disease: Human diseases 的同义词
absinthismacariasisacnea chronic skin disease common in adolescence, involving inflammation of the sebaceous glands and characterized by pustules on the face, neck, and upper trunk acromegalya chronic disease characterized by enlargement of the bones of the head, hands, and feet, and swelling and enlargement of soft tissue, esp the tongue. It is caused by excessive secretion of growth hormone by the pituitary gland actinodermatitisdermatitis from exposure to radiation, esp ultraviolet light or X-rays actinomycosisa fungal disease of cattle and of cats and dogs, sometimes transmitted to humans esp by bites, characterized by a swelling of the affected part, most often the jaw or lungs Addison's diseasea disease characterized by deep bronzing of the skin, anaemia, and extreme weakness, caused by underactivity of the adrenal glands adrenoleukodystrophy or ALDaeroneurosisagranulocytosisaguea fever with successive stages of fever and chills esp when caused by malaria Aids or AIDSa condition in which an acquired deficiency of certain leukocytes, esp. T cells, results in a variety of infections, some forms of cancer, and the degeneration of the nervous system: caused by an HIV virus which infects T cells and is transmitted via body fluids, esp. sexual secretions and blood alcoholismAlzheimer's diseaseamoebiasisancylostomiasis, anchylostomiasis, or ankylostomiasisanginaany disease marked by painful attacks of spasmodic choking, such as Vincent's angina and quinsy anorexia or anorexia nervosaanthracosisa lung disease due to inhalation of coal dust anthraxa highly infectious and often fatal disease of herbivores, esp cattle and sheep, characterized by fever, enlarged spleen, and swelling of the throat. Carnivores are relatively resistant. It is caused by the spore-forming bacterium Bacillus anthracis and can be transmitted to man aortitisappendicitisapraxiaarteriosclerosisarthritisinflammation of a joint or joints characterized by pain and stiffness of the affected parts, caused by gout, rheumatic fever, etc asbestosisascariasisasthmaatherosclerosisa degenerative disease of the arteries characterized by patchy thickening of the inner lining of the arterial walls, caused by deposits of fatty material; a form of arteriosclerosis athlete's footavian fluavitaminosisany disease caused by a vitamin deficiency in the diet Bell's palsyberiberia disease, endemic in E and S Asia, caused by dietary deficiency of thiamine (vitamin B1). It affects the nerves to the limbs, producing pain, paralysis, and swelling bilharziabilharziasis or bilharziosisbird flua form of influenza occurring in poultry mainly in Japan, China, and Southeast Asia, caused by a virus capable of spreading to humans Black Deatha deadly disease, probably bubonic plague, which devastated Europe and Asia in the 14th cent. black measlesa severe form of measles characterized by dark eruptions caused by bleeding under the skin blackwater fevera rare and serious complication of malaria, characterized by massive destruction of red blood cells, producing dark red or blackish urine Bornholm diseaseBright's diseasechronic inflammation of the kidneys; chronic nephritis bronchiolitisa condition in which the small airways in the lungs become inflamed by a virus. It is most common in infants, who become breathless in severe cases. Recurrent attacks may lead to asthma bronchitisbronchopneumoniabrucellosisan infectious disease of cattle, goats, dogs, and pigs, caused by bacteria of the genus Brucella and transmittable to humans (e.g. by drinking contaminated milk): symptoms include fever, chills, and severe headache bubonic plaguean acute infectious febrile disease characterized by chills, prostration, delirium, and formation of buboes: caused by the bite of a rat flea infected with the bacterium Yersinia pestis bulimia or bulimia nervosaBurkitt lymphoma or Burkitt's lymphomaa cancer characterized by tumors containing lymphoid cells, occurring esp. in children, in the jaw, eyes, and internal organs: it is associated with the Epstein-Barr virus bursitisbyssinosisa lung disease caused by prolonged inhalation of fibre dust in textile factories calenturea mild fever of tropical climates, similar in its symptoms to sunstroke cancercardiomyopathya disease of the heart muscle usually caused by a biochemical defect or a toxin such as alcohol carditiscariescarpal tunnel syndromecellulitiscerebellar syndromea disease of the cerebellum characterized by unsteady movements and mispronunciation of words Chagas' diseasea form of trypanosomiasis found in South America, caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi, characterized by fever and, often, inflammation of the heart muscles chickenpoxa highly communicable viral disease most commonly affecting children, characterized by slight fever and the eruption of a rash chin coughchloracnea disfiguring skin disease that results from contact with or ingestion or inhalation of certain chlorinated aromatic hydrocarbons chlorosisa deficiency of chlorophyll in green plants caused by mineral deficiency, lack of light, disease, etc, the leaves appearing uncharacteristically pale choleraan acute intestinal infection characterized by severe diarrhoea, cramp, etc: caused by ingestion of water or food contaminated with the bacterium Vibrio comma choreaChristmas diseasea relatively mild type of haemophilia, caused by lack of a protein (Christmas factor) implicated in the process of blood clotting chronic fatigue syndrome or CFScirrhosisany of various progressive diseases of the liver, characterized by death of liver cells, irreversible fibrosis, etc: caused by inadequate diet, excessive alcohol, chronic infection, etc coal miner's lungcoccidioidomycosisa disease of the skin or viscera, esp the lungs, caused by infection with the fungus Coccidioides immitis coeliac diseasecoldcolitiscommon coldconjunctivitisconstipationconsumptiona condition characterized by a wasting away of the tissues of the body, esp as seen in tuberculosis of the lungs cor pulmonalepulmonary heart disease: a serious heart condition in which there is enlargement and failure of the right ventricle resulting from lung disease coxalgiadisease of the hip joint causing pain Creutzfeldt-Jakob diseasea fatal slow-developing disease that affects the central nervous system, characterized by mental deterioration and loss of coordination of the limbs. It is thought to be caused by an abnormal prion protein in the brain Crohn's diseaseCushing's diseasecystic fibrosisan inheritable disease of the exocrine glands, controlled by a recessive gene: affected children inherit defective alleles from both parents. It is characterized by chronic infection of the respiratory tract and by pancreatic insufficiency cystitisdead fingersa disease of users of pneumatic drills, characterized by anaesthesia of the fingertips and cyanosis decompression sicknessdenguean acute viral disease transmitted by mosquitoes, characterized by headache, fever, pains in the joints, and skin rash dermatitisdhobi itcha fungal disease of the skin: a type of ringworm chiefly affecting the groin diabetesdiarrhoeadiphtheriaan acute contagious disease caused by the bacillus Corynebacterium diphtheriae, producing fever, severe prostration, and difficulty in breathing and swallowing as the result of swelling of the throat and formation of a false membrane diverticulitisdouble pneumoniapneumonia affecting both lungs dropsydysenteryinfection of the intestine with bacteria or amoebae, marked chiefly by severe diarrhoea with the passage of mucus and blood earacheebola virus diseaseEconomo's diseaseeczemaelephantiasisa complication of chronic filariasis, in which nematode worms block the lymphatic vessels, usually in the legs or scrotum, causing extreme enlargement of the affected area emphysemaencephalitisencephalomyelitisencephalopathyany degenerative disease of the brain, often associated with toxic conditions endocarditisenteritisenterobiasisa disease, common in children, caused by infestation of the large intestine with nematodes of the genus Enterobius, esp the pinworm (E. vermicularis) enterocolitisepilepsyergotismerysipelasan acute streptococcal infectious disease of the skin, characterized by fever, headache, vomiting, and purplish raised lesions, esp on the face erythroblastosisan anaemic blood disease of a fetus or newborn child, characterized by erythroblasts in the circulating blood: caused by a blood incompatibility between mother and fetus exophthalmic goitrefarmer's lungfavusan infectious fungal skin disease of man and some domestic animals, characterized by formation of a honeycomb-like mass of roundish dry cup-shaped crusts fibrositisfilariasisa disease common in tropical and subtropical countries resulting from infestation of the lymphatic system with the nematode worms Wuchereria bancrofti or Brugia malayi, transmitted by mosquitoes: characterized by inflammation and obstruction of the lymphatic vessels fishskin diseasefluframboesiafurunculosisan infectious ulcerative disease of salmon and trout caused by the bacterium Aeromonas salmonicida gastritisgastroenteritisgenital herpesa sexually transmitted