acaciaany shrub or tree of the tropical and subtropical leguminous genus Acacia, having compound or reduced leaves and small yellow or white flowers in dense inflorescences acanthusany shrub or herbaceous plant of the genus Acanthus, native to the Mediterranean region but widely cultivated as ornamental plants, having large spiny leaves and spikes of white or purplish flowers: family Acanthaceae African violetany of several tropical African plants of the genus Saintpaulia, esp S. ionantha, cultivated as house plants, with violet, white, or pink flowers and hairy leaves: family Gesneriaceae aloeany plant of the liliaceous genus Aloe, chiefly native to southern Africa, with fleshy spiny-toothed leaves and red or yellow flowers alyssumany widely cultivated herbaceous garden plant of the genus Alyssum, having clusters of small yellow or white flowers: family Brassicaceae (crucifers) amaranthan imaginary flower that never fades amaryllisan amaryllidaceous plant, Amaryllis belladonna, native to southern Africa and having large lily-like reddish or white flowers anemoneany ranunculaceous woodland plant of the genus Anemone of N temperate regions, such as the white-flowered A. nemorosa (wood anemone or windflower). Some cultivated anemones have lilac, pale blue, pink, purple, or red flowers arbutusany of several temperate ericaceous shrubs of the genus Arbutus, esp the strawberry tree of S Europe. They have clusters of white or pinkish flowers, broad evergreen leaves, and strawberry-like berries asphodelany of various S European liliaceous plants of the genera Asphodelus and Asphodeline, having clusters of white or yellow flowers aspidistraany Asian plant of the liliaceous genus Aspidistra, esp A. lurida, a popular house plant with long tough evergreen leaves and purplish flowers borne on the ground asterany plant of the genus Aster, having white, blue, purple, or pink daisy-like flowers: family Asteraceae (composites) aubrietia, aubrieta, or aubretiaany of a genus (Aubrieta) of plants of the crucifer family native to the Middle East, with showy, purplish flowers: often grown in rock gardens azaleaany ericaceous plant of the group Azalea, formerly a separate genus but now included in the genus Rhododendron: cultivated for their showy pink or purple flowers babe-in-a-cradle (Australian)a tall orchid, Epiblema grandiflorum, of SW Australia with lilac to mauve flowers begoniaany plant of the genus Begonia, of warm and tropical regions, widely cultivated for their ornamental leaves and waxy flowers: family Begoniaceae betonya Eurasian plant, Stachys (or Betonica) officinalis, with a spike of reddish-purple flowers, formerly used in medicine and dyeing: family Lamiaceae (labiates) bignoniaany tropical American bignoniaceous climbing shrub of the genus Bignonia (or Doxantha), cultivated for their trumpet-shaped yellow or reddish flowers black-eyed Susanany of several North American plants of the genus Rudbeckia, esp R. hirta, having flower heads of orange-yellow rays and brown-black centres: family Asteraceae (composites) bluebella European liliaceous woodland plant, Hyacinthoides (or Endymion) non-scripta, having a one-sided cluster of blue bell-shaped flowers bog asphodeleither of two liliaceous plants, Narthecium ossifragum of Europe or N. americanum of North America, that grow in boggy places and have small yellow flowers and grasslike leaves bougainvilleaany tropical woody nyctaginaceous widely cultivated climbing plant of the genus Bougainvillea, having inconspicuous flowers surrounded by showy red or purple bracts burdocka coarse weedy Eurasian plant of the genus Arctium, having large heart-shaped leaves, tiny purple flowers surrounded by hooked bristles, and burlike fruits: family Asteraceae (composites) Busy Lizziebuttercupcactusany spiny succulent plant of the family Cactaceae of the arid regions of America. Cactuses have swollen tough stems, leaves reduced to spines or scales, and often large brightly coloured flowers calendulaany Eurasian plant of the genus Calendula, esp the pot marigold, having orange-and-yellow rayed flowers: family Asteraceae (composites) camelliaany ornamental shrub of the Asian genus Camellia, esp C. japonica, having glossy evergreen leaves and showy roselike flowers, usually