AberystwythAmboisea town in NW central France, on the River Loire: famous castle, a former royal residence. Pop: 11 457 (1999) Arundela town in S England, in West Sussex: 11th-century castle. Pop: 3297 (2001) Ashby-de-la-ZouchAshfordAydonBallindallochBalmorala castle in NE Scotland, in SW Aberdeenshire: a private residence of the British sovereign BalvenieBarnardBeaumarisa resort in N Wales, on the island of Anglesey: 13th-century castle. Pop: 1513 (2001) BeestonBelvoir CastleBerkeleyBerkhamsteadBerwick-upon-TweedBlarneyBloisa town in N central France, on the Loire: 13th-century castle. Pop: 46 013 (2009) Braemara village in NE Scotland, in Aberdeenshire; Balmoral Castle is nearby: site of the Royal Braemar Gathering, an annual Highland Games meeting BrodieBunraityCabraCaerlaverockCaernarfona port and resort in NW Wales, in Gwynedd on the Menai Strait: 13th-century castle. Pop: 9726 (2001) Caerphillya market town in SE Wales, in Caerphilly county borough: site of the largest castle in Wales (13th–14th centuries). Pop: 31 060 (2001) CahirCanossaa ruined castle in N Italy, in Emilia near Reggio nell'Emilia: scene of the penance done by the Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV before Pope Gregory VII Carisbrooke CastleCarmarthena market town in S Wales, the administrative centre of Carmarthenshire: Norman castle. Pop: 14 648 (2001) Carrickfergusa town in E Northern Ireland, in Carrickfergus district, Co Antrim; historic settlement of Scottish Protestants on Belfast Lough; Norman castle. Pop: 27 201 (2001) Château-RaoulCheba town in the W Czech Republic, in W Bohemia on the Ohře River: 12th-century castle where Wallenstein was murdered (1634); a centre of the Sudeten-German movement after World War I. Pop: 34 036 (2007 est) Chillona castle in W Switzerland, in Vaud at the E end of Lake Geneva Colditza town in E Germany, on the River Mulde: during World War II its castle was used as a top-security camp for Allied prisoners of war; many daring escape attempts, some successful, were made Conwya market town and resort in N Wales, in Conwy county borough on the estuary of the River Conwy: medieval town walls, 13th-century castle. Pop: 3847 (2001) CrathesCulzean CastleDarnawayDinana town in NW France, in Brittany, on the estuary of the River Rance: medieval buildings, including town walls and castle: tourism, hosiery, cider: Pop: 10 953 (2008) DrumDublinDunnottarDunsinanea hill in central Scotland, in the Sidlaw Hills: the ruined fort at its summit is regarded as Macbeth's castle. Height: 308 m (1012 ft) DunstaffnageDurhama city in NE England, administrative centre of Co Durham, on the River Wear: Norman cathedral; 11th-century castle (founded by William the Conqueror), now occupied by the University of Durham (1832). Pop: 42 939 (2001) Edinburghthe capital of Scotland and seat of the Scottish Parliament (from 1999), in City of Edinburgh council area on the S side of the Firth of Forth: became the capital in the 15th century; castle; three universities (including University of Edinburgh, 1583); commercial and cultural centre, noted for its annual festival. Pop: 482 640 (2012) Eilean Donan CastleEsterházaFarneyForfara market town in E Scotland, the administrative centre of Angus: site of a castle, residence of Scottish kings between the 11th and 14th centuries. Pop: 13 206 (2001) Fotheringhaya village in E England, in NE Northamptonshire: ruined castle, scene of the imprisonment and execution of Mary Queen of Scots (1587) Glamis CastleHarlecha town in N Wales, in Gwynedd: noted for its ruined 13th-century castle overlooking Cardigan Bay: tourism. Pop: 1233 (2001) Heidelberga city in SW Germany, in NW Baden-Württemberg on the River Neckar: capital of the Palatinate from the 13th century until 1719; famous castle (begun in the 12th century) and university (1386), the oldest in Germany. Pop: 142 959 (2003 est) Herstmonceuxa village in S England, in E Sussex north of Eastbourne: 15th-century castle, site of the Royal Observatory, which was transferred from Greenwich between 1948 and 1958, until 1990 InvernessKenilwortha town in central England, in Warwickshire: ruined 12th-century castle, subject of Sir Walter Scott's novel Kenilworth. Pop: 22 218 (2001) KilkeaKilkennyKillaghyKilravockLancastera city in NW England, former county town of Lancashire, on the River Lune: castle (built on the site of a Roman camp); university (1964). Pop: 45 952 (2001) LauncestonLeamanehLeedsLeicestera city in central England, in Leicester unitary authority, on the River Soar: administrative centre of Leicestershire: Roman remains and a ruined Norman castle; two universities (1957, 1992); light engineering, hosiery, and footwear industries. Pop: 283 900 (2003 est) Lincolna city in E central England, administrative centre of Lincolnshire: an important ecclesiastical and commercial centre in the Middle Ages; Roman ruins, a castle (founded by William the Conqueror) and a famous cathedral (begun in 1086). Pop: 85 963 (2001) Ludlowa market town in W central England, in Shropshire: castle (11th–16th century). Pop: 9548 (2001) MalahideMonmoutha market town in E Wales, in Monmouthshire: Norman castle, where Henry V was born in 1387. Pop: 8547 (2001) Otrantoa small port in SE Italy, in Apulia on the Strait of Otranto: the most easterly town in Italy; dates back to Greek times and was an important Roman port; its ruined castle was the setting of Horace Walpole's Castle of Otranto. Pop: 5282 (2001) Pembrokea town in SW Wales, in Pembrokeshire on Milford Haven: 11th-century castle where Henry VII was born. Pop (with Pembroke Dock): 15 890 (2001) PendennisPontefractan industrial town in N England, in Wakefield unitary authority, West Yorkshire: castle (1069), in which Richard II was imprisoned and murdered (1400). Pop: 28 250 (2001) PortlickRaitRestormelRichmonda town in N England, in North Yorkshire: Norman castle. Pop: 8178 (2001) RithesRock of CashelSt MawesScarborougha fishing port and resort in NE England, in North Yorkshire on the North Sea: developed as a spa after 1660; ruined 12th-century castle. Pop: 38 364 (2001) Sherbornea town in S England in Dorset: noted for its medieval abbey, ruined medieval castle, and Sherborne Castle, a mansion built by Sir Walter Raleigh in 1594. Pop: 9350 (2001) Skiptona market town in N England, in North Yorkshire: 11th-century castle. Pop: 14 313 (2001) Stirlinga city in central Scotland, in Stirling council area on the River Forth: its castle was a regular residence of many Scottish monarchs between the 12th century and 1603. Pop: 32 673 (2001) StuartTaymouthTintagel CastleTorúnTrausnitzTrimthe county town of Meath, Republic of Ireland; 12th-century castle, medieval cathedral; textiles and machinery. Pop: 5894 (2002) UrquhartVaduzthe capital of Liechtenstein, in the Rhine valley: an old market town, dominated by a medieval castle, residence of the prince of Liechtenstein. Pop: 5005 (2003 est) Vincennesa suburb of E Paris: 14th-century castle. Pop: 47 845 (2006) Wartburga medieval castle in central Germany, in Thuringia southwest of Eisenach: residence of Luther (1521–22) when he began his German translation of the New Testament Warwicka town in central England, administrative centre of Warwickshire, on the River Avon: 14th-century castle, with collections of armour and waxworks: the university of Warwick (1965) is in Coventry. Pop: 23 350 (2001) ▷ See castle
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Castles 的词汇表—— 柯林斯 英语词汇表