food from entering the trachea external earauricle or pinna-the part of the ear consisting of the auricle and the auditory canal eye-ocular or ophthalmicthe organ of sight of animals, containing light-sensitive cells associated with nerve fibres, so that light entering the eye is converted to nervous impulses that reach the brain. In man and other vertebrates the iris controls the amount of light entering the eye and the lens focuses the light onto the retina eyebrow-superciliarythe transverse bony ridge over each eye eyelashciliumciliaryany one of the short curved hairs that grow from the edge of the eyelids eyelid-palpebraleither of the two muscular folds of skin that can be moved to cover the exposed portion of the eyeball Fallopian tubeoviductoviducal or oviductaleither of a pair of slender tubes through which ova pass from the ovaries to the uterus in female mammals finger-digitalany of the digits of the hand, often excluding the thumb fingernail-ungual or ungulara thin horny translucent plate covering part of the dorsal surface of the end joint of each finger fist--a hand with the fingers clenched into the palm, as for hitting follicle-follicularany small sac or cavity in the body having an excretory, secretory, or protective function fontanelle or (chiefly U.S.) fontanel--any of several soft membranous gaps between the bones of the skull in a fetus or infant footpespedalthe part of the vertebrate leg below the ankle joint that is in contact with the ground during standing and walking forearm-cubitalthe part of the arm from the elbow to the wrist forehead-frontalthe part of the face between the natural hairline and the eyes, formed skeletally by the frontal bone of the skull; brow foreskinprepucepreputialthe fold of skin that covers the glans of the penis; prepuce: in circumcision it is completely or partly removed gall bladder--gland-adenoida cell or organ in man and other animals that synthesizes chemical substances and secretes them for the body to use or eliminate, either through a duct (exocrine gland) or directly into the bloodstream (endocrine gland) glottis-glotticthe vocal apparatus of the larynx, consisting of the two true vocal cords and the opening between them groin-inguinalthe depression or fold where the legs join the abdomen gulletoesophagusoesophageala less formal name for the oesophagus gumgingivagingivalhamstring-poplitealany of the tendons at the back of the knee hard palate--the anterior bony portion of the roof of the mouth, extending backwards to the soft palate hair-- any of the threadlike pigmented structures that grow from follicles beneath the skin of mammals and consist of layers of dead keratinized cells half-moonlunula or lunule-the white crescent-shaped area at the base of the human fingernailhandmanusmanualthe prehensile part of the body at the end of the arm, consisting of a thumb, four fingers, and a palm headcaputcapitalthe upper or front part of the body in vertebrates, including man, that contains and protects the brain, eyes, mouth, and nose and ears when present heart-cardiacthe hollow muscular organ in vertebrates whose contractions propel the blood through the circulatory system. In mammals it consists of a right and left atrium and a right and left ventricle heel--the back part of the human foot from the instep to the lower part of the ankle hip--either side of the body below the waist and above the thigh, overlying the lateral part of the pelvis and its articulation with the thighbones ileum-ileac or ilealthe part of the small intestine between the jejunum and the caecum inner ear or internal earlabyrinth-the part of the ear in the temporal bone consisting of the semicircular canals, vestibule, and cochlea instep--the middle section of the human foot, forming the arch between the ankle and toes intestine-alvinethe part of the alimentary canal between the stomach and the anus jaw-gnathic or gnathalthe part of the skull of a vertebrate that frames the mouth and holds the teeth. In higher vertebrates it consists of the upper jaw (maxilla) fused to the cranium and the lower jaw (mandible) jejunum-jejunalthe part of the small intestine between the duodenum and the ileum jugular vein--any of three large veins of the neck that return blood to the heart from the head and face kidney-renal or nephriticeither of two bean-shaped organs at the back of the abdominal cavity in man, one on each side of the spinal column. They maintain water and electrolyte balance and filter waste products from the blood, which are excreted as urine kneegenugenicularthe joint of the human leg connecting the tibia and fibula with the femur and protected in front by the patella knuckle--a joint of a finger, esp that connecting a finger to the hand labia majora-labialthe two elongated outer folds of skin in human females surrounding the vaginal orifice labia minora-labialthe two small inner folds of skin in human females forming the margins of the vaginal orifice large intestine--the part of the alimentary canal consisting of the caecum, colon, and rectum. It extracts moisture from food residues, which are later excreted as faeces legcruscruraleither of the two lower limbs, including the bones and fleshy covering of the femur, tibia, fibula, and patella lip-labialeither of the two fleshy folds surrounding the mouth, playing an important role in the production of speech sounds, retaining food in the mouth, etc liver-hepatica multilobed highly vascular reddish-brown glandular organ occupying most of the upper right part of the human abdominal cavity immediately below the diaphragm. It secretes bile, stores glycogen, detoxifies certain poisons, and plays an important part in the metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins, and fat, helping to maintain a correct balance of nutrients loinlumbuslumbarthe part of the lower back and sides between the pelvis and the ribs lung-pulmonaryeither one of a pair of spongy saclike respiratory organs within the thorax of higher vertebrates, which oxygenate the blood and remove its carbon dioxide lymph celllymphocyte-lymph node--any of numerous bean-shaped masses of tissue, situated along the course of lymphatic vessels, that help to protect against infection by killing bacteria and neutralizing toxins and are the source of lymphocytes midriffdiaphragm-the middle part of the human body, esp between waist and bust mons pubis--the fatty cushion of flesh in human males