disease caused by a variety of the herpes simplex virus in which painful blisters occur in the genital region German measlesgingivitisglandular feverglaucomaa disease of the eye in which pressure within the eyeball damages the optic disc, impairing vision, sometimes progressing to blindness glomerulonephritisany of various kidney diseases in which the glomeruli are affected glossitisglue eargoitregonorrhoeaan infectious venereal disease caused by a gonococcus, characterized by a burning sensation when urinating and a mucopurulent discharge from the urethra or vagina gouta metabolic disease characterized by painful inflammation of certain joints, esp of the big toe and foot, caused by deposits of sodium urate in them grand mala form of epilepsy characterized by loss of consciousness for up to five minutes and violent convulsions green monkey diseasegreensicknesshaemoglobinopathyany of various inherited diseases, including sickle-cell anaemia and thalassaemia, characterized by abnormal haemoglobin haemophiliaan inheritable disease, usually affecting only males but transmitted by women to their male children, characterized by loss or impairment of the normal clotting ability of blood so that a minor wound may result in fatal bleeding Hansen's diseasehebephreniaa form of pubertal schizophrenia, characterized by hallucinations, delusions, foolish behaviour, and senseless laughter hepatitisinflammation of the liver, characterized by fever, jaundice, and weakness hepatitis Aa form of hepatitis caused by a virus transmitted in contaminated food or drink hepatitis Ba form of hepatitis caused by a virus transmitted by infected blood (as in transfusions), contaminated hypodermic needles, sexual contact, or by contact with any other body fluid herpesany of several inflammatory diseases of the skin, esp herpes simplex, characterized by the formation of small watery blisters herpes simplexan acute viral disease characterized by formation of clusters of watery blisters, esp on the margins of the lips and nostrils or on the genitals. It can be sexually transmitted and may recur fitfully herpes zostera form of herpes that infects sensory nerves, causing pain and an eruption of blisters along the course of the affected nerve; shingles hidrosisany skin disease affecting the sweat glands histoplasmosisa severe fungal disease of the lungs caused by Histoplasma capsulatum Hodgkin's diseasea malignant disease, a form of lymphoma, characterized by painless enlargement of the lymph nodes, spleen, and liver Huntington's choreahypothermiaan abnormally low body temperature, as induced in the elderly by exposure to cold weather hypothyroidismany disorder, such as cretinism or myxoedema, resulting from this ichthyosisa congenital disease in which the skin is coarse, dry, and scaly icterusa yellowing of plant leaves, caused by excessive cold or moisture impetigoa contagious bacterial skin disease characterized by the formation of pustules that develop into yellowish crusty sores infectious hepatitisany form of hepatitis caused by viruses infectious mononucleosisan acute infectious disease, caused by Epstein-Barr virus, characterized by fever, sore throat, swollen and painful lymph nodes, and abnormal lymphocytes in the blood influenzaa highly contagious and often epidemic viral disease characterized by fever, prostration, muscular aches and pains, and inflammation of the respiratory passages iritisjaundiceyellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes due to the abnormal presence of bile pigments in the blood, as in hepatitis jungle feverkala-azara tropical infectious disease caused by the protozoan Leishmania donovani in the liver, spleen, etc, characterized by fever and weight loss; visceral leishmaniasis Kaposi's sarcomaa form of skin cancer found in Africans and more recently in victims of AIDS Kawasaki's diseasea disease of children that causes a rash, fever, and swelling of the lymph nodes and often damages the heart muscle Korsakoff's psychosisa mental illness involving severe confusion and inability to retain recent memories, usually caused by alcoholism kurua degenerative disease of the nervous system, restricted to certain tribes in New Guinea, marked by loss of muscular control and thought to be caused by a slow virus labyrinthitislaryngitisLassa fevera serious viral disease of Central West Africa, characterized by high fever and muscular pains lathyrisma neurological disease often resulting in weakness and paralysis of the legs: caused by eating the pealike seeds of the leguminous plant Lathyrus sativus legionnaire's diseasea