white, pink, or red in colour: family Theaceae camomile or chamomileany aromatic plant of the Eurasian genus Anthemis, esp A. nobilis, whose finely dissected leaves and daisy-like flowers are used medicinally: family Asteraceae (composites) cardinal flowera campanulaceous plant, Lobelia cardinalis of E North America, that has brilliant scarlet, pink, or white flowers carnationa Eurasian caryophyllaceous plant, Dianthus caryophyllus, cultivated in many varieties for its white, pink, or red flowers, which have a fragrant scent of cloves celandineChristmas cactusa Brazilian cactus, Schlumbergera (formerly Zygocactus) truncatus, widely cultivated as an ornamental for its showy red flowers chrysanthemumany widely cultivated plant of the genus Chrysanthemum, esp C. morifolium of China, having brightly coloured showy flower heads: family Asteraceae (composites) clematisany N temperate ranunculaceous climbing plant or erect shrub of the genus Clematis, having plumelike fruits. Many species are cultivated for their large colourful flowers clianthusany Australian or New Zealand plant of the leguminous genus Clianthus, with ornamental clusters of slender scarlet flowers columbineany plant of the ranunculaceous genus Aquilegia, having purple, blue, yellow, or red flowers with five spurred petals Cooktown orchid (Australian)a purple Australian orchid, Dendrobium bigibbum, found in Queensland, of which it is the floral emblem cornflowera Eurasian herbaceous plant, Centaurea cyanus, with blue, purple, pink, or white flowers, formerly a common weed in cornfields: family Asteraceae (composites) cotoneasterany Old World shrub of the rosaceous genus Cotoneaster: cultivated for their small ornamental white or pinkish flowers and red or black berries cowslipa primrose, Primula veris, native to temperate regions of the Old World, having fragrant yellow flowers crocusany plant of the iridaceous genus Crocus, widely cultivated in gardens, having white, yellow, or purple flowers cyclamenany Old World plant of the primulaceous genus Cyclamen, having nodding white, pink, or red flowers, with reflexed petals daffodila widely cultivated Eurasian amaryllidaceous plant, Narcissus pseudonarcissus, having spring-blooming yellow flowers dahliaany herbaceous perennial plant of the Mexican genus Dahlia, having showy flowers and tuberous roots, esp any horticultural variety derived from D. pinnata: family Asteraceae (composites) daisya small low-growing European plant, Bellis perennis, having a rosette of leaves and flower heads of yellow central disc flowers and pinkish-white outer ray flowers: family Asteraceae (composites) dandeliona plant, Taraxacum officinale, native to Europe and Asia and naturalized as a weed in North America, having yellow rayed flowers and deeply notched basal leaves, which are used for salad or wine: family Asteraceae (composites) deadly nightshadea poisonous Eurasian solanaceous plant, Atropa belladonna, having dull purple bell-shaped flowers and small very poisonous black berries delphiniumany ranunculaceous plant of the genus Delphinium: many varieties are cultivated as garden plants for their spikes of blue, pink, or white spurred flowers digitalisany Eurasian scrophulariaceous plant of the genus Digitalis, such as the foxglove, having bell-shaped flowers and a basal rosette of leaves dog rosea prickly wild rose, Rosa canina, that is native to Europe and has pink or white delicate scentless flowers edelweissa small alpine flowering plant, Leontopodium alpinum, having white woolly oblong leaves and a tuft of attractive floral leaves surrounding the flowers: family Asteraceae (composites) eglantinea European rose (Rosa eglanteria) with hooked spines, sweet-scented leaves, and usually pink flowers; sweetbrier: naturalized in W U.S. forget-me-notany temperate low-growing plant of the mainly European boraginaceous genus Myosotis, having clusters of small typically blue flowers foxgloveany Eurasian scrophulariaceous plant of the genus Digitalis, esp D. purpurea, having spikes of purple or white thimble-like flowers. The soft wrinkled leaves are a source of digitalis freesiaany iridaceous plant of the genus Freesia, of southern Africa, cultivated for their white, yellow, or pink tubular fragrant flowers geraniumany cultivated