situated over the junction of the pubic bones mons veneris--the fatty cushion of flesh in human females situated over the junction of the pubic bones mouth-stomaticthe opening through which many animals take in food and issue vocal sounds napenuchanuchalthe back of the neck navel or omphalosumbilicusumbilicalthe scar in the centre of the abdomen, usually forming a slight depression, where the umbilical cord was attached neckcervixcervicalthe part of an organism connecting the head with the rest of the body nerve-neuralany of the cordlike bundles of fibres that conduct sensory or motor impulses between the brain or spinal cord and another part of the body nerve cellneuron or neuroneneuronic a specialized cell that conducts nerve impulses: consists of a cell body, axon, and dendrites nipple or teatmamilla or papillamamillarythe small conical projection in the centre of the areola of each breast, which in women contains the outlet of the milk ducts nose-nasalthe organ of smell and entrance to the respiratory tract, consisting of a prominent structure divided into two hair-lined air passages by a median septum nostrilnarisnarial or narineeither of the two external openings of the nose occiput-occipitalthe back part of the head or skull ovary-ovarianpancreas-pancreatica large elongated glandular organ, situated behind the stomach, that secretes insulin and pancreatic juice penis-penilepharynx-pharyngealthe part of the alimentary canal between the mouth and the oesophagus pubes-pubicthe region above the external genital organs, covered with hair from the time of puberty rectum-rectalthe lower part of the alimentary canal, between the sigmoid flexure of the colon and the anus red blood cellerythrocyteerythrocyticribcage--the bony structure consisting of the ribs and their connective tissue that encloses and protects the lungs, heart, etc scalp--the skin and subcutaneous tissue covering the top of the head scrotum-scrotalthe pouch of skin containing the testes in most mammals shin--the front part of the lower leg shoulder--the part of the vertebrate body where the arm or a corresponding forelimb joins the trunk: the pectoral girdle and associated structures side--either half of a human or animal body, esp the area around the waist, as divided by the median plane skincutiscutaneousthe tissue forming the outer covering of the vertebrate body: it consists of two layers (the dermis and epidermis), the outermost of which may be covered with hair, scales, feathers, etc. It is mainly protective and sensory in function small intestine--the longest part of the alimentary canal, consisting of the duodenum, jejunum, and ileum, in which digestion is completed soft palate--the posterior fleshy portion of the roof of the mouth. It forms a movable muscular flap that seals off the nasopharynx during swallowing and speech sole-plantarthe underside of the foot spleen-lienal or splenetica spongy, highly vascular organ situated near the stomach in man. It forms lymphocytes, produces antibodies, aids in destroying worn-out red blood cells, and filters bacteria and foreign particles from the blood stomach-gastric(in vertebrates) the enlarged muscular saclike part of the alimentary canal in which food is stored until it has been partially digested and rendered into chyme tear ductlacrimal duct-temple-temporalthe region on each side of the head in front of the ear and above the cheek bone tendon--a cord or band of white inelastic collagenous tissue that attaches a muscle to a bone or some other part; sinew testicle-testiculareither of the two male reproductive glands, in most mammals enclosed within the scrotum, that produce spermatozoa and the hormone testosterone thigh-femoral or cruralthe part of the leg between the hip and the knee in man thorax-thoracicthe part of the human body enclosed by the ribs throat-guttural, gular, or jugularthat part of the alimentary and respiratory tracts extending from the back of the mouth (nasopharynx) to just below the larynx thumbpollexpollicalthe first and usually shortest and thickest of the digits of the hand, composed of two short bones toe--any one of the digits of the foot toenail-ungual or ungulara thin horny translucent plate covering part of the dorsal surface of the end joint of each toe tonguelingualingual or glottica movable mass of muscular tissue attached to the floor of the mouth in most vertebrates. It is the organ of taste and aids the mastication and swallowing of food. In man it plays an important part in the articulation of speech sounds tonsil-tonsillar or tonsillaryeither of two small masses of lymphatic tissue situated one on each side of the back of the mouth torso--the trunk of the human body transverse colon--the part of the large intestine passing transversely in front of the liver and stomach trunk--the body excluding the head, neck, and limbs; torso umbilical cordumbilicus-ureter-ureteral or uretericthe tube that conveys urine from the kidney to the urinary bladder or cloaca urethra-urethralthe canal that in most mammals conveys urine from the bladder out of the body. In human males it also conveys semen vagina-vaginalthe moist canal in most female mammals, including humans, that extends from the cervix of the uterus to an external opening between the labia minora veinvenavenousany of the tubular vessels that convey oxygen-depleted blood to the heart vocal cordsglottisglottaleither of two pairs of mucomembranous folds in the larynx. The upper pair (false vocal cords) are not concerned with vocal production; the lower pair (true vocal cords or vocal folds) can be made to vibrate and produce sound when air from the lungs is forced over them voice boxlarynxlaryngeala cartilaginous and muscular hollow organ forming part of the air passage to the lungs: in higher vertebrates it contains the vocal cords vulva-vulval, vulvar, or vulvatethe external genitals of human females, including the labia, mons veneris, clitoris, and the vaginal orifice waist--the constricted part of the trunk between the ribs and hips white blood cellleucocyteleucocyticwindpipetracheatracheal or tracheatewombuterusuterinea hollow muscular organ lying within the pelvic cavity of female mammals. It houses the developing fetus and by contractions aids in its expulsion at parturition wristcarpus-the joint between the forearm and the hand ▷ See body
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Parts of the body 的词汇表—— 柯林斯 英语词汇表