serious, sometimes fatal, infection, caused by the bacterium Legionella pneumophila, which has symptoms similar to those of pneumonia: believed to be spread by inhalation of contaminated water vapour from showers and air-conditioning plants leishmaniasis or leishmaniosisany disease, such as kala-azar, caused by protozoa of the genus Leishmania leprosya chronic infectious disease occurring mainly in tropical and subtropical regions, characterized by the formation of painful inflamed nodules beneath the skin and disfigurement and wasting of affected parts, caused by the bacillus Mycobacterium leprae leptospirosisany of several infectious diseases caused by spirochaete bacteria of the genus Leptospira, transmitted to man by animals and characterized by jaundice, meningitis, and kidney failure leukaemiaan acute or chronic disease characterized by a gross proliferation of leucocytes, which crowd into the bone marrow, spleen, lymph nodes, etc, and suppress the blood-forming apparatus listeriosisa serious form of food poisoning, caused by bacteria of the genus Listeria. Its symptoms can include meningitis and in pregnant women it may cause damage to the fetus lockjawlumbagolupusany of various ulcerative skin diseases lupus erythematosuseither of two inflammatory diseases of the connective tissue. Discoid lupus erythematosus is characterized by a scaly rash over the cheeks and bridge of the nose; disseminated or systemic lupus erythematosus affects the joints, lungs, kidneys, or skin lupus vulgaristuberculosis of the skin, esp of the face, with the formation of raised translucent nodules Lyme diseasea disease of domestic animals and humans, caused by the spirochaete Borrelia burghdorferi and transmitted by ticks, and variously affecting the joints, heart, and brain lymphomaany form of cancer of the lymph nodes malariaan infectious disease characterized by recurring attacks of chills and fever, caused by the bite of an anopheles mosquito infected with any of four protozoans of the genus Plasmodium (P. vivax, P. falciparum, P. malariae, or P. ovale) Marburg diseasea severe, sometimes fatal, viral disease of the green monkey, which may be transmitted to humans. Symptoms include fever, vomiting, and internal bleeding mastitismeaslesa highly contagious viral disease common in children, characterized by fever, profuse nasal discharge of mucus, conjunctivitis, and a rash of small red spots spreading from the forehead down to the limbs Ménière's syndromemeningitismetabolic syndromea condition associated with obesity including symptoms such as glucose intolerance, insulin resistance, and raised blood pressure, which increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes milk sicknessan acute disease characterized by weakness, vomiting, and constipation, caused by ingestion of the flesh or dairy products of cattle affected with trembles motor neurone diseasea progressively degenerative disease of the motor system causing muscle weakness and wasting multiple sclerosisa chronic progressive disease of the central nervous system characterized by loss of some of the myelin sheath surrounding certain nerve fibres and resulting in speech and visual disorders, tremor, muscular incoordination, partial paralysis, etc mumpsan acute contagious viral disease of the parotid salivary glands, characterized by swelling of the affected parts, fever, and pain beneath the ear: usually affects children muscular dystrophya genetic disease characterized by progressive deterioration and wasting of muscle fibres, causing difficulty in walking myalgic encephalomyelitis or MEmyasthenia gravisa chronic progressive disease in which the muscles, esp those of the head and face, become weak and easily fatigued myiasisany disease resulting from such infestation myopathyany disease affecting muscles or muscle tissue myxoedemaa disease resulting from underactivity of the thyroid gland characterized by puffy eyes, face, and hands and mental sluggishness narcolepsynecrotising fasciitisa disease caused by the bacterium streptococcus pyogenes, in which the fasciae of the muscles or other organs become inflamed, resulting in rapid destruction of overlying tissues nephritisnephrosisany noninflammatory degenerative kidney disease neuropathydisease of the nervous system non-A, non-B hepatitisnon-Hodgkin's lymphomaany form of lymphoma other than Hodgkin's disease onchocerciasisa disease found in parts of Africa and tropical America that is caused by a parasitic worm, Onchocerca volvulus, and transmitted to humans by various species of black fly. It results in inflammation