geraniaceous plant of the genus Pelargonium, having scarlet, pink, or white showy flowers gilliflower or gillyflowerany of several plants of various families with clove-scented flowers, as the carnation gladiolusany iridaceous plant of the widely cultivated genus Gladiolus, having sword-shaped leaves and spikes of funnel-shaped brightly coloured flowers godetiagrape hyacinthany of various Eurasian liliaceous plants of the genus Muscari, esp M. botryoides, with clusters of rounded blue flowers resembling tiny grapes groundselany of certain plants of the genus Senecio, esp S. vulgaris, a Eurasian weed with heads of small yellow flowers: family Asteraceae (composites) guelder-rosegypsophilaany caryophyllaceous plant of the mainly Eurasian genus Gypsophila, such as baby's-breath, having small white or pink flowers harebella N temperate campanulaceous plant, Campanula rotundifolia, having slender stems and leaves, and bell-shaped pale blue flowers heartsease or heart's-easeheliotropeany boraginaceous plant of the genus Heliotropium, esp the South American H. arborescens, cultivated for its small fragrant purple flowers helleboreany plant of the Eurasian ranunculaceous genus Helleborus, esp H. niger (black hellebore), typically having showy flowers and poisonous parts hemlockan umbelliferous poisonous Eurasian plant, Conium maculatum, having finely divided leaves, spotted stems, and small white flowers hibiscusany plant of the chiefly tropical and subtropical malvaceous genus Hibiscus, esp H. rosa-sinensis, cultivated for its large brightly coloured flowers hollyhocka tall widely cultivated malvaceous plant, Althaea rosea, with stout hairy stems and spikes of white, yellow, red, or purple flowers hyacinthany liliaceous plant of the Mediterranean genus Hyacinthus, esp any cultivated variety of H. orientalis, having a thick flower stalk bearing white, blue, or pink fragrant flowers hydrangeaany shrub or tree of the Asian and American genus Hydrangea, cultivated for their large clusters of white, pink, or blue flowers: family Hydrangeaceae irisany plant of the iridaceous genus Iris, having brightly coloured flowers composed of three petals and three drooping sepals jasmineany oleaceous shrub or climbing plant of the tropical and subtropical genus Jasminum, esp J. officinalis: widely cultivated for their white, yellow, or red fragrant flowers, which are used in making perfume and in flavouring tea jonquila Eurasian amaryllidaceous plant, Narcissus jonquilla with long fragrant yellow or white short-tubed flowers larkspurany of various ranunculaceous plants of the genus Delphinium, with spikes of blue, pink, or white irregular spurred flowers lavenderany of various perennial shrubs or herbaceous plants of the genus Lavandula, esp L. vera, cultivated for its mauve or blue flowers and as the source of a fragrant oil (oil of lavender): family Lamiaceae (labiates) lilyany liliaceous perennial plant of the N temperate genus Lilium, such as the Turk's-cap lily and tiger lily, having scaly bulbs and showy typically pendulous flowers lily of the valleya small liliaceous plant, Convallaria majalis, of Eurasia and North America cultivated as a garden plant, having two long oval leaves and spikes of white bell-shaped flowers lobeliaany plant of the campanulaceous genus Lobelia, having red, blue, white, or yellow five-lobed flowers with the three lower lobes forming a lip London pridea saxifragaceous plant, a hybrid between Saxifraga spathularis and S. umbrosa, having a basal rosette of leaves and pinkish-white flowers lotusany leguminous plant of the genus Lotus, of the Old World and North America, having yellow, pink, or white pealike flowers love-in-idlenesslove-lies-bleedingany of several amaranthaceous plants of the genus Amaranthus, esp A. caudatus, having drooping spikes of small red flowers lupinany leguminous plant of the genus Lupinus, of North America, Europe, and Africa, with large spikes of brightly coloured flowers and flattened pods magnoliaany tree or shrub of the magnoliaceous genus Magnolia of Asia and North America: cultivated for their white, pink, purple, or yellow showy flowers mallowany plant of the malvaceous genus Malva, esp M. sylvestris of Europe, having purple, pink, or white flowers mandrakea Eurasian solanaceous plant, Mandragora officinarum, with purplish flowers and a forked root. It was formerly thought to have magic powers and a narcotic was prepared from its root margueritea cultivated garden plant, Chrysanthemum frutescens, whose flower heads have white or pale yellow rays around a yellow disc: family Asteraceae (composites) marigoldany of various tropical American plants of the genus Tagetes, esp T. erecta (African marigold) and T. patula (French marigold), cultivated for their yellow or orange flower heads and strongly scented foliage: family Asteraceae (composites) marjoraman aromatic Mediterranean plant, Origanum (or Marjorana) hortensis, with small pale purple flowers and sweet-scented leaves, used for seasoning food and in salads: family Lamiaceae (labiates) meadowsweeta Eurasian rosaceous plant, Filipendula ulmaria, with dense heads of small fragrant cream-coloured flowers monkshoodany of several poisonous N temperate plants of the ranunculaceous genus Aconitum, esp A. napellus, that have hooded blue-purple flowers Michaelmas daisyany of various plants of the genus Aster that have small autumn-blooming purple, pink, or white flowers: family Asteraceae (composites) morning-gloryany of various mainly tropical convolvulaceous plants of the genus Ipomoea and related genera, with trumpet-shaped blue, pink, or white flowers, which close in late afternoon narcissusany amaryllidaceous plant of the Eurasian genus Narcissus, esp N. poeticus, whose yellow, orange, or white flowers have a crown surrounded by spreading segments nasturtiumany of various plants of the genus Tropaeolum, esp T. major, having round leaves and yellow, red, or orange trumpet-shaped spurred flowers: family Tropaeolaceae old man's beardorchidany terrestrial or epiphytic plant of the family Orchidaceae, often having flowers of unusual shapes and beautiful colours, specialized for pollination by certain insects oxeye daisyoxlipa primulaceous Eurasian woodland plant, Primula elatior, with small drooping pale yellow flowers oxtongueany of various Eurasian plants of the genus Picris, having oblong bristly leaves and clusters of dandelion-like flowers: family Asteraceae (composites) pansyany violaceous garden plant that is a variety of Viola tricolor, having flowers with rounded velvety petals, white, yellow, or purple in colour passionflowerany passifloraceous plant of the tropical American genus Passiflora, cultivated for their red, yellow, greenish, or purple showy flowers: some species have edible fruit peony or paeonyany of various ranunculaceous shrubs and plants of the genus Paeonia, of Eurasia and North America, having large pink, red, white, or yellow flowers petuniaany solanaceous plant of the tropical American genus Petunia: cultivated for their white, pink, blue, or purple funnel-shaped flowers phloxany polemoniaceous plant of the chiefly North American genus Phlox: cultivated for their clusters of white, red, or purple flowers pimpernelany of several plants of the primulaceous genus Anagallis, such as the scarlet pimpernel, typically having small star-shaped flowers pinkany of various Old World plants of the caryophyllaceous genus Dianthus, such as D. plumarius (garden pink), cultivated for their fragrant flowers poppyany of numerous papaveraceous plants of the temperate genus Papaver, having red, orange, or white flowers and a milky sap primroseany of various temperate primulaceous plants of the genus Primula, esp P. vulgaris of Europe, which has pale yellow flowers primulaany primulaceous plant of the N temperate genus Primula, having white, yellow, pink, or purple funnel-shaped flowers with five spreading petals: includes the primrose, oxlip, cowslip, and polyanthus ragged robina caryophyllaceous plant, Lychnis floscuculi, native to Europe and Asia, that has pink or white flowers with ragged petals ragweedany plant of the chiefly North American genus Ambrosia, such as A. artemisiifolia (common ragweed): family Asteraceae (composites). Their green tassel-like flowers produce large amounts of pollen, which causes hay fever roseany shrub or climbing plant of the rosaceous genus Rosa, typically having prickly stems, compound leaves, and fragrant flowers saffronan Old World crocus, Crocus sativus, having purple or white flowers with orange stigmas samphirean umbelliferous plant, Crithmum maritimum, of Eurasian coasts, having fleshy divided leaves and clusters of small greenish-white flowers saxifrageany saxifragaceous plant of the genus Saxifraga, characterized by smallish white, yellow, purple, or pink flowers scarlet pimpernela weedy primulaceous plant, Anagallis arvensis, of temperate regions, having small red, purple, or white star-shaped flowers that close in bad weather snapdragonany of several scrophulariaceous chiefly Old World plants of the genus Antirrhinum, esp A. majus, of the Mediterranean region, having spikes of showy white, yellow, pink, red, or purplish flowers snowdropany of several amaryllidaceous plants of the Eurasian genus Galanthus, esp G. nivalis, having drooping white bell-shaped flowers that bloom in early spring speedwellany of various temperate scrophulariaceous plants of the genus Veronica, such as V. officinalis (heath speedwell) and V. chamaedrys (germander speedwell), having small blue or pinkish white flowers stockany of several plants of the genus Matthiola, such as M. incana and M. bicornis (evening or night-scented stock), of the Mediterranean region, cultivated for their brightly coloured flowers: Brassicaceae (crucifers) (Sturt's) desert pea (Australian)sunflowerany of several American plants of the genus Helianthus, esp H. annuus, having very tall thick stems, large flower heads with yellow rays, and seeds used as food, esp for poultry: family Asteraceae (composites) sweetbriera Eurasian rose, Rosa rubiginosa, having a tall bristly stem, fragrant leaves, and single pink flowers sweet peaa climbing leguminous plant, Lathyrus odoratus, of S Europe, widely cultivated for its butterfly-shaped fragrant flowers of delicate pastel colours sweet williama widely cultivated Eurasian caryophyllaceous plant, Dianthus barbatus, with flat clusters of white, pink, red, or purple flowers tiger lilya lily plant, Lilium tigrinum, of China and Japan, cultivated for its flowers, which have black-spotted orange reflexed petals tulipany spring-blooming liliaceous plant of the temperate Eurasian genus Tulipa, having tapering bulbs, long broad pointed leaves, and single showy bell-shaped flowers valerianany of various Eurasian valerianaceous plants of the genus Valeriana, esp V. officinalis, having small white or pinkish flowers and a medicinal root verbenaany plant of the verbenaceous genus Verbena, chiefly of tropical and temperate America, having red, white, or purple fragrant flowers: much cultivated as garden plants violetany of various temperate perennial herbaceous plants of the violaceous genus Viola, such as V. odorata (sweet (or garden) violet), typically having mauve or bluish flowers with irregular showy petals wallflowera plant, Cheiranthus cheiri, of S Europe, grown for its clusters of yellow, orange, brown, red, or purple fragrant flowers and naturalized on old walls, cliffs, etc: family Brassicaceae (crucifers) water lilywillowherbany of various temperate and arctic onagraceous plants of the genus Epilobium, having narrow leaves, terminal clusters of pink, purplish, or white flowers, and willow-like feathery seeds wintergreenany of several evergreen ericaceous shrubs of the genus Gaultheria, esp G. procumbens, of E North America, which has white bell-shaped flowers and edible red berries wisteriaany twining leguminous woody climbing plant of the genus Wisteria, of E Asia and North America, having blue, purple, or white flowers in large drooping clusters wood anemoneany of several woodland anemone plants, esp Anemone quinquefolia of E North America and A. nemorosa of Europe, having finely divided leaves and solitary white flowers woodbinea honeysuckle, Lonicera periclymenum, of Europe, SW Asia, and N Africa, having fragrant creamy flowers yarrowany of several plants of the genus Achillea, esp A. millefolium, of Eurasia, having finely dissected leaves and flat clusters of white flower heads: family Asteraceae (composites) zinniaany annual or perennial plant of the genus Zinnia, of tropical and subtropical America, having solitary heads of brightly coloured flowers: family Asteraceae (composites) ▷ See flower
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Flowers 的词汇表—— 柯林斯 英语词汇表