of the skin and in some cases blindness ornithosisa disease identical to psittacosis that occurs in birds other than parrots and can be transmitted to man osteitisosteitis deformansosteoarthritisosteomalaciaa disease in adults characterized by softening of the bones, resulting from a deficiency of vitamin D and of calcium and phosphorus osteomyelitisosteoporosisotitisPaget's diseasea chronic disease of the bones characterized by inflammation and deformation paratyphoid fevera disease resembling but less severe than typhoid fever, characterized by chills, headache, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhoea, caused by bacteria of the genus Salmonella Parkinson's diseasepellagraa disease caused by a dietary deficiency of nicotinic acid, characterized by burning or itching often followed by scaling of the skin, inflammation of the mouth, diarrhoea, mental impairment, etc pelvic inflammatory diseasepemphigusany of a group of blistering skin diseases, esp a potentially fatal form (pemphigus vulgaris) characterized by large blisters on the skin, mucous membranes of the mouth, genitals, intestines, etc, which eventually rupture and form painful denuded areas from which critical amounts of bodily protein, fluid, and blood may be lost pericarditispetit mala mild form of epilepsy characterized by periods of impairment or loss of consciousness for up to 30 seconds pharyngitisphlebitisphthisisany disease that causes wasting of the body, esp pulmonary tuberculosis pintaa tropical infectious skin disease caused by the bacterium Treponema carateum and characterized by the formation of papules and loss of pigmentation in circumscribed areas pityriasisany of a group of skin diseases characterized by the shedding of dry flakes of skin pleurisypleuropneumoniathe combined disorder of pleurisy and pneumonia pneumoconiosisany disease of the lungs or bronchi caused by the inhalation of metallic or mineral particles: characterized by inflammation, cough, and fibrosis pneumoniapoliomyelitis or polioan acute infectious viral disease, esp affecting children. In its paralytic form (acute anterior poliomyelitis) the brain and spinal cord are involved, causing weakness, paralysis, and wasting of muscle polycythaemiaan abnormal condition of the blood characterized by an increase in the number of red blood cells. It can occur as a primary disease of unknown cause (polycythaemia vera or erythraemia) or in association with respiratory or circulatory diseases porphyriaa hereditary disease of body metabolism, producing abdominal pain, mental confusion, etc Pott's diseasea disease of the spine, usually caused by tubercular infection and characterized by weakening and gradual disintegration of the vertebrae and the intervertebral discs poxany disease characterized by the formation of pustules on the skin that often leave pockmarks when healed presenile dementiaprurigoa chronic inflammatory disease of the skin characterized by the formation of papules and intense itching psittacosisa disease of parrots, caused by the obligate intracellular parasite Chlamydia psittaci, that can be transmitted to man, in whom it produces inflammation of the lungs and pneumonia psoriasisa skin disease characterized by the formation of reddish spots and patches covered with silvery scales: tends to run in families purpuraany of several blood diseases causing purplish spots or patches on the skin due to subcutaneous bleeding pyorrhoeainflammation of the gums characterized by the discharge of pus and loosening of the teeth; periodontal disease Q feveran acute disease characterized by fever and pneumonia, transmitted to man by the rickettsia Coxiella burnetii quinsyrabiesan acute infectious viral disease of the nervous system transmitted by the saliva of infected animals, esp dogs. It is characterized by excessive salivation, aversion to water, convulsions, and paralysis radiation sicknessillness caused by overexposure of the body or a part of the body to ionizing radiations from radioactive material or X-rays. It is characterized by vomiting, diarrhoea, and in severe cases by sterility and cancer ratbite fever or ratbite diseasean acute infectious febrile disease caused by the bite of a rat infected with either of two pathogenic bacteria (Streptobacillus moniliformis or Spirillum minus) Raynaud's diseasea disease, mainly affecting women, in which spasms in the blood vessels of the fingers or toes restrict blood flow to the affected part, which becomes pale, numb, and sometimes painful relapsing feverany of various infectious diseases characterized by recurring fever, caused by the bite of body lice or ticks infected with spirochaetes of the genus Borrelia retinitisretinopathyany of various noninflammatory diseases of the retina which may have serious effects on vision Reye's syndromea rare metabolic disease in children that can be fatal, involving damage to the brain, liver, and kidneys rheumatic fevera disease characterized by sore throat, fever, inflammation, and pain in the joints rheumatoid arthritisa chronic disease of the musculoskeletal system, characterized by inflammation and swelling of joints (esp joints in the hands, wrists, knees, and feet), muscle weakness, and fatigue rhinitisricketsa disease mainly of children, characterized by softening of developing bone, and hence bow legs, malnutrition, and enlargement of the liver and spleen, caused by a deficiency of vitamin D rickettsial diseaseany of several acute infectious diseases caused by ticks, mites, or body lice infected with rickettsiae. The main types include typhus, spotted fever, Q fever, trench fever, and tsutsugamushi disease ringwormRocky Mountain spotted feveran acute rickettsial disease characterized by high fever, chills, pain in muscles and joints, skin rash, etc. It is caused by the bite of a tick infected with the microorganism Rickettsia rickettsii rubellaa mild contagious viral disease, somewhat similar to measles, characterized by cough, sore throat, skin rash, and occasionally vomiting. It can cause congenital defects if caught during the first three months of pregnancy Saint Vitus's dancesalmonella or salmonellosisany Gram-negative rod-shaped aerobic bacterium of the genus Salmonella, including S. typhosa, which causes typhoid fever, and many species (notably S. enteritidis) that cause food poisoning (salmonellosis): family Enterobacteriaceae salpingitissapraemiasarcomatosisscabiesscarlet fever or scarlatinaan acute communicable disease characterized by fever, strawberry-coloured tongue, and a typical rash starting on the neck and chest and spreading to the abdomen and limbs, caused by all group A haemolytic Streptococcus bacteria schistosomiasisa disease caused by infestation of the body with blood flukes of the genus Schistosoma schizophreniaschizothymiathe condition of being schizoid or introverted. It encompasses elements of schizophrenia but does not involve the same depth of psychological disturbance sciaticascleroderma, sclerodermia, or scleriasisa chronic progressive disease most common among women, characterized by a local or diffuse thickening and hardening of the skin scrofulatuberculosis of the lymphatic glands scrub typhusan acute febrile disease characterized by severe headache, skin rash, chills, and swelling of the lymph nodes, caused by the bite of mites infected with the microorganism Rickettsia tsutsugamushi: occurs mainly in Asia, Australia, and the islands of the western Pacific scurvya disease caused by a lack of vitamin C, characterized by anaemia, spongy gums, bleeding beneath the skin, and (in infants) malformation of bones and teeth seasonal affective disorderseborrhoeaany disease of the skin characterized by excessive secretion of sebum by the sebaceous glands and its accumulation on the skin surface senile dementiasepticaemiaserpigoany progressive skin eruption, such as ringworm or herpes serum sicknessshell shockshinglesan acute viral disease affecting the ganglia of certain nerves, characterized by inflammation, pain, and skin eruptions along the course of the affected nerve sickle-cell anaemiaa hereditary haemolytic anaemia, occurring in Black populations, and caused by mutant haemoglobin. The red blood cells become sickle-shaped. It is characterized by fever, abdominal pain, jaundice, leg ulcers, etc siderosisa lung disease caused by breathing in fine particles of iron or other metallic dust silicosisa form of pneumoconiosis caused by breathing in tiny particles of silica, quartz, or slate, and characterized by shortness of breath and fibrotic changes in the tissues of the lungs sinusitissleeping sicknessan African disease caused by infection with protozoans of the genus Trypanosoma, characterized by fever, wasting, and sluggishness smallpoxan acute highly contagious viral disease characterized by high fever, severe prostration, and a pinkish rash changing in form from papules to pustules, which dry up and form scabs that are cast off, leaving pitted depressions spina bifidaspirochaetosisany disease caused by a spirochaete splenitissplenomegalyspondylitisspotted feverany of various severe febrile diseases characterized by small irregular spots on the skin, as in Rocky Mountain spotted fever or tick fever spruea chronic disease, esp of tropical climates, characterized by flatulence, diarrhoea, frothy foul-smelling stools, and emaciation stomatitisstrongyloidiasis or strongyloidosisan intestinal disease caused by infection with the nematode worm Strongyloides stercoralis sunstrokesweating sicknessan acute infectious febrile disease that was widespread in Europe during the late 15th century, characterized by profuse sweating swinepoxan acute infectious viral disease of pigs characterized by skin eruptions sycosisSydenham's choreaa form of chorea affecting children, often associated with rheumatic fever synovitissyphilisa venereal disease caused by infection with the microorganism Treponema pallidum: characterized by an ulcerating chancre, usually on the genitals and progressing through the lymphatic system to nearly all tissues of the body, producing serious clinical manifestations syringomyeliaa chronic progressive disease of the spinal cord in which cavities form in the grey matter: characterized by loss of the sense of pain and temperature tarantismTay-Sachs diseasetetanusan acute infectious disease in which sustained muscular spasm, contraction, and convulsion are caused by the release of exotoxins from the bacterium, Clostridium tetani: infection usually occurs through a contaminated wound thalassaemiaa hereditary disease, common in many parts of the world, resulting from defects in the synthesis of the red blood pigment haemoglobin thrusha fungal disease of the mouth, esp of infants, and the genitals, characterized by the formation of whitish spots and caused by infection with the fungus Candida albicans tick feverany acute infectious febrile disease caused by the bite of an infected tick tineaany fungal skin disease, esp ringworm tonsillitisTourette syndrometoxic shock syndrometrachomaa chronic contagious disease of the eye characterized by inflammation of the conjunctiva and cornea and the formation of scar tissue, caused by infection with the virus-like bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis trench feveran acute infectious disease characterized by fever and muscular aches and pains, caused by the microorganism Rickettsia quintana and transmitted by the bite of a body louse trench moutha bacterial ulcerative disease characterized by inflammation of the tonsils, gums, etc trichinosisa disease characterized by nausea, fever, diarrhoea, and swelling of the muscles, caused by ingestion of pork infected with trichina larvae trypanosomiasistsutsugamushi diseaseone of the five major groups of acute infectious rickettsial diseases affecting man, common in Asia and including scrub typhus. It is caused by the microorganism Rickettsia tsutsugamushi, transmitted by the bite of mites tuberculosisa communicable disease caused by infection with the tubercle bacillus, most frequently affecting the lungs (pulmonary tuberculosis) typhoid feveran acute infectious disease characterized by high fever, rose-coloured spots on the chest or abdomen, abdominal pain, and occasionally intestinal bleeding. It is caused by the bacillus Salmonella typhosa ingested with food or water typhusany one of a group of acute infectious rickettsial diseases characterized by high fever, skin rash, and severe headache uncinariasisthe condition of being infested with hookworms; hookworm disease uraemiaurethritisurticariautriculitisuveitisvaginitisvagotoniavalvulitisvaricosisvariolaany of a group of viral diseases characterized by pustular eruptions, including smallpox, cowpox, and horsepox varioloida mild form of smallpox occurring in persons with partial immunity venereal diseaseany of various diseases, such as syphilis or gonorrhoea, transmitted by sexual intercourse Vincent's angina or Vincent's diseasevulvitisvulvovaginitisWeil's diseasewhooping coughan acute infectious disease characterized by coughing spasms that end with a shrill crowing sound on inspiration: caused by infection with the bacillus Bordetella pertussis yawsan infectious nonvenereal disease of tropical climates with early symptoms resembling syphilis, characterized by red skin eruptions and, later, pain in the joints: it is caused by the spiral bacterium Treponema pertenue yellow feveran acute infectious disease of tropical and subtropical climates, characterized by fever, haemorrhages, vomiting of blood, and jaundice: caused by a virus transmitted by the bite of a female mosquito of the species Aedes aegypti ▷ See disease
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disease: Human diseases 的词汇表—— 柯林斯 